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Second. And for said purposes to perform all the duties devolved upon a national society by each nation which has acceded to said treaty.
Third. To succeed to all the rights and property which have been hitherto held and to all the duties which have heretofore been performed by the American National Red Cross as a corporation duly incorporated by Act of Congress June sixth, nineteen hundred, which Act is hereby repealed and the organization created thereby is hereby dissolved.
Fourth. To act in matters of voluntary relief and in accord with the military and naval authorities as a medium of communication between the people of the United States of America and their Army and Navy, and to act in such matters between similar national societies of other governments through the "Comité International de Secours," and the Government and the people and the Army and Navy of the United States of America.
Fifth. And to continue and carry on a system of national and international relief in time of peace and apply the same in mitigating the sufferings caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great national calamities, and to devise and carry on measures for preventing the same.
SEC. 4. That from and after the passage of this Act it shall be unlawful for any person within the jurisdiction of the United States to falsely and fraudulently hold himself out as, or represent or pretend himself to be, a member of, or an agent for, the American National Red Cross, for the purpose of soliciting, collecting, or receiving money or material; or for any person to wear or display the sign of the Red Cross, or any insignia colored in imitation thereof for the fraudulent purpose of inducing the belief that he is a member of, or an agent for, the American National Red Cross. Nor shall it be lawful for any person or corporation, other than the Red Cross of America, not now lawfully entitled to use the sign of the Red Cross, hereafter to use such sign or any insignia colored in imitation thereof for the purposes of trade or as an advertisement to induce the sale of any article whatsoever. If any person violates the provisions of this section, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be liable to a fine of not less than one nor more than five hundred dollars, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or both, for each and every offense. The fine so collected shall be paid to the American National Red Cross.
Sec. 5. That the governing body of the said American National Red Cross shall consist, in the first instance, of a central committee numbering eighteen persons, to be appointed in the manner following, namely: Six by the incorporators herein named and twelve by the President of the United States, one of whom shall be designated by the President to act as chairman. It shall be the duty of the central committee to organize with as little delay as possible State and Territorial societies, including the District of Columbia, under such rules as the said committee may prescribe. When six or more State or Territorial societies have been formed, thereafter the central committee shall be composed as follows: Six to be appointed by the incorporators, six by the representatives of the State and Territorial societies at the annual meeting of the incorporators and societies, and six by the President of the United States, one of whom shall be designated by
him as chairman and one each to be named by him from the Departments of State, War, Navy, Treasury, and Justice.
The first six members of the central committee elected by the incorporators at the first annual meeting, and the first six members of the central committee elected by the State and Territorial delegates, shall when elected select by lot from their number two members to serve one year, two members to serve two years, and two members to serve three years, and each subsequent election of members shall be for a period of three years or until their successors are duly elected and qualify. The six members of the central committee appointed by the President at the annual meeting shall serve for one year.
The President shall fill as soon as may be any vacancy that may occur by death, resignation, or otherwise in the chairmanship or in the membership of the central committee appointed by him. And any vacancy that may occur in the six members of the central committee herein provided to be appointed by the incorporators or in the six to be appointed by the representatives of the State societies shall be filled by temporary appointments to be made by the remaining members of the six in which the vacancy or vacancies may occur, such appointees to serve until the next annual meeting.
The central committee shall have power to appoint from its own members an executive committee of seven persons, five of whom shall be a quorum, who, when the central committee is not in session, shall have and exercise all the powers of the central committee.
The Secretary of War shall within thirty days after the passage of this Act call a meeting at a time and place to be designated by him in the city of Washington of the incorporators hereunder, giving at least thirty days' notice thereof in one or more newspapers, and the annual meeting of said incorporators, their associates and successors, shall thereafter be held in said city on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in December, the first of said meetings to be held in December, nineteen hundred and five. Fifteen members shall constitute a quorum at any annual or special meeting.
Voting by proxy shall not be allowed at any meeting of the incorporators, annual or special, nor at any meeting of State or Territorial societies organized under the provisions of this charter.
SEC. 6. That the said American National Red Cross shall on the first day of January of each year make and transmit to the Secretary of War a report of its proceedings for the preceding year, including a full, complete, and itemized report of receipts and expenditures of whatever kind, which report shall be duly audited by the War Department, and a copy of said report shall be transmitted to Congress by the War Department.
Sec. 7. That Congress shall have the right to repeal, alter, or amend this Act at any time.
Approved, January 5, 1905.
REPORT OF THE UNITED STATES DELEGATION TO THE
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES DELEGATION TO THE GENEVA
CONFERENCE TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE
DELEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
Geneva, July 10, 1906. SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith, through our embassy at Berlin, the report of the delegation of the United States to the conference to revise the Geneva Convention of 1864.
It seems proper to say that the well-known professional reputation and high official rank of the three delegates from the Army and Navy were appreciated by the members of the conference and added weight to the opinions which the delegation expressed.
The delegation is under especial obligation to General Davis for his aid in the preparation of their report.
Meetings of the committees appointed by the conference were held twice each week-day, at 10 o'clock in the morning and 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The president of our delegation attended all the meetings of all the committees, although he was formally a member of but three of the committees.
It may not be inappropriate to add that when the question of arbitration presented by M. de Martens was under consideration, the delegation, in announcing its attitude, stated its desire "to place on record their most hearty sympathy with the general principle of international arbitration, which has always had the earnest support of the Government which they have the honor to represent;" and they further stated their “belief that the fullest and most complete opportunity for the discussion of the principle contained in the clause which M. de Martens proposed would be afforded at the second conference at The Hague, which is to take place in the not distant future.”
The delegation also referred “to the fact that, in the meantime, the existing Hague Convention provides a way for securing the arbitral results which are contemplated in M. de Martens' proposition.'
I may be permitted to express the individual opinion that in voting to accept the modification of M. de Martens' proposition, as finally formulated by a special committee, the delegation acted not only in harmony with the well-known friendly attitude of the Government toward arbitration and The Hague Tribunal, both of which it has always sought to promote, but also in harmony with the ever-growing sentiment throughout the world that whenever circumstances make it right and proper international misunderstandings should be settled by arbitration. Respectfully,
WM. CARY SANGER, President of the Delegation.
REPORT OF THE DELEGATION
DELEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
Geneva, July 10, 1906. TO THE HONORABLE SECRETARY OF STATE.
Sir: The delegates appointed by the President to represent the United States at the conference for the revision of the Geneva Convention of August 22, 1864, beg leave to submit the following report. Their selection was accomplished in appropriate letters of designation, issued by the Department of State under date of April 26, 1906, and the delegation, as so designated, was composed of the following persons:
Hon. William Cary Sanger;
Brig. Gen. George B. Davis, Judge-Advocate-General, U. S. Army;
Lieut. Daniel W. Wurtsbaugh, U. S. Navy, a member of the staff of the Naval War College at Newport, R. I., was designated by the Secretary of State to accompany the delegation in the capacity of Technical Assistant and Special Disbursing Officer.
The members of the delegation assembled at Geneva, Switzerland, on Sunday, June 10, 1906, and established themselves in quarters convenient to the apartments in the Hotel de Ville which had been set apart by the cantonal authorities of Geneva as a place for the meetings of the conference.
The opening session of the conference was held in the Assembly Hall of the University of Geneva at 4 p. m. on June 11, 1906, when the general body of delegates was called to order by the Hon. Louis Forrer, President of the Swiss Confederation. The delegates were welcomed by President Forrer in behalf of the Swiss Confederation and by M. Henry Fazy, President of the Council of State, in behalf of the city and Canton of Geneva. An appropriate response to the addresses of welcome was made by His Excellency M. Revoil, the ambassador of the French Republic at Berne, upon whose motion the Hon. Edouard Odier, the first Swiss delegate to the conference and minister plenipotentiary of Switzerland at
St. Petersburg, was unanimously chosen as president of the conference. President Odier, at the close of the felicitous address with which the proceedings of the conference were formally opened, named M. Gustave Moynier, an honored citizen of Geneva, who had been deeply interested in the organization of the original Red Cross Society, as the honorary president of the conference.
The first plenary session of the conference was held in the Grand Council Hall of the Hotel de Ville at 2 p. m. on June 12. At this meeting, after a short address by M. Moynier, the honorary president of the conference, the roll of delegates was called and the names and official designations of the representatives of the several powers were announced. M. Vincent, the second delegate of Switzerland, was chosen vice-president, and the composition of the secretariat and administration of the conference was fixed upon and completed.
The following is the composition of the delegations representing the thirty-five powers which participated in the conference: President of the Conference:
The Hon. Edouard Odier, Minister of the Swiss Confedera
tion to St. Petersburg.
M. Gustave Moynier of Geneva, Switzerland.
M. Vincent, National Federal Council of Switzerland.
His Excellency Mr. Moreno, Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister Plenipotentiary to Rome;
Mr. Molina Salas, Consul-General in Switzerland.
His Excellency Mr. Heidler, Baron of Egeregg and Syrgen
stein, Privy Councilor, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary to Berne, Plenipotentiary;
perial and Royal Army of Austria-Hungary, Chief of the
Imperial and Royal Ministry of War, Associate Delegate;
Surgeon of the Garrison of Salzburg, Associate Delegate.
Colonel Count de T'Serclaes, General Staff, Chief of Staff of
the Fourth Military Circumscription;
Dr. A. Delterne, Regimental Surgeon of Carbineers.
Dr. Carlos Lemgruber-Kropf, Chargé d'Affaires at Berne;
taché to the Brazilian Legation at Berne.
Dr. Marin Rousseff, Chief Medical Director;
Capt. Boris Sirmanoff, General Staff.
and Minister Plenipotentiary to The Hague;