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July 1, 1929, as well as by the countries not represented at the Conference which are parties to the Geneva Conventions of 1864 or of 1906.

ARTICLE 32. The present Convention shall be ratified as soon as possible.

The ratifications shall be deposited at Berne.

A record of the deposit of each instrument of ratification shall be prepared, a duly certified copy of which shall be forwarded by the Swiss Federal Council to the Governments of all the countries on whose behalf the Conventions has been signed or notification of adhesion made.

ARTICLE 33. The present Convention shall become effective six months after the deposit of at least two instruments of ratification.

Subsequently, it shall become effective for each High Contracting Party six months after the deposit of its instrument of ratification.

ARTICLE 34. The present Convention shall replace the Conventions of August 22, 1864, and of July 6, 1906, in the relations between the High Contracting Parties.

ARTICLE 35. From the date on which it becomes effective, the present Convention shall be open for adhesions given on behalf of any country in whose name this Convention was not signed.

ARTICLE 36. Adhesions shall be given by written notification addressed to the Swiss Federal Council and shall take effect six months after the date of their receipt.

The Swiss Federal Council shall communicate adhesions to the Governments of all the countries on whose behalf the Convention was signed or notification of adhesion made.

ARTICLE 37. A state of war shall give immediate effect to ratifications deposited or adhesions notified by belligerent Powers prior to or after the outbreak of hostilities. The communication of ratifications or adhesions received from Powers at war shall be made by the Swiss Federal Council by the most rapid method.

ARTICLE 38. Each of the High Contracting Parties shall have the right to denounce the present Convention. The denunciation shall not take effect until one year after notification has been made in writing to the Swiss Federal Council. The latter shall communicate such notification to the Governments of all the High Contracting Parties.

The denunciation shall have effect only with respect to the High Contracting Party which gave notification of it.

Moreover, such denunciation shall not take effect during a war in which the denouncing Power is involved. In this case, the present Convention shall continue in effect, beyond the period of one year, until the conclusion of peace.

ARTICLE 39. A duly certified copy of the present Convention shall be deposited in the archives of the League of Nations by the Swiss Federal Council. Likewise, ratifications, adhesions, and denunciations of which the Swiss Federal Council has been notified shall be communicated by it to the League of Nations.

In faith whereof, the Plenipotentiaries named above have signed the present Convention.

Done at Geneva, the twenty-seventh of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-nine, in a single copy, which shall remain in the archives of the Swiss Confederation and duly certified copies of which shall be forwarded to the Governments of all the countries invited to the Conference.

(Signed) For Germany: Edmund Rhomberg; for the United

States of America: Eliot Wadsworth, Hugh R. Wilson; for Austria: Leitmaier; for Belgium: Dr. Demolder, J. de Ruelle; for Bolivia: A. Cortadellas; for Brezil: Raul do Rio-Branco; for Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and all parts of the British Empire which are not separate members of the League of Nations (I declare that the signature which I affix to this Convention for Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and all parts of the British Empire which are not separate members of the League of Nations is given with the reservation that His Britannic Majesty interprets Article 28 of the Convention as meaning that the legislative provisions contemplated in this article may provide that the individuals, associations, firms or societies that shall, before the present Convention goes into effect, have used the arms of the Swiss Confederation, or signs constituting an imita. tion of the said arms, for any legal purpose, shall not be prevented from continuing to employ such arms or signs for the same purpose): Horace Rumbold; for Canada (I declare that the signature which I affix to this Convention for Canada is given with the reservation that the Government of the Dominion of Canada interprets Article 28 of the Convention as meaning that the legislative provisions contemplated in this article may provide that the individuals, associations, firms and societies that shall, before the present Convention goes into effect, have used the arms of the Swiss Confederation, or signs constituting an imitation of the said arms, for any legal purpose, shall not be prevented from continuing to employ such arms or signs for the same purpose): W. A. Riddell; for Australia (I declare that the signature which I affix to this Convention for Australia is given with the reservation that the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia interprets Article 28 of the Convention as meaning that the legislative provisions contemplated in this article may provide that the individuals, associations, firms and societies that shall, before the present Convention goes into effect, have used the arms of the Swiss Confederation, or signs constituting an imitation of the said arms, for any legal purpose, shall not be prevented from continuing to employ such arms or signs for the same purpose): Claud Russell; for New Zealand (I declare that the signature which I affix to this Convention for New Zealand is given with the reservation that the Government of New Zealand interprets Article 28 of the Convention as meaning that the legislative provisions contemplated in this article may provide that the individuals, associations, firms or societies that shall, before the present Convention goes into effect, have used the arms of the Swiss Confederation, or signs constitut

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ing an imitation of the said arms, for any legal purpose, shall not be prevented from continuing to employ such arms or signs for the same purpose): Claud Russell; for South Africa: Eric H. Louw; for the Irish Free State (I declare that the signature which I affix to this Convention for the Irish Free State i given with the reservation that it interprets Article 28 of the Convention as meaning that the legislative provisions contemplated in this article may provide that the individuals, associations, firms or societies that shall, before the present Convention goes into effect, have used the arms of the Swiss Confederation, or signs constituting an imitation of the said arms, for any legal purpose, shall not be prevented from continuing to employ such arms or signs for the same purpose): Sean Lester; for India (I declare that the signature which I affix to this Convention for the Government of India is given with the reservation that the Government of India interprets Article 28 of the Convention as meaning that the legislative provisions contemplated in this article may provide that the individuals, associations, firms or societies that shall, before the present Convention goes into effect, have used the arms of the Swiss Confederation, or signs constituting an imitation of the said arms, for any legal purpose, shall not be prevented from continuing to employ such arms or signs for the same purpose): Claud Russell; for Bulgaria: D. Mikoff, Stephan N. Laftchieff; for Chile: Gmo Novoa, D. Pulgar; for China: C. Y. Hsiao; for Colombia: Francisco Jose Urrutia; for Cuba: Carlos de Armenteros, Carlos Blanco; for Denmark: Harald Scavenius, Gustav Rasmussen; for the Dominican Republic: Ch. Ackermann; for Egypt: Mohammed Abdel Moneim Riad, H. W. M. Simaika; for Spain (Ad Referendum): Mauricio Lopez Roberts y Terry, Marqués de la Torrehermosa; for Estonia: Dr. Leesment; for Finland: A. E. Martola; for France: H. de Marcilly, J. du Sault; for Greece: R. Raphaël, S. Veniselos; for Hungary: Paul de Hevesy; for Italy: Giovanni Ciraolo; for Japan (While accepting in principle the provisions of Article 28, Japan makes reservations as to the date of enforcing the interdiction provided for under letter b of the said article. Japan understands that this interdiction does not apply to arms and signs which may have been in use or registered before it goes into effect. The delegates of Japan sign the present Convention with the above-mentioned reservations): Isaburo Yoshida, S. Shimomura, S. Miura; for Latvia: Charles Duzmans, Dr. Oskar Voit; for Luxembourg: Ch. G. Vermaire; for Mexico: Fr. Castillo Nájera; for Nicaragua: A. Sottile; for Norway: J. Irgens, Jens Meinich; for the Netherlands: W. Doude van

Troostwijk, Dr. Diehl, J. Harberts; for Persia:
Anouchirevan Sepahbodi; for Poland: Józef G.
Pracki, W. Jerzy Babecki; for Portugal: Vasco de
Quevedo, F. de Calheiros e Menezes; for Rumania:
M. B. Boeresco, Colonel E. Vertejano; for the King-
dom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes: I. Choumen-
kovitch; for Siam: Varnvaidya; for Sweden: K. I.
Westman; for Switzerland: Paul Dinichert, Hauser,
Züblin, De la Harpe, Schindler; for Czechoslovakia:
Zd. Fierlinger; for Turkey: Hassan, Dr. Abdulkadir,
M. Nusret, Dr. Akil Moukhtar; for Uruguay: Alfredo
de Castro; for Venezuela: Ć. Parra-Pérez, I. M.

Hurtado-Machado. And whereas, the said Convention has been duly ratified on the part of the United States of America and the instrument of ratification of the United States of America was deposited with the Government of Switzerland on February 4, 1932:

And whereas, in accordance with Article 33 thereof, the said Convention became effective in respect of the United States of America six months after the deposit of its instrument of ratification, namely, on August 4, 1932; 1

Now, therefore, be it known that I, Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, have caused the said Convention to be made public to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States of America and the citizens thereof.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States of America to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington this fourth day of August in the

year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and thirty(SEAL] two, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fifty-seventh.

(Signed) Herbert Hoover. By the President: W. R. Castle, Jr., Acting Secretary of State. 1 On the date of the President's proclamation, Aug. 4, 1932, this convention was in effect also in respect of Australia, Great Britain, Indi Italy, Latvia, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Rur Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Union of South Africa, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and Yugoslavia. It will become effective in respect of Belgium on Nov. 12, 1932, in respect of Brazil on Sept. 23, 1932, in respect of Mexico on Feb. 1, 1933, and in respect of Poland on Dec. 29, 1932.

PUBLIC LAW NO. 729 SEVENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS (S. 4667) AN ACT To prohibit the commercial use of the coat of arms of the Swiss Con

federation pursuant to the obligation of the Government of the United States under article 28 of the Red Cross Convention signed at Geneva July 27, 1929 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be unlawful for any person, partnership, incorporated or unincorporated company, or association within the jurisdiction of the United States to use, whether as a trade mark, commercial label, or portion thereof, or as an advertisement or insignia for any business or organization or for any trade or commercial purpose, the coat of arms of the Swiss Confederation, consisting of an upright white cross with equal arms and lines on a red ground, or any simulation thereof: Provided, That no person, corporation, or association that actually used or whose assignors actually used a design or insignia identical with or similar to that described herein for any lawful purpose for ten years next preceding the effective date of this Act shall be deemed forbidden to continue the use thereof for the same purpose.

SEC. 2. Any person who willfully violates the provisions of this Act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be liable to a fine of not exceeding $500 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or both. Approved, June 20, 1936.

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