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AUTHOR OF CRITICAL RESEARCHES IN GEOGRAPHY, EDITOR OF ROLLIN'S ANCIENT HISTORY,

&c. &a

ILLUSTRATED BY A COMPLETE SERIES OF MAPS, AND
OTHER ENGRAVINGS.

VOLUME V.

GLASGOW:

A. FULLARTON AND CO., 34, HUTCHESON STREET;
AND 6, ROXBURGH PLACE, EDINBURGH:

W. CURRY, JUN., & CO., DUBLIN: SIMPKIN AND MARSHALL,
AND ORR AND SMITH, LONDON.

MDCCCXXXVI.

GLASGOW:

FILLARION AND CO., PRINTERS, VILLAFIELD.

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CHAP. II. PHYSICAL FEATURES-CLIMATE-PRODUC-

TIONS-Mountains-Rivers, 5-Lakes-Ca-

nals, 6-Climate - Vegetable Productions-

Tea Plant, 7-Animals-Minerals, 9.

СНАР. 111. AGRICULTURE MANUFACTURES AND

COMMERCE-MONEY-WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

-Agriculture, 10-Ornamental Gardening-

Manufactures-Engraving and Printing, 12-

Paper-Ink-Hair Pencils-Porcelain, 13-

Silk Manufactures- Nankeens-Trade and

Commerce, 14-Money-Weights and Mea-

sures, 16.

CHAP. IV. POPULATION-MANNERS AND CUSTOMS-

RELIGION-LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND SCI-

ENCE-Population, 16-Manners and Customs

-General appearance of the Country and its

Inhabitants, 17-Physical Constitution, 20-

Ranks-Dress, 21-Houses, 22-Marriages,

23-Marriage of the Dead-Births, 24-Edu-

cation, 25-Domestic Life and Diet-Chinese

Inns, 26-Amusements and Festivals-Cere-

monies, 27-Funerals, 29-General Character

of the Chinese, 30-Religion, 31-Tao-tse, 32

-Confucius, 33-Fo, 34- Christians, 40-

Language and Literature, 43-Arts and Sci-

ences- Astronomy -Architecture - Great

Wall, 47-Arithmetic-Optics-Chemistry-

Medicine, 48-Music, 49.

СНАР. У.

GOVERNMENT-LAWS-REVENUE-ARMY

AND NAVY-Emperor's Council-Public Tri-

bunals, 49-Corruption and Oppression-

Causes of its permanency, 51-Chinese Court,

52-Law, 53-Revenue, 56-Military Force,

57-Navy, 58-Fortifications, 59.

CHAP. VI. TOPOGRAPHY, 59-KING-SE OR PE-CHE-LI

-Peking, 60-KYANG-NAN, 61-Nan-king-

Su-chen-fu, 62-SHAN-SI, 63—SHAN-TONG-HO-

NAN, 64-SHEN-SI-CHE-KYANG, 65-KYANG-

SEE-HOO-KWANG, 67-SE-CHWEN-FO-KYEN,

68-CANTON, 69-Fo-kan-Chao-cheu-fu, 70-

Lyen-cheu-fu — KWANG-SI, 71 — YUN-NAN-

KWEI-CHEU, 72-Authorities, 73.

PENINSULA OF KOREA.

CHINESE TARTARY.

I. MANDSHOORIA, OR EASTERN TARTARY-Divisions.

CHAP. I. PHYSICAL FEATURES-CLIMATE-PRODUC-

TIONS, 79-Mountains, 80-Rivers-The Am-

oor, 81-Climate, 82-Soil and Productions, 83.

CHAP. II. INHABITANTS AND POPULATION, 86-Lan-

guage, 89.

CHAP. III. CITIES AND TOWNS, 90-II. CENTRAL ASIA

-Boundaries and Extent, 91-1. MONGOLIA,

92-Physical Aspect, 93.

CHAP. I. NORTHERN MONGOLIA, 93-Boundaries-

Mountains, 94-Rivers, 95-Lakes-Climate,

Soil, and Produce, 96-Mineralogy and Zoo.

logy, 97-Inhabitants, 98-Religion, 101-

Language and Literature, 101-Manners and

Customs, 106-Cities, 108-History, 109.

CHAP. II. SOUTHERN MONGOLIA, OR THE COUNTRY

OF THE SHARRA OR YELLOW MONGOLS, 117-

II. SOONGARIA, OR COUNTRY OF THE ELUTAS,

120-Name-Climate, 121-Mountains, 122–

Lakes, 123-Rivers, 124-Cities, &c.-Inhabi-

tants, 125.-11I. LESSER BUKHARIA, OR EASTERN

TOORKISTAUN-Name - Boundaries - Super-

ficial Extent, 128-Historical Notice-Physi-

cal Aspect-Mountains, 129-Rivers-Lakes,

130-Deserts-Climate-Soil and Produce-

Divisions-1st. Province of Khashghar, 131-

Yarkund Khotan, &c. 132 - Province of

Auksoo, 133-Toorfaun, 134- Province of

Hami, 135-Inhabitants, 136-SOUTHERN PART

OF CENTRAL ASIA-I. WESTERN DIVISION, 137.

CHAP. I. UPPER BASIN OF THE INDUS-Upper

Kaushkaur, 137-Little Thibet-Khofalun-

PRINCIPALITY OF LADAUK, 138 District of

Changthang, 145.

CHAP. II. UPPER BASIN OF THE SUTLUJ-Speetee

of Ladauk-District of Khoonawoor, 147-

Oondes, or highest valley of the Sutluj, 149-

Subdivisions and places of note, 153-11. EAS-

TERN DIVISION, OR THIBET PROPER-Extent

and Boundaries, 154-Names and Divisions,

155-Physical Features, 157-Mountains, 158

-Topography, 159-Lakes-Rivers, 160-Cli.

mate-Soil and Productions-Inhabitants, 162

-Language and Literature, 163-Commerce

and Manufactures - Religion-Government,

164-Manners and Customs, 165-Cities, 168

-Historical Notice-TANGOOT OR SEEFAUN,
167-1. SEEFAUN OR TOOFAUN, 168–11. THE

ELUTHS OF KOKONOOR, 170-III. DISTRICT OF

SHACHEW, 172.

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CENTRAL AMERICA.-MEXICO.

Boundaries and Extent, 514-Civil Divisions-

Existing Division, 516.

CHAP. I. HISTORY-Cortez, 517-Cortez enters

Mexico, 521-From Cortez to the Revolution

-Colonial System, 527-Hidalgo's Conspi-

racy, 531-Revolutionary Movements, 533-

Mina-Second Revolution, 533.

CHAP. II. PHYSICAL FEATURES-MOUNTAINS-VOL-

CANOES-CAPES AND BAYS-RIVERS AND LAKES,

535-Mountains, 536-Volcanoes, 538-Capes

--Bays-Gulf of Mexico, 540-Rivers-Rio

Grande del Norte, 541-Rio Buenaventura-

The Zaguananas or Colorado-The Sonora-

The Sabine, &c. 542-The St Jago, &c.-

Lakes, 543-Salt Lakes, 545.

CHAP. III. CLIMATE-SOIL AND PRODUCTIONS-

Climate, 545-Diseases-Soil and Vegetable

Productions, 548-The Banana-Maize, 549-

Wheat, 550-Potato, Agave, &c. 551-Sugar,

552-Cotton-Coffee, Chocolate, &c. 553.—

Tobacco, &c.-Animal Kingdom, 554-Birds

-The Humming-Bird, 556-Insects, 558.

CHAP. IV. MINES AND MINERALS, 558-Mines of

Guanaxuato, 560-Mines of Zacatecas, 564-

Mines of Catorce-Mines of Pachuca, 565-

Biscaina Vein-Mines of Zimapan-Mines

of Durango 566-Quantity, &c. of Metal, 567

-Gold Mines, 571-Inferior Minerals, 572-

Basaltic Rocks, 573.

CHAP. V. POPULATION AND NATIVE TRIBES, 574-

Manners and Customs of the Ancient Mexi
cans, 577-Marriages, Education, and Fun-
erals, 578-Government, 579-War-Religion,
580-Present Population, 581-State of So-
ciety, Manners, and Customs, 585-Languages
-Literature, 589-Religion and Ecclesiastical

Government, 591.

CHAP. VI. MANUFACTURES AND COMMERCE, 592.

CHAP. VII. GOVERNMENT-REVENUE-MILITARY AND

MARINE FORCE-Government, 594-Revenue,

595-Military Force-Marine Force, 597.

CHAP. VIII. TOPOGRAPHY-City of Mexico, 597-

QUERETARO, 599-MECHOACAN-GUANAXUATO—

City of Guanaxuato, 600-ZACATECAS-CINA-

LOA, 601-SONORA-District of Pimeria, 602-

CALIFORNIA-Old California, 603-New Cali-

fornia-NEW MEXICO, 604-The Appaches, 606

CHIHUAHUA — Durango Chihuahua, 607 -

COHAHUILA-NEW SANTANDER-NEW LEON, 608

-SAN LUIS POTOSI-VERA CRUZ, 609-Oaxaca,

610-LA PUEBLA-YUCATAN, 613-PROVINCE OF

TEXAS, 614.

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