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tor's youngest daughter; but it is said to have been written rather with a view to the patronage of the Master, than the love of the lady. Mr. BYROM married his cousin, Miss ELIZABETH Byrom, against the will of her father, who gave them no fortune : but BYROM supported himself independently by his own abilities, until he succeeded to the estate at Kersall*. Mr. BYROM lived happily and respectably, in the bosom of domestic peace and comfort, till the seventysecond year of his age; when he expired, on the 28th of September, 1763, leaving behind him a character of great innocence, integrity, and virtue.
Mr. Henry GROVE, a nonconformist divine of great learning and piety, who was born at Taunton, on the 4th of January, 1683, is the author of four papers, all in the eighth volume of the SPECTATOR. They are Numbers 588, and 601, on self-love and benevolence; No. 626, on the force of novelty, and No. 635, the concluding paper. Dr. Johnson has pronounced No. 588,
one of the finest pieces in the English language;' and of the concluding number, it has been remarked by the elegant commentator on the T ArLER, SPECTATOR, and GUARDIAN, that a more sublime, a more interesting and impressive paper cannot be found in the series to which it belongs.
Mr. HENRY MARTYN is the author of No. 180, in the SPECTATOR, and also probably wrote No. 200. It is asserted of him, in WARD's
By teaching short-hand in London, where he met with the greatest encouragement, and numbered among his pupils the celebrated Earl of CHESTERFIELD, with many others of the first rank.
Lives of the Gresham Professors, that he contributed many of those ingenious papers, which, in the years 1711 and 1712, were published weekly in the SPECTATOR:' but for this we have only WARD's assertion, and not one clue to guide us. We cau, therefore, never know the extent of our obligations to this gentleman. He was the eldest son of EDWARD MARTYN, of Alborn in Wiltshire, Esq. a gentleman of considerable fortune and was born about the time of the Restoration*. Mr. MARTYN was both a good scholar, and a good lawyer. He had a large share in the conduct of · The British Merchant ;' a paper of such consequence and authority, that it operated materially to influence the decision of Parliament against the commerce-clause in the treaty of Utrecht, so over-favourable to the interests of France. For his intelligence and zeal on this occasion, Mr. MARTYN was nominated inspectorgeneral of the imports and exports of the Customs, He died at Blackheath on the 25th of March, 1721.
It is probable from the assertion of WARD, and from the intimacy which subsisted between Sir RICHARD STEELE and Mr. MARTYN, that the latter was the author of many papers in the SPECTATOR. Of these, however, only one, No. 180, bas hitherto been ascribed to bim on certain grounds. This is occupied in some ingenious and convincing calculations, which are intended to prove the vanity and destructive tendency of all conquests, and especially of those which were achieved by the arms of Louis XIV. of France. As No. 200, is on a subject very similar, and has a reference to No. 180, the annotators think themselves warranted in attributing it to the same writer ; an ascription which is supported by the circumstance of Mr. MARTYN being celebrated for his skill in political arithmetic' Drake's Essays, vol. iii. p. 288.
Mr. CAREY, of New College, Oxford, Mr. Tickell, and Mr. EUSDEN, are also among the conjectured contributors to the SpecTATOR: but nothing can be ascribed with any certainty to Carey or Eusden, and only a poem not worth claiming, The Royal Progress,' ip No. 620, to TICKELL.
The letter in No. 527, containing some verses translated from Ovid, is by Pope. To him also are ascribed Nos. 404, 408, and 425, entire.
The first, On the improper direction of the gifts of nature; and the second, On the management of the passions, present a chain of ideas, traceable enough in Pope's own works: but the Vision of the Seasons, in No. 425, bears internal evidence against the propriety of its ascription to POPE.
An elegant and entertaining letter on the language of eyes, in No. 250, is from the pen of Mr. GOLDING, of whom nothing now survives, but his name and that essay.
The character of Emilia, in No. 302, is by Dr. BROME. It was claimed by Mr. DunCOMBE for his friend Hughes, and the portrait affirmed to be that of Anne, Countess of COVENTRY. But Dr. BROMe is now the admitted writer of the paper; and the real Emilia, says the annotator upon the SPECTATOR, was the mother of Mrs. Ascham, of Connington in Cambridgeshire, and grandmother of the present Lady Hatton.'
The letter, signed James Easy, in No. 268, is the production of Mr. JAMES Heywood, an opulent linen-draper, who died at his house in Austin Friars so lately as the 23d of July, 1776, aged ninety
years. He was chosen Alderman for the Ward of Aldgate, and paid the customary fine of 5001. to be excused from serving.
Mr. Philip YORKE, afterwards Lord Chancellor HARDWICKE, communicated the letter in No. 364, signed Philip Homebred, written to ridicule the absurdity of sending young men to travel, before they have finished their education at home,
For Nos. 460, and 501, both Visions, we are indebted to the pen of PARNELL. Dr. ParNELL, who was descended from an ancient family of Congleton in Cheshire, was born at Dublin in the year 1679. He graduated at that University in 1700, entered shortly after into holy orders, and . in 1705 was collated by Dr. ASHE, then bishop of Clogher, to the archdeaconry of that diocese. He married Miss Anne Minchin, a young lady of great beauty and accomplishments, by whom he had two sons, who died young, and a daughter who long survived him. He was intimate with all the wits of his time, but particularly with POPE and Swift. Towards the close of Anne's reign, he rose in London to considerable popularity as a pulpit orator, and figured with no mean reputation as a poet, even in that Augustan Age. His life has been written by GOLDSMITH, and abridged by JOHNSON.
A letter in No. 396, on Punning, signed Peter de Quir, and another in No. 518, on Physiognomy, signed Tom Tweer, were communicated by John HENLEY, alias the Orator, a turbulent spirit of those times, not without claims to consideration, but latterly more notorious than respectable. He
was the son of the Rev. SIMON HENLEY, vicar of Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire, and was born there on the 3d of August, 1692.
Mr. Henley graduated at Cambridge, and went into the church ; but he obtained a momentary professional celebrity, only to disgrace it. He threw off his gown, and set up an Oratory in Clare-market, where he lectured to the butchers, and id genus omne, in language worthier of a mountebank at Bartholomew Fair, than a divine of the established church*. He drew a considerable income from the lowest orders of society, alternately practising extortion and expedient, and living upon the fruits of blasphemy, buffoonery, and libel. His literary abilities in after life did not realize the promise of his youth.
The letterin No. 288, recommending the writer's wares to public notice, bears the real signature of a French tradesman- PETER ANTHONY MotTeux, a native of Rouen in Normandy, who transferred his fortunes to this country, on the revocation of the edict of Nantes. He spoke and wrote English like a native, and acquired great celebrity by his translations of Rabelais and Don Quixote, the last of which has been pronounced by Mr. 6. *These discourses soon degenerated into ribaldry and abuse, and at length into downright blasphemy and buffoonery. His auditors paid a shilling each ; and as they chiefly consisted of ignorant mechanics, and sometimes of the very refuse of society, he had occasionally recourse to expedients of a very singular cast in order to replenish his finances. He once, it is said, collected an amazing number of shoemakers, by promising to teach them the art of making a pair of excellent shoes in a few minutes ; when behold! this wonderful abridgment of labour was effected by cutting off the tops of ready-made boots !'-DRAKE's Essays, vol. iii. p. 304.