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CONGRESS

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In compliance with the resolution of the Senate of December 19, 1870, the cost of transportation of mails and freights, and the expense of guarding the orerland route from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, from the annexation of California to July 1, 1864.

FEBRUARY 17, 1871.-Referred to the Committee on the Pacific Railroad and ordered

to be printed.

To the Senate of the United States :

In answer to your resolution of the 19th of December last, requesting the President “to furnish the Senate with the entire cost of transportation of mails and freights, of every description, to the Pacific coast; also, to all intermediate points west of the Missouri River, from the annexation of California to July 1, 1864; and also the expenses of the War Department and Indian Bureau, during the same period, in guarding the overland route from the Missouri River to California against Indians and Mormons, and the cost of the Indian service on the same line, including, in all cases, freights and all other expenditures," I transmit herewith reports received from the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of War, and the Postmaster General.

U. S. GRANT. EXECUTIVE MANSION,

February 17, 1871.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, D. C., January 17, 1871. SIR: I have the honor to return herewith the resolution of the Senate of the 19th ultimo, referred by you to this Department, requesting the President to furnish the Senate with the entire cost of transporta.. tion of mails and freights of every description to the Pacific coast; also, to all intermediate points west of the Missouri River, from the annexation of California to July 1, 1864; and also the expenses of the War Department and Indian Bureau during the same period, in guarding the overland route from the Missouri to California against Indians and Mormons, and the cost of the Indian service on the same route, including in all cases freights and other expenditures.

I transmit herewith a copy of a report, dated the 12th instant, from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, to whom said resolution was re

ferred, which contains all the information therein called for, which the records of this Department can furnish. I have the honor to be your obedient servant,

C. DELANO,

Secretary. The PRESIDENT.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS,

Washington, D. C., January 12, 1971. Sir: I bave the honor to acknowledge the receipt, by reference from your Department, of Senate resolution of the 19th ultimo, requesting to be furnished with the entire cost of transportation of mails and freights of every description to the Pacife coast, also to all intermediate points west of the Missouri River, from the annexation et California to July 1, 1864, and also the expenses of the War Department and India Bureau during the same period, in guarding the overland route from the Missouri River to California against Indians and Mormons, and the cost of the Indian service on the same line, including in all cases freights and all other expenditures.

In reply, I have to state that, as near as can be ascertained from the records of this office, the cost of the Indian service, including freights and other expenditures, from the Missouri River to California, embracing the following States and Territories, viz; Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, California, Utah, and Colorado, from the annexation of California to July 1, 1864, is as follows: Transportation...

$162, 109 On account of Indian service

8,761,757 91

Total

... 8, 923, 07

The resolution referred to is herewith returned.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

H. R. CLUM, Acting Commissioner.

Hon. C. DELANO,

Secretary of the Interior.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

February 15, 1871. The Secretary of War has the honor to report to the President, with reference to the resolution of the Senate of the United States, of De cember 19, 1870, that the entire cost to the military service of guarding the overland route from the Missouri river to the Pacific Ocean, be tween the date of the annexation of California and July 1, 1861, so far as can be ascertained, within a reasonable time, and without an unreasonable expenditure of labor, was about one hundred millions of dollars It is proper to state that, all things considered, the sum named is below rather than above the true cost of the service.

WM. W. BELKNAP,

Secretary of War.

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT,

Washington, D. C., January 16, 1870. SIR: The cost of the transportation of the mails to the Pacific coast, and to intermediate points west of the Missouri River, from the annexa: tion of California (1818) to July 1, 1864, required by the resolution of the Senate adopted December 19, 1870, is ascertained to have been not less than $14,583,988 68, as shown by the inclosed statement.

As there is no continuous record in the Department of expenditures for this service, the items making this aggregate had to be obtained,

(except the sum of $5,551,674 24 furnished by the Navy Department, paid under contracts made with that Department, in pursuance of law,) by a laborous examination of the books and records for sixteen years past, aided by the memory of persons long in the public service; it is possible, therefore, that some expenditures of small amount may have escaped notice, but the total amount is believed to be substantially correct. Respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOHN A. J. CRESWELL,

Postmaster General. The PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

Cost of transportation of the mails to the Pacific coast, from 1848 to 1864.

annum

Contract with the Navy Department under the act of

Congress of March 3, 1847, service from 1848 to 1859,
New York, Havana, and Chagres.

$2,579, 637 24 Astoria, San Francisco, and Panama.

2,972, 037 (0

$5,551, 674 24 Steamships on both oceans, extra half trip, October, 1859, after expiration Navy contract..

13, 676 71 Paid New Granadian government, transportation over the Isthmus, March 13, 1850, to December 1, 1851.

70,585 31 Paid Panama Railroad Company, transportation between Aspin wall and Panama, December 1, 1851, to March 31, 1857, 22 cents per pound.

635, 494 17 Paid Panama Railroad Company, transportation between Aspinwall and Panama, April 1, 1857, to June 30, 1860, at $100,000 per year....

3.5, 000 00 Service of C. Vanderbilt:

Transportation between New York and San Francisco,
October 1, 1859, to June 30, 1860, at $250,000 per

$187, 500 00
Transportation between New York and San Francisco,

July 1 to December 31, 1860, under act of Congress
of February 14, 1861..

175, 000 00
Transportation between New York and San Francisco,

January 1 to March 4, 1861, under act of Congress. 61, 249 99
Transportation between New York and San Francisco,
March 3 to 1861, under contract

113, 750 00
March 8, 1861, to June 30, 1864, being letter postages

on Central American and South Pacific mails, New
York and San Francisco to Panama..

58, 725 00

596, 224 99 Salaries and expenses of mail agents on the ships, January 5, 1850, to December 31, 1857.

19, 856 92 Compensation of resident mail agents, at Aspinwall, February 14, 1859, to June 30, 1864..

3, 500 00 Compensation of resident mail agents at Panama, January 1, 1853, to June 30, 1864...

9, 431 61 Louisiana, Tehuantepec Company, transportation between New Orleans

and San Francisco, October 27, 1858, to October 10, 1859, under contract

228, 483 5:3 Compensation of consul as mail agent, at Tehuantepec ..

490 00 Pacific Steamship Company, transportation between San Francisco and

Olympia, October 1, 1857, to December 20, 1860, under contract, at $122,500 per year.

342, 166 29 Route, Independence, Missouri, to Salt Lake, No. 8911:

W. M. F. Magraw, F. Little, E. Hawkes, and John Kerr, July 1,
1855, to February 27, 1857

50, 690 98 Hiram Kimball, February to June, 1857

4,791 00 S. B. Miles, July to April 7, 1858..

38,729 98 Hockaday & Smoot, May, 1858, to September 30, 1860.

329, 051 36 Hockaday & Smoot, act of February 16, 1861..

40, 000 00

$503, 590 14

51, 465 (0 22, 916 42,72

96,367 153

Route, Salt Lake to San Pedro and Placerville, 1851 to 1860:

George Chorpenning...
George Chorpenning, act of Congress, June 29, 1866.
W. L. Blanchard ..

W. H. Russell..
California and Pike's Peak Express Company, October 1, 1860, to June 30,

1861....
Route, Kansas, Missouri, to Stockton, California :

Barrow, Proctor & Crenshaw, October 1, 1858, to July 31, 1859.. Route, San Antonio, Texas, to San Pedro, California:

J. B. Birch, July 1, to December 31, 1857.

George H. Giddings, January 1, 1858, to September 30, 1861... Route, St. Louis and Memphis to San Francisco, Butter

75, 191

74,900.00 520,202 01

field, Southern, September 16, 1858, to June 30, 1861... $1,724, 456 75 Route, St. Joseph to Placerville, Butterfield, Central, July 1, 1861, to June 30, 1864.

3, 210, 000 00

4,934, 456 75

Total......

14, 553,98 li

3d Sission.

No. 45.

LETTER

OP

THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY,

COMMUNICATING,

In compliance with the resolution of the Senate of the 15th instant, the in

structions issued to the commander of the Tennessee on her present cruise, and a list of the vessels in the waters of the island of San Domingo since the commencement of the negotiations with Dominica.

FEBRUARY 18, 1871.--Ordered to lie on the table and be printed.

NAVY DEPARTMENT,

Washington, February 17, 1871. SIR: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the following resolution, a lopted by the Senate on the 15th instant:

Resolred, That the Secretary of the Navy be directed to communicate to the Senato' a copy of the instructions to the commander of the ship Tennessee on her present cruise; also the names of the United States ships in the waters of the island of San Domingo since the commencement of the recent negotiation with Dominica, together : with the aimament of such slips. And, by direction of the President, to respond to the same.

In response to the first branch of the Senate's inquiry I have the honor to communicate herewith a copy of the instructions to the com-' mander of the Tennessee, dated Navy Department, January 13, 1871.

An in response to the second branch of the inquiry to inclose here- ! with a list of the naval vessels, with their armaments, which have been from time to time since the commencement of the recent negotiations with the Republic of Dominica in the waters of the island of San Domingo.

The ships now in those waters are, as far as is known to the Department, the Congress, the Nantasket, the Yantic, and the Tennessee. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

GEO. M. ROBESON,

Secretary of the Navy. Hon. SCHUYLER COLFAX,

Vice-President of the United States and President of the Senate.

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