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Chatham County ; report of violence and outrages in Person County; school-bouse burned at Ashboro, with Ku Klux outrages; Ku-Klux out rages and assaults in Wayne County; some reports from Stokes County, and no action taken by State autiorities; several reports from Alamance County, violence, &c., and request for protection from outrages perpetrated upon republicans by disguised men; list of names of about 25 persons who have been whipped, robbed, threatened with death, or shot, in Lincoln County; oath of the “ White Brotherhood," or Ku-Klux Klan, and exposition of the organization by an alleged member.
The President also forwards a letter from W. Stanley, corroborated by Charles W. Betts, dated Memphis, Tennessee, December 30, 1870, giving at length an account of affairs in the State of Mississippi, where he was ontraged, robbed, and from whence forced to flee to save his life.
August 17, 1869, General Halleck, commanding Division of the South, forwarded papers in case of riot in Mobile, Alabama, August 15, 1869, in which 2 men were killed, and 5 or 6 wounded.
General Terry, September, 1869, forwarding oflicial communication of First Lieutenant Eugene B. Gibbs, United States Army, relative to the murder of Alfred Robinson, killed August 14,1869; the attempted murder of Mr. Marshman, (white.) and the murder of Allen Justice, (colored.)
The murder of Alfred Robinson and other colored men was for the purpose of securing all the crops which were worked on shares, and which were then being harvested.
December 19, 1868, Major General Meade, commanding Department of the South, forwarded correspondence between himself, the United States deputy marshal, and the commissioner, southern district of Georgia, relative to certain desperate characters known as the Ku Klux Klan.
In a letter dated July 20, 1870, his Excelleney W. W. Holden, governor of North Carolina, informed his Excellency the President of the United States that the counties of Alamance and Caswell, in that State, had been declared in a state of insurrection, he having power to do this under the State constitution and laws of the general assembly. That he had embodied militia, occupied said counties, and made important arrests; four of those arrested having sued out writs of babeas corpus. Resistance being threatened, he considered it very important that a regiment of Federal troops be at once sent to the State, and those already there be ordered to aid him promptly. Stated that Colonel Kirk had 350 white men in command, and he had, in Raleigh, 100 colored troops and 60 white; at Hillsborough 50 white men, and in Gaston County 60; his whole force being not over 600. Deemed it his duty to acquaint the President of this, &c. Looked for important disclosures regarding the “ Ku-Klux” organization, before the military court which le bad organized. Believed, from evidence, that Ex-President Johnson is at the head of the order, and General Forrest engagerl with it, &c. This letter was referred to the Secretary of War, by order of the President, with directions to send six companies to Raleigh, it possible, to be “held in readiness to preserve the peace and enforce the laws, in case their services should be requireel," and General Meade was instructed accordingly July 25, 1870.
July 30, 1870, Captain G. B. Rodney, commanding a company of the Fourth Artillery, at Yanceyville, North Carolina, reported that there was no chance of collision between the citizens and State troops; that Colonel Kirk feared an attack and barricaded the court-house, dic., his whole cause of aların being foolish reports of negroes. Cited some instances to show that the citizens were peacefully inclined. Knew and saw nothing of any “ Ku-Kluxism."
August 2, 1570, Colonel Ilut, Fifth Artillery, assumed command of District of North Carolina, headunarters at Raleigh, North Carolina, and reportedl, August 4, 1870, that if the State troops acted with reasonable discretion, it was his impression there woull be no violence, unless prisoners were tried, condemned, and executed by military courts, when there might be resistance oftered by the civil authorities or the people. Thonght interference by United States troops in such case a grave question, no official recognition of insurrection having been proclaimed, &c. Requested further information as to the extent to which United States troops should be employed. Referred to the above letter of Captain Rodney, who he considered as possessing good judgment.
General McDowell (August 8, 1870) concurs in the views of Colonel Hunt.
August 10,1870, General Mealle referred the above papers to the War Department, requesting specitie instructions for Colonel Hunt, and stating that officer had been directed to contine the use of his troops to keeping the peace, until further orders.
August 12, 1870, the Secretary of War approved the instructions of General Meade, and referred to opinion of Attorney General, advising the State authorities to yield to the United States judiciary.
August 8, 1870, Captain Throckmorton, Fourth Artillery, reported relative to the shooting of Private James Bradley, Fourth Artillery, by Private James Pugli, Company II, First North Carolina State troops, and from this and reports on the same case by Lieutenant C. N. Warner, Fourth Artillery, and Colonel Hunt, Fourth Artillery, it appears that Bradley, returning from the city to his camp, and being in an intoxicated condition, passed near the camp of the State troops between 1 and 2 o'clock a. m., was challenged, and failing to answer, was fired upon by à sentinel, acting in accordance with orders received from his superiors. The officers of the State troops (Colonel Clark and Major Miller) acknowledged having given such instructions, and the case was dismissed by the civil authorities after examination. Generals McDowell and Jeade thought it advisable to remove the State troops to prevent collisions.
In connection with the above are reports of Captain Frank G. Smith and Colonel Hunt, Fourth Artillery, tending to show that the citizens generally were quiet and well disposed, the only trouble apprehended being in regard to the service of writs of habeas corpus issued by the United States district judge in the cases of prisoners held by Colonel kirk, at Yanceyville, which it was thought might cause a collision between the United States and State troops, in case the former were called on to aid in serving the writs, as was expected by Colonel Iunt. That officer also stated that there was a feeling of uneasiness in the commu. nity from vague apprehensions of “ Ku-Klux," kept alive by the presence of State troops, whose fear from this source had led to serious mischief, as witnessed in the shooting of Bradley, &c.
September 9, 1870, the President directed that the military district of North Carolina be discontinued, and Colonel Hunt return to his pr per station. Also, that Governor lIolden be requested to inform the War Department at the earliest moment the United States troops could sately be withdrawn.
September 16, 1870, information was received at the War Department that Governor Holden no longer needed the artillery companies at Raleigh, and one company could be spared from Yanceyville; one company of men at Raleigh, one at Graham, and one at Yanceyville being deemed sufficient.
July 20, 1867, Major General George H. Thomas, commanding Depart. ment of the Cumberland, forwarded report of Breret Major General William P. Carlin, assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau, State of Tennessee, dated Nashville, Temessee, July 15, 1867, relative to the riot which occurred at Franklin, Tennessee, July (5, 1867, between a body of conservatives (principally ex-rebel soldiers) and negroes on one side, and the “Colored Loyal League” on the other, with the following remarks: “Further testimony regarding this matter, now being collected by Captain D. W. Burke, Second Infantry, will be forwarried as soon as obtained.”
General Meade, commanding Department of the South, forwards to the headquarters of the Army papers relative to troubles at Camilla, Mitchell County, Georgia, as follows:
Copy of preamble and resolutions of Young Men's Democratic Club, Albany, Georgia, denying an alleged report that members of the same were connected with the Camilla riot. Copies of atlidavits from Sherifi
' Poore, John Murphy, William P. Pierce, P. R. lines, (treedman.) and others, in regard to Camilla riot, taken before Brevet Major 0. II. Howard, sub-assistant commissioner Bureau Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, the mayor of Albany, and justice of the peace. Proceed. ings of a meeting of citizens of Albany, expressing regret at the riot, &c. Report of investigation made of Camilla affair by Captain William Mills, Sixteenth Infantry; that he is unable to find any proof that the colored peo. ple were advised by the white men who went to address them to go armed to Camilla, and that no action had been taken by the civil authorities in the matter at date of visit. Papers submitted to the President by the Secretary of War October 8, 1868.
The Adjutant General informs General Terry, under date of October
1870, that the Secretary of War desires troops to be ordered to Alabama from October 15 to November 15, the whole force to be under command of General Crawford, with authority to move companies from point to point. Inclosed is a letter from Thomas M. Peters to Senator Warner, dlated September 23, 1870, in which it is stated that in many sections of Alabama the public authorities are not competent to give protection to the lite and limb of the citizen. The loyal inhabitants, particularly the colored people, should receive protection of Government.
General Terry, in a telegram dated October 22, 1570, informs General Sherman that the governor of South Carolina asked to have movement of Eighth Infantry delayed, but has refused his request; has ordered two companies of troops to Newburg Court House, the point to which the insurgents are proceeding.
Captain John Christopher, Eighteenth Infantry, reports October 23, 1870, the departure of one company for Laurens, South Carolina, to assist in preserving peace.
The governor of South Carolina telegraphs October 21, 1870, that ex rebel soldiers have attacked and captured the town of Laurens, killing many persons, seizing the ballot-boxes, and marching on other towns for a like purpose, committing outrages on their route. Should have additional troops.
November 7, 1870, John A. Moss writes to the Secretary of War from Selma, Alabaina, dwelling upon the disturbed condition of affairs, and asking that the whole State be placed under the regulations of the military.
October 1, 1867, Brigadier General John Pope, commanding Third Military District, reports operations since assuming command, April 1, 1867; also furnishes copies of orders issued by him to carry out reconstruction acts and, correspondence in relation thereto with Provisional Governor C. J. Jenkins, of Alabama, and Hon. Augustus Reese, of Madison, Georgia. Invites attention to inclosed newspaper containing a speech delivered in Atlanta, Georgia, by B. H. Hill, late a senator in the rebel congress, and states the hopelessness of reconstruction while such men retain influence.
General Hancock, commanding Fifth Military District, forwards with his annual report for the year endling October 31, 1868, the following papers relative to troubles in Texas: Report from headquarters district of Texas, Austin, of disturbances at Marshall, Texas; that " it appears that the sheriff, Perry, and his deputy, Adams, not only failed to exert themselves to preserve the peace, but have been the leaders in the disturbance.” Report of investigation into the matter by Lieutenant Col. onel Wood, First Infantry; correspondence between General Ilancock and Judge Pease relative to the operation of General Orders No. 40, Fifth Military District, of 1867, announcing the action to be taken in civil affairs, &c.
Major General P. St. George Cooke, cominanding Department of the Cumberland, in his amnal report, dated October 28, 1869, states that "out of the cities and off from the great lines of travel and commerce in the interior of Kentucky and Tennessee, negroes and white Unionists enjoy little protection of law to person or property, and the freedom of the negroes is a mockery. While I write, the public prints record a Ku-Klux action--submitted to, of course-in whichi, breaking into houses, they murdered one and maimed another white man; scourged most mercifully' a white man and several negroes.””
July 15, 1868, Governor Harrisou Reed, of the State of Florida, transmits papers, arguments, &c., in case of W. J. Brannen, a civilian, tried June, 1868, at Bainbridge, Georgia, by a military commission, charged with murder; convicted and sentenced; arrested in his transit through Florida, and orilered released on writ of habeas corpus. This order was disobeyed by the oflicer in charge of the prisoner, who is now, by General Meade's order, serving out a ten years' sentence in the State penitentiary of Georgia.
Major General George G. Meade, commanding Department of the South, transmits, October 17, 1868, to Army headquarters, a communi. cation from Governor Holden, of North Carolina, who asks that troops may be sent to Wilmington, North Carolina, and also that they be dis. persed throughout the State.
Communication from Governor Scott, of South Carolina, who states that the State is overrun with lawless mobs, and requests that the troops be stationed at different points to protect the citizens; also incloses two communications from gentlemen showing the condition of affairs in the upper courties.
Communication from Governor Scott, stating that the civil authorities are powerless to keep the peace; that armed bands patrol certain counties, and that in York and Chester the civil authorities have no representatives; and that one James Martin, member of the legislature, was murdered in the high-road. He requests that United States troops be furnished to aid the State government in enforcing the laws, and mentions ontrages in Newberry County.
August 19, 1868, Brevet Major General Buchanan, commanding De partment of Louisiana, acknowledges the receipt of a letter of instrue
tions relative to assistance to be atřorded by troops in his department to civil authorities, in case of domestic disturbances arising therein. He incloses a copy of his orders in the premises, and contradicts statements published by Governor Warmoth, of Louisiana, as to the number of murders committed in that State.
August 11, 1868, Major General George II. Thomas, commanding De partment of the Cumberland, forwards to the Adjutant General for instructions a communication from W. T. Prosser, chairman of the house committee on military attairs, Temessee legislature; also a copy of a resolution of State house of representatives on the subject of calling on the United States authorities to furnish the State with a military force to aid the governor to restore the peace.
August 4, 1868, Governor Smith, of Alabama, transmits to the Secretary of War a copy of a petition of the citizens and a resolution of the councils of Montgomery, Alabama, asking for the retention of United States troops in the city, and recommends that a portion of the troops be allowed to remain.
July 30, 1868, Major General Meade reports by telegraph to General Grant that he has been advised that the civil authorities of Augusta, Georgia, are about to be resisted by a combination made for that purpose, and asks for instructions if the military authorities are expected to keep order and peace.
August 1, 1868, Governor Smith, of Alabama, and other State officers, protest against the removal of the United States forces in that State to Huntsville, in the northern part, and ask that General Meade's order may be revoked, and the troops remain quartered as heretofore.
Governor Smith asks that the company of United States troops stä: tioned at Selma, Alabama, under marching orders, be permitted to remain for the present.
July 8, 1868, Major General Meade, commanding Third District, reports military control in Florida under the reconstruction laws having ceased, and incloses General Orders issued and correspondence between General Sprague and Governor Reed, of Florida. (Thirteen inclosures.)
September 1, 1868, Brevet Major General R. E. Buchanan, commanding Department of Louisiana, incloses, for the information of the President of the United States, communications from the governor of Louisiana making application for troops, with General Buchanan's reply thereto; also incloses a copy of a circular containing instructions to commanding officers, &c., and asks to be notified of its approval. (Five inclosures.)
October 9, 1868, Major General Meade, commanding Department of the South, acknowledges the receipt of resolutions passed at a mass meeting of the citizeus of Lowndes County, Alabama, forwarded to him by direction of the President of the United States. (One inclosire.)
August 24, 1868, Major General Meade, commanding Department of the South, acknowledges the receipt of a communication from the Adjutant General's Office, referring telegram of the governor of Alabama, asking that the company of troops at Selma be retained there, and be lieves that no necessity for troops exists at Selma. (Two inclosures.)
October 8, 1868, General Meade, commanding Department of the South, acknowledges the receipt, through the Governor of Alabama, of a letter covering resolutions and memorial of the Alabama legislature, with the action of the President thereon, and states that the governor is satisfied with the proposed distribution of the troops in Alabama.
October 25, 1868, General Rousseau, commanding Department of Louisiana, reports riots in New Orleans on the night of the 24th instant.