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His physical sufferings had enlarged his imaginative capacity, and he asked what it was they had brought in. Strawberries. He fell back exhausted on the bed a moment. He raised up again and said, " What are those?” Strawberries. After a moment he recovered strength and raised up again;“ My God," said he, “Are those strawberries?” They seemed so large, so luscious, so grand and beautiful to him. After he had partaken of them he kept them by his side, taking one now and then, and sent for the lady, and with tears streaming down his face he said: “I want to thank you for these. I want to tell you how much good they have done me, and above all I want to tell you that I want you to forgive me for the wrong I have done you." Said he, “You have been more than a Cbristian to me."
Those are the influences that follow such association, and I presume there is not a horticulturist who loves his home, and loves fruits and flowers, but has the disposition to forgive bis enemy when he repents. And it will make him repent. It is a good thing to make good resolutions - a better thing to perform them. We all need better associations and better society, and one of the objects has been accomplished if it inspires us to better motives, better actions, and better resolutions well executed.
Mr. Adams - I desire to make a few remarks at the present time. While listening to the papers, my attention has been called to the discussion, yesterday afternoon, as to how we shall keep our boys upon the farm. I think all interested in that question will do well to consider the papers just read; and each one of us should feel it incumbent upon us to create homes of comfort, cul. ture and refinement, and give our children the best advantages within our power to obtain an education; and if some of them marifest a disposition to enter other pursuits, and seem to be adapted, encourage them no matter if they do leave the farm. Say or do what we will, our children as they grow up will scatter to the various occupations of life according to taste, disposition, and circumstances. Farm life has many attractions to people of culture and education, and I see no reason why we have anything to apprehend from this drain which it is claimed is constantly being made from the farm. We shall always have enough to
engage in agriculture. And those of us who are engaged in it should so conduct it as to show some pecuniary results from it.
Mr. Boal - I have held, previous to this time, the views, I might say, of a pessimist; but after hearing these papers, I feel inclined to take another view, if these ladies are a fair sample of ladies of Wisconsin. If they hold like views with the majority, I think there is hope for our republic yet. I am inclined to think that ladies who can write such papers will raise families that will be a credit to themselves and a credit to the nation.
Upon the subject of making our farms attractive to our sons, I wish to say that the profits of our farms are so small that if we educate our sons they will not be contented with the remuneration that the farm gives for the labor. If you send your sons to college and give them an education, will they be contented to go into the backwoods and take up one hundred and sixty acres of land ? No. Tney will naturally gravitate towards the city, where higher salaries are paid. And why is it so? It is simply this: that we get all that we ask. If we demanded more, we could get it. We could make our calling as remunerative, per. haps, as the professional man or merchant. It takes us the most of our time to provide for the real wants of life. There is a power growing around us on every hand, which is saying to us, so much only shall you receive. A rich man in our state, when some poor person dies, sends a bunch of flowers to place upon the coffin. Why doesn't he do something for the living poor, so that they would be able to provide flowers for themselves ?
One speaker said they sent to the farms for honest boys in stores and offices, but is that the sentiment to-day? Go into the stores and see. They will tell you that the farmers are more corrupt, as a class, than any other cla:s; that they put the largest potatoes and strawberries on top, and so on.
That is the estimation in which they are held to day, and they deserve it. We ought to be true to ourselves — sell everything on its merits, and demand the respect that is due us as farmers. I hope the next generation will be better than this, and I prelict from these papers that they will be. These ladies have taken their true place in society - the home.
There their influence is vastly greater than it would be at the ballot box, for there they can mould the minds of those who cast all the ballots.
I hope this meeting will be productive of good. Many who have been here and heard these papers read will go home and change some things around their homes. It is not enough to leave the training of our children entirely to our wives. We must assist them. They may think we do not appreciate the sacrifices they are making; but let us each and every one resolve to do all that in him lies to promote the public good by doing good at home.
On motion of Mr. Kellogg, the convention adjourned to the Agricultural Rooms to take up the
How should Rogers' Hybrid vines be pruned to give best crops ?
Mr. Greenman - It will depend a little on the age of the vine. I would prune it as I would any other vine — according to the strength of the vide. Most of the Rogers' Hybrid vine being very strong growers, I should leave more fruit buds and more spurs upon the vine than I would upon the Delaware. The new wood should be pruned back to two or three buds, covering a space of from four to six feet square. If you have two canes, cut them four or five feet long, and spur them back to three buds.
Mr. Hatch -How may we know what fruit buds are ?
Mr. Greenman - Fruit buds are always found upon the new wood. The wood of this season's growth produces the fruit next
We get no fruit upon two year old wood. Mr. Hatch — Can you tell whether a certain bud will produce a fruit spur or not ?
Mr. Greenman Not otherwise than you could tell a straw. berry. The strawberry plant will not produce fruit unless it has sufficient time during the season to form a fruit bud. The fruit is already formed in the bud, and you discover, in breaking the buds of the grape vine in the spring, a little cluster of fruit or blossom, and unless those buds have sufficient strength or maturity to produce the fruit in the bud, you will not get the fruit.
If it is a well ripened, developed bud, it will produce grapes upon the arm. If you had a microscope sufficiently strong, and could open that bud with sufficient care, you could see a cane four feet long in that eighth inch long bud. The best fruit buds are those that are plump and large.
Mr. Jordan - Isn't it a fact that you may rub off all the buds that appear,
and there are dormant buds that will come out and bear fruit.
Mr. Greenman - There are some varieties, but most varieties do not produce fruit from the accessory buds.
Mr. Hatch - I want to know if you would renew a Rogers Hybrid from the ground on account of its vigorous growth, or would you save considerable of the old wood ?
Mr. Greenman – My experience bas been that I never get any very good fruit on wbat is called the annual or renewal system. I think the best fruit is produced from spurs or arms from the old wood.
Mr. Hatch What do you use for mildew ?
Mr. Greenman — On the Rogers grapes, I am of the same opin . ion that I was four or five years ago, when I read a little article on the subject. My observation convinces me still that the Rogers, after they are thoroughly established, will commence to mildew, and when they have borne about two or three crops, you begin to have trouble with them - loss of foliage. I discover it usually in the stems holding the buds, and I immediately use a little sulphur in a large pepper box. Throw a little sulphur into each bunch, and a little upon the vines and perhaps on the ground. I went over more than five hundred Rogers vines this season with a little less than two pounds of sulphur, and I had but two mil. dewed bunches of grapes that I know of, in my vineyard, and they commerced to mildew before I had commenced the sulphur.
The President -- Is there any danger of over-manuring the Delaware vine?
Mr. Greenman - I do not know that there is. I have never manured very much. In too rank growth, the wood grows so rapidly, that the fruit buds don't seem to fill.
A voice - Can you grow grapes on a wealthy, rich soil, where it lays comparatively flat?
Mr. Greenman —If I had a flat bill, I would take that. If not, I would take prairie. I would have some grapes, anyway.
Mr. Chipman – In answer to President Smith's question, about fertilizing the Delaware vine, wouldn't you say that you could fertilize it too much?
Mr. Greenman - I think they will bear higher culture than the rapidly growing vines, and produce fruit.
Mr. Hatch — What do you do to save the foliage when it is dropping, in the summer?
Mr. Greenman — I would produce some new canes.
Mr. Hatch — Suppose along in the middle of the summer your leaves are dropping off, and you cannot help yourself?
Mr. Greenman — The probability is you won't have any fruit next year, and perhaps not any vines.
Mr. Jordan - You say you would rather plant on a flat hill than on the prairie. I don't know as I fully understand you.
Mr. Greenman My experience has been in planting upon a very steep hillside, and then top of the hill, that my best fruit is up where it is not quite go steep.
Mr. Jordan - How would it be at the bottom of the hill?
Mr. Greenman - If it is a southern exposure, you are liable to burn out. Mr. Jordan - Is high land, such as is best for orchards, best
? Mr. Tuttle - You cannot grow a Concord grape after it gets very old and strong on the renewal system on a very strong, rich soil. You can grow them where their tendency is to growth. The renewal system produces a succulent growth, but doesn't furnish much fruit. I get more fruit off of one vine without a knife to it, or being covered for five years, than they get off of fifty by cutting
If I was going to grow Concord grapes on flat land and a very strong soil, for the first year or two you can produce some fruit, but after they get age and you get a strong root, I believe it is better to get ten, twenty or thirty feet of vine of old wood.
I have three hundred Concord vines that lay at the foot of a hill where you come down onto the black soil. The first year or