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subsoil plow, as yet, has proved but a partial remedy for this evil, and is by no means in common use. The inventor who could place within, or in close proximity to the common plow, a cylinder or wheel with cutting knives or teeth, so adjusted as to stir the earth a few inches below the furrow, which would not clog, interfere with ordinary running, or materially add to the draft, would be properly ranked as a benefactor of the race. Such an implement would make available the bottom farm that underlies most of our state. We suggest it as the direction of greatest improvement - worthy of many trials and failures, if even in the end but partially accomplished. An inch more depth to the loose soil would add vastly to the aggregate bushels when crops were harvested. We make this suggestion at random, trusting that it may lead to experiments, and in the end, in some way, to the ripe result of successful discovery. The field of trial in this regard is not a new one, but they whose genius has evoked reapers, binders, and so many valuable improvements, may yet, if they try, secure greater depth to the plow. If they can, the age will have moved forward many centuries of progress at a bound.

Without disparagement to others, and not without diffidence, the following entries bave been noted as worthy of special men. tion, either from original invention, adoption of valuable or new devices, greater perfections in whole or part, or applications rendering them especially noteworthy.

SPECIAL NOTICE.

G. W. Stacy, Monticello, Minnesota, the Stacy Filler, for filling

the grain 'tester and half bushel measure, securing exact uniformity in filling and accuracy in weight. It is an

invention widely endorsed. Warder, Mitchell & Co., Chicago, New Champion mower. Merrell, Beaty & Mathew, Independence, Iowa, feed steamer. B. G. Alden, Chicago, feed steamer. In point of convenience

and economy, both the above devices for preparing food

for stock are regarded as specially valuable. F. R. Martin, Brooklyn, Wis., toothed strap iron fence. Model

shown. In combination with barbed wire, or by itself,

this invention promises to be of special value, as it makes a cheap, durable and visible fence, not liable to get out of repair, and no danger from horses or cattle running

against it. Fuller & Johnson

W. A. Wood harvester and self-binder.
Vandevere corn planter, with dropper attachment. New

style. J. Thompson & Co., Norwegian sulky plow. Furst & Bradley, self-dumping hay rake; metal frame sulky plow

with friction attachment. F. C. Curtis, Rocky Run, Storer wind mill. Firmin, Billings & Noe, assorted plows and fixtures. Chilled Plow Co., Racine, the Seaman general improved chilled

plow. Harris Harrison, the Ruiland farm gate. N. E. Allen, Burnett Station, improved sheep rack. American Grinding Mill, Chicago, feed mill for horse power. Appleton Manuf'g Co., broadcast seeder; farm gate. Wm. Schwandler, Appleton, double action gate roller. J. R. Davis, Sun Prairie, portable section roof for hay, grain, or

other stacks, or exposed articles or machinery. Van Brunt & Barber, Horicon, Wis., sulky horse rake. A. S. Baker, Evansville, Monitor wind mill. C. Aultman, Canton, Ohio, Canton Monitor self-propelling engine,

water and coal tank; improved separator. John Lamont, Madison, Prairie Queen breaker; Faust's hay

loader; Gilpin sulky plow breaker with sod attachment; Deere rotary drop corn planter; Deere spring cultivator;

Superior force feed seeder and drill. M. V. Matteson, Milwaukee, Climax light mower; Roger reaper;

Howe's force pump; Lion self dump rake. D. M. Osborne, Chicago, self binding harvester ; single reaper. C. H. Johnson, Rockford, Ill., Economical six foot

reaper;

Stand. ard mower. Briggs & Enoch, Rockford, Ill., Rockford corn planter. D. S. Morgan, Brockport, N. Y., per S. L. Sheldon, Triumph reap

ers; Seymour mower, lightest, and, it is claimed, the cheapest.

Birdsell Manufacturing Company, South Bend, Ind., clover huller. Seymour, Sabin & Co., Stillwater, Minnesota, per S. L. Sheldon,

Minnesota Chief threshing machine. S. L. Sheldon, Madison, Challenge steam engine, manufactured

by C. Krotz, Evansville, Ind. ; single gear improved Marsh harvester, a fine specimen of home work; Faust's hay loader; improved Buckeye seeder with four feed : improved Esteriy harvester; pyramid of Kelly barbed fence wire; Rounder barrow ; farm wagon racks; improved

McCormick iron mower. William Pier, Richland Center, wood-sawing machine. Utter Manufacturing Company, Rockford, Ill., broadcast seeder

and cultivator; new sulky corn cultivator. J. H. Hudson, cane mills; evaporating pan, etc. G. A. Mills Agricultural Company, Lake Mills, Challenge seeder. N. R. Beaver, Elba, Wis., improved hay carrier. Althouse, Wheeler & Co., Waupun, Chicago feed grinder, for

wind mills ; fanning mill. J. I. Case Plow Company, Racine, fine display of plows. B. C. Ferron, Milwaukee, Randall pulverizing harrow cultivator. B. B. Gates, Brockton, improved fanning mill, with adjustable

sieves, etc. T. G. Mandt, Stoughton, improved buggies and wagons, and nu.

merous new devices therefor, among which are noted a spring to relieve team from weight of wagon tongue; adjustable reach ; double strap support to sides of box; patent platform springs, and side springs for buggies, with improved draft attachment to axle, and several new features to strengthen cleats to tail board, and strengthen the

wagon box, etc. John Warner, Prairie du Sac, Challenge harvester. Wayne Agricultural Company, Richmond, broadcast seeder, with

improved hoe, steel springs, and without rubber, device

new. Van Brunt & Davis Co.

Adjustable force feed grain drill.

Broadcast adjustable force feed grain sower. I P. Bullis, Milton Junction, harrow, smoother and pulverizer.

A. C. Kellner, Diamond two horse cultivator, with several new

and valuable features. Jas. R. Luce, Stevens Point, Challenge circular mill saw, with

movable cutting points. This device is one of great utility and value to the lumber interest, enabling the changing or filing of teeth without trouble or delay, and without wear upon the saw plate, or diminution of its

size by any amount of use. J. S. Rowell Sons & Co.

Tiger grain drill.

Broadcast combined seed sower and cultivator. Edmund Hanson, Madison, Eclipse clothes reel. G. A. Williams, Lake Mills, Challenge seeder. Thomas Erdahl, Madison, self-binder. Model exhibited to twist

and bind with straw bands. Gen. Jackson, Boscobel, Common Sense washing machine. Em

bodies many new and novel features. John Ollis, Lodi, apparatus for making cement wells and cisterns,

with well on exhibition on the grounds, which attracted great attention. It is cheap, simple and durable, shuts out all surface drainage, and would be useful alike in

city and country. The plan is new and valuable. The quantity and variety of machinery on exhibition, while less in number than last season, was, in its numerous improvements and manifest advance for the purposes intended, in every way creditable and worthy of the occasion. The grounds were admirably selected and arranged, the steam power ample, and nothing was lacking on the part of Superintendent Torrey to the completeness and perfection of the exhibition. Notwithstanding the heavy rain on the third day of the fair, and consequent difficulty in exhibiting machinery to best advantage, the attendance was at all times large; and agriculturists did not fail to profit from the competitive display and practical exhibition of skill and devices, both old and new. Inventors, manufacturers and patrons here met face to face. The machines worked side by side, so that advantages in any one over another were plainly visible. The occasion was a memorable one, and its advantages to spectators will be lasting

STATE AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL

CONVENTION,

Held at Madison, February 2d to 6th, 1880,

Under the auspices of the State Agricultural and State Horticultural Societies.

TUESDAY, 7:30 P. M.

The convention met in the Agricultural rooms in the Capitol, and was called to order by Hon. N. D. Fratt, president of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society, who addressed the convention as follows:

Gentlemen of the State Agricultural and Horticultural Societies :The time having arrived for the holding of our annual joint convention, I now call you to order. It is very gratifying to me indeed to see so many familiar faces present on this occasion, for it shows very conclusively that the interest in these conventions steadily increases from year to year.

Gentlemen, we have met here for a general discussion on all matters connected with agriculture, horticulture, mechanics, and the general products of our state. To compare notes, review the past, make suggestions for the future, and give the result of our experience to the world. There are probably conflicting views on some subjects entertained by different members present. It is both reasonable and right that there should be. Each member has the right to express his sentiments freely, and should be heard. Let harmony and good feeling rule the hour, and this, like our former conventions, will have a record that none of us will blush to own.

“ Clear the trown path to meet the coulter's gleam;
Lo! on he comes behind his smoking team;
With toil's dewdrops on his sunburnt brow,
The lord of earth, the hero of the plough."

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