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ing bis boys and girls abroad for an education, call about him the leading minds of his town and devise the ways and means for establishing such a school in every well settled township. Let them select the choicest spot convenient for all, and build such a building as will furnish ample accommodations for the advanced scholars of all the town, and maintain such a school in it as will obviate the necessity of any one going away to attain a good practical education, and much of this will be changed. Now certainly it is worthy of careful discussion right here; are we on the right track educationally? Grant that such a school has been organized in any town, peopled with able and successful farmers, within reach of the older sons and daughters of all these farmers. The boy and his sisters, perhaps, or neighbors would go from their own homes and firesides each morning and return to the same again at night.

Home ties are not severed, and home duties and pursuits are uninterrupted. All the familiar social ties of the neighborhood woven into his very life, remain unbroken, and no new allure. ments supply their place; a pride in his school, associated with his intellectual pursuits and acquirements, will cheer him on, and around such a school as a centre, lyceums for debate, lectures, reading circles, essays and music, with now and then a taste of inore decided social pleasures, will spring up, which will fill the place of the city school, and all the young people of the district or town participating, displacing no home ties, interfering with no home duties, disturbing no home relations, but rather strengthening them all. As each one excels, it will be his pride to maintain his preëminence where he won it.

And again, in its highest, best, and noblest sense, agriculture will have maintained its primal creed :

“The survival of the fittest," as applied to their own members.

Mr. B. B. Olds, Clinton — The idea expressed in the address on the school question is approved by me. I lave urged it in my town for years, but I cannot make the people see the point. I can

show that they would save nearly five hundred dollars a year, after the first outlay, by establishing a school like the one proposed; figures will show it. It is strange to me that they cannot

see it.

Mr. Broughton - Is there a man here that will say that it is not just the plan ?

Mr. Fratt - I don't know, I am sure. It is a matter I indorse pretty thoroughly. I have had considerable experience in this matter, and I fee! that it is true.

Hon. W. W. Field — I could not help thinking; while the paper was being read, that what you said I knew to be true from actual experience. Now, sir, I find, when I come here to Madison to spend the winter, as I have a great many winters in the legislature and otherwise -- not having any great amount of labor to perform, some little mental labor but no very great tax upon one physically or mentally — that it is pretty hard to go back and take hold of the plow. There is not that excitement about it.

President Fratt - A great deal of the poetry is taken out of it.

Mr. Field — Yes, a great deal. There is not that social intercourse and pleasure that we have here in mingling together; and I have no doubt the same is true of our children, and if the remedy can be applied às intimated in that paper it will certainly be of very great advantage, for I believe all will concede that when our children are educated in cities they rarely go back to farming or pursue agricultural pursuits, and if there is any branch of business to-day which requires brains, energy, skill and culture, it is the farm; and as agriculture advances day by day and year by year, and we produce more from the soil, it is more necessary that we should bave this increased ability to compete with people in other portions of the world; and if our children can be taught in the common school and in the higher schools, which may be established in towns, to maintain their home influence, their home surroundings, and all those things which will benefit them in after life and make them more happy in their calling, more contented upon the farm, it will be better for the world. I was very happy to see the president touch upon this point, and hope it may be discussed at some little length.

President Fratt - While this address is under discussion, perhaps I ought to say a few words myself on the subject matter therein contained. Some twenty-five years ago I bought what was called the Captain Weed farm, containing about two hundred acres of land, situated two miles west of the city of Racine, and in the spring of 1855, moved on to it, and settled down to my first experience in farm lise. Have raised a family of six childrenthree boys and three girls. Was blessed with a good district school about eighty rods from my house. My children were all sent to this school until they could be advanced no further there, and one by one they finally drifted into the city, to the high school or academy. My eldest son was sent to the Jefferson Liberal Institute, at Jefferson, Wis., preparatory to taking a position as accountant book-keeper in the First National Bank, Racine, which position he still occupies, with a very decided preference for that business instead of farming. My second son graduated at the academy of John G. McMynn, Racine, and is now in his second year at our state university, taking the course of civil engineering and surveying, that has always been his hobby; and rather than spoil a prospective good engineer, to make an unwilling farmer, I have encouraged him in his undertaking. My third son also graduated at the academy of John G. McMynn, Racine, and is now in his first year at our state university. Has not decided upon any particular profession, but has determined to try some other occupation before he settles himself down to the pursuit of agriculture.

Thus you may see that after all these years in operating one of the finest farms in the state, with all the modern improvements, plenty of all kinds of fruit, well stocked, and everything that is necessary to make a rural home attractive near the city (perhaps too near), and not one son out of three raised on the farm, to take my place, I have come to the conclusion that the old homestead (where I have passed the happiest portion of my days) must eventually pass into other hands; and when I cast my eyes over other farms in the neighborhood, who have all raised boys, the question naturally comes up, Where are they? Yes, where are they? They have nearly all drifted into other oc.

cupations, and their places are supplied by hired help, who have not had the advantages of a city education. If we want to keep our boys on the farm, we must not send them to the city high school or academy. We must spend more money on our district schools, and make them better, so that our children can be educated at home, and keep around them at the same time the influence of home, for it is an absolute fact that of all the boys sent away from home to school, nine out of ten never return with satisfaction to their former occupation.

Now, do not understand me to say that I am opposed to thoroughly educating our boys, for I am not. I am in favor of bring . ing them up to the very highest type of perfection, which can only be reached by a generous, practical, broad-gauge education.

Prof. W. W. Daniells, of State University - If the farmers do lose these young men, there is something on the other side we ought to look at, and that is, the good of the world! The world still has the good that lies in these young men.

Some statistics have lately been gathered in regard to the lives of a large number of business men, I think by Rev. Washington Glidden, the editor of Good Company, a semi-religious family magazine, and a famous minister of the Gospel at Springfield, Massachusetts. He finds that very much the largest portion of the business men of the cities are sons of farmers. While we may regret that these bright boys do not always remain on the farms (there must be, I think, for the good of society in all respects, an intermingling of all these different classes), when we know that farmers' sons furnish to a large extent the successful business material of the world, I think we may congratulate ourselves on that fact.

Mr. Field - I want to say a word there; whether, if we could keep a part of these young men who graduate at our seminaries and colleges, upon the farm, it would not be far better for agriculture and about as well for the varied business interests which they pursue? I think it is true that we lose the large proportion of the young men who become educated, and that the most of the agriculture of the country is carried on by men who are more ig. norant than those engaged in the various professions and businesses of life not to say that farmers are, as a class, by any

means what may be termed an ignorant class. A great many of them are not what might be termed educated or cultured men, but yet they may be pretty well educated in their particular vocation or calling. But I am of opinion that agriculture would make greater progress and would be stimulated to advance to a greater height, if more of our educated young men could be retained in tbat kind of work.

It seems to me that it can be done in no other way so well as to have them educated at home; but yet I see there is a difficulty surrounding it all. When we have taxed ourselves to build and conduct our common schools, most of us feel that we have taxed the entire community about all we ought to. I think myself we have. I think it is very questionable whether we ought to tax the entire property of the country to educate the masses beyond a common school education. I think if they desire to go further — and there is a desire among very many at this time to do so — they should do it at their own expense. I believe that nine-tenths of the young men who are educated beyond the com. mon schools at their own expense, who rely upon their own re. sources, are the best educated men we usually have. I am sorry to say I bave not a son to educate, but if I had, I do not think I would ever give him a single dollar to help educate him after he had acquired a good common school education. I would say to him, “If you desire to go further, earn your money. Go right out into any active employment you desire and earn your money; then expend it in acquiring an education. You will then feel self-reliant and strong when you obtain the education, and you will then be able to battle manfully with the world when you go out into it."

Now, then, I think I could point to numbers of young men in this state who have been furnished money to acquire an education, and I believe that that very money has done many of those young men great harm. In some instances it might not injure them; probably it would not if they had minds well balanced, been brought up and trained at home in all the virtues, and have been taught there to be self-reliant and strong in their youth. I presume they may come here and be furnished money for their

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