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CHAPTER I.

Nativity of Mr. Jefferson. Peculiarity in the concealment of his birth-day-

Curiosity felt to ascertain it-Motives of his conduct in this particular-Reply

to the city authorities of Washington, To Levi Lincoln, pp. 17:18. Genealo-

gy of Mr. Jefferson - Peculiarity by which it was marked-Prominency of the

feature in Thomas. Anecdote related by Mr. Madison. Antiquity of his mater-

nal pedigree. Character of his father ---Extent of his patrimony. His early

education-Critical position of his boy-hood-His juvenile mind and habits

-Fondness for the classics-For what qualities distinguished in College-

Passion for certain Sciences and Fine Arts, pp. 18:20. Circumstances which

decided the particular direction of his life. His character of Dr. Small-of

George Wythe. Commences the study of Law—Extent of his researches.

His fervid description of the speech of Patrick Henry against the Stamp-act-

Influence of that scene upon his subsequent career. Mottos of his Seals, pp.

22:27. Enquiry into the relative birth of individual opinions on the question of

American Independence-Remark of Mr. Jefferson upon this point. Notice of

his claims to the distinciion of giving direction and permanency to the moral

power of the Revolution-Ilis sarcastic compliment to Massachusetts upon this

point-The idea pursued in a letter to General Dearborn. Enters the Practice

of the Law--Professional celebrity. Qualifications as an Advocate--As a Pop-

ular Orator. Letter to Major John Cartwright of England, displaying the depih

and precision of his legal preparation-Interest excited on the publication of

this letter--Answer to E. Everett upon the subject, pp. 27:33.

CHAPTER II.

Mr. Jefferson comes of age. Elected to the Legislature. His first effort in

that body for the Emancipation of Slaves-Overwhelming defeat of the measure

-Remarks on the singular merits of the proposition. Extract from his Notes

on Virginia, on Slavery. Progress of the Revolution. . System of Non-inter-

course adopted by the Colonies--Agency of Mr. Jefferson in bringing Virginia

into the measure-Its utility as an engine of coercion. Retaliatory resolutions

of the British Parliament. Counter resolutions brought forward by Mr. Jeffer-

Germ of the A vcrican Union. Sudden dissolution of the Legislature,

Jefferson and others rally a private meeting of the members at the Raleigh

tavern-Its spirited doiros. Influence of the revolutionary proceedings in Vir.

ginia, pr. 31: 10. Apathy of the Colonists—How viewed by Mr. Jefferson-

He devises measures for arousing them to a sense of their situation. Meeting

of the bolder spirits, to set the machinery in motion--Influence of this conclave

upon the course of the Revolution. Committees of Correspondence established

-Agency of this measure in begetting a General Congress-Strong presenti-

ment of Mr. Jefferson of the result of their deliberations. Interesting debut of

Mr. Carrin the Legislature--Mr. Jefferson's character of him. Legislature again

dissolved, pp. 41 : 45. Parallel Committees of Correspondence appointed by

the other Colonies--Moral agency of this institution in the Revolution. Nows

of the Beston Port Bill. Popular effervescence. Measures set in motion by Mr.

Jefferson. Holds another council with his former confederates. Appointment of

a general Fast in Virginia-Mr. Jefferson's account of his draft of the proclama-

tion-Effect of this measure throughout the Colonios. Legislature again dis-

colved. Spirited Association entered into by the members. Recommendation

of a General Congress, pp. 46: 53.

CHAPTER III.

The other Colonies unite in the measure of a General Congress. First demo-
cratic Convention in Virginia. Mr. Jefferson elected a member. Instructions
proposed by him for the Congressional Delegates--Published by the Convention
under the title of Summary View of the Rights of British America'--Effect of
this work in England--- Re.published by the Whigs in Parliament---Bill of At-
tainder commenced against the author--Political doctrines of this work form
the text of the Revolution; inserted at length--- Remarks on the Political merits
of the work. The Convention virtually assumes the government of the colony,

pp. 54:72. Second Virginia Convention. Mr. Jefferson loses all hope of a re-

conciliation with the mother country. Inequality of sentiment in the Conven-

tion. Grounds taken by Mr. Jefferson. Resolution for putting the Colony into

a state of warlike defence--- Its effect upon the older members -- Reasons of their

backwardness as stated by Mr. Jefferson---Violent debates ensue --Conduct of

the opposition on its passage. Mr. Jefferson elected a Delegate to Congress.

He determines on the painful necessity of deciding the contest by the sword,

pp. 72:78. Letter of Mr. J. 1o Dr. Small, in England. The regal Legislature

of Virginia meets. Conciliatory Proposition of Lord North laid before them ---

Mr. Jefferson designated to prepare the answer-- Opposition 10 bis diaught...

Character of the docuinent. Flight of the royal Governor. Effect of the pro.

ceedings in Virginia upon the general cause. Fall of the monarchical power in

that province. Extract from Wilkes' speech in the British Parliament, pp. 78:84.

CHAPTER IV.

Mr. Jefferson takes his seat in the Continental Congress---His emotions...

Curiostiy of members on his appearance. Political influence of the decisions of

that body. Mr. Jefferson appointed on the committee to prepare a Declaration

of the Causes of taking up arms -- Character of the document. Curious remin.

iscence related by Mr. Jefferson. Disparity of sentiment in Congress. Opinions

of Mr.Jefferson. Extract from the War Manifesto, pp. 84:88. Mr. Jefferson

designated to prepare the answer of Congress to Lord North's Conciliatory Prop.

osition--- The document. His letters to a gentleman in England. Re-elected

to Congress. His agency in the principal movements in Virginia while in

Congress. His draught of a Preamble, Declaration of Rights, and Constitu-

tion for that State. Reasons why they were not adopted entire. His opinion

on the Constitution as adopted, and on popular government in general, at this

epoch, pp. 89: 100. Virginia instructs her Delegates in Congress to declare In-

dependence-.-Causes of the rapid proclivity of the public mind to the samo sen-

timent. Preparatory steps of Congress for declaring Independence. Mr. Jef-

ferson appointed to prepare an animated Address. Introductory motion of In-

dependence-Powerful resistance to the measure-Heads of debate on the mo.

tion. Committee appointed to prepare a Declaration of Independence - Mr. Jef-

ferson designated to make the draught---His report, pp. 100: 107. Debates re.

newed on ihe preliminary motion. Vehement opposition to the Declaration --

Parts striken out. The original instrument, with the alierations. Reception of

the Declaration by the people--Its immediate and ulterior influences in the

world..- Review of its merits. Extracts from the writings of Mr. Jefferson.

Comparative merits of the leaders of the physical and the moral power of the

Revolution. Remarks on the attempt to detract from the merits of the Decla-

ration --Letter of the Author to Mr. Madison, pp. 107: 128. Mr. Jefferson re-

elected to Congress --Reasons for declining - Retirement. Appointed Commis-

sioner to France - Letter to Congress declining. Extract from his private me.

moranda, pp. 123: 132.

CHAPTER V.

Mr. Jefferson resumes his Seat in the Virginia Legislature---Commences the
work of republicanizing the government. His bill for establishing a Judiciary
System---For abolishing the Law of Enta'ls. Anstocratic peculiarities in the
social state of Virginia--Contrary biasses of Mr. Jefferson. His eulogium upon
agriculturalists. View of his objects in repealing the law of Entails. Opposi-
tion of the landed aristocracy. Preamble to the act, pp. 133: 137. His attack
upon the hierarchy. History of the Church establishment in Virginia. Resis-
tance of the privileged order. Final success of his efforts—Glories of this
achievement. Ho introduces a bill for abolishing the Slave trade-For establish-
ing a new Seat of government, pp. 138: 144. He introduces a resolution for Re-
vising the Legal Code of Virginia --Appointed, with others, to execute the work.
Project for a Dictator – Resistance of Mr. Jefferson--His powerful development
of this atrocious measure, pp. 145: 148. Meeting of the Revisors of the Laws...
Plan of the work---Difference of opinion -- Distribution of the labor--- General
propositions of Mr. Jefferson--. Opinion of Mr. Pendleton. Letter of Mr. J. to
Dr. Franklin. Passage of his bill for abolishing the Slave traffick-- Historical
comparison of this achievment with that of the European nations— Merit of
priority --Order in which the example of Virginia was followed by the other

States. Committee of Revisors complete their task--- General rule observed by

Mr. Jefferson in relation to style, pp. 14° : 155.

CHAPTER VI.

Revisors report to the Legislature-Opinion of Mr. Madison on the Revised

Code... Principal innovations by Mr. J... Hs bill for abrogating the right of

Primogeniture... Opposition of the aristocrary. His bill for establishing the

doctrine of Expatriation. Extract from Girardin's History. Mr. Jefferson's

bill for the establishment of Religious Freedom -- Merits of the performance.--

Inserted at length - Powerful influence of this act. Extracts from his Corres-

pondence, pp. 155:162 His bill for the Emancipation of Slaves-- Effect of its

rejection upon him- Ex sacts from his writings. His Criminal Code -- Extent of

its innovations on the prevailing systım -- Rejected by the Legislature--- Amende

ments proposed hy inn-- Passed... Preamble to the act. liis Bill for the Gen.

eral Diffusion of Knowledge---Outlines of the pr«posed system --- Fate of the

Bill in the Legislature. Extract from Notes on Virginia. Pieamble to il:e Ed.

ucation Bill-.- Valor set by the author upon his systein. Extract from his Cor-

respondence. Remarks on the general merits of the Revised (ode. His char-

acter of George M:1800--of James vadison--of Edmund Pendleton, pp. 162: 178.

Removal of Burgoyne's 'roops to Charlottesville -- Humane attentions of Mr.
Jefferson)--- The Governo wd Council mediate their removal from the State...

Remonstra ce of Mr. Jefferson - Gratitude of the soldiers for his generous in-

terposition -- His answers to some of the officers, pp. 178: 185.

CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Jefferson elecird Governor... agnaninily tovards his competitor. He

institutes retaliatory measures on British prisoners--Remonstrance of the British

General-- His poply.. Approbation of his conduct by the Commander in Chief.

Specimen of his early Staie papers. Effect of his policy upon the enemy --His

appeal to Amer ciun caprives, suffring under the first effecis of his policy. His

measures for extending the western establishments of Virginia... Success. Vire

ginia cedes her mappropriated territory to the U. States – Effect of this measure,

pp. 185: 196. Re-elected Governor. Distressing situation of Virginia. Extra-

ordinary powers conferred on the Governor. Invasion of the State under Gen.

Leslie. Measures of defence. Honorable conduct of the enemy. Invasion un-

der Arnold. Capture of the veliopolis. Intrepidity of the Governor-. Attempt

to seize Arnold. Deplorable situation of Virginia. Brilish reinforcement un-

der Philips. Exposure of the Governor. Invasion of Virginia by Cornwallis.

Governor's appeal to the Commander in chief for and. Mr. Jefferson declines a

re-election Closing events of lus adıninistrauon. Altempled impeachment of

his character. Approbatory resolution of the Legislature. Tarlton's attack on

Monticello. Story of Carter's Mountain. Varrow escape of Mr. Jefferson. His

description of Cornwallis's invasion, pp. 196: 209. Writes his Votes on Virginia.

Outlines and general inerits of the work.- His comparison of American gen.

ius with that of Europe-Remarks on he Constitution of Virginia-on Slave-

iy--on Free Inquiry in matters of religion. Appointed a Commissioner to ne-

gotiaie peace-lieasons for declining. His pursuiis in retireinent. Description

of him by a traveller. Again appointed Commissjoner-Acceptance-Reasons

for not joining in the act of pacitication), pp 209 : 223.

CHAPTER VIII.

Re-elected to Congress-Remarks on his re-appearance. Washington's re-
signation of the command of the army De-cription of the ceremony. Appoint-
ed chairman of the committee on th: raufication of the treaty of Pence-De-
bates. Contentious character of Conuress described by him-Reconciling meas.
ure, pp. 224 : 229. Appointed to drauglit al systein of Uniform Currency for
the United States, and establishi a Money Unil-Difference of views belween
him and the Financier--- Adoplion of his plan-Ils merits. Vagnitude of his
Congressional duties. Appointed charman of' a committee to revise the treas.
ury Department, and report of Finance, and report--10 drauglie a Plan of Gov.
ernment for the Western Territories, and repori. On a comunittee of retrench-
meni--of locating and disposing the Western lands. Measures taken by Con-
gress for investing the General Government with exclusive power to regulate

Commerce- Report of the committee, pp. 229 : 232. He submits a proposition
for appointing a Comunittee of the States,' to serve during the recesses of Con-
gress-Subsequent failure of the scheme; humorous anecdote of Doctor Frank-
lin... General Washington consults him on the Cincinnati institution--Its origin
--His opinions--Advice to Washington, who takes measures to abolish the order.

ointed Minister Plenipotentiary, with Franklin and Adams, negotiating

treaties of commerce. To wlion ireaties were to be proposed, pp. 232: 239.

CHALTER IX.

Accepts the appointmeni of Minisier to Enrope-Sails-- Arrival in France.

Curiosity excited in the Diplomatic corps ai Paris, by the instructions given to

our negotiators. Authorship of these iastruciions---His letter on the subject.

Mr. Adams joins his colleagues at Paris. General form of treaty. Result of

the conference with the French Minister. Final result of their propositions to

the several Powers of Europe. Dignified condnet of the American negotiators,

pp. 240:243. Appointed Resident Minister at the Court of Versailles-Recep-

tion at that court. Visit to London-- Reception at the Court of St. James.

General view of his official duties at Paris. His tribute to La Fayette, and the

Count de Vergennes. His project to engage the principal European Powers in

a perpetual alliance with the U. States against the Piratical States.--Letter to

Mr. Adams--His proposals---Their reception, and failure, pp. 243:250. His

measures for securing the foreign credit of the United States.--Visit to Holland.

Extracts, giving his opinions on the state of society, &c. in Europe. Insurrec.

tions in America---How viewed by him. Extracts from his letters to America.

Movements in the U. S. for forming a Constitution Agency of Mr. Jefferson.

The National Convention meets--Diversity of opinion. His views consulted--

Advice to the members--- Result of their labors - Reception by the States---His

opinions on the new Constitution---Letter to Mr. Madison---Advice on the man-

ner of accepting it --Further extracts. His influence in producing the amend.

ments, pp. 250 : 272. Proposed abandonment of the navigation of the Mississippi

---Effect upon Mr. Jefferson, and letter to Mr. Madison. He introduces into the

Southern states upland cotton and the olive tree. Tour through France and

Italy—Extracts. Communicates to America a variety of new inventions, and

articles of culture. His scientific and literary efforts in France. Endeavors to

improve the architecture of the U. States. Letter 10 Washington on the Cin-

cinnati--Letters to the young men of America, pp. 272: 237. Opening scenes of

the French Revolution. Causes of this struggle, as stated by Mr. Jefferson---

His Letter, accompanied with a Charier of Rights---Consultation at his house,

and its effects--- Apology--- Character of the Queen. Departure, and Farewell

tribute to France. Arrival in Virginia. lieceives the appointment of Secretary

of State. His answers, and final acceptance. Arrival at the Seat of Govern-

ment, pp 237: 296.

CHAPTER X.

Political clements of Washington's cabinet. Character of Hamilton, Adams,
and remarks on Knox, hy Jefferson. His critical position, and observations.
Hamilton's F'unding System and Assumption scheme --Contentions excited by
these measures. Panic of Hamilton. Conciliatory intervention of Mr. Jefferson
and final passage of the Assumption--- Influence of these measures. National
Bank, and grounds of opposition. The President requires the written opinions
of his Cabinet. Opinion of Jefferson. Subsequent influence of the Bank, and
extensive monied control of Hamilton. Opposition to the administration and
its caures, as stated by Jefferson, pp. 290:310. Extensive duties of the State
Department. His Report on Coins, &C.---Its outlines. Report on the Cod and
Whale Fisheries ; its general features, Report on Commerce and Navigation;
its political effects, pp. 310:322. His duties as to foreign affairs. Extracts
from his instructions to our Minister in Spain, on the Navigation of the Vissis-
sippi, &c. His controversy with Mr. Hammond. Instructions to our Minister
at London on Impressinent. Critical situation of the U. States, as to their foreign
relations. Popular feeling in favor of France. Intemperate character of the
French Minisier. Mr. Jefferson's controversy with him ; merits of the per-
formance. -Character of Genet's communications ; his violent measures--Re-
quest for his recall decided upon ; how performed by the Secretary. Extracts,
pp. 322:333. Mr. Jefferson's retirement from the Cabinet, and its causes--Efforts

of Washington to prevent it; interesting conversations between them. Ex-

tracts from his Correspondence, pp. 333: 342.

CHAPTER XI.

Character of the struggle between the federalists and republicans. Third Con-

gress meets ; Mr. Jefferson's report on Commerce taken up. Further view of

his Opinions on Commerce, and Extracts from his writings. Charge against him

of partiality to France and hostility to England examined. Discriminating com-

mercial resolutions of Mr. Madison ; party efforts to defeat them. Exasperation

of parties. Nomination of a Minister Extraordinary to the British Court; its

effect on the republican parly. Character of the Jay Treaty, pp. 342:348. View

of Mr. Jefferson in retirement, &c.---Extracts from his works. Appointed Presi-

ident of the Amer. Philo. Society; his answer. His sensations on learning late

proceedings in Congress-.-Extracts from his writings on the political affairs

of the U. States, pp. 348: 358. Explanation of his celebrated letter to Mazzei.

His rule regarding newspapers Letter to General Washington. Question of

a successor to Washington agitated---Letter of Mr. Jefferson declining being

considered a candidate..-Character of the contest. Election of Adams---Mag-

nanimity of Jefferson towards him, and his endeavors to restore harmony---Let-

ter to Madison. Selections from bis Correspondence, displaying certain points

of character, pp. 358:367.

CHAPTER XII.

Political character of Adams' cabinet. Jefferson's arrival as Vice President,

and precaution to elude ceremony. Determination regarding executive consul-

tations. Separation between him and the President. His portraiture of the

administration. Catalogue of its most obnoxious measures. Opposition of the

Republican party; its dependence on Jefferson. Extracts from his works,

pp. 368 : 394. Desperate situation of affairs in ’98...99. His advice on the best

course of measures. Republican members of Congress retire into the State

legislatures. Jefferson draughts the Kentucky Resolutions. Their general char-

acter. Extract. Madison's Virginia Resolutions. View of Jefferson's official

conduct...Prepares bis Manual of Parliamentary Practice. Parties bring out

their candidates for the Presidency. Character of the contest. Licentiousness

of the Pulpit and the Press against Jefferson. Notice of some of the principal

libels on his character; his singular passiveness. Extracts from his works,

pp. 384: 391. Result of the election by the people. Constitutional difficulty ;

the federalists taking advantage of it resolve to elect Burr. Election scones

in the House, and conduct of the minority. Fidelity of the republicans to, and

final election of Jefferson. Attempts of the federalists to extort capitulary terms

from him; his answers. Causes of their final abandonment of the contest, as

staled by him. Feelings of the nation, pending the election in the House, and

subsequently. Last scenes and appointments of the defeated dynasty. Extracts

from his correspondence at this memorable epoch, pp. 391: 403.

CHAPTER XIII.

Inauguration of Jefferson. Description of the ceremony. Inaugural address.

Formation of the Cabinet, and rules of communication. Removal of officers,

and rules of action. Outcry of the opposition. President's reply to New

Haven remonstrance. Reformation of other abuses. Private rescript of re-

form meditated by him. Abolition of levees. Anecdote of Washington. Rule

of receiving company, Moral effect of the new order of things, pp. 403:414.

Principle of reform. Reduction of the army and navy; abolition of superflu-

ous offices, &c. Measures of the President relating to the international code of

mankind. Chastisement of the Mediterranean pirates. His first annual mes.

sage. Propositions of reform. Congratulatory addresses of the people, and his

Effect of the proposition to abolish internal taxes, and his private ex-

plaration, pp. 414:424. Reduction of the public debt. Extent of reformations

during the first Session. System of finance adopted by the President. Measures

adopted by him for the Purchase of Louisiana. Extracts from his works.

Ratification of the treaty ; merits of this achievement, pp. 424 : 436. Policy

of the Executive towards the Indians; its beneficial effects. Extent of native

title extinguished by him. His policy towards foreign nations. His views on

commerce, treaties and alliances. Rejection of the treaty negotiated with Great

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