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No. 33.

This is knit with fine pins and worsted of a common kind, and the rug or woolly part is composed of soft thick wool.

Set on any number of stitches, and knit one plain row, after which, begin with the wool, knitting first one plain stitch, and then pass the wool between the pins, round the second or third finger, according to the depth required, and in front between the pins. Knit another plain stitch, and again carry the wool between the pins, round the fingers in front, and make another stitch, and so on to the end of the row, when cut off the wool, and knit the row back with the worsted, which secures the fringe.

Lay the wool between the pins again, after knitting the first plain stitch, and continue as before, making a loop of fringe between each plain stitch, and so on. After knitting the number of rows required, cut the fringe and open the wool as much as possible, taking care not to pull it out.

No. 34.

Set on any number of stitches, knit as follows, always slipping the first stitch ;
Make a stitch, by putting the wool over the pin,

Knit a stitch; -
Next row, knit two stitches together all along the pin ;

Continue as above.

No. 35.

Set on any number of stitches,
Put the wool over the pin to make a stitch,

Turn a stitch, and so on:
Next row, turn-stitch, taking two loops at once the whole way.

No. 36.

Set on any even number of stitches,

Slip the first stitch, then knit as follows:–

Put the wool in front of the pin, then take up a loop of the former row on the pin, then turn a stitch, take up a loop as before, turn a stitch as before, and so on;

Next row, turn-stitch all along, taking two loops at once.

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Slip the first loop, Double the wool, and put the knot over the pin; knit two loops, put the wool behind, knit one, bring

it in front, knit two, turn it behind, and knit one; turn it again in front, and knit the last loop, then knit a plain row. In the third row, slip the first loop, put the little finger of the left hand through the fringe, and pass the wool for the next loop, round the finger also, then turn it over the pin, and knit the row as before.

No. 2.

This is very suitable for doyleys and pincushion covers; in which case, it must be knit with cotton. Set on twelve stitches, Knit a stitch, Make a stitch, by putting the cotton over the pin, Knit two stitches in one, Continue this till the row is finished. Proceed onwards until a strip of sufficient length is made to go round the doyley or article for which it is intended. Then fasten off six of the stitches, letting the other six drop off your pins, and unrove it down the whole length of the strip, to form the fringe. Sew it on with coarse white cotton.

No. 3.

Cast on five stitches, - Slip off the first stitch, Knit the second stitch, Make a stitch, Knit two stitches together, At the last stitch, twist the cotton three times over the pin and the second finger, or over the pin and a mesh of the proper depth of the fringe, and knit it firmly on. Let every alternate row be plain.

No. 4.

Set on an even number of stitches of any depth sufficient to allow for the fringe, and for the head of the fringe, and knit thus:—

Make a stitch, by laying the wool over the needle. Put the needle in two loops, and knit them in one, just contrary to the usual way.

Continue thus, row after row, until a strip of sufficient length is done. Fasten off, letting four, six, eight, or ten stitches drop off the pin to unrove for the fringe.

No. 5.

For mats, handkerchiefs, mits, &c. Use fine pins and common worsted for knitting the fringe, which should be of thick handsome wool. Set on as many stitches as are required for the length of the peice of fringe, Knit one plain row, Next row, knit one stitch,

Lay the wool (either singly, or doubly, or even trebly, if required very full) between the pins, from the front towards the back, round the second or third finger, according to the depth required, and back again through the pins in front. Knit the next stitch, and again carry the wool behind round the fingers, to make another loop of fringe, and when brought forward between the pins, make another stitch and so on, to the end of the row, after which, knit a plain row back, to secure it more firmly, knitting alternately with the wool and worsted, fastening off as you go along.

No 6.

This is a useful and very pretty fringe for toilet tables, curtains, pincushions, &c., and is made of cotton, wool, worsted, silk, or any other material; the first, however, is more useful, because it washes well. Set on ten stitches, and knit every row as follows:– Slip the first stitch, Kmit the next stitch, Put the cotton over the pin twice, Turn two stitches together, Turn the cotton back, Put the cotton or wool, for the fringe, over the pin, leaving the ends behind. Knit one stitch, turn the wool in front, knit two stitches, turn the wool behind, knit two stitches, again bring the wool in front, and knit the remaining stitch. Knit a row plain, taking the wool with the stitch when you come to it, to make it quite firm. The fringe should be cut in pieces of the proper length, and three or four taken together, to be knit in at once. STOCKINGS. Knit stockings are considered so much better than woven ones for wear, that it is advisable for all servants, cottagers and labourers invariably to adopt them, as the former will last out three or more of the woven, which are more suitable for the higher classes. The children of the poor should always be taught to knit, and each member of a family ought to have a stocking in hand to take up at idle moments, by which means many pairs might be completed in the year. It is difficult to make very correct scales for different sized knit stockings, as so much depends on the quality of the worsted and of the pins, as also on the knitter, as some persons work much slacker than others, so that two stockings knit with the same pins and worsted, may be of very different sizes when knit by different persons. The following proportion for a general rule is good, and may prove useful, though to tolerably experienced knitters, it is recommended to procure a pair of stockings that fit very well, and to knit others like them, which can easily be done by means of constantly measuring and comparing them with

the pattern.

PLATE 21. FIG. 21.
Ascertain the proper breadth of the stocking.
From the top to the bend of the knee is one square, or the length of the breadth.
From the bend of the knee to the beginning of the calf is one square or breadth.
From the beginning to the end of the calf, is one square or breadth. (See note.”)

• In this square, we narrow as many stitches as are contained on one of our three pins, narrowing always twice on the same row, placing one of them on each side of the seam stitch. We calculate the number of rows intervening between each narrowing, by dividing half the number of stitches contained on one pin, with the number of stitches contained on the three, and abide by the result.

For the small of the leg, one square or breadth; for the heel, half a square; for the narrowing on each side of the instep, one quarter of a square; from the heel to the narrowing of the toe, one and a half square; for the narrowing, a quarter of a square. Observe, that the squares always relate to the breadth of the stocking, at the time the next square is begun. In making up stockings, see that the pins and worsted are suitable to each other; observe also to knit regularly, and let but one person knit each pair, otherwise they will not match or look well. Stockings are knit with four pins, three of which hold the stitches, and the fourth serves to knit with. After setting on the number of stitches required, dividing them equally on the three pins (always observing, however, that one pin has an uneven number), commence knitting round and round, according to the scale, taking care always to make the middle or odd stitch in the one pin a turn-stitch, which forms a kind of seam down the stocking, and serves as a guide, by which the place of narrowing is more easily ascertained. After welting several rounds or bouts, continue knitting and widening, or narrowing, according to the scale, observing to widen or narrow invariably on each side, within one loop of the seam-stitch. For a description of welting, widening, narrowing, binding, &c., refer to knitting stitches and terms. After knitting the heel and foot, the stitches are put upon two pins instead of three, and the narrowing begun and continued; after which it is fastened off, and the stocking completed.


Observe these are the proper proportions for stockings, when knit with coarse worsted and pins.

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Stitches on each pin, allowing one
extra for the seam-stitch in the 16 18 20 25 30 33 35 42 45

middle of one pin............... i.

- 'including th so .."lo.- - - - - - - - - - 3." 4 49 36 || 6 || 7 || 9 || 100 106 | 127 | 136 Knit rows for welting..................... 8 8 8 10 10 12 16 20 24 Plain rows, or two squares. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 55 61 76 91 || 100 106 | 127 136 Number of double narrowings, one

on each side of the o: 8 9 10 12 15 16 17 21 22

at three rows between...............
Stitches altogether.......................... 33 37 4l 51 61 67 71 85 91
Plain rows to the heel..................... 16 18 20 25 30 33 35 42 45
Stitches upon one pin for the heel... ... 17 19 21 27 31 35 37 43 47
Knit rows for the heel.......... - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 11 13 16 18 19 22 24
Narrowings on each side the seam 2 2

stitch, at one row between......... } 2 3 3 3 4 4 4
Bind down the heel........................
Pick up loops on each side of the

o • * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 9 10 11 13 16 18 19 22 24 Widen one row every third stitch o

each side of the heel................. 4 5 5 6 8 9 9 11 12 Narrow at the two corners of the * *

heel, at one row between............ } 24 27 30 37 45 49 52 63 67 Knit of plain rows........................

half on the other, and narrow till there are stitches left on each pin Bind down and fasten off...............

Put half the stitches on one pin and :


PLATE 21. Fig. 22.

Socks are often worn by men and boys of all classes, and are made similarly to the stockings, excepting that the knitter begins immediately after the two squares knit for stockings; welting, of course, several bouts.

PLATE 21. FIG. 23.

These are chiefly worn by females, and are merely narrow strips of knitting, of three quarters of a yard long, and a nail, more or less, wide. They are made of worsted, cotton, or soft wool; the latter is most elastic and pleasant. For garters, set on from twelve to twenty, or even thirty stitches, according to the fineness of the material. Knit backwards and forwards till of the proper length, when fasten off. Some persons prefer a loop at the end; for which purpose, when near the end, divide the stitches equally upon two pins, and knit each pin about ten ribs, after which connect them together by binding them in fastening off. Garters are sometimes knit by putting the material, which is fine, twice round the pin at every stitch, letting the pin be very thick. Garters are sometimes ribbed, at others knit, in a succession of squares of different patterns.


PLATE 21. FIG. 24.

Set on thirty loops. Knit three ribs.

Narrow each end. Knit three ribs.
Narrow each end. Knit three ribs.
Narrow each end. Knit one row plain.

There are now eleven ribs and twenty-four loops on your pin. Put twelve on another pin, and add fourteen. Knit three ribs, and narrow at the toe. Knit three ribs, narrow at the toe. Knit three ribs, narrow at the toe. Narrow at the heel every other row three times. There ought to be thirteen ribs. Add fourteen loops to the twelve left on the other pin, and do the same. Join the two together and sew up the sock.


Set on twenty-four stitches. Widen at the beginning of each row, till there are twenty-eight stitches. Knit ten ribs, narrow at the heel, twice at one end. Take twelve on one pin and add twelve, make another side the same, and fasten off. Add fourteen stitches to the twelve that were left, widen each end every rib till there are thirty. Knit ten ribs and fasten off.

PLATE 21. FIG. 25.

Set on twenty-two stitches.
Knit three ribs, widening at the beginning and end of each rib.
Knit five ribs, widening at the toe end of each rib.
Stitches altogether, thirty-three.

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