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Put eighteen stitches on a pin, leave about thirteen rows open (by knitting backwards and forwards instead of round) for the thumb; knit round till you come to the figures. Put half the stitches on one pin, and half on the other. Take nine stitches off each pin for the first finger, and add eight between the first and second finger to make a gore, then there will be twenty-six stitches on your pins altogether; knit two rows plain, narrow every other row at each end of the eight loops you added, for three times on each side; there should now be twenty stitches left. Knit plain till the finger is long enough. Then narrow twice at each end of the finger, leaving one stitch between the two narrowings on each side. Do this every other row three times, when there will be eight loops left, divide them on two pins and bind them down. For the second finger, take six stitches off each pin, and pick up eleven stitches for a gore, between the second and third fingers. Knit two rows plain; there should then be thirty-four stitches; narrow every other row on each side of both the gores three times. There should then be twenty-two stitches. Finish the finger like the other. For the third finger, take six stitches off each pin, pick up ten at the bottom of the last gore, and add ten for the new gore; there are then thirty-two stitches. Narrow as before, and there should then be twenty left. For the little finger, pick up ten stitches for the gore, and the six off the two pins make twenty-two, after the narrowings there should be sixteen stitches left. For the thumb, pick up three stitches at the bottom of the hole, and knit backwards and forwards, picking up an extra stitch each time, till there are sixteen stitches on a pin, then pick up three at the top, and knit backwards and forwards till there are eight. Join all together, and knit round; finish the thumb as the fingers.

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These are very useful for gentlemen or coachmen, in severe weather, being double on the out, and single in the inside.

Set on forty stitches on ivory pins, of thick soft floss wool. Knit several rows in double knitting until half the muffatee is completed, when knit the remainder in imitation double knitting, which is not so clumsy for the palm of the hand, when grasping reins, &c. When completed, sew it up, leaving a hole of a full nail for the thumb, at half a nail's distance from the end.

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Set on twenty stitches on each of three pins, and knit plain one square.

Knit backwards and forwards along two of the pins, letting every other row be turn-stitch, for another square, and fasten off.

Knit the other pin in a similar manner for thirty rows, and fasten off.

Sew up the hand and thumb, and add a fringe or a ribbon to tie, or, if preferred, it may be begun

with a welt at the wrist.


Set on twenty-two loops on each of the three pins, welt twenty rows, knit one row plain, next row alternate turn and plain, third row plain, fourth row alternate plain and turn, so that the plain stitch is over the one that was turned before, and so on till you come to the beginning of the thumb. Then knit backwards and forwards, leaving a hole for the thumb. Then knit round again, and finish with a welt. To make a thumb, pick up three loops at the top of the hole left, and knit backwards and forwards, picking up an additional loop at the end of each row, for about ten rows. Then pick up three loops at the bottom of the hole, and do the same till you meet the stitches at the top. Join all together and knit round and round till it is long enough; welt five or six rows and finish.

PLATE 21. FIG. 43.

This is very suitable for school girls to wear over their arms, or for old persons, or people when travelling. They may be made as high as the elbow, or up to the shoulder. Little children, in severe weather, wear them over their little naked arms to prevent them from chapping. Fine black lamb's wool is most usually worn, in which case, it should be well steeped in vinegar, and then dried, to prevent the dye coming off.

For a grown up person, one hundred stitches will reach to the elbow. Knit plain, as you would a garter, backwards and forwards, using large ivory or steel pins. About twenty rows (more or less, according to the size of the arm) are sufficient. Sew down the whole length, leaving an opening of about a nail long to admit the thumb, sewing beyond it to the end, about half a nail or less. When worn, they cling to the hand and arm, keep them warm, and look particularly neat.

Some persons prefer them welted at the top and bottom, or ribbed the whole way.

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This is made simply by setting on forty stitches, and knitting three rows plain and three rows turnstitch, till wide enough, when it is sewed up, leaving a hole for the thumb. It looks very neat in black or light grey. Use finest wool and pins.

MUFFATEE. PLATE 21. FIG. 45. This is in plain knitting. Set on twenty stitches, Knit twenty eight ribs. Fringe is sewed on with a carpet needle in a kind of cross-stitch, being wound over a mesh of the proper width.

MUFFATEE. PLATE 21. FIG. 26. This is extremely pretty, made of the two coloured ribbed stitch, or the two coloured chain stitch. Set on thirty loops, and knit the first and last three loops of every pin plain knitting, of one colour,

to make a kind of border. Continue this for about twenty two ribs, when sew up, and either add fringe, or not, according to pleasure.


Use fine pins and merino wool. Set on seventy four loops, knit six rows, backwards and forwards, then six rows double knitting, and so on alternately three times of double, and four of plain; then knit twelve double, six plain, and finish off. Sew it up.


Set on an even number of stitches (twenty for a child, thirty for a lady, or fifty for a man) on an Ivory pin. Knit four, six, or eight stitches plain, according to the above sizes, and continue the row in imitation double knitting stitch, making as many plain stitches at the end of the row, as at the beginning. Continue knitting backwards and forwards until sufficient is done for the thickness of the wrist. Sew or lace it up, and it is completed.

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These are very soft for children, and are generally knit of two coloured wools and with ivory pins of a middling thickness. Set on thirty-five stitches for a child, and fifty for a grown up person. Knit three plain rows with the coloured wool, Knit ten rows, putting the wool twice round the pin, with white wool. Again, knit four plain rows with the coloured wool, and ten rows putting the wool twice round the pin, with the white wool. Knit three plain rows with the coloured wool, and fasten off. Make up the frill as follows:— Plat or double each white row, making the three sets of white rows lie side by side, so as to stand up, and have a square appearance. When done, lay the frill the wrong side uppermost, and sew the middle row of each set of stitches together, side by side, all along. Sew a ribbon at each end, to tie.

PLATE 21. FIG. 48.

This is particularly useful for children to tie round the neck, and is knit with fine wool and coarse pins. It may be knit in the raised French stitch, or the open hem, or any other elastic soft stitch.

Set a sufficient number of stitches on the pin to be about two nails wide, and knit six or eight nails long, and when done, sew up along the side, and after drawing a piece of rolled wadding through, draw it, or sew it up at each end, and attach ribbons, or worsted cord to tie it. It resembles a boa in shape.

PLATE 21. FIG. 49. -

Set on sixty stitches (more or less, according to taste), always choosing an even number, and knit along in the “Imitation Net-work Stitch, No. 8,” to the length required, from one yard and a half to two yards. Next make a fringe by setting on eighteen stitches, and, after knitting a sufficient quantity in the same stitch to sew along the two ends, fasten off, leaving, however, fourteen stitches to unrove, to form the fringe.

These scarfs look beautiful in shaded colours, and may be knit of floss silk, netting silk, cotton, thread, or wool. The above number of stitches is calculated for wool.


This is made of the “French Raised Stitch, No. 31,” and looks exceedingly beautiful, when made with fine wool and small pins.

The number of stitches depends, of course, on the quality of the wool; it is therefore impossible to set down any fixed number; suffice it to say it should be made of the usual width. At the ends. fix

some long fringe, of which there are various kinds given in this work.

COMFORTER. PLATE 21. FIG. 50. For one comforter, buy a quarter of a pound of lamb's wool. The six thread, untwisted, is the best. Set forty stitches on a pin, and, if the pins are not very thick, put the wool twice round them while knitting every stitch, which should be knit in double knitting, and may have a border and fringe at the ends to give a finish, in which case, a little more wool will be required.


PLATE 21. FIG. 51.

Set thirty stitches on one pin,
Knit sixty-four plain ribs, backwards and forwards,
Pick up twenty-two stitches from the middle of the side of the piece, leaving twenty-one stitches

on each side from the end.
Knit on backwards and forwards for twenty-two ribs, to make a chest piece, and fasten off.

Sew up the two ends of the long piece, and it is completed.
When worn, the comforter is drawn over the head, letting the chest piece hang down in front.

This is knit with soft wool and upon ivory pins.


PLATE 21. FIG. 51.

Set on fifty-four stitches, and knit in double knitting, about sixty-six or seventy rows, and fasten off,

by knitting or binding the two ends together. From the middle of the length in front, pick up stitches for the chest-piece, and knit forty rows or

more, according to pleasure.

A HAN DKERC HIE F. PLATE 21. FIG. 52. This is a small and very warm handkerchief, to wear under a shawl or fur tippet, in the winter; it is knit with pretty thick floss wool, either white or coloured, in blue or crimson it looks well; the needles

used are either of wood, whalebone, or cane. Cast on 160 common stitches, and knit one plain row, then nine rows of double knitting with a plain stitch at the beginning and end of each row, continue this double knitting, narrowing at one end, until the handkerchief is brought to five or six stitches, then take it off like a garter. This bottom corner is bound with ribbon, and two strings put on to tie round the waist, the other two ends are also bound, and a ribbon loop put on each, the ribbon passes through these loops, and it fits neatly

to the figure.


PLATE 21. FIG. 53, 54, 55.

These are remarkably nice things to wear under the shawl, as they set close to the chest, and give a great deal of warmth. They are best knit with small wooden or thick steel pins, and with floss wool, about three or four threads, and in double knitting. The habit-shirt is in four pieces, namely, one back, two fronts and one collar. The back should be cut out to fit the person tolerably, and the fronts joined to it on the shoulder, and brought across over the chest. Observe, in the Plate that in Fig. 53, SS represent the straight parts, and PP the sloped. Begin to knit the front, by setting on as many stitches as will form the length required from S to A, or top, and observe, as you continue knitting, that one end of the knitting must be much more sloped than the other, for which purpose, at that end most sloped, increase at the beginning and end of the row, but at the side which is less sloped, widen only at the end of the pin. Having made the two fronts to match each other so as to be a pair, begin making the back. Begin it at the bottom or narrow straight part at the waist; increase it at the beginning and end of each row, till sufficiently wide to go from shoulder to shoulder; after which, diminish in the same way at each end of every row to the neck. Take off or finish the few centre stitches that may remain, and knit up first on one side, and then on the other, lessening each row till it is properly hollowed. The collar is merely a straight piece. In making up, sew the sides marked P, to each side of the back marked ZZ, and sew on the collar all round. Put a ribbon behind, to tie round the waist, and another at the throat.


Begin the handkerchief from one stitch, knit as many rows, increasing one stitch every row at the same end, until there are seven loops upon the pin.

Begin the pattern thus:—

Make a stitch,

Slip off a stitch,

Knit two together,

Put the slipped-stitch over the two just knitted in one.

Again make a stitch,

Slip off a stitch,

Knit two stitches,

Put the slipped stitch over as before,

Continue thus until four stitches from the end of the row, then make a stitch, and knit the four remaining stitches plain.

Knit every alternate row in turn-stitch;

This alternate row must have the three last stitches knit plain, increasing it by making a stitch.

The handkerchief must be one yard and a quarter long on the straight side. When done, fasten off.


This is made of fine lamb's wool or yarn; it looks very well when the centre is white, with a shaded border of some bright colour. For a small shawl, or a large handkerchief, the following quantity is required:— Three ounces of fine white lamb's wool. Two skeins of the darkest shade of colour. Two skeins of the next.

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