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and opinions of many persons in public life. The correspond. ing portions of the public and secret journals, the published letters of official functionaries during the same period, and works in which are to be found cotemporary private letters or remarks on the same topics or by the same persons, afford explanations too important to be overlooked. Yet they are scattered through various volumes, and, even in them, are found or traced with difficulty. The printed journals of the confed. eration, both public and secret, are not only voluminous but very imperfect. Much of the proceedings of Congress is entirely omitted in both, and they are so incomplete that it is frequently impossible to trace with accuracy the details of legislation even on topics of great public interest. To the secret journals there is no index, and that annexed to the public journals is far from being full. The diplomatic correspondence, which is exceedingly valuable, and constantly illustrates the remarks of Mr. MADISON and the debates he has preserved, extends through nineteen volumes; and the letters of many of the eminent men referred to, which treat of the same topics, are only to be found in various works subsequently published from time to time.

It has been thought, therefore, that it would be proper to make a brief reference at the end of the volumes to some of the principal of these passages; but in such a m ner as not, in the slightest degree, to interfere or connect them with the text of Mr. MADISON himself. They are annexed only in the belief that they will be of service to the reader and may facilitate his researches. They are not as numerous as they might have been made, perhaps with additional advantage ; and the form of a simple reference has been alone adopted, because it was not intended to introduce any commentary or remarks. The fulness and accuracy of these references have been

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inerensed in a very great degree by the researcbor and aid of Mr. Sparks of Cambridge, Mr. Smith, the librarian of the Philadelphia library, Mr. Wall of Now Jersey, Mr. ATREITON and Ms. HiLL of New Hampshiro, Mr. Dux of Albany, Mr. SHUNI of Harrisburg, and Mr. Force of Washington.

Explanatory tables of contents have been prepared and prefixed to each volume of the work, and a copious index has been added to the whole. Though not forming a part of the manuscript of Mr. MADISON, they are thought to be indispen. sable.

WASHINGTON, 1st January, 1840.

uime powers in support of their mutual rights.

To JosEPH JONES. Philadelphia, September 19,

1780

51

Discussions in Congress on the resolutions left by him— The Ver-
mont business.

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To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, October 17,
1780

53
Action of Congress on the clause relating to Indian purchaser

Military news
To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, October 20,
1780

55
Uneasiness occasioned by the disappointment of foreign sac-
coun—Gloomy prospects for the Army in the winter-Remedy

muggested.

To EDMUND PENDLETON. Philadelphia, October

31, 1780

58

Feeling in Congress relative to the British treatment of the capo

tires in Charleston

To EDMUND PENDLETON. Philadelphia, Novem-

ber 7, 1780

58

Charges of Dr. Lee and Mr. Izard against Dr. Franklin-Requisi-
tion by Congress for six millions of specie on the States-Effects

of pecuniary difficulty on the war, &c.

To JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November,

1780

60

The Vermont business New arrangement of the Army.

To JosEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November 14,

1780

61

State emissions of currency the bane of every salutary arrange-

ment of the public finances Defensive condition of the magazines

- laroads of the enemy into New York.

To Joseph Jones. Philadelphia, November 21,

1780

62

Suggestions for legislation in Virginia - Depreciation of State emis-

sions—The policy Virginia should pursue relative to a territorial

cession.

TO JOSEPH JONES. Philadelphia, November 25,

1780

64

Instructions to Mr. Jay, relative to the Mississippi claims of Spain -
-Difference of opinion on the subject between Mr. Madison and to

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his colleague

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