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more felt than in the ability to render common thoughts interesting to cause that which has been heard a thousand times to possess the charm of novelty. This is a power requisite for the pulpit."

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24th. Have lost much by not praying more of late. I am certain that by prayer the value of all my studies is much increased."-The experience of every devout student confirms this statement. Many testimonies might be given illustrative of the truth of Luther's well-known aphorism, bene precasse bene studuisse. Doddridge frequently remarked "that he never advanced well in human learning without prayer, and that he always made the most proficiency in his studies when he prayed with the greatest fervency." Dr. Payson says: "Since I began to beg God's blessing on my studies, I have done more in one week than in a whole year before." "The influence of habitual prayer upon his studies," says his biographer, was so certain and so operative, that the strength of his devotion seems, for the most part, to have been the measure of his progress. By his very near approaches to the father of lights,' his mind received, as it were, the direct beams of the eternal fountain of illumination. In the light of these beams the truths of religion were distinctly perceived, and their relations readily traced. These irradiations from the throne of God not only contributed to the clearness of his perceptions, but imparted a kind of seraphic energy and quickness to his mental operations. From them he derived, not light only, but heat." It must not be supposed, however, that the prayer which accomplishes such results is the mere utterance of words. It is the intimate and loving communion of the soul with God. It is the insatiable thirst to be like God-full of light and full of love. It is therefore the offspring of a heart earnestly bent on knowing and doing the will of God in all things.

ETAT. 21] FUNCTIONS OF THE PULPIT AND THE PRESS. 135

July 5th. "In repressing bad habits provide a powerful antagonist. By this means the pass of danger is guarded by an auxiliary troop."

"Must we not conclude, that the higher powers of the mind, when sanctified, have a greater value attached to their operations than the inferior? It does not always appear to be so; but so it probably is. The influence of the popular preacher is limited to time and place. The press has been the grand instrument in bringing the best efforts of the human mind to bear upon the interests of our race.” -The attempt to determine the respective importance of the pulpit and the press, seems just about as wise as to pronounce on the superior value to the body of the hand or the foot. The writer and the speaker have distinct functions, both indispensable to a nation's welfare. Is not Mr. Hessel's estimate of the press exaggerated? Would it not be as near an approximation to truth as we can perhaps make, to say, that the culture of the nation's intellect is effected chiefly by the press; while its religious feeling is excited and sustained chiefly by the pulpit?

"It is interesting to mark the origin of excellence. It is often humble and unassuming. Those qualities in the human character whose full development has been a blessing to the species, have often failed to attract attention in their earlier manifestations. The germ was doubtless there, but it was not seen by common eyes. The seed of a beautiful flower and of a common weed may bear a close resemblance, but, visible or invisible, the difference is great. That seed contains all the elements of the beauty it is destined to display. A favourable soil and a genial season are of course necessary to its development."

A fact has evidently been the parent of this thought: "You affect to pour contempt upon those who give a serious attention to religion, as if that fact indicated a weakness of

understanding. By what process have you arrived at such a result? Answer the inquiry at the bar of your own reason, ere you be called to answer it before a higher tribunal."

The following aphorisms are chiefly didactic or devotional :

“Let me not despise anything that is good because it is not better. Give to every thing and every person their due meed of praise."

"In the life of every ardent student there is a period fraught with peculiar danger. It is when abandoning early prejudices he launches into free inquiry. Nothing but a constant and devout study of Divine truth can keep the restless and inquiring spirit in a right course.

"It is of vast importance to be at ease-to have all the powers of the mind in a tranquil state of preparation for action. Nothing is so conducive to this as a constant dependence upon Divine aid."

"Endeavour to keep in view that the cultivation of the intellect is not the end of existence that every other faculty is given for the service of our moral nature. Moral sensibility and power are the great objects at which I must aim."

"It is extremely desirable to form a habit of viewing every object in relation to Eternity. It is well to try every doubtful case before an imaginary tribunal. What shall I think of this a thousand years hence? If this inquiry were solemnly proposed it would give our character a powerful bias."

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Every sentence of nervous writing invigorates the mind, every attempt to cherish and express devotional feeling benefits the heart. O that I could enlist the

ÆTAT. 21] DIDACTIC AND DEVOTIONAL APHORISMS. 137

tremendous power of habit into the service of mental and moral excellence."

"Such is the power of habit that the manner in which I spend this Sabbath will determine in some measure the manner in which I shall spend every succeeding one. If I lose this day it will be impossible to estimate the loss."

"The beginnings of evil must be resisted. How far easier to crush a nest of vipers in the egg than to catch and kill them after they are hatched!"

"To render evil for evil is to augment evil; to render good for evil is to diminish it. When we return injuries we co-operate with the wicked in the augmentation of that which God hates."

"Evil passions themselves are misery. God has inseparably connected happiness with holiness. He has made love to Himself and to our fellow-men the only true happiness to be found on earth."

"The more good I receive from God the more shall I transmit to others. Benevolence to my fellow-men ought to induce me to seek my own spiritual welfare.”

"Often inquire what there is peculiar in which I can benefit mankind. Is there any course out of the usual channel for which by my education and habits I am expressly fitted?"

"Some eminent saints have practised rising very early to wrestle with God. This was undoubtedly one secret of their strength. If we will deny ourselves to plead with Him we shall receive a peculiar blessing. '

"I clearly see that if I do not live in the spirit of prayer unbelief will soon explain away those precious promises upon which my faith has rested. Their true meaning is to be seen only in the light of faith."

K

"A delusion has secretly been preying upon my mind. I have been expecting happiness in the future. It is my privilege to have it now. If I do not secure it now I may

never get it."

"If I desire a good thing for a good end, I may confidently expect that in due time God will either give me it, or something better."

"Whatever we make the subject of thought takes possession of us and imprints its character upon our minds. It is by thinking of Christ that we become transformed into His image. What then may be the consequence of entertaining one sinful thought!"

-"O man! so prodigal of words, in deeds
Oft wise and wary, lest thy brother worm
Should hang thereon his echo taunt of shame,
How dar'st thou trifle with all-fearful thought?
Beware of thoughts! They whisper to the heavens.
Though mute to thee, they prompt the diamond pen
Of the recording angel.

Make them friends!

Those dread seed-planters for Eternity,

Those sky-reporting heralds-make them friends."

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