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severe.

The remaining part of Eve's speech, in which Naked met bis under the nowing gold she gives an account of herself upon her first crea

or her loose tresses hid; he in delight

Both of ber beauty and submissive charms tion, and the manner in which she was brought to

Smild with superior loveAdam, is, I think, as beautiful a passage as any in Milton, or perhaps in any other poet whatso

The poet adds, that the devil turned away with ever. These passages are all worked off with so envy at the sight of so much happiness.

We have another view of our first parents in much art, that they are capable of pleasing the mot delicate reader, without offending the most their evening discourses, which is full of pleasing

images and sentiments suitable to their condition

and characters. The speech of Eve, in particu. "That day I oft remember, when from sleep, &c.' lar, is dressed up in such a soft and natural turn of

words and sentiments, as cannot be sufficiently adA poet of less judgment and invention than this mired. great author, would have found it very difficult to I shall close my reflections apon this book, with have filled these tender parts of the poem with observing the masterly transition which the poet sentiments proper for a state of innocence; to makes to their evening worship in the following have described the warmth of love, and the pro- lines : fessions of it, without artifice or hyperbole; to

Thus at their shady lodge arriv'd, both stood, have made the man speak the most endearing, Both turn'd, and under open sky ador'd things, without descending from his natural dige The God that made both sky, air, earth, and heav'n, nity, and the woman receiving them without de.

Which they bebeld, the moon's resplendent globe,

And starry pole: “ Thou also mad st the night, parting from the modesty of her character; in a

Maker omnipotent, and thou the day," &c. word, to adjust the prerogatives of wisdom and beauty, and make each appear to the other in its Most of the moderu heroic poets have imitated proper force and loveliness. This mutual subordi- the ancients in beginning a speech without preration of the two sexes is wonderfully kept up in mising, that the person said thus or thas; but as it the whole poem, as particularly in the speech of is easy to imitate the ancients in the omission of Eve I have before inentioned, and upon the con- two or three words, it requires judgment to do it closion of it in the following lines :

in such a manner as they shall not be missed, and

that the speech may begin naturally without iben. So spake our general mother, and with eyes

There is a fine instance of this kind out of Homer, Of conjugal attraction unreprov'd, And meek surrender, half embracing lean'd

in the twenty-third chapter wf' Longinus. On our first father; balf her swelling breast

Addisox.

L

SPECTATOR.

VOL. V.

TO THE
EARL OF WHARTON.

N° 322. MONDAY, MARCH 10, 1711-19.
MY LORD,
The author of the Spectator, having prefixed be-

Ad humum murore grori deducit et angit.

HOR. Ars Poet. ver. 110. fore each of bis volumes the name of some great Grief dejects, and wrings the tortur'd seul. person to whom he has particular obligations, lays

ROSCOMMON. his claim to your lordship's patronage upon the T is often said, after a man bas heard a story same account. I must confess, my Lord, had not

with extraordinary circumstances, it is a very I already received great instances of your favour, good one if it be true: but as for the following

relation, I should be glad were I sure it were false. I should have been afraid of submitting a work of It is told with such simplicity, and there are sig this nature to your perusal. You are so thoroughly many artless touches of distress in it, that I fear acquainted with the characters of men, and all the it comes too much from the heart. parts of human life, that it is impossible for the "MR. SPECTATOR, least misrepresentation of them to escape your no

Some years ago it happened that I lived in the tice. It is your Lordship's particular distinction, whose good qualities I was so much taken, as to

same house with a young gentleman of merit; with that you are master of the whole compass of busi- make it my endeavour to show as many as I was ness, and have signalized yourself in all the dif- able in myself. Familiar converse improved geferent scenes of it. We admire some for the dig. Deral civilities into an unfeigned passion on both nity, others for the popularity of their behaviour; bimself to me; and I, who could not expect a man

sides. He watched an opportunity to declare some for their clearness of judgment, others for of so great an estate as his, received his addresses their happiness of expression; some for the laying in such terms as gave him no reason to believe I of scheines, and others for the putting of them in was displeased with them, though I did nothing to execution. It is your Lordship only who enjoys His father was a very bard worldly man, and

make him think me more easy than was decent

. these several talents united, and that too in as great proud ; so that there was no reason to believe be perfection as others possess them singly. Your would easily be brought to think there was aby enemies acknowledge this great extent in your thing in any woman's person or character that could Lordship's character, at the same time that they | In the mean time, the son continued his application

balance the disadvantage of an anequal fortune. use their utmost industry and invention to derogate to me, and omitted no occasion of demonstrating from it. But it is for your honour that those who the most disinterested passion imaginable to se; are now your enemies were always so. You have and in plain direct terins offered to marry me practed in so much consistency with yourself, and wately, and keep it so till he should be so happy a

to gain his father's approbation, or become por promoted the interests of your country in so uni- sessed of his estate. I passionately loved him, form a manner, that even those who would misre- and you will believe I did not deny such a obe present your generous designs for the public good, what was my interest also to grant. However, I cannot but approve the steadiness and intrepidity carrying with me a faithful servant, who had been

was not so young as not to take the precaution of with which you pursue them. It is a most sensi. also my mother's maid, to be present at the cereble pleasure to me, that I have this opportunity of mony. When that was over, i demanded a certiprofessing myself one of your great admirers, and, ficate, signed by the minister, my husbasd, ard in a very particular manner, MY LORD,

the servant I just now spoke of. After our nup

tials, we conversed together very familiarly in the Your Lordship's most obliged same house; but the restraints we were generally And most obedient, humble servant under, and the interviews we bad being stoler and THE SPECTATOR. interrupted, wade our behaviour to each other have

rather the impatient fonduess which is visible in Thomas Wharton; appointed by King William comp lovers, than the regular and gratified affection froller of the household, justice in eyre south of Trent, and which is to be observed in man and wife. Thisoblord lieutenant of Oxfordshire; created Viscount Winchin-servation made the father very anxious for his son, don in the county of Bucks, and Earl of Wharton in the and press him to a match he had in his eye for him. county of Westmorland, December 1706; appointed lord lieu- To relieve my husband from this importunity, and tepant of Ireland, November 1708 (when Mr. Addv-on became conceal the secret of our marriage, which I had his secretary); lord privy seal, September 1714; and, in December of the same year, created Marquis of Wharton and

reason to know would not be long in my power in Malmesbury in England, and Earl of Rathfarnham and Mar

town, it was resolved that I should retire into a requis Catherlough in Ireland. He died April 1715, in the 76th mote place in the country, and converse under year of his age, and was succeeded by his son Philip, whom feigned names by letter. We long continued this George 1. in 1718, created Duke of Wharton, in consideration way of commerce; and I with my needle, a few of the merits of his father.

books, and reading over and over my husband's

letters, passed my time in a resigned expectation of better days. Be pleased to take notice, that within four months after I left iny husband I was N° 323. TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1711-12. delivered of a daughter, who died within a few bours after her birth. This accident, and the re

Modo vir, modo fæmina tired manner of life I led, gave criminal hopes to

VIRG*. a neighbouring brute of a country gentleman,

Sometimes a man, sometimes a woman. whose folly was the source of all my affliction. This rastic is one of those rich clowns who supply Tae journal with which I presented my reader on the want of all manner of breeding by the neglect Tuesday last + has brought me in several letters, of it, and with noisy mirth, half understanding, with accounts of many private lives cast into that and ample fortune, force themselves upon persons form. I have the “Rake's Journal, the • Sot's and things, without any sense of time or place. Journal,' the “Whoremaster's Journai,' and, among The poor ignorant people where I lay concealed, several others, a very curious piece, intituled, “The and now passed for a widow, wondered I could be Journal of a Mohock.' By these instances i find so shy and strange, as they called it, to the squire; that the intention of my last Tuesday's paper has and were bribed by him to admit him whenever he been mistaken by many of my readers. "I did not thought fit: I happened to be sitting in a little design so much to expose vice as idleness I, and parlour which belonged to my own part of the aimed at those persons who pass away their time house, and musing over one of the fondest of my rather in trifies and impertinence, than in crimes hasband's letters, in which I always kept the cer- and immoralities. Offences of this latter kind are tificate of my marriage, when this rude fellow not to be dallied with, or treated in so ludicrous a came in, and with the nauseous familiarity of such manner: In short, my journal only holds up folly unbred brutes, snatched the papers out of my

to the light, and shows the disagreeableness of such hand. I was immediately under so great a con- actions as are indifferent in themselves, and blamcern, that I threw myself as his feet, and begged able only as they proceed from creatures endowed of bim to return them. He, with the same odious with reason. pretence to freedom and gaiety, swore he would My following correspondent, who calls herself read them. I grew more importunate, he more Clarinda, is such a journalist as I require. She curious, till at last, with an indignation arising seems by her letter to be placed in a modish state from a passion I then first discovered in him, he of indifference between vice and virtue, and to be threw the papers into the fire, swearing that since susceptible of either, were there proper paing he was not to read them, the man who writ them taken with her. Had her journal been filled with should never be so happy as to have me read them gallantries, or such occurrences as had shown her over again. It is insignificant to tell you my tears wholly divested of her natural innocence, notwithand reproaches made the boisterous calf leave the standing it might have been more pleasing to the room ashamed and out of countenance, when I generality of readers, I should not have published had leisure to ruminate on this accident with more it; but as it is only the picture of a life filled with than ordinary sorrow. However, such was then a fashionable kind of gaiety a d laziness, I shall my confidence in my husband, that I writ to him set down tive days of it, as I have received it from the misfortune, and desired another paper of the the hand of my fair correspondent. same kind. He deferred writing two or three posts, and at last answered me in general, That he

* DEAR MR. SPECTATOR, could not then send me what I asked for; but . You having set your readers an exercise in one of when he could find a proper conveyance, I should your last week's papers, I have performed mine be sure to have it. From this time his letters were according to your orders, and herewith send it you more cold every day than other; and as he grew inclosed. You must know, Mr. Spectator, that I indifferent, I grew jealous. This has at last brought am a maiden lady of a good fortune, who have had me to town, where I find both the witnesses of my several matches offered me for these ten years last marriage dead, and that my husband, after three past, and have at present warm applications made months cohabitation, has buried a young lady whom to me by A Very Pretty Fellow $. As I am at he married in obedience to his father. In å word, my own disposal, I come up to town every winter, te shuns and disowns me. Should I come to the and pass my time in it after the manner you will house and confront him, the father would join in find in the following journal, which I began to supporting him against me, though he believed my write upon the very day after your Spectator upon story; should I talk it to the world, what repara

that subject. tion can I expect for an injury I cannot make out? I believe he means to bring me, through necessity,

TUESDAY night. Could not go to sleep till one to resign my pretensions to him for some provision in the morning for thinking of my journal. far my life: but I will die first. Pray hid him temember what he said, and how he was charmed

WEDNESDAY. From eight till ten. Drank two When he laughed at the heedless discovery I often dishes of chocolate in bed, and fell asleep after made of myself; let him remember how awkward them. I was in my dissembled indifference towards him From ten to eleven. Eat a slice of bread and before company; ask him how I, who could never butter, drank a dish of bohea, read the Spectator. conceal my love for him, at his own request can part with him for ever! Oh, Mr. Spectator, sen

* There is no such line in Virgil.--Addison most likely ablespirits know no indifference in marriage :'what quoted from memory, and had rcference to the following line then do you think is my piercing aifliction !--1 leave

- juvenis quondam, nunc fæmina. yon to represent my distress your own way,

Æn. vi. ver. 445. in which I desire you to be speedy, if you have

A woman now, but formerly a man. compassion for ianocence exposed to infamy.

OGTAVIA.'
T.

& See Tat. Nou, 21 and 24.

+ X317.

See No 319.

STEELE.

From eleven to one. At my toilette ; tried a of good company. Mem. The third air in the new new head. Gave orders for Veny to be combed opera. Lady Blithe dressed frightfully. and washed. Mem. I look best in blue.

From three to four. Dined. Miss Kitty called From one till half an hour after two. Drove to upoa me to go to the opera before I was risen the 'Change. Cheapened a couple of fans. from table.

Till four. At dinner. Mem. Mr. Froth passed Fram dinner to six. Drank tea. Turned of a by in his new liveries.

footman for being rude to Veny. From four to six. Dressed; paid a visit to old Six o'clock. Went to the opera. I did not see Lady El.the and her sister, having before heard Mr. Froth till the beginning of the second act. Mr. they were gone out of town that diy.

I'roth talked to a gentleman in a black wig; bou ed From six to eleven. At basset. Mem. Never to a lady in the front box. Mr. Froth and to set again upou the ace of diamnouds.

friend clapped Nicolini in the third at. Me Froid

cried out' Ancora.' Mr. Froth led me to my TNPSDAY. From eleven at night to eight in chair. I think he squeezed my hand. the morning. Dreamed that I p nted to Mr. Froth. Llesen at night. Went to bed. Melancholy

From eight to tea. Chocolate. Read two acts dreams. Methought Nicolini said be was dir. in Aurengzebe . a-bed.

Froth, From ten to cleven. Tea-table. Sent to borrow Lid faddle's Cupid for Veny. Read the SUNDAY. Indisposed. play-bulls. Received a letter from Mr. Froth. Mem. Locked it up in my strong box.

Moxday. Eight o'clock. Waked by Miss Kitty. Rei of the morning. Fo .tange, the tire-wornan, Aurengzebe lay upon the chair by me. Kitty reher account of my I ady Blithe's wash. Broke a peated without book the eight best lines in the tooth ia m I'tik tortoi-e-shell comb. Sent Frank play. Went in our mobs to the dumb man * acto kuow how my Lady Hetic rested after her cording to appointment. Told me that my lover's monkey's leaping out at window. Looked pale. name began with a G. Mem. The conjurer was Fortalige tell, me my glass is not true. Dressed within a letter of Mr. Froth's name, &c. by three.

Frota three to four. Dinner cold before I sat * l'pon looking back into this my journal, 1 find down.

that I am at a loss to know whether I pass my Froun four to cleven. Saw company. Mr. Froth's time well or ill; and indeed never thought of conopinion of Milton. His accouni of the Mohocks, sidering how I did it before I perused your specuHis favey of a pinctiv:100. Picture in the lid of, lation upon that subject. I scarce find a single achis auti-box. oid Lady Faddle promises me her tion in these five days that I can thoroughly apwoman to cut my hair. Lost five guineas at crimp. prove of, except the working upon the violei-leaf, Twelve o'clock at night. Went to bed. which I am resolved to finish the first day I am at

leisure. As for Mr. Froth and Veny, i did not Friday. Light in the morning. A bed. Read think they took up so much of my time and thought over all Mr. Froth's letters. Cupid and Veny. as I find they do upon my journal. The latter ef

Ten o clock. Stayed within all day, not at home. 'then I will turn off if you insist upon it; and if

From ten to twelve. Io cooference with my Mr. Froth does not bring matters to a conclusioa mantua-maker. Sorted a suit of ribbons. Broke ; very suddenly, I will not let my life run away a my blue china cup.

a dream. From twelve tv one. Shut myself up in my

• Your humble servant, chainber, practised Lady Betty Modely's skuttle.

* CLARINDA One in the afternoon, ('alled for my flowered handkerchiet. Worked half a violet leaf in it. To resume one of the morals of my first paper, Eyes ached and head out of order. Threw by my, and to confirm ('larinda in her good inclinatious, I work, and read over the remaining part of Au- would have her consider what a pretty figure de rer szebe.

would make awong posterity, were the history of From three to four. Dined.

her whole life published like these five days of 11. From four to twelve. Changed my mind, dressed, I shall conclude my paper with an epitaph written went abroad, and played at crimp till midnight. by an uncertain author + on Sir Philip Sidney Found Jr. Spitely at home. Conversation : Mrs. sister, a lady who seems to have been of a temper Brilliant's vecklace false stones. Old Lady Love. very much different from that of Clarinda. The day going to be married to a young fellow that is last thought of it is so very noble, that I dare say not worth a groat. Miss Prue gone into the coun. my reader will pardoa ine the quotation. try. Tom Townley has red hair. Mem. Mrs. Spitely whi-pered in my ear that she had some

ON THE COUNTESS DOWAGER OF PEMBRORE. thing io tell me about Mr. Froth; I am sure it is not true.

* t'nderneath tht, marble bear-e

Lies the subjeet of all virke, Between twelve and one. Dreamed that Mr.

didney's sister, Pembroke's mother: Froth lay at any feet, and called me Indamora +. Deau, efe thou hast kili'd another,

Bar and lrarn'd, and good as she, SATUPDAY. Rose at eight o'clock in the morn

Tine shall throw a dart at thee. ing. Sat down to my toilete. From eight to nine. Saifted a patch for half

• Duncan Campbell. See also Tat. No 14 an hour before I could determine it. Fixed it + Generally supposed to be Ben Jonson. above my left eyebrow.

From nine to iwelse. Drank my tea, and dressed.
From twelve to two. At chapel. A great deal

• Dryden's Tragedy.
+ A capuve o seen in the tragedy of Adrer grebe.

1711-12

are the best I have been yet able to procure : for,

being but of late establishment, it is not ripe for a N° 324. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 12, 1711 12. just history; and, to be serious, the chief design of

this trouble is, to hinder it from ever being so.

You have been pleased, out of a concern for the O curuk in terris animæ, ut cælestium inanes ! good of your countrymen, to act, under the cha

PERS. Sat. 2. ver. 61.

racter of Spectator, not only the part of a looker. O souls, in whom no heavenly fire is found,

on, but an overseer of their actions; and whenFlat minds, and ever grov'ling on the ground!

ever such enormities as this infest the town, we DRY DEN.

immediately fly to you for redress. I have reason

to believe, that some thoughtless youngsters, out of MR. SPECTATOR,

a false notion of bravery, and an immoderate “Tae materials you have collected together to-fondness to be distinguished for fellows of fire, wards a general history of clubs, make so bright are insensibly hurried into this senseless scandalous a part of your speculations, that I think it is but project. Such will probably stand corrected by a justice we all owe the learned world, to furnish your reproofs, especially if you inform them that you with such assistance as may promote that use it is not courage for half a score fellows, mad ful work. For this reason I could not forbear com- with wire and inst, to set upon two or three somunicating to you some imperfect informations of berer than themselves; and that the manners of Ina set of men (if you will allow them a place in dian savages are not becoming accomplishments to that species of being) who have lately erected

an English fine gentleman. Such of them as have themselves into a nocturnal fraternity, under the been bullies and scowerers of a long standing, title of the Mohock-Club, a name borrowed, it and are grown veterans in this kind of service, seems, from a sort of canibals in India, who sub-are, I fear, too hardened to receive any impressist by plundering and devouring all the nations sions from your admonitions. But I beg you about them. The president is styled ' Emperor of would recommend to their perusal your ninth spethe Mohocks *;' and his arms are a Turkish cres- culation. They may there be taught to take warncent, wbich his imperial majesty bears at presenting from the club of Duellists; and be put in mind, in a very extraordinary manner engraven upon that the common fate of those men of honour was, his forehead. Agreeable to their name, the avowed to be hanged. design of their institution is mischief; and upon

I am, sir, this foundation all their rules and orders are

“ March the 10th,

"Your most humble servant, framed. An outrageous ambition of doing all pos.

PHILANTHROPos.' sible hurt to their fellow-creatures, is the great cement of their assembly, and the only qualification required in the members. In order to exert this

The following letter is of a quite contrary na. principle in its full strength and perfection, they ture; but I add it here, that the reader may obtake care to drink themselves to a pitch, that is, serve, at the same view, how amiable ignorance beyond the possibility of attending to any motions may be when it is shown in its simplicities, and of reason or humanity; then make a general sally, how detestable in barbarities. It is written by an and attack all that are so unfortunate as to walk honest countryman to his mistress, and came to the the streets through which they patrole. Some are

hands of a lady of good sense, wrapped about a knocked down, others stabbed, others cut and thread-paper, who has long kept it by her as an carbonadoed. To put the watch to a total rout, image of artless love. and mortify some of those inoffensive militia, is reckoned a coup-d'éclat. The particular talents To her I very much respect, Mrs. Margaret Clark. by which these misanthropes are distinguished from one another, consist in the various kinds of LOVELV, and oh that I could write loving Mrs. barbarities which they execute upon their prisoners. Margaret Clark, I pray you let affection excuse Some are celebrated for a happy dexterity in tip- presumption. Having been so happy as to enjoy ping the lion upon them; which is performed by the sight of your sweet countenance and comelj squeezing the nose flat to the face, and boring out body, sometimes when I had occasion to buy the eyes with their fingers. Others are called the treacle or liquorish powder at the apothecary's dancing-masters, and teach their scholars to cut shop, I am so enamoured with you, that I can no capers, by running swords through their legs; a more keep close my flaming desires to become your new invention, whether originally French I cannot servant. And I am the more bold now to write to fell. A third sort are the tumblers, whose office it your sweet self, because I am now my own man, is to set women on their heads, and commit certain and may match where I please ; for my father is indecencies, or rather barbarities, on the limbs taken away, and now I am come to my living, which they expose. But these I forbear to men- which is ten yard land, and a house ; and there is tion, because they cannot but be very shocking to

never a yard land * in our field but it is well the reader as well as the Spectator. In this man- worth ten pounds a year as a thief is worth a ner they carry on a war against mankind; and, by halter, and all my brothers and sisters are provided the standing maxims of their policy, are to enter for: besides I have good household-stuff, though I irto do alliances but one, and that is offensive and say it, both brass and pewter, linens and woollens ; defensive with all bawd; -houses in general, of and though my bouse be thatched, yet, if you and which they have declared themselves protectors and I match, it shall go hard but I will have one half guarantees,

of it stated. If you think well of this motion, I * I must own, sir, these are only broken inco- will wait upon you as soon as my new clothes are berent memoirs of this wonderful society; but they made, and hay-harvest is in. I could, though I say

• The title of Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row, one of the four * A yard land (virgata terra) in some counties contains falran kings who visited England in the reign of Queen | 20, in some 24, and in others 50 acres of land. See Les Ange. See N 50, and Tat. No 171.

rmes de la Ley.

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