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me more like a dog than any woman I ever made were hung with many acts of parliament written advances to.' This way of talking of his very in golden letters. At the upper end of the hall much enlivens the conversation among us of a more was the magna charta, with the act of uniformity sedate turn; and I find there is not one of the on the right hand, and the act of toleration on the company, but myself, who rarely speak at all, but left. At the lower end of the hall was the act of speaks of him as of that sort of man, who is usu- settlement, which was placed full in the eye of the ally called a well-bred fine gentleman. To con- virgin that sat upon the throne. Both the sides of clude his character, where women are not con- the hall were covered with such acts of parliament cerned, he is an lionest worthy man.

as had been made for the establishment of public I cannot tell whether I am to account him, whom funds. The lady seemed to set an anspeakable I an next to speak of, as one of our company; value upon these several pieces of furniture, insofor be visits us but seldom, but when he does, it much that she often refreshed her eye with them, adds to every man else a new enjoyment of himself. and often siniled with a secret pleasure, as she He is a clergyman, a very philosophic man, of looked upon them ; but, at the same time, showed general learning, great sanctity of life, and the a very particular uneasiness, if she saw any thing most exact good breeding: He has the misfortune approaching that might hurt them. She appeared, to be of a very weak constitution, and consequently | indeed, infinitely timorons in all her behaviour : cannot accept of such càres and business as pre- and whether it was from the delicacy of her conferments in his function would oblige him to; he stitution, or that she was troubled with the vapours, is therefore among divines, what a chamber-cown- as I was afterwards told by one, who I found was sellor is among lawyers. The probity of his mind, none of her well-wishers, she changed colour, and and the integrity of his life, create him followers, startled at every thing she heard. She was likeas being eloquent or loud advances others. He wise (as I afterwards found) a greater valetudiseldoın introduces the subject he speaks upon ; but narian than any I had ever met with, even in her we are so far gone in years, that he observes when own sex, and subject to such momentary consump: he is among us, an earnestness to have him fall on tions, that, in the twinkling of an eye, she would some divine topic, which he always treats with fall away from the most florid complexion, and much authority, as one who has no interests in this most healthful state of body, and wither into a world, as one who is hastening to the object of all skeleton. Her recoveries were often as sudden as his wishes, and conceives hope from his decays and her decays, insomuch that she would revive in a infirmities. These are my ordinary companions. moment out of a wasting distemper, into a babit STEELE *.

R. of the highest health and vigour.

I had very soon an opportunity of observing N° 3. SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1710-11.

these quick turns and changes in her constitution.

There sat at her feet a couple of secretaries, who Et quoi quisque fere studio devinctus adhæret,

received every hour letters from all parts of the Aui quibus in rebus multum sumus ante morali,

world, which the one or the other of them war Atque in qua ratione fut contenta magis mens,

perpetually reading to her; and according to the In somnis eadem plerumque videmur obire,

news she heard, to which she was exceedingly atLUCR. 1. iv. 959.

tentive, she changed colour, and discovered many What studies please, what most delight,

symptoms of health or sickness. And fill men's thoughts, they dream them o'er at night. Behind the throne was a prodigious heap of

CREECH.

bags of money, which were piled upon one another In one of my late rambles, or rather speculations, so high that they touched the ceiling. The floor on I looked into the great hall where the Bank is her right hand, and on her left, was covered with kept, and was not a little pleased to see the di- vast sums of gold that rose up in pyramids on rectors, secretaries, and clerks, with all the other either side of her. But this I did not so much members of that wealthy corporation, ranged in wonder at, when I heard, upon inquiry, that she their several stations, according to the parts they had the same virtue in her touch, which the poets act in that just and regular economy. This revived tell us a Lydian king was formerly possessed of; in my memory the many discourses which I had and that she could convert whatever she pleased both read and heard, concerning the decay of into that precious metal. public credit, with the methods of restoring it, and After a little dizziness, and confused hurry of which, in my opiniori, have always been defective, thought, which a man often meets with in a dream, because they have always been made with an eye methought the hall was alarmed, the doors few to separate interests, and party principles. open, and there entered half a dozen of the most

The_thoughts of the day gave my mind employ- hideous phantoms that I had ever seen (even in a ment for the whole night, so that I fell insensibly dream) before that time. They came in two by into a kind of methodical dream, which disposed two, though matched in the most dissociablé manall my contemplations into a vision or allegory, or ner, and mingled together in a kind of dance. It what else the reader shall please to call it. would be tedious to describe their babits and per

Methought I returned to the great hall, where I sons; for which reason I shall only inform my had been the morning before, but to my surprise, reader, that the first couple were Tyranny and instead of the company that I left there, I saw, Anarchy, the second were Bigotry and Atheism, towards the upper end of the ball, a beautiful the third the Genius of a commonwealth, and a virgin, seated on a throne of gold. Her name (as young man of about twenty-two years of age *, they told me) was Public Credit. The walls, in- whose name I could not learn. He had a sword stead of being adorned with pictures and maps, in his right hand, which in the dance he often * His papers in the Spectator are signed either with an

brandished at the act of settlement; and a citizen, R, an L, or a T ; which distinctions have been thus inter. who stood by me, whispered

in my ear, that he saw preted : R (the initial of his christian name is thought to a spunge in his left hand. The dance of so many mark the paper as of his own writing; L, perhaps, composed jarring natures put me in mind of the sun, moon, from hints dropped into the Letter-box; and T, his editorial mark, signifying Transcribed from anonymous communicegions.

James Stuart, the pretended Prince of Wales.

selves way of life in which no man can rise suitably in bates his merit, who is not something of a courtier, as nows well as a soldier. I have heard him often lament, emos- that in a profession where merit is placed in so ports conspicnous a view, impudence should get the for a better of modesty. When he has talked to this know purpose, I never heard him make a sour expression, s him but frankly confess that he left the world, because s few he was not fit for it. A strict honesty and an even y are regular behaviour, are in themselves obstacles to te of him that must press through crowds, who endeavour 0; he at the same end with himself, the favour of a comfami-mander. He will however, in his way of talk, , and excuse generals, for not disposing according to licate men's desert, or inquiring into it; for, says he, vorld. that great man who has a mind to help ine, has as - play many to break throagh to come at me, as I have passes to come at him; therefore he will conclude, chat

1, and the man who would make a figure, especially in it ne has military way, must get over all false modesty, ani at the assist his patron against the importunity of other For the pretenders, by a proper assurance in his own vine or the dication. He says it is a civil cowardice to be

backward in asserting what you ought to expeci, ndrew as it is a military fear to be slow in attacking in the when it is your daty. With this candour does the Eustry, gentleman speak of himself and others. The same otions frankness runs through all his conversation. The every military part of his life has furnished hiin with which many adventures, in the relation or which he is a rich | very agreeable to the company; for he is never

He is overbearing, though accustomed to command men d will in the utmost degree below bim ; nor ever ton oli. way to sequious, from an habit of obeying men bighly s to be above him. argue,

But that our society may not appear a set of vated, humorists, unacquainted with the gallantries ami other, pleasures of the age, we have among us the gallant at dili- | Will Honeycomb *, a gentleman who, according valour, to his years, should be in the decline of his life; an the but having ever been very careful of his person, axims, and always had a very easy fortune, time has made penny but very little impression, either by wrinkles on f good his forehead, or traces in his brain. His person is 1 scho- well turned, and of a good height. He is very fected ready at that sort of discourse with which men ves the usually entertain women. He has all bis life dressed 1. He very well, and remembers habits as others do men, t Eng. He can smile when one speaks to bim, and laughs

by as easily. He knows the bistory of every mode, and 1 other can inform you from which of the French king's this of wenches our wives and daughters had this manner iss, but of corling their hair, that way of placing their

hoods; whose frailty was covered by such a sort 's Cap- of petticoat, and whose vanity to show her foot , good made that part of the dress so short in such a year, is one

In a word, all his conversation and knowledge has y awk-been in the female world. As other men of his rvation age will take notice to you what such a minister le was said upon such and such an occasion, he will tell If with you, when the Duke of Monmouth danced at court, d seve- such a woman was then smitten, another was taken is own, with him at the head of

troops in the Park, In all these important relations, he has ever about the same time received a kind glance, or a blow

of a fan, from some celebrated beauty, inother of pearance the present Lord Such-a-one. If you speak of a Mr. H. young commoner that said a lively thing in the ave been house, he starts up, 'He has good blood in his 3 vols. veins, Tom Mirabel begot him, the rogue cheated

me in that affair, that young fellow's mother used native of ne, who 1 sunk at A Colonel Cleland is thought to have been alluded to

under this character.

litted a

me more like a dog than any woman I ever made | were hung with many acts of parliament written advances to.' This way of talking of his very in golden letters. At the upper end of the hall much enlivens the conversation among us of a more was the magna charta, with the act of uniformity sedate turn; and I find there is not one of the on the right hand, and the act of toleration on the company, but myself, who rarely speak at all, but left. At the lower end of the hall was the act of speaks of him as of that sort of man, who is usu- settlement, which was placed full in the eye of the ally called a well-bred fine gentleman. To con- virgin that sat upon the throne. Both the sides of clude his character, where women are not con- the hall were covered with such acts of parliament cerned, he is an honest worthy man.

as had been made for the establishment of public I cannot tell whether I am to account him, whoin funds. The lady seemed to set an unspeakable I am next to speak of, as one of our company; value upon these several pieces of furniture, insofor he visits us but seldom, but when he does, it much that she often refreshed her eye with them, adds to every man else a new enjoyment of himself. and often siniled with a secret pleasure, as she He is a clergyman, a very philosophic man, of looked upon them ; but, at the same time, showed general learning, great sanctity of life, and the a very particular uneasiness, if she saw any thing most exact good breeding: He has the misfortune approaching that might burt them. She appeared, to be of a very weak constitution, and consequently indeed, infinitely timorous in all her behaviour : cannot accept of such cares and business as pre- and whether it was from the delicacy of her conferments in his function would oblige him to; he stitution, or that she was troubled with the vapours, ' is therefore among divines, what a chamber-coun- as I was afterwards told by one, who I found was sellor is among lawyers. The probity of his mind, none of her well-wishers, she changed colour, and and the integrity of his life, create him followers, startled at every thing she heard. She was like as being eloquent or loud advances others. He wise (as I afterwards found) a greater valetudiseldom introduces the subject he speaks upon ; but narian than any I had ever met with, even in her we are so far gone in years, that he observes when own sex, and subject to such momeotary consumphe is among us, an earnestness to have him fall on tions, that, in the twinkling of an eye, she would some divine topic, which he always treats with fall away from the most forid complexion, and much authority, as one who has no interests in this most healthful state of body, and wither into a world, as one who is hastening to the object of all skeleton. Her recoveries were often as sudden as bis wishes, and conceives hope from his decays and her decays, insomuch that she would revive in a infirmities. These are my ordinary companions. moment out of a wasting distemper, into a babit STEELE *.

R. of the highest health and vigour.

I had very soon an opportunity of observing N° 3. SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1710-11.

these quick turns and changes in her constitution. There sat at her feet a couple of secretaries, who

received every hour letters from all parts of the Et quoi quisque fere studio devinctus adhæret, Aui quibus in rebus multum sumus ante morati,

world, which the one or the other of them war Atque in qua ratione fut contenta magis mens,

perpetually reading to ber; and according to the In somnis eadem plerumque videmur obire.

news she heard, to which she was exceedingly atLUCR. 1. iv. 959.

tentive, she changed colour, and discovered many What studies please, what most delight, And fill men's thoughts, they dream them o'er at night.

symptoms of health or sickness. CREECH.

Behind the throne was a prodigious heap of

bags of money, which were piled upon one another In one of my late rambles, or rather speculations, so high that they touched the ceiling. The floor on I looked into the great hall where the Bank is her right band, and on her left, was covered with kept, and was not a little pleased to see the di- vast sums of gold that rose up in pyramids on rectors, secretaries, and clerks, with all the other either side of her. But this I did not so much members of that wealthy corporation, ranged in wonder at, when I heard, upon inquiry, that she their several stations, according to the parts they had the same virtue in her touch, which the poets act in that just and regular economy. This revived tell us a Lydian king was formerly possessed of; in my memory the many discourses which I had and that she conld convert whatever she pleased both read and heard, concerning the decay of into that precious metal. public credit, with the methods of restoring it, and After a little dizziness, and confused hurry of which, in my opinion, have always been defective, thought, which a man often meets with in a dream, because they have always been made with an eye methought the hall was alarmed, the doors flew to separate interests, and party principles.

open, and there entered half a dozen of the most The thoughts of the day gave my mind employ- hideous phantoms that I had ever seen (even in a ment for the whole night, so that I fell insensibly dream) before that time. They came in two by into a kind of methodical dream, which disposed two, though matched in the most dissociablé manall my contemplations into a vision or allegory, or ner, and mingled together in a kind of dance. It what else the reader shall please to call it. would be tedions to describe their babits and per

Methought I returned to the great hall, where I sons; for which reason I shall only inform my had been the morning before, but to my surprise, reader, that the first couple were 'Tyranny and instead of the company that I left there, I saw, Anarchy, the second were Bigotry and Atheism, towards the upper end of the hall, a beautiful the third the Genius of a coinmonwealth, and a virgin, seated on a throne of gold. Her name (as young man of about twenty-two years of age , they told me) was Public Credit. The walls, in whose name I could not learn. He had a sword stead of being adorned with pictures and maps, in his right hand, which in the dance he often * His papers in the Spectator are signed either with an

brandished at the act of settlement; and a citizen, R, an L, or a T ; which distinctions have been thus inter who stood by me, whispered in my ear, that he saw preted: R (the initial of his christian name) is thought to a spunge in his left hand. The dance of so many mark the paper as of his own writing; L, perhaps, composed jarring natures put me in mind of the sun, moon, from hints dropped into the Letter-box; and T, his editorial mark, signifying Transcribed from anonymous communications.

James Stuart, the pretended Prince of Wales.

Deen have seen

ther | incapacity of others. These are mortals who have

a certain curiosity without power of reflection, and perused my papers like spectators rather than readers. But there is so little pleasure in inqui

ries that so nearly concern ourselves (it being the inust worst way in the world to fame, to be too anxious Il in about it), that upon the whole I resolved for the ht. future, to go on in my ordinary way; and without

too much fear or hope about the business of reputation, to be very careful of the design of my

actions, but very negligent of the consequences of. 91.

them.

It i an endless and frivolous pursuit to act by any other rule, than the care of satisfying our own

minds in what we do. One would think a silent ney- | man, who concerned himself with no one breathking ing, should be very little liable to misinterpretanow tions; and yet I remember I was once taken up een for a jesuit, for no other reason but my profound

taciturnity. It is from this misfortune that, to be ade out of harm's way, I have ever since affected illed crowd. He who comes into assemblies only to and gratify his curiosity, and not to make a figure, enhich joys the pleasures of retirement in a more exquisite rom degree, than be possibly could in his closet; the tire lover, the ambitious, and the miser, are followed , or thither by a worse crowd than any they can withr•in draw from. To be exempt from the passions with

which others are tormented, is the only pleasing tion solitude. I can very justly say with the ancient cene sage, I am never less alone than when alone.' tres,

As I am insignificant to the company in public ions places, and as it is visible I do not come thither, as p of most do, to show myself, I gratify the vanity of all Li- who pretend to make an appearance, and have se- often as kind looks from well-dressed gentlemen the and ladies, as a poet would bestow upon one of his the audience. There are so many gratifications attend ance this public sort of obscurity, that some little dismer tastes I daily receive have lost their anguish ; and apero I did the other day, without the least displeasure,

my overhear one say of me, that strange fellow; and at 1 another answer, I have known the fellow's face these have twelve years, and so must you; but I believe you are if I the first ever asked who he was. There are, I must

confess, many to whom my person is as well known as that of their nearest relations, who give themselves no further trouble about calling me by my name or quality, but speak of me very currently by the appellation of Mr. What d'ye call him.

To make up for these trivial disadvantages, I

have the high satisfaction of beholding all nature 58.

with an unprejudiced eye; and having nothing to do with men's passions or interests, I can, with the

greater sagacity, consider their talents, manners, orld, failings, and merits. : but It is remarkable, that those who want any one : va sense, possess the others with greater force and hree vivacity. Thus my want of, or rather resignation have of speech, gives me all the advantages of a dumb

not man. I have, rethinks, a more than ordinary pehers,

netration in seeing; and flatter myself that I have lible looked into the highest and lowest of mankind; rved and make shrewd guesses, without being admitted anks to their conversation, at the inmost thoughts and

reflections of all whom I behold. It is from bence i arc that good or ill fortune has no manner of force

towards affecting my judgment. I see men floupung rishing in courts, and languishing in jails, without

but being prejudiced, from their circumstances, to their sola- favour or disadvantage ; but, from their inward the manner of bearing their condition, often pity the

prosperous, and admire the unhappy. 1.

Those who converse with the dumb, know from

orn

the turn of their eyes, and the changes of their treat on matters which relate to females, as they countenance, their sentiments of the objects before are concerned to approach or fly from the other them. I have indulged my silence to such an ex. sex, or as they are tied to them by blood, interest, travagance, that the few who are intimate with me, or affection. Upon this occasion I think it but answer my smiles with concurrent sentences, and reasonable to declare, that whatever skill I may argue to the very point I shaked my head at, with have in speculation, I shall never betray what the out iny speaking. Will Honeycomb was very en- eyes of lovers say to each other in my presence. tertaining the other night at a play, to a gentleman At the same time I shall not think myself obliged who sat on his right hand, while I was at his left. by this promise to conceal any false protestations The gentleman believing Will was talking to him- which I observe made by glances in public assemself, when upon my looking with great approba- blies; but endeavour to make both sexes appear tion at a young thing in a box before us, he said, in their conduct what they are in their hearts. By

I am quite of another opinion. She has, I will this means, love, during the time of my speculaallow, a very pleasing aspect, but, methinks, that tions, shall be carried on with the same sincerity simplicity in her countenance is rather childish as any other affair of less consideration. As this is than innocent.' When I observed her a second the greatest concern, men shall be from henceforth time, he said, “I grant her dress is very becoming, liable to the greatest reproach for misbehaviour in but perhaps the merit of that choice is owing to it. Falsehood in love shall hereafter bear a blacker her mother ; for though, continued he, I allow a aspect than infidelity in friendship, or villany in beauty to be as much to be commended for the business. For this great and good end, all breaches elegance of her dress, as a wit for that of his lan- against that noble passion, the cement of society, guage; yet if she has stolen the colour of her ri- shall be severely examined. But this, and all other bands from another, or bad advice about her trim- matters loosely binted at now, and in my former mings, I shall not allow her the praise of dress, papers, shall have their proper place in my followany more than I would call a plagiary an author.' ing discourses. The present writing is only to adWhen I threw my eye towards the next woman monish the world, that they shall not find me an to her, Will spoke what I looked, according to his idle, but a busy Spectator, romantic imagination, in the following manner : SIEELE.

R. • Behold, you who dare, that charming virgin ; behold the beauty of her person chastised by the innocence of her thoughts. Chastity, good-nature, No 5. TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 1710-11. and affability, are the graces that play in her countenance; she knows she is handsome, but she knows she is good. Conscious beauty adorned with con

Spectatum admissi rism teneatis? scious virtue! What a spirit is there in those eyes !

HOR. Ars Poet. ver, 5. What a bloom in that person! How is the whole

Admitted to the sight, would you not laugh? woman expressed in her appearance ! Her air has the beauty of motion, and her look the force of An opera may be allowed to be extravagantly language.'

lavish in its decorations, as its only design is to It was prudence to turn away my eyes from this gratify the senses, and keep up an indolent attenobject, and therefore I turned them to the thought. tion in the audience. Common sense however reless creatures who make up the lump of that sex, quires, that there should be nothing in the scenes and move a kpowing eye no more than the por- and machines which may appear childish and abtraiture of insignificant people by ordinary pain surd. How would the wits of King Charles's time ters, which are but pictures of pictures.

have laughed, to have seen Nicolini exposed to a Thus the working of my own mind is the gene-tempest in robes of ermine, and sailing in an open ral entertainment of my life; I never enter into boat upon a sea of pasteboard? What a field of the commerce of discourse with any but my parti- raillery would they have been led into, had they cular friends, and not in public even with them. been entertained with painted dragons spitting Such an habit has perhaps raised in me uncommon wild-fire, enchanted chariots drawn by Flanders reflections ; but this effect I cannot communicate mares, and real cascades in artificial landscapes ? but by my writings. As my pleasures are almost A little skill in criticism would inform us, that shawholly confined to those of the sight, I take it for dows and realities ought not to be mixed together a peculiar happiness, that I have always had an in the same piece ; and that the scenes which are easy and familiar admittance to the fair sex. If designed as the representations of pature should be I never praised or flattered, I never belied or con- filled with resemblances, and not with the things tradicted them. As these compose half the world, themselves. If one would represent a wide chamand are, by the just complaisance and gallantry of paign country filled with herds and flocks, it would our nation, the more powerful part of our people, be ridiculous to draw the country only upon the I shall dedicate a considerable share of these my scenes, and to crowd several parts of the stage speculations to their service, and shall lead the with sheep and oxen. This is joining together inyoung through all the becoming duties of virginity, consistencies, and making the decoration partly marriage, and widowhood. When it is a woman's real, and partly imaginary. I would recommend day, in my works, I shall endeavour at a style and what I have here said to the directors, as well as air suitable to their understanding. When I say to the admirers, of our modern opera, this, I must be understood to mean, that I shall not As I was walking in the streets about a fortnight lower byt exalt the subjects I treat upon. Dis- ago, I saw an ordinary fellow carrying a cage course for their entertainment, is not to be debased, full of little birds upon bis shoulder; and, as I was but refined. A man may appear learned without wondering with myself what use he would put them talking sentences, as in his ordinary gesture he dis- to, he was met very luckily by an acquaintance, covers he can dance, though he does not cut capers. who had the same curiosity. Upon his asking him In a word, I shall take it for the greatest glory of what he had upon his shoulder, be told him that he my work, if among reasonable women this paper had been buying sparrows for the opera. Sparmay furnish tea-table talk. In order to it, I shall rows for the opera, says his friend, licking bis lips,

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