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SPECTATOR

VOL. I.

1. THURSDAY, MARCH 1, 1710-11. , books, either in the learned or the modern tongues

which I am not acquainted with

Upon the death of my father I was resolved to Nur fumus ex frigore, sed ex fumo dare lucem

travel into foreign countries, and therefore left the Cagitat, ut speciosa dehinc miracula promat.

university, with the character of an odd unaccountHOR. Ars Poet. ver. 143. able fellow, that had a great deal of learning, if I One with a flash begins, and ends in smoke;

would but show it. An insatiable thirst after Another out of smoke brings glorious light,

knowledge carried me into all the countries of EuAnd (without raising expectation higb)

rope, in which there was any thing new or strange Surpises us with dazzling miracles. ROSCOMMON.

to be seen; nay, to such a degree was my curiosity

raised, that, having read the controversies of some T HAVE observed, that a reader seldom peruses great men concerning the antiquities of Egypt, I I a book with pleasure, till he knows whether the

made a voyage to Grand Cairo, on purpose to writer of it be a black or a fair man, of a mild or

take the measure of a pyramid ; and, as soon as I choleric disposition, married or a bachelor, with had set myself right in that particular, returned to other particulars of the like nature, that conduce my native country with great satisfaction*. very much to the right upderstanding of an author. I have passed my latter years in this city, where To gratify this curiosity, which is so natural to a I am frequently seen in most public places, though reader, I design this paper and my next as prefa there are not above half a dozen of my select tory discourses to my following writings, and shall friends that know me; of whom my next paper give some account in them of the several persons shall give a more particular account. There is no that are engaged in this work. As the chief trou-l place of general resort wherein I do not often ble of compiling, digesting, and correcting, will make my appearance: sometimes I am seen fall to my share, I must do myself the justice to thrusting my head into a round of politicians at open the work with my own history

Will's, and listening with great attention to the I was born to a small hereditary estate, which, narratives that are made in those little circular auaccording to the tradition of the village where it diences; sometimes I smoke a pipe at Child'st, lies, was bounded by the same hedges and ditches in and, while I seem attentive to nothing but the Post William the Conqueror's time that it is at present, man, overhear the conversation of every table in and has been delivered down from father to son, the room. I appear on Sunday night at St. whole and entire, without the loss or acquisition of James's coffee-house, and sometimes join the lite a single field or meadow, during the space of six tle committee of politics in the inner room, as one hundred years. There runs a story in the family, who comes there to hear and improve. My face is

likewise very well known at the Grecian, the aboat three months, she dreamt that she was Cocoa-Tree, and in the theatres both of Drury brought to bed of a judge. Whether this might Lane and the Haymarket. I have been taken for proceed from a law-suit which was then depending a merchant upon the Exchange for above these ten ia the family, or my father's being a justice of the years, and sometimes pass for a Jew in the assemInace, I cannot determine; for I am not so vain bly of stock-jobbers at Jonathan's t: In short, as to think it presaged any dignity that I should wherever I see a cluster of people, I always mix arrise at in my future life, though that was the in- with them, though I never open my lips but in my terpretation which the neighbourhood put upon it. I own club. . The gravity of my behaviour at my very first ap. Thus I live in the world rather as a Spectator pearance in the world, and at the time that I suck- of mankind than as one of the species; by which ed, seemed to favour my mother's dream : for, as means I have made myself a speculative statesman,

has often told me, I threw away my rattle be- soldier, merchant, and artizan, without ever medfore I was two months old, and would not make dling with any practical part in life. I am very Se of my coral until they and taken away the well versed in the theory of a husband or a father,

and can discern the errors in the economy, busiAs for the rest of my infancy; there being no-ness, and diversion of others, better than those who thing in it reinarkable, I shall pass it over in si are engaged in them; as standers-by discover blots, lence. I fod that, during my nonage, I had the which are .apt to escape those who are in the reputation of a very sullen youth, but was always game. I never espoused any party with violence, a favourite of my schoolmaster, who used to say, | and am resolved to observe an exact neutrality be

that my parts were solid, and would wear well.' tween the whigs and tories, unless I shall be forced I had not been long at the university before I dis- to declare myself by the hostilities of either side. lingunhed myself by a most profound silence; for, In short, I have acted in all the parts of my life as during the space of eight years, excepting in the a looker-on, which is the character I intend to prepable exercises of the college, I scarce uttered the serve in this paper.. quantity of a hundred words; and indeed do not * An allnsion, no doubt, to Mr. John Greaves, a mathemaremember that I ever spoke three sentences togetician and antiquary, who, after visiting Egypt, published a wer in my whole life. Whilst I was in this learn- / book entitled ' Pyrainidographia. et body, I applied myself with so much diligence + This coffee-house, in St. Paul's Church-yard, was the rea

sort of the clergy. to my studies, that there are very few celebrated in 'Change Alley,

my mother was g

th child of

i

bells from it.

I have given the reader just so much of my bis-was inventor of that famous country-dance which tory and character, as to let him see I am not al- is called after him. All who know that shire are together unqualified for the business I have under- very well acquainted with the parts and merits of taken. A- for other particulars in my life and ad- Sir Roger. He is a gentleman that is very singolar in ventures, I shall insert them in following papers, his behaviour, but his singularities proceed from his as I shall see occasion. In the mean time, when good sense, and are contradictions to the manners I consider how much I have seen, read, and heard, of the world, only as be thinks the world is in the I begin to blame my own taciturnity; and since I wrong. However, this humour creates him no enchave neither time nor inclination to communicate mies, for be does nothing with sourness or obstinacy; the fulness of my heart in speech, I am resolved to and his being uncontined to modes and forms, do it in writing, and to print myself ont, if possi makes him but the readier and more capable to ble, before I die. I have been oftea told by my please and oblige all who know him. When he is friends, that it is pity, so many useful discoveries in town, he lives in Soho Square*. It is said, he which I have made should be in the possession of a keeps himself a bachelor by reason he was crossed silent man. For this reason, therefore, I shall in love by a perverse beautiful widow of the next publish a sheet-fall of thoughts every morning for county to him. Before this disappointment Sir the benefit of my contemporaries; and if I can Roger was what you call a fine gentleman, had any way contribute to the diversion or improve often supped with my Lord Rochester and Sir ment of the country in which I live, I shall leave George Etheridge, fought a duel upon his first it, when I am summoned out of it, with the secret coming to town, and kicked bully Dawson † in a satisfaction of thinking that I have not lived in public coffee-house for calling him youngster. But vain.

being ill used by the above-mentioned widow, be There are three very material points which I was very serious for a year and a half; and though, have not spoken to in this paper; and which, for his teinper being naturally jovial, he at last got several important reasons, I must keep to myself, over it, he grew careless of himself, and never at least for some time; I mean, an account of my dressed afterwards. He continues to wear a coat name, my age, and my lodgings. I must confess, and doublet of the same cut that were in fashion I would gratify my reader in any thing that is rea- at the time of his repulse, which, in his merry husonable; but as for these three particulars, though mours, he tells us, has been in and out twelve times I am sensible they might tend very much to the em- since he first wore it. It is said Sir Roger grew humbellishment of my paper, I cannot yet come to a ble in his desires after he had forgot his cruel bean. resolution of communicating them to the public. ty, insomuch that it is reported he has frequently

They would indeed draw me out of that obscurity offended in point of chastity with beggars and gipwhich I have enjoyed for many years, and expose sies; but this is looked upon, by his friends, rather me in public places to several salates and civilities, as matter of raillery than truth. He is now in his which have been always very disagreeable to me; fifty-sixth year, cheerful, gay, and hearty; keeps a for the greatest pain I can suffer, is the being good house both in town and country; a great talked to, and being stared at. It is for this rea- lover of mankind; but there is such a mirthful cast sop, likewise, that I keep my complexion and in his behaviour, that he is rather beloved than dress as very great secrets; though it is not impossi- esteemed. ble but I may make discoveries of both in the pro- His tenants grow rich, his servants look satisfied, gress of the work I have undertaken.

all the young women profess love to him, and the After having been thus particular upon myself, young men are glad of his company. When be I shall in to-morrow's paper give an account of comes into a house he calls the servants by their those gentlemen who are concerned with me in names, and talks all the way up stairs to a visit. this work; for, as I have before intimated, a plan I must not omit, that Sir Roger is a justice of the of it is laid and concerted (as all other matters of quorum ; that he fills the chair at a quarter-session importance are) in a club. However, as my friends with great abilities; and three months ago gained have engaged me to stand in the front, those who universal applause, by explaining a passage in the have a mind to correspond with me may direct game-act. their letters to the Spectator, at Mr. Buckley's, in The gentleman next in esteem and authority Little Britain; for Inust further acquaint the rea- among us is another bachelor, who is a member of der, that though our club mects only on Tuesdays the Inner-Temple; a man of great probity, wit, and Thursdays, we have appointed a committee, to and understanding ; but he has chosen his place of sit every night for the inspection of all such papers residence rather to obey the direction of an old is may contribute to the advancement of the pub- humorsome father, than in pursuit of bis own inJic weal.

clipations. He was placed there to study the laws ADDISON.

of the land, and is the most learned of any of the

house in those of the stage. Aristotle and Longinas N° 2. FRIDAY, MARCII 2, 1710-11.

are much better understood by him than Littleton or Coke. The father sends up every post questions

relating to marriage-articles, leases, and tenures, Ast alii sex

in the neighbourhood; all which questions he agrees Ei pitu es, uno conclamant ore-JUV. Sat. vii, 107.

with an attorney to answer and take care of in Six more at least join their consenting voice. probably, have been only a vague report. Mr. Tickell seems

to have been of opinion, that the acoount of the Spectator The first of our society is a gentleman of Worces and the club are altogether fictitious. tershire, of an ancient descent, a baronet, his name

* Then the most fashionable part of the town. Sir Roger de Coverley t. His great grandfather

# Dr. Johnson said it appeared to bim,' that the story of the widow was intended to have something superinduced

upon it, but the superstructure did not come. Boswell's * His papers in the Spectator are all marked by some one of Life of Johnson, vol. ii. p. 376, Sd edit. the letters composing the word CLIO. See No 555.

| A noted sharper, swaggerer, and debauchee, well known + This character is said by Mr. Tvers to have been drawn in Black Friars and its then infamous purlieus; and to expose for Sir John Pac'ington of Worcestershire; a tory, not with whom, it has been said, the character of Captain Hackum, in

ase, but abounding in absurdities. But this may, Shadwell's comedy called The Squire of Alsatia, was drawie

the luap. He is studying the passions themselves way of life in which no man can rise suitably to when he should be inquiring into the debates his merit, who is not something of a courtier, as among men which arise from them. He knows well as a soldier. I have heard him often lament, the argument of each of the orations of Demos that in a profession where merit is placed in so thenes and Tully, but not one case in the reports conspicuous a view, impudence should get the of our own courts. No one ever took him for a better of modesty. When he has talked to this fool; but done, except his intimate friends, know purpose, I never heard him make a sour expression, he has a great deal of wit. This turn makes him but frankly confess that he left the world, because at once both disinterested and agreeable. As few he was not fit for it. A strict honesty and an even of his thoughts are drawn from business, they are regular behaviour, are in themselves obstacles to most of them fit for conversation. His taste of him that must press through crowds, who endeavour books is a little too just for the age he lives in; he at the same end with himself, the favour of a comkas read all, but approves of very few. His fami-mander. He will however, in his way of talk, Liarity with the customs, manners, actions, and excuse generals, for not disposing according to writings of the ancients, makes him a very delicate men's desert, or inquiring into it; for, says he, observer of what occurs to him in the present world, that great man who has a mind to help me, has as He is an excellent critic, and the time of the play many to break throagh to come at me, as I have is his boor of business; exactly at five he passes to come at him; therefore he will conclude, that through New-Inn, crosses through Russel-court, and the man who would make a figure, especially in a takes a turn at Will's till the play begins; he has military way, must get over all false modesty, and his shoes rubbed and his periwig powdered at the assist his patron against the importunity of other barber's as you go into the Rose *. It is for the pretenders, by a proper assurance in his own vingood of the audience wben he is at a play, for the dication. He says it is a civil cowardice to be actors have an ambition to please him.

backward in asserting what you ought to expect, The person of next consideration is Sir Andrew as it is a military fear to be slow in attacking Freeport +, a merchant of great eminence in the when it is your duty. With this candour does the city of London : a person of indefatigable industry, gentleman speak of himself and others. The same strong reason, and great experience. His notions frankness runs through all his conversation. The of trade are noble and generous, and (as every military part of his life has furnished him with rich man has usually some sly way of jesting, which many adventures, in the relation oi which he is would make no great figure were he not a rich very agreeable to the company; for he is never man) he calls the sea the British Common. He is overbearing, though accustomed to command men acquainted with commerce in all its parts, and will in the utmost degree below bim; nor ever too ol). tell you that it is a stupid and barbarous way to sequious, from an habit of obeying men highly citeod dominion by arms; for true power is to be above him. gut by arts and industry. He will often argue, | But that our society may not appear a set of that if this part of our trade were well cultivated, humorists, ypacquainted with the gallantries ani we should gain from one nation; and if another, pleasures of the age, we have among us the gallant from another. I have heard him prove, that dili- Will Honeycomb #, a gentleman who, according gence makes more lasting acquisitions than valour, to his years, should be in the decline of his life; and that sloth has ruined more nations than the but having ever been very careful of his person, sword. He abounds in several frugal maxims, and always had a very easy fortune, time has made amongst which the greatest favourite is,' A penny but very little impression, either by wrinkles on aved is a penny got. A general trader, of good ( his forehead, or traces in his brain. His person is sense, is pleasanter company than a general scho- well turned, and of a good height. He is very lar; and Sir Andrew having a natural unaffected ready at that sort of discourse with which men eloquence, the perspicuity of his discourse gives the usually entertain women, He has all bis life dressed ame pleasure that wit would in another man. He very well, and remembers habits as others do men, kes made bis fortune himself; and says, that Eng- He can smile when one speaks to bim, and laughis land may be richer than other kingdoms, by as easily. He knows the history of every mode, and plain methods as he himself is richer than other can inform you from which of the French king's men; though at the same time I can say this of Wenches our wives and daughters had this manner tim, that there is not a point in the compass, but of curling their hair, that way of placing their blows home a ship in which he is an owner. hoods; whose frailty was covered by such a sort

Next to Sir Andrew in the club-room sits Cap- of petticoat, and whose vanity to show her foot tain Sentry *; a gentleman of great courage, good made that part of the dress so short in such a year, understanding, but invincible modesty. He is one In a word, all his conversation and knowledge has of those that deserve very well, but are very awk- been in the female world. As other men of his ward at putting their talents within the observation age will take notice to you what such a minister of such as should take notice of them. He was said upon such and such an occasion, he will tell one years a captain, and behaved himself with you, when the Duke of Monmouth danced at court, great gallantry in several engagements, and seve- such a woman was then sinitten, another was taken ral sieges; but having a small estate of bis own, with nim at the head of his troops in the Park, and being sext heir to Sir Roger, he has quitted a In all these important relations, he has ever about

the same time received a kind glance, or a blow . On the outside of Temple-Bar.

of a fan, from some celebrated beauty, inother of + It das been conjectured, and not without an appearance the present Lord Such-a-one. If you speak of a of probability, that this character was sketched from Mr. H. young commoner that said a lively thing in the Warta, a gentleman acknowledged by Steele (No 555) to

house, he starts up, · He has good blood in his bare assisted in the Spectator; and known to have been principally concerned in The Britisb Merchant, 3 vols. veins, Tom Mirabel begot him, the rogue cheated tvo. 1721.

me in that affair, that young fellow's mother used Supposed to have been Captain Kempenfelt, a pative of Sweden, and father of the rear-admiral of that naine, who lost his life in the Royal George of 100 guns, which sunk at

* A Colonel Cleland is thought to have been alluded to Spillead, Aug. 29, 1782.

under this character.

R.

me more like a dog than any woman I ever made were hung with many acts of parliament written advances to.' This way of talking of his very in golden letters. At the upper end of the hall much enlivens the conversation among us of a more was the magna charta, with the act of uniformity sedate turn; and I find there is not one of the on the right hand, and the act of toleration on the company, but myself, who rarely speak at all, but left. At the lower end of the ball was the act of speaks of him as of that sort of man, who is usu- settlement, which was placed full in the eye of the ally called a well-bred fine gentleman. To con- virgin that sat upon the throne. Both the sides of clude his character, where women are not con- the ball were covered with such acts of parliament cerned, he is an honest worthy man.

as had been made for the establishment of public I cannot tell whether I am to account him, whom funds. The lady seemed to set an unspeakable I am next to speak of, as one of our company; value upon these several pieces of furniture, insofor he visits us but seldom, but when he does, it much that she often refreshed her eye with them, adds to every man else a new enjoyment of himself. and often sıniled with a secret pleasure, as she He is a clergyman, a very philosophic man, of looked upon them ; but, at the saine time, showed general learning, great sanctity of life, and the a very particular uneasiness, if she saw any thing most exact good breeding. He has the misfortune approaching that might hurt them. She appeared, to be of a very weak constitution, and consequently indeed, infinitely timorons in all her behaviour : cannot accept of such cares and business as pre- and whether it was from the delicacy of her conferments in his function would oblige him to; he stitution, or that she was troubled with the vapours, is therefore among divines, what a chamber-cow- as I was afterwards told by one, who I found was sellor is among lawyers. The probity of his mind, none of her well-wishers, she changed colour, and and the integrity of his life, create him followers, startled at cvery thing she heard. She was likeas being eloquent or loud advances others. He wise (as I afterwards found) a greater valetndiseldorn introduces the subject he speaks upon; but narian than any I had ever met with, even in her we are so far gone in years, that he observes when own sex, and subject to such momentary consump. he is among us, an earnestness to have him fall on tions, that, in the twinkling of an eye, she would some divine topic, which he always treats with fall away from the most florid complexion, and much authority, as one who has no interests in this most healthful state of bod y, and wither into a world, as one who is hastening to the object of all skeleton. Her recoveries were often as sudden as his wishes, and conceives hope from his decays and her decays, insomuch that she would revive in a infirmities. These are my ordinary companions. moment out of a wasting distemper, into a babit STEELE *.

of the highest health and vigour.

I had very soon an opportunity of observing N° 3. SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1710-11.

these quick turns and changes in her constitution. There sat at her feet a couple of secretaries, who

received every hour letters from all parts of the Et quoi quisque fere studio devinctus adhærel, Aut quibus in rebus multum sumus ante morati,

world, which the one or the other of them was Atque in qua ratione fut contenta magis mens,

perpetually reading to her; and according to the In somnis eadem plerumque videmur obire.

news she heard, to which she was exceedingly atLUCR. 1. iv. 959.

tentive, she changed colour, and discovered many What studies please, what most delight

symptoms of health or sickness. And fill men's thoughts, they dream them o'er at night.

CREECH.

Behind the throne was a prodigious heap of

bags of money, which were piled upon one another In one of my late rambles, or rather speculations, so high that they touched the ceiling. The floor on I looked into the great hall where the Bank is her right band, and on her left, was covered with kept, and was not a little pleased to see the di- vast sums of gold that rose up in pyramids on rectors, secretaries, and clerks, with all the other either side of her. But this I did not so much members of that wealthy corporation, ranged in wonder at, when I heard, upon inquiry, that she their several stations, according to the parts they had the same virtue in her touch, which the poets act in that just and regular economy. This revived tell us a Lydian king was formerly possessed of; in my memory the many discourses which I had l and that she conld convert whatever she pleased both read and heard, concerning the decay of into that precious metal. public credit, with the methods of restoring it, and After a little dizziness, and confused hurry of which, in my opinion, have always been defective. I thonght, which a man often meets with in a dream, because they have always been made with an eye methought the hall was alarmed, the doors flew to separate interests, and party principles.

open, and there entered half a dozen of the most The thoughts of the day gave my mind employ- hideous phantoms that I had ever seen (even in a ment for the whole night, so that I fell insensibly dream) before that time. They came in two by into a kind of methodical dream, which disposed two, though matched in the most dissociablé manall my contemplations into a vision or allegory, or ner, and mingled together in a kind of dance. It what else the reader shall please to call it.

would be tedious to describe their babits and perMethought I returned to the great hall, where I sons; for which reason I shall only inform my had been the morning before, but to my surprise, reader, that the first couple were Tyranny and instead of the company that I left there, I saw, Anarchy, the second were Bigotry and Atheism, towards the upper end of the ball, a beautiful the third the Genius of a coinmonwealth, and a virgin, seated on a throne of gold. Her name (as young man of about twenty-two years of age *, they told me) was Public Credit. The walls, in whose name I could not learn. He had a sword stead of being adorned with pictures and maps, in his right hand, which in the dance he often

brandished at the act of settlement; and a citizen, * His papers in the Spectator are signed either with an R, an L, or a T; which distinctions have been thus inter.

who stood by me, whispered in my ear, that he saw preted: R (the initial of his christian name) is thought to a spunge in his left hand. The dance of so many mark the paper as of his own writing; L perhaps, composed jarring natures put me in mind of the sun, moon, from hints dropped into the Letter-box; and T, his editorial mark, signifying Transcribed from anonymous communications.

** James Stuart, the pretended Prince of Wales.

and earth, in the Rehearsal, that danced together incapacity of others. These are mortals who have fær no other end but to eclipse one another. a certain curiosity without power of reflection,

The reader will easily suppose by what bas been and perused my papers like spectators rather than before said, that the lady on the throne would have readers. But there is so little pleasure in inquibeca almost frighted to distraction, had she seen ries that so nearly concern ourselves it being the bat any one of these spectres; what then must worst way in the world to fame, to be too anxious have been her condition when she saw them all in about it), that upon the whole I resolved for the a body? She fainted and died away at the sight. future, to go on in my ordinary way; and without

too much fear or hope about the business of repu* El segue jam color est misto candore rubori; Ne sigor, oires, et quæ modo visa placebant ; tation, to be very careful of the design of my

actions, but very negligent of the consequences of OVID. Met. iii. 491. them. - Her spirits faint,

It is an endless and frivolous pursuit to act by Her blooming Cheeks assume a pallid teint,

any other rule, than the care of satisfying our own And scarce ber form remains.'

minds in what we do. One would think a silent There was as great a change in the hill of money-man, who concerned himself with no one breathbags, and the heaps of money, the former shrinking ing, should be very little liable to misinterpretaand falling into so many empty bags, that I now tions; and yet I remember I was once taken up faand oot above a tenth part of them had been for a jesuit, for no other reason but my profound Slied with money.

taciturnity. It is from this misfortune that, to be The rest that took up the same space, and made out of harm's way, I have ever since affected the one figure, as the bags that were ready filled crowd. He who comes into assemblies only to with money, had been blown up with air, and gratify his curiosity, and not to make a figure, encalled into my memory the bags full of wind, which joys the pleasures of retirement in a more exquisite Homer tells us his hero received as a present from degree, than he possibly could in his closet; the Eolas. The great heaps of gold on either side the lover, the ambitious, and the miser, are followed throne, appeared to be only heaps of paper, or thither by a worse crowd than any they can withLule piles of notcbed sticks, bound up together.in draw from. To be exempt from the passions with bundles, like Bath faggots.

which others are tormented, is the only pleasing Whilst I was lamenting this sudden desolation solitude. I can very justly say with the ancient that had been made before me, the whole scene sage, I am never less alone than when alone.' vanished. In the room of the frightful spectres, As I am insignificant to the company in public there now entered a second dance of apparitions places, and as it is visible I do not come thither, as sery agreeably matched together, and made up of most do, to show myself, I gratify the vanity of all very arniable phantoms. The first pair was Li who pretend to make an appearance, and have berty with Monarchy at her right hand. The se often as kind looks from well-dressed gentlemen cund was Moderation leading in Religion; and the and ladies, as a poet would bestow upon one of his Gird, a person whom I had never seen *, with the audience. There are so many gratifications attend Geares of Great Britain. At the first entrance this public sort of obscurity, that some little disthe lady revived, the bags swelled to their former tastes I daily receive have lost their anguish ; and bulk, the pile of faggots and heaps of paper I did the other day, without the least displeasure, danged into pyramids of guineas : and, for my overhear one say of me, that strange fellow; and or part, I was so transported with joy, that I another answer, I have known the fellow's face these arked, though, I must confess, I would fain have twelve years, and so must you; but I believe you are fallen asleep again to have closed my vision, if I the first ever asked who he was. There are, I must could have done it.

confess, many to whom my person is as well known ADDISON.

as that of their nearest relations, who give themselves no further trouble about calling me by my

name or quality, but speak of me very currently N 4. MONDAY, MARCH 5, 1710-11.

by the appellation of Mr, What d'ye call him.

To make up for these trivial disadvantages, I

have the high satisfaction of beholding all nature - Eortai mortalem altione silentii?

with an unprejudiced eye; and having nothing to HOR. 2 Sat. vi. 58.

do with men's passions or interests, I can, with the One of uncommon silence and reserve.

greater sagacity, consider their talents, manners, As author, when he first appears in the world,

failings, and merits. in very apt to believe it has nothing to think of but

It is remarkable, that those who want any one his performances. With a good share of this va sense, possess the others with greater force and rity in my heart, I made it my business these three | vivacity. Thus my want of, or rather resignation (25 to listen after my own fame; and as I have

of speech, gives me all the advantages of a dumb sometimes met with circuinstances which did not

man. I have, methinks, a more than ordinary pedisplease me, I bave been encountered by others, netration in seeing; and flatter myself that I have which gave me much mortification. It is incredible

looked into the highest and lowest of mankind; to think how empty I have in this time observed and make shrewd guesses, without being admitted some part of the species to be, what mere blanks to their conversation, at the inmost thoughts and they are wben they first come abroad in the morn

reflections of all whom I behold. It is from bence teg, tow utterly they are at a stand, until they are

that good or ill fortune has no manner of force kt a-going by some paragraph in a newspaper,

towards affecting my judgment. I see men flouSach persons are very acceptable to a young

rishing in, courts, and languishing in jails, without uthor, for they desire no more in any thing but

being prejudiced, from their circumstances, to their to be bew, to be agreeable. If I found consola

favour or disadvantage ; but, from their inward too anong such, I was as much disquieted by the manner of bearing their condition, often pity the

prosperous, and admire the unhappy. The Elector of Hanover, afterwards King George 1. Those who converse with the dumb, know froin

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