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who, in the above year, was appointed Regne the XXV zeire, sic subscribitur Comptroller of the Thirds of Bene Marie R.-And, in name, and behalfe of fices, * a character of some notoriety the Remanent lordis foursaidis

, Requyrit

Thomas Sinclair to seall the saidis lettres, in his day, I cannot precisely determine. It is, however, evidently the and offerit him the said warrande. Quha

onswerit yat sa lang as the quenis majeste production of the 16th century, and is in warde, he walde seall na sic lettres that is authenticated by his attestation

are extreordinare, And yereafter the saide throughout, as well as by that of the lorde preissit him yerto, And tuke fra Director of Chancery. Between the him the privy seill, and wyt cumpany of exterior binding and the backs of the folkis, compellit him to seill the same, Quilk leaves, where it had been pretty effec- ye said thomas protestit wes agains his tually concealed, there appeared a thin- will • vi maiori,' to ye quhilkis he culd not

resist. Ande the saide Lord tuke instruly folded

scrap

of paper, which prov- mentis yat he offerit to him the letter for his ed to be a minute of a protest, taken

warrande.” at the request of parties by Nichol

We are thus furnished with a conson, acting in his professional capaci- temporary copy of a missing document ty, in the view of being afterwards the warrant of Mary for her own extended. Of this document, which abdication. The privy seal, then “de fills a single sheet, and is besides facto,” was not appended to the three evinced by the water-mark to be of instruments until late in the 25th of corresponding antiquity with the pro- July. A curious instance is afforded tosoll, the following is an accurate

of the resolute manner in which Lyndtranscript:

say, styled by Robertson “ the Zealot" “ Upone the xxv day of July anno etc. LXVII., hora tertia post meridiem, præsen

of his party, hurried on the accomtibus Richardo Carmichaell de edderm, plishment of their measures, at a crisis Niniano lamby, t patricio Cranston, Henrico

of considerable difficulty. And adSincleir.

ditional proof of the hazard, and perMy lord lyndesy requyrit thomas sinclair haps unpopularity, of the enterprize, to seall thir three writtingis eftre following may be discoverable in this marked contenit in yis writtinge,

opposition of a public officer, * who Regina,

might not be altogether uninfluenced Keipare of our privy seill, It is our will and by the national feelings of the mowe charge ze, It is our will and we chargement, asserted to have undergone a ze that, incontinent eftre the sight heirof, change favourable to the interests of ze put our prive seill to our thre lettres underwritten, subscrivit wyt oure hand, ane of the Queen. yame beirande dimmissioune, and renun

The above circumstance, though unciatioune of the governmente of our realme, noticed by any historian, is, as will be in favouris of our maist deir sone ; Ane seen by the extract which follows, aldyer makande our breder James erle of luded to in the supplication presented murray Regent to our said sone, during to the Queen's Parliament, upon the his minoritie ; And the third, in caise of 12th of June, in the year 1571, insertour saide brudris deceise, or quhill he cum

ed in Bannatyne's MS. Journal in the wytin our realme, etc. Makande James

Advocates' Library. duke of chasteautarault, Mathow erle of lennox, Archibalde erle of ergile, Johne

“ It is not to be past over in silence, in erle of athole, James erle of Mortoune,

what manner the privie seale was appendit alexandre erle of Glencarne, and Johne erle

to that Letter (the Royal Letter of Demisof Mar,-And, in caise of the said James sion), how it violentlie, and be force (was] erle of murrayis refuising of acceptatioune reft out of the Keperis' handis as may apof the saide office singularlie upone him, peir be authentick documentis, sua as hir makande him, & yaine Regentis to oure

Maiestis subscription was purchased by said sone ; as the saidis lettres at lenthe force, so was the Seill extorted be force.beris, kepande yir presentis for ze war- Without, however, what has been rande, subscryvit wyt our hande at loch- premised, the fact, resting merely levin, the xxi day of Julii, and of oure upon ex parte statement, might have

been discredited, if not utterly disbelieved.

J. R. * Records of Assumption of Thirds of Benefices, unprinted Acts of Sederunt, &c. + This Ninian Lamby was a burgess of

* Thomas Sinclair, we are informed by Edinburgh; he is a witness to a discharge the Register of the Privy Seal, filled the in the year 1557, entered in a protocol of a situation of deputy of that seal from the John Robertson.

year 1555 to the year 1574, when he was * This repetition, as well as other things succeeded by a Henry Sinclair, probably in the deed, indicate the precipitancy of its the same who figures as one of the witnesses execution.

to the protest.

ON

THE

THOD OF COMMUNICATING THEM
TO WAX AND OTHER SUBSTANCES.

P. S.-The order for the proclama- of some of its most remarkable protion of the marriage between Darnley perties ; but in order to understand the and Queen Mary is still extant in the nature and origin of the colours, the “ Buik of the Kirk of the Canagait,” experiments must be repeated with one of the oldest and most curious pieces that are regularly formed. registers of the kind that is extant. If we take a plate of regularly formed

“ The 21 of July anno domini 1565. mother-of-pearl, having its two op

The quhilk day Johne Brand Mynister posite surfaces ground perfectly flat presentit to ye kirk ane writting-written be (but not polished), either upon a blue ye Justice Clerk hand, desyring ye kirk of stone, or upon a plate of glass, with ye cannogait, ande Minister yareof, to pro- the powder of schistus, and if, with clame harie duk of Albaynye

Erle of Roise the eye placed close to the plate, we on ye one part, And Marie be ye grace of view in it, by reflection, à candle god quene of Scottis, Soverane, on ye uyer part. The quilk ye kirk ordainis ye Myn- standing at the distance of a few feet, ister to do, wyt Invocatione of ye name of

we shall observe a dull and imperfect God.”

image, free from all prismatic colours.

This image is formed upon the ordiOPTICAL PROPERTIES OF

nary principles of reflection, and is

faint and undefined, owing to the im. MOTHER-OP-PEARL, AND THE ME

perfect reflecting power of the ground surface. On one side of this imper

fect image will be seen a brighter imBy Daviu BREWSTER, LL.D. F.R.S. age, glowing with the prismatic colLond. and Edin.

ours, and separated to as great a deMOTHER-OF-PEARL is a well-known gree as the colours formed by one of substance, obtained principally from the angles of a common equilateral the shell of the Pearl Oyster; and from prism of flint glass. the facility with which it can be cut If the plate is now turned round in and polished, it has been long employ- its own plane, the observer continuing ed for a variety of useful and orna

to see the image, the prismatic image mental purposes. Every person must will follow the motion of the plate, and have observed the fine play of the pris- perform a complete revolution about matic colours, to which mother-of-pearl the common image, the blue rays owes its value as an ornamental sub- always keeping nearest the common stance, &c. and the ever varying suc- image, and the red rays farthest from it. cession of fresh tints which may be Let the plane be now placed in such a developed, either by changing the in- position, that the prismatic image is in clination of the plate, or the direction the plane of reflection, and between the of the light in which it is placed. The common image and the observer, and nature and origin of these colours have let the image of the candle be viewed never been investigated: they have been at various angles of incidence. It will carelessly ascribed to the laminated then be found, that the angular disstructure of the shell, and have been tance of the prismatic image from the regarded as a fine proof of the New- common image gradually increases as tonian Theory of the colours of natural the candle is viewed more obliquely, bodies.

the distance being 2° 7', when the

candle is seen almost perpendicularly I. On the Optical Properties of Mother in the plate, and 9° 14', when it is

seen at the greatest obliquity. This of-pearl.

angular distance varies with more raIn order to observe all the proper- pidity when the plate is turned round ties which we propose to describe in 180°, so as to place the common imthis paper, we must select a piece of re- age between the prismatic image and gularly formed mother-of-pearl, which the observer ; but in this case, we can

. is known by the uniformity of its not observe the angle much beyond white colour in day-light, resembling 60° where it amounts to 4° 30'. somewhat the pearl itself, and scarcely On the outside of the prismatic image exhibiting any of the prismatic tints

. will be observed a mass of coloured This regularity of structure is not often light, nearly at the same distance beto be met with in the ordinary pieces yond the prismatic image that the prisof mother-of-pearl, nor is it indispen- matic image is from the common image. sably necessary for the mere exhibition These three images are always in the Vol II.

E

versa.

same straight line; but the angular When the second prismatic image is distance of the mass of coloured light extinguished, by removing the polish, varies according to a law different from it is then the most brilliant when seen that of the prismatic image. At great by transmission; and, in general, the angles of obliquity, this mass of light image which is brightest by reflection has a beautiful crimson colour ; at an is faintest by transmission, and vice angle of about 37° it becomes green, and at less angles it acquires a yellow In pieces of mother-of-pearl that hue, approaching to white, and be- are irregularly formed, the common comes very

luminous. The colours of reflected image is encircled by a numthis mass of light become more bril- ber of irregular prismatic images at liant when the plate of mother-of- different distances from it. pearl is polished, and have an origin essentially different from the colours of the prismatic image.

II. On the Communication of the Hitherto we have considered the

Colours of Mother-of-pearl to other

Substances. phenomena only in the case where the surface has merely that slight degree The phenomena which we have now of polish which accompanies smooth described must be allowed to be very grinding. If a greater degree of polish, singular, and contrary to all our nohowever, is communicated to the plate, tions of the action of surfaces upon the common image becomes more bril- light; and had it not been for the liant, and a new prismatic image starts accidental circumstance which led to up, diametricully opposite to the first the discovery of their communicabiliprismatic image, and at the same dis ty, it is probable that philosophers tance from the common image. This would have remained satisfied with assecond prismatic image reseinbles in cribing them to reflection from differevery respect the first, and follows the ently inclined planes near the surface same law by a variation of the angle of of the shell. incidence. Its brilliancy increases In measuring the angular distances, with the polish of the surface, and of the prismatic image from the comwhen this polish is very high, the se- mon image seen by reflection, I had cond prismatic image is nearly as bright occasion to fix the mother-of-pearl to as the first, which has its brilliancy a a goniometer by means of a cement little impaired by polishing. This made of rosin and bees-wax. Upon second image is never accompanied, removing it from the cement when in like the first, by a mass of coloured a hard state, by making it spring off light. If the polish of the surface is by insinuating the edge of a knife, the removed by grinding, the second pris- plate of mother-of-pearl left a clean matic image vanishes, and the first re- impression of its own surface; and I sumes its primitive brilliancy. was surprised to observe, that the ce

When the preceding experiments are ment had actually received the properrepeated on the opposite surface of the ty of producing the colours which plate of mother-of-pearl, the same were exhibited by the mother-of-pearl. phenomena are observed, but in a This unexpected phenomenon was at reverse order, the first prismatic image first attributed by myself, and by seand the mass of coloured light being veral gentlemen who saw the experinow seen on the opposite side of the ments, to a very thin film of motherplate.

of-pearl detached from the plate, and In examining the light transmitted left upon the cement ; but subsequent through the mother-of-pearl, we shall experiments convinced me that this perceive phenomena analogous to those was a mistake, and that the motherwhich have been described. A col- of-pearl really communicated to the oured image will be seen on each side cement the properties which it posof the common image, having the same sessed. angular distance from it as those seen The best method of making this exby reflection, and resembling them in periment is to employ black sealingevery particular, the blue light being wax, and to take the impression from nearest the common image, and the the mother-of-pearl when the wax is red light farthest from it. These rendered as fluid as possible by heat. two images, however, are generally The mother-of-pearl should be fixed fainter than those seen by reflection : to a handle like a seal, and its surface

a

should be carefully deprived of any The extraordinary images formed by greasy substance that might accident- reflection were both visible the prially be adhering to it.

mary one being remarkably brilliant, The properties of mother-of-pearl and the secondary one scarcely permay also be communicated in this way ceptible ; but when the light was to balsam-of-tolu, gum-arabic, gold- transmitted through the gum,

the leaf placed upon wax, tinfoil, the fu- primary image was nearly extinct, sible metal composed of bismuth and while the secondary one was unusumercury, and to lead, by hard pressure ally brilliant and highly-coloured, far or the blow of a hammer. When the surpassing in splendour those which impression is first made upon the fu- are formed by transmission through sible metal, the play of colours is sin- the mother-of-pearl itself. When gularly fine; but the metallic surface both the surfaces of gum-arabic are soon loses its polish, and the colours impressed with mother-of-pearl, four gradually decay:

images are seen. The colours seen by In order to show that in these cases transmission are more brilliant in the no part of the mother-of-pearl is left gum than in the balsam, as the latter on the surface, I plunged a piece of has the greatest reflective power; but wax, after it had received the impres- the coloured images produced by resion, into nitric acid, which would flection do not seem to have suffered have instantly destroyed the carbonate a greater dispersion when they are of lime, of which the mother-of-pearl formed by the metals than when they is chiefly composed, but it had no ef- are formed by cements. fect either in destroying or diminish- When the impression is taken from ing the colorific property of the sur- a pearl, the wax receives a character face. In soft cements, made of bees- similar to that which is possessed by wax and rosin, the slightest degree of the pearl. The image reflected from heat destroys the superficial configu- the surface of the pearl is enveloped ration, by which the colour is produ- in a quantity of unformed light, arisced. In sealing-wax, gum-arabic, and ing from a cause which will afterwards realgar, a much greater heat is neces- be explained ; and the very same sary to destroy it; but in tinfoil and white nebulosity is reflected from the lead, its destruction can enly be effected by the temperature at which

(To be continued.) they cease to become solid.

If we now examine the prismatic images reflected from the wax which has received the impression from an

LETTER unpolished piece of mother-of-pearl,

TO THE LORD HIGH CONSTABLE, we shall find, that the single prismatic image which is thus produced is on

From Mr DINMONT. the right hand side of the common image, whereas it is on the left hand

MY LORD, side of the common image in the mo- Your Lordship will be very concernther-of-pearl itself.

ed to hear of the death of your old At different angles of incidence, the tenan Maggie Scott: she has been two coloured images, formed by the long on your estate ; and although the wax, follow the same laws as those rent she paid was but small, yet every produced by the mother-of-pearl; but body had a respect for her from her the mass of green and crimson light great age and former character, for she never appears: It is therefore caused was in her 78th year when she died ; by some internal structure, which can- and has, as your Lordship may renot be communicated to other bodies. member my telling you, been in a

When an impression is taken from very weakly condition for many years the fracture of mother-of-pearl, its past : she was always drivelling and faculty of producing colour is also repeating what other people said to communicated. In imparting to gum- her as observations of her own, and arabic and balsam-of-tolu the super- was grown very ignorant of every ficial configuration of mother-of-pearl, thing passing in the world. But as I we are enabled, on account of their remembered her once a very entertransparency, to observe the changes taining woman, and had a love for the induced upon the transmitted light. stories she used to tell about the 45,

wax.

and so forth, I always continued to she thinks more genteel, in consepay her a visit now and then, and see quence of some bit heritage to which how her affairs were going on. In- it is not certain whether she have much deed, there were few months that I title. I take the liberty of writing your did not see her, although I am sure Lordship these few lines, merely to put her talk was very wearisome. Her your Lordship on your guard against daughter, that has been out of the granting this ill-behaved young wocountry, was sent for when her end

man any renewal of the tack, which was supposed to be near ; for the old I hear expires in two years. At least, body was quite sensible of her state, your Lordship should insist on her and knew she could not last above a parting with the Dominie and James month or two, and indeed gave direc- Horn, which are a disgrace to any retions about her funeral, and desired spectable person to be seen with, and to be interred in her old blue gown in to see if she cannot get herself married which she had been married. She upon some decent young man of your was buried in the church-yard, in the Lordship's tenantry, who will endeasame grave with old Maggie Reekie, vour to improve the farm, which seems her cousin; and the principal mourner to be as yet in the same old-fashioned was one Hughie, who had lived in state that the old woman had always her house for some time, and was been used to. Your Lordship will supposed to be privately married to see that I have no motive in all this her. The old woman's character suf- but merely your Lordship’s interest, fered greatly at one time in conse- and a regard for the family'; with kind quence of her connexion with this compliments to Mr Fyfe and Mr Shaw, man, but dead dogs are all good. and all inquiring friends, I remain, till Some old people of the parish lament death, your Lordship’s obedient serthe mistress; such as old Adam, he vant, and friend at command, that was once the principal lawyer of

DANDIE DINMONT. these parts, Mrs P., also long Bob the witty writer in South-side, who is supposed to have been familiar with her in her youth; he wears a crape on his hat ever since. Your Lordship’s ON THE PRESENT STATE OF ANIMAI. principal tenant, Frank, took no concern in the matter, and would not even allow the old woman a single MR EDITOR, drop of wine from his cellar, to keep The first section of the work on Anisoul and body together.

Notice was mal Magnetism, to which I have retaken of her death in a very indiffer- ferred in your last Number, after ent discourse preached by a dominie some general reflections on Animal from the Border, who has paid great Magnetism, and on the Organic Ether, attention to her daughter since she by Professor Eschenmayer, contains came; as also, surly James Horn in an account of a remarkable prophecy Roseside. These two had a farm held of the death of an eminent person, at will from a laird over the glen, but by two somnambulists, which was he turned them out, being incapable. fulfilled in the end of October 1816. Both of them are much with her, but Professor Eschenmayer, who commupeople say she will not marry either nicates this account, pledges himself of them, although I hear it whispered for its truth, having himself received she is thicker than she should be with the particulars of it from persons of the both; as also with some others, par- highest rank and respectability. The ticularly Hughie (which shocks every names of all the witnesses, and of the body that reflects on the footing he person whose death is prophesied, are was on with her mother). Indeed, if given in initials ; but it is declared, all be true that is said, there is scarce- that any one desirous of more particuly a shabby sort of fellow in the coun- lar information respecting them may try-side but what she draws up with. without difficulty obtain it. She is said to keep company with Mademoiselle W. (a celebrated somcheeping Charlie ; but this must be nambulist mentioned in Hufeland's mere reports. In the mean time she Journal, in an account given by the has dropt her mother's name, and court physician, Klein) prophesied in passes by the name of Reekie, which 1812, on the 12th of July, in the

MAGNETISM IN GERMANY.

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