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the still rarer power of keeping those and temperate, and in the latter part seducing qualities in perfect subordin of his life even abstemious. Though nation to his judgment. By their as- the life and the ornament of every sosistance he could not only make the ciety into which he entered, he was most repulsive subjects agreeable, but always most happy and most delightthe most abstruse, easy and intelligible. ful at home, where the buoyancy of In his profession, indeed, all his wit his spirits and the kindness of his was argument, and each of his delight- heart found all that they required of ful illustrations a material step in his exercise or enjoyment; and though reasonings. To himself seemed al- without taste for expensive pleasures ways as if they were recommended ra- in his own person, he was ever most ther for their use than their beauty. indulgent and munificent to his chilAnd unquestionably they often enabled dren, and a liberal benefactor to all him to state a fine argument, or a nice who depended on his bounty. distinction, not only in a more strik- He finally retired from the exercise ing and pleasing way, but actually with of that profession, the highest honours greater precision than could have been of which he had at least deserved, aattained by the severer forms of rea- bout the year 1812, and spent the resoning.
mainder of his days in domestic retireIn this extraordinary talent, as well ment at that beautiful villa which had as in the charming facility of his elo- been formed by his own taste, and in quence, and the constant radiance of the improvement and adornment of good humour and gayety which encir- which he found his latest occupation. cled his manner in debate, he had no Passing, then, at once from all the rival in his own times, and has yet bustle and excitement of a public life had no successor.—That part of elo- to a scene of comparative inactivity, quence is now mute—that honour in he never felt one moment of ennui or abeyance.
dejection, but retained unimpaired, till As a politician, he was eminently within a day or two of his death, not distinguished for the two great virtues only all his intellectual activity and of inflexible steadiness to his prin- social affections, but, when not under ciples, and invariable gentleness and the immediate affliction of a painful urbanity in his manner of asserting and incurable disease, all that gayety them. Such, indeed, was the habi- of spirit, and all that playful and kindtual sweetness of his temper, and the ly sympathy with innocent enjoyment, fascination of his manners, that though which made him the idol of the young, placed by his rank and talent in the and the object of cordial attachment obnoxious station of a leader of opposi- and unenvying admiration to his tion at a period when political animo- friends of all ages. sities were carried to a lamentable height, no individual, it is believed, was ever known to speak or to think of him with any thing approaching to MR EDITOR, personal hostility. In return, it may
I COPIED the poems I now send you be said, with equal correctness, that from an Album in a gentleman's house though baffled in some of his pursuits, near Killarney, where I paid a visit and not quite handsomely disappointed some summers ago. They were inof some of the honours to which his scribed there by a stranger, whose claim was universally admitted, he name even was unknown to the masnever allowed the slightest shade of ter of the family, and from the singudiscontent to rest upon his mind, nor larity of that circumstance, more perthe least drop of bitterness to mingle haps than from any intrinsic merit, with his blood. He was so utterly in- they may find a place in your Miscelcapable of rincour, that even the ran- lany, where it is possible they may corous felt that he ought not to be again meet the eye of the anonymous made its victimn.
R. S. He possessed, in an eminent degree, that deep sense of revealed religion, LINES WRITTEN ON OAK ISLAND, and that zealous attachment to the Presbyterian establishment, which had FAR in the heart of Island-solitude long been hereditary in his family; Our Tent was pitched, beneath a Grove of His habits were always strictly moral Oaks.
A scene more solemn never Hermit chose Gladly had all the Woods revealed their depths For penitence and prayer ; nor pensive Bard To the Spirit glimmering on their topmost Wept over, dreaming of his dying hour
boughs ; And the happy stillness of a sylvan grave.
And the far Mountains that by day appear That ancient wood was breathless as a Tomb, So stern and frowning, by her power subdued, Save when the Stockdove in his central haunt Flung down their mighty bulks into repose Awakening suddenly a loud deep song, Like Genii by enchantment lulled asleep! Startled the silence, ev'n as with a peal Of faint and far-off Thunder. From the door Then, as if wafted on an Angel's wing, Of our lone Tent, thus wildly-canopied,
Wondering I found myself beneath the shade Down to the Lake-side, gently sloped a Bank. Did sing a mournful and pathetic strain,
Of my own Sycamore, that from its heart Like the heaved bosom of the sea-green wave;
Gladsome withall a strain that lowly breathed Where the pure waters of a crescent Bay
“ Welcome, 0 Wanderer ! welcome to thy Kiss'd with a murmuring joy the fragrant
Home!” heath, Impurpled with its bloom. On either side, A shadow move across it—then I heard
A light was in my Cottage-I beheld
A soft step gently stealing thro' the gloom ! Rose up to Heaven; yet bowed their lofty heads Long was the silence that enchained our souls!
For by his own sweet Fire, a Husband sat In homage to that Mountain* where the Bird Of Jove abides. Right in the front he spread Who on his sinless Mother's happy breast
Once more! sat gazing on his first-born Child, His Cliffs, his Caverns, and his streamy Glens,
An emblem seemed of Innocence in Heaven! Flinging an air of wild sublimity O'er Beauty's quiet home! Yet, not exiled Was that fair spirit from the home she lov’d.
WRITTEN AT MIDNIGHT, DURING A Her sweet smile trembled on theo'ershadow'd
STORM ON THE UPPER LAKE
KILLARNEY. Even at the mountain's foot ; like dew it lay On the relenting sternness of the Rocks; A MAD disturbance reigns among the moun. The black and sullen entrances of Caves
tains ! Dropp'd wild-flowers at her bidding ; e'er it Silence would seem to be destroyed forever ; reached
To foamy floods are turned the playful founHer ear, the tumult of the Cataract Was pleasant music; but her perfect bliss And, rushing headlong, rocks in thunder Came from the clear blue sky, and from the
sever ! clouds
My spirit wanders in delirious fever : That slept eternal in their depth of rest. Sound, sight, and touch, are in confusion
hurled ; I closed mine eye, that undisturbed by sense The wildered soul is lost in vain endeavour Of outward objects, I might gaze and gaze To grasp the image of the vanished world! On that transcendant landscape, as it lay It is a dreadful storm ! my heart is bowed Dreamily imaged in my happy soul.
By the strange tumult that torments the sky, But all seemed wavering as the restless Sea, While thoughts of doubtful Past, from roll. Or the white morning-mist. Soon darkness
ing cloud, veiled
Mingle with gleams ne'er caught from Me. The far-withdrawing Vision, and a blank
mory. Like blindness or decay of memory
Methinks at this hour I could wish to die, Brooded where all those glorious things had Convuls'd by Nature's painful Majesty !
Up started Fancy from her dreamless steep ! WRITTEN DURING A GLOOM ON THE For lo ! the loveliest of all earthly Lakes
UPPER LAKE OF KILLARNEY. (And let me breathe thy name so beautiful, When last thy horrors blacken'don my sight, Winander !) lay before me, in the light Of the sweet Harvest-moon. She, gracious Thou fiendish Spirit of this wild abode ! Queen,
In ghastly grandeur and tempestuous night,
Thou sat'st enthroned like Desolation's God. Hung motionless above the liquid vale, To her as dear as her own native Heaven !
The vanquished stars withdrew their tremThe cliffs that tower round that romantic shore
bling light, Seem'd jealous of her love, and gave their And storm-born spectres sailed along the breasts
gloom, To meet her tender smiles: each shaded Bay, While Thou! exulting in thy midnight Bright with the image of its guardian Star,
might, To catch one glimpse seem'd opening its fair Wert heard in thunder over Nature's Tomb.
But hushed are now thy melancholy waves, Delighting in her mild and placid eye
No rock comes crashing down thy mountainThe whispering Islands softly hymn'd her
A fearful silence broods above thy waves, praise :
And chains like frost each far-seen Cataract !
For one short hour thou liest on yonder steep, Eagle-mountain.
A Giant frowning through perturbed sleep.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
AT Down, in Perthshire, it was lately ob- public. This decomposition of the salt by served, that common Flour Paste has the the metals, at an elevated temperature, is , effect of rendering cast iron quite soft, and analogous to the decomposition of potash in similar to plumbago. Dr Thomson sup- ignited gun-barrels, by Gay-Lussac and poses, that the acid developed by the sour- Thenard. ness of the paste produces this remarkable Safety Lamp.-Sir Humphry Davy has effect; and he informs us, that muriate of made a further discovery in regard to commagnesia produces a similar effect.
bustion, which will prove a very great imIn the numerous experiments which have provement to his safety lamp. He thus lately been made on the strength of iron describes it in a letter to the Rev. J. Hodgcables, it has been observed, that a very son of Heworth :- ;" I have succeeded in great degree of heat was generated at the producing a light perfectly safe and econotime of fracture. It is said, however, that mical, which is most brilliant in atmospheres this effect is not constantly produced. The in which the flame of the safety-lamp is generation of the heat appears to arise extinguished, and which burns in every from the lateral contraction of the iron, in mixture of carburetted hydrogen gas that is consequence of the longitudinal force. The respirable. It consists of a slender metallic fibres or particles of the iron must necessarily tissue of platinum, which is hung in the approach each other in a lateral direction, top of the interior of the common lamp of and therefore the same effect is produced as wire gauze, or in that of the twilled lamp. in the sudden condensation of iron, or the It costs from 6d. to ls. and is imperish. condensation produced by the blows of a able. This tissue, when the common lamp hammer.
is introduced into an explosive atmo, here, M. Guichardier, hat-maker in Paris, has becomes red hot, and continues to burn the substituted with success the hair of the sea gas in contact with it as long as the air is otter and the common otter, in place of the respirable; when the atmosphere again behair of the castor, which has long been be- comes explosive, the flame is relighted. I coming scarce.
can now burn any inflammable vapour, We understand that M. Simonde di either with or without flame, at pleasure, Sismondi, the celebrated author of the His. and make the wire consume it either with tory of the Italian Republics, has written red or white heat. I was led to this result the article Political Economy, and other by discovering slow combustions without articles, for the Edinburgh Encyclopædia, flame, and at last I found a metal which conducted by Dr Brewster.
made these harmless combustions visible.” M. de Sismondi is at present occupied Dr Remnant of Plymouth has published in correcting the press of the five last vo. a remedy for the bite of a mad dog, which, lumes of his great work on the History of he says, has been proved by the first medithe Italian Republics.
cal men of the age, and has stood the test Chlorine.—Dr Ure of Glasgow has lately for the last thirty years, though perhaps but finished a very elaborate series of experi- partially known in England, if at all. It ments on the controversial subject of chlo. was discovered in Germany; and in Dr R.'s rine. Their principal object was to ascer.
travels through, and stay in that country, tain whether water, or its elements, existed (which was some years) he was frequently a in and could be extracted from muriate of witness of its success on dogs, and other ani. ammonia. He has perfectly succeeded in mals that had been bitten by mad dogs. obtaining water from the dry and recently He never saw it tried upon the human spesublimed salt, by methods quite unexcep- cies, but was credibly informed by profestionable. The vapour of such muriate of sional gentlemen of the highest respectabiammonia being transmitted through laminæ lity, who had tried it upon man with the of pure silver, copper, and iron, ignited in same success, that it never failed as a preglass tubes, water and hydrogen were copi. ventive. It has always been administered ously evolved, while the pure metals were as soon as possible after the animal had converted into metallic muriates. This fact been bitten. The recipe is as follows:is decisive, in the Doctor's opinion, of the “ When a dog or other animal is bitten by great chemical controversy relative to chlo. a mad dog, let the following be given him rine and muriatic acid, and seems clearly to as soon as possible-brass filings, one dram, establish the former theory of Berthollet with white bean meal (calavanceries), in and Lavoisier, in opposition to that more milk or milk broth, well stirred together lately advanced by Sir H. Davy with such The beans are to be burnt brown like coffee, apparent cogency of argument as to have led and ground in a coffee-mill, or if finely almost all the chemists of Europe to embrace bruised will do." The same quantity is his opinion. The details of the experiments sufficient for the human subject, and no rehave been communicated some time since petition is necessary, as one dose has by exto a distinguished member of the Royal perience been always proved an effectual Society, and will be speedily laid before the preventive. VOL. II.
A life-boat, upon an entire new principle, M. Theodore de Saussure has published has been completed by Messrs Dodds and the result of a number of experiments to Shotton, boat-builders, Sunderland, under determine'the relative proportion of carbonic the direction of John Davidson, Esq. of acid in the atmosphere during summer Bishopwearmouth. She draws only 10 or and winter. His method was to fill a large 11 inches of water when her crew is on board, glass globe with the air to be examined, and not more than 2 feet 10 inches when filled
to put into it a quantity of barytes water. with water, and is capable of carrying with The carbonic acid in the air was determined safety 50 persons.
An experiment was by the quantity of carbonate of barytes tried a few days ago to prove her buoyant formed. - In winter 10,000 parts of air in properties. In the presence of numerous volume gave a mean of 4.79 parts of carspectators she was immersed in the sea from bonic acid gas in 10,000 measures of air. off the pier, and, unassisted, ridded herself In summer 10,000 measures of air gave a of the cargo of water in less than 40 seconds, mean of 7.13 parts of carbonic acid by means of apertures through the bottom. 10,000 measures of air. No cork is used in her construction.
M. Dorion has pointed out a very simple Count Sickingen determines that the mode of clarifying the syrup of the sugarstrength of Swedish and British iron is to cane : he merely throws into the boiling each other as follows:-British iron, 348-88; juice a certain quantity of the bark of the Swedish iron, 549.25.
pyramidal ash in powder.
LONDON. We have just seen the Fifth Edition of
In the press, Travels through Denmark, Dr Thomson's System of Chemistry. It is Sweden, and Lapland ; with a Description in four large volumes octavo, and is there. of the City of St Petersburgh, during the fore more condensed than the former edi. Tyranny of the Emperor Paul; by E. D. tion. The whole of this admirable work Clarke, LL.D. ; being the third and lass is in a manner re-written, and the arrange- part of the author's Travels in Europe, Asia, ment is in many respects greatly improved. and Africa ; handsomely printed in 4to, This distinguished chemist very properly with numerous engravings of views, maps, regrets the new nomenclatural innovations &c. of Berzelius, Gay-Lussac, and Davy; and Speedily will be published, a General where new discoveries have called for new View of the Domestic and Foreign Possesterms, these he has formed according to the sions of the Crown; the Laws, Commerce, laws laid down by Lavoisier and his associ. Revenues, Offices, and other Establishments, ates. Every new chemical fact is accu- Military as well as Civil ; by John Adol. rately detailed, and all the general chemical phus, F.S.A. (author of “ the History of views worthy of notice are explained with England, from the Accession of King George wonderful clearness and conciseness. In. III. to the Conclusion of Peace in the Year deed we have no hesitation in affirming, 1783,”) 4 vols 8vo. that this edition of Dr Thomson's celebrated In the press, Narrative of a Residence in work is the best arranged, and the most Japan, in the years 1811, 1812, and 1813, complete and philosophical Chemical Sys- with Observations on the Country and People tem ever published in Great Britain ; and of Japan, by Captain H. Golownin of the that, in the acuteness of its general views, Russian Navy. its originality and extent of information, Dr Turton is printing, in a portable form, and accuracy of detail, it far exceeds the
a Conchological Dictionary of the British most celebrated Chemical Systems of France, Islands. Germany, and Sweden. The French ele. Mr C. Feist will soon publish the Wreath mentary and systematic works have always of Solitude and other Poems, in one vol. been considered as the best in Europe.
A Reply will speedily be published to the The lovers of poetry will rejoice to hear, Rev. Mr Matthias's Inquiry into the Docthat Lord Byron's fertile muse has produced trines of the Reformation, or a convincing a fourth canto of Childe Harold. It has and conclusive Confutation of Calvinism. just been received in London, and is ex- A Narrative is printing of Discoveries in pected to appear next month.
Africa, by Mr Burkhardt. He has for some The Characteristic Sketch, by Professor years been travelling in the countries south Engel, entitled, “ Laurence Stark, or the of Egypt, in the disguise of an Arab, and Hamburgh Merchant,” and declared by by the name of Shukh Ibrahim, under the some of the German critics to be the most auspices of the African Association. He is perfect novel in their language, is, we still, it is said, prosecuting his discoveries, learn, about to appear in an English trans- and entertains sanguine hopes of being able lation, with an Outline of the Life of its to reach Tombuctoo, from the east, and proAuthor.
ceed from that city to the western coast.
This would perfect the geography of northern the earth’s axis and poles is complete in Africa.
1073 years, and that of the southern in 864 A Treatise on Pulmonary Consumption years. The northern affirmative magnetic is printing by George Henning, M.D. of pole has this year (1817), at the time of the Bridgewater.
vernal equinox, lat. 71° 24' N., lon. 83° The City of Refuge, a Poem, in four W.; the negative pole, lat. 82° 12' N.; Books, by Mr Thomas Quin, is in the press. lon. 114° 19' E. The southern affirmative
Mr Beauford, M.A. of Dublin, is prepar- magnetic pole has lat. 65° 56' S., lon. 156° ing for the press, a New Theory of Magnet- 58' E. ; the negative, lat. 76° 46' S., lon. ism, especially the Phenomena which relate 264° 26' E. from Greenwich. And the
to the variation of the Magnetic Needle, de- places of the mean operative pole derived • duced from observation, and demonstrated from the effect of the four other poles, and
en true philosophical and mathematical to which the needle tends--northern lat. 73° principles. In the investigation, magnet- 36' N., lon. 84° 54 W.; southern lat. 68° ism in general is ascribed to the effect of 45' S., lon. 145° 30' E. From the effects caloric on the globe of the earth. In mag. and places of these mean operative poles Detism, at least as far as it affects the needle proceed the various phenomena of the mag(the author says), there are four magnetic netic needle ; as the variation, dip, position, poles near the terrestrial poles ; which mag. nutation, rotation, and secular variation. netic poles, in each class, have a rotation Speedily will be published, the History of from east to west, proceeding from the effect Elsmere and Rosa, an Episode ; the merry of the perturbating powers of the sun and matter by John Mathers; the grave by a moon, in the difference between the centri. solid Gentleman ; in 2 vols 12mo. petral and centrifugal forces. The revolu- In the press, the Quakers, a Tale; by tion of the northern magnetic poles round Eliza Lester, 12mo.
EDINBURGH. In the press, Observations on the Nature Anatomy of the Skeleton ; by John Gordon, and Treatment of Insanity; with an Account M.D. F.R.S.E. Lecturer on Anatomy and of the Numbers and Condition of Insane Surgery, and the Institutes of Medicine. Persons in Great Britain and Ireland, and One vol. 8vo. Remarks on the Law relative to the unhap- Outlines of a Course of Lectures on the py Objects of that Disease ; by Andrew Physiology of the Skeleton ; by John Gore Halliday, M.D. Edinburgh.
don, M.D. F.R.S.E. Lecturer on Anatomy The Form of Process before the Court of and Surgery, and the Institutes of MediSession, New Jury Court, and Commission cine. One vol. 8vo. of Teinds ; by James Ivory, Esq. Advo- The Sin and Danger of being Lovers of cate. Vol. II.
Pleasure more than Lovers of God, conThe Form of Process in the Jury Court; sidered and illustrated in two Discourses ; by John Russell, Esq. Writer to the Signet, by the Rev. Andrew Thomson, A.M. Minone of the Clerks of the Court, 8vo. ister of St George's Church, Edinburgh.
Engravings (chiefly from original Draw. One vol. 18mo. ings by Lizars and Miller) illustrating the
MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Memoirs of the last Months of the Life
Part IV. T. Keys' Catalogue of New and ARCHITECTURE.
Second Hand Books, on sale, at 53, Cole. An Attempt to Discriminate the Styles of man Street, London ; consisting of French, English Architecture, from the Conquest to Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Rusthe Reformation, preceded by a Sketch of sian, Dutch, &c. Greek and Latin Classics, the Grecian and Roman Orders, with Noti- with French and English Translations ; ces of nearly five hundred English build- also Dictionaries, Grammars, and Elemenings; by Thomas Rickman, 8vo. 10s. 6d. tary Books, in all Languages.
BIOGRAPHY. Memoirs of the Right Honourable Richard System of Chemistry ; by Thomas Thom. Brinsley Sheridan ; by J. Watkins, LL. D. son, M.D. F.R.S. &c. a new edition, en. Part II. 4to. £1, 11s. 6d.
tirely recomposed, 4 vols 8vo. £3.