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ances. A proper regard to this point will absences dropped almost immediately from
save many unnecessary steps and much sixteen to two.
loss of time upon the part of the workmen. For men working under extreme tem-
This, in turn, can be directly translated into peratures, as in steel mills, shower baths
a saving of dollars and cents.

and lockers for a change of clothing have re-
Manufacturers are now going to great duced colds, pneumonia, and consumption.
lengths to provide proper equipment for From tests made in one of the big steel
their men. Modern toilet conveniences and plants it was found that after the installa-
washrooms are now very generally found in tion of individual lavatories, the number of
factories. In many plants gymnasiums and skin diseases dropped off sharply.
shower-baths are also provided. In many

In these times of tremendous industrial cases such facilities evoke the heartiest re- strain and activity, manufacturers must

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A MODERN FACTORY LOCKER AND WASH-ROOM sponse from the men. They will frequently take every precaution to guard their workcome to work ahead of time and linger after ers against infection and disease which will working hours, making a sort of social club reduce their efficiency and productivity or out of the “gym

or shower-room. The lay them off entirely. Every man and every sense of personal cleanliness arouses the woman must produce up to his or her full workman to a better attitude cowards his capacity in order that we may meet the job and a sense of pride in his company. great crisis of the war successfully. Every He becomes a better man, a better worker, day or hour lost by a worker means a lessand a greater asset to his employer. ening of production. Labor must be kept in

In addition to the ordinary facilities, prime condition, like the trained athlete, in many manufacturers provide other equip- order that our common task may be fully mont to insure absolute cleanliness.

and effectively accomplished. A large manufacturer of food specialties

It is the patriotic duty of every employer requires each employee to he manicured to keep his men and women fit for the job. before starting the day's work. In this In so doing he helps them to a fuller earnplant the clothing must also be changed, ing capacity and a deeper measure of selfand white uniforms are provided for the respect and loyalty to the business ; he working hours. Rest-rooms are available helps himself by reducing the “ labor turnfor the women workers, and a doctor and over” and increasing his production; and he trained nurse are also in regular attendance. helps the Nation by stabilizing labor and by

One manager in an enamel-producing making it one hundred per cent efficient, factory found it necessary to compel his men to clean their finger nails before lunch

JOB IN DRAMA FORM ing. He had had considerable trouble with lead-poisoning—white lead being a constitu- I was much interested in reading in The ent of the enamel. Providing adequate wash- Outlook of March 27 the article on “ The ing facilities with running hot and cold water, Book of Job.” I should like, however, to and requiring the men to wash thoroughly correct the statement that this wonderful before eating, reduced the number of cases poem has not been brought to light in of lead-poisoning very materially.

dramatic form until its presentation by Mr. In the Pullman Company's shops the Stuart Walker. The class of 1890 at Smith bell is rung ten minutes before the noon College for their senior dramatics gave a hour, and all employees are compelled musical presentation of the Book of Job, to go to the central washrooms, where they with music composed especially for it. Are furnished with individual nail-brushes, They used the text as given in the Bible, soap, and towels. Since the introduction of with, of course, some omissions. The fourth this “ wash-up,” system cases of lead- friend, Elihu, was also omitted, for reasons poisoning have been entirely eliminated. which I do not now remember. The char

A manufacturing concern which has acters of Job and his three friends were made a careful study of things that affect taken by groups of girls. the efficiency of workmen first installed a Many professors from theological schools filter plant. This cut down the number of and colleges were present at the performabsences traceable to impure drinking water ance, and at that time this rendering of the from an average of more than fifty a day to beautiful dramatic poem aroused much sixteen. Yet this number still seemed ex- interest and received favorable comment. cessive. They next installed a sterilizing

ELIZABETH S. GUTHRIE. plant in addition, and the number of

Buffalo, New York.

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zation we called Te, meaning buffalo, and Ithaethe, meaning to show compassion. The Red Cross is a society to show compassion, and so was the Buffalo Society." It was explained that the buffalo eure their wounded by licking the hurt place and keeping it clean.

"Surgical dressings that we made in tribal practice,” said an Indian woman,

were very different from those that we are making for the Red Cross. Between our teeth we ground the roots of the wild hop, then we took clear water into our mouths, and blew the medicated liquid into the wound.”

With our modern ideas about germs and the need of sterilizing all dressings, this sort of primitive practice might seem highly deleterious, and yet there is abundant

proof of remarkable cures. For the InINDIAN WOMEN, MEMBERS OF THE ONLY INDIAN RED CROSS CHAPTER IN AMERICA

dians, especially those men and women These women are watching the auction sale in Thurston County, Nebraska, for the benefit of the Red

members of the Buffalo Compassion SociCross. Although an icy wind is blowing, they and their children are indifferent to it, some of them

ety, understood the curative values of herbs sitting contentedly on the ground, not afraid of taking cold

and plants, and also understood means of

reducing fractures. PATRIOTIC INDIANS

Captain Luther North is authority for

the astonishing facts regarding a Pawnee BY KEENE ABBOTT

Indian scout whose hand and forearm

were shattered by the accidental discharge In the Red Cross organization of the up-stream people, the Omahas ; and that of a carbine. A surgeon advised amputaOmaha tribe (which is said to be the only they are intensely patriotic is attested by tion, but the Indian would not consent. Indian chapter of that Society) there are the manner in which they open their purses The wound grew extremely ugly; during a 314 members. Nearly $2,000 augmented in the present crisis.

long journey with the troops the hurt even their treasury by the benefit auction sale While our country was still supposed to filled with maggots. Finally the Indian was held April 5, on the reservation in Thurs- be neutral the Indians of eastern Nebraska sent back to the reservation—to die, as ton County, Nebraska.

were not among those who would look with Captain North supposed. But six months When we had journeyed to the agency tolerance upon the enormities perpetrated later the wounded Indian had recovered, at Macey, the photographer and myself did by Germany. And once the United States after receiving treatment from the medical not suppose that the sale could prove very had committed itself to the support of the

experts of the tribe. satisfactory; for an icy wind, strong and Allied nations in putting down Prussian An aged member of this Buffalo Society, cutting, ran over the hills, shaking the autocracy, eighty-two of those bronze- the Indian Red Cross, said that the white broken cornstalks of many an austere field skinned native Americans were prompt to and dismally swishing through the winter- enlist in the Army and Navy. bleached prairie grasses. On a day so bleak During the past year the Red Cross why should people want to stand about in chapter on the Omaha reservation has been the cold? And how could their hearts be actively engaged in knitting, in making warmed to generosity?

surgical dressings for soldiers, and in raisWe wandered to the region of barns and ing funds for relief work. sheds back of the agency, where the auc- Knowing the spirit of the Indians, and tion stand had been set up. There were how they feel regarding the European war, articles enough to be offered for sale, a one need not be surprised at their patriotic great array of them—chickens on the fervor. As long ago as 1915 they were ground with legs tied together, crates of bestirring themselves in the interests of ducks and

geese

and rabbits, bales of hay humanity. piled high in a rectangular mound, a load There was the case, for instance, of Maof straw, beaded moccasins, a ceremonial ha-wa, whose name signifies The Contobacco pouch, a calf, a pig, a goat, a pony, queror. He had been informed of nations a load of sweet corn, and many jars of pre- fighting beyond the east wind, across the served fruits and vegetables.

great waters. He had heard also of a peaceEarly in the afternoon we heard whir- ful people brought low by mighty guns ring sounds, a great variety of them, min- whose fire-speech is as a power to shake the gled with the raspy rush of cold wind. bones of the world. He learned of them, What could be occasioning all this mechan- and how the fields of the peaceful people ical buzz? Motor cars ?

were laid waste, and their lands taken and Yes ; that was it. Indians were coming their homes demolished. from all parts of the reservation. And they Now, who better than an old Indian were coming, not in the old tribal way with might know the meaning of all that? Ma

INDIAN WOMEN INSPECTING GOODS TO BE

OFFERED FOR SALE AT THE RED CROSS AUCTION pony and dog travois, but in the new way, ha-wa knew. He knew and pitied, and after the manner of prosperous farm folk, wanted very much to show that his heart people do not beat a drum or chant songs which they really are. Before the auction had gone out to those people in their suf- over a wounded soldier ; but in tribal days sale began (and it was begun with a prayer fering. But what might he do for them- each herb used for the injured person had to invoke the blessing of God upon the he, an old man, so far away?

its particular song: project) there were not less than four hun- Money, of course, might help. He sent “You might think,” said a young Indian, dred Indians gathered about the stand. money—$20-raised by means of selling a “ that such noise and singing might do

Furthermore, they proved reckless bid- load of corn; and from the Belgian Minis- harm ; but no, it was soothing, the same as ders. Objects offered for sale brought out- ter at Washington he received a letter, the Latin prayers of a priest may be soothrageous sunís. There was a commonplace thanking him in words graciously expressed, ing to a good Catholic, for he believes in goat, for instance, that brought something not alone for his gift of money, but more prayer. It was so with the Indian sufferer, over $300.

particularly for the kindness of an under- when he heard the songs and the beating The sale was conducted in the manner standing heart.

of the drum. The songs were addressed to known as Dutch auction—whatever you bid Regarding the work of the Red Cross, an Wakonda, the Great Mystery, who was imyou had to pay, even though the money aged Indian woman said :

plored to send comfort to the injured man. you advanced bought you nothing more “ It is nothing new to us. The method is

Mystical influence was thus made to play than a pleasant smile.

different, but the spirit is the same, as we an important part in the cures effected by On the reservation there are 1,300 of the always had it in the tribe. Only our organi- members of the Buffalo Society."

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May has come to be regarded as the special month for the purchasing of Lingerie, and we have provided an unusually full supply not only of French and Philippine goods, but also of the best American makes. We are placing on sale at this time a few cases of French Lingerie of the more simple and staple designs ordered at the prices prevailing more than two years ago. This enables us to offer these garments at much below present day values. They are all new and fresh goods in the latest styles. Hand-made Gowns, simple scallops and dainty fine handembroidery on Nainsook, $1.95, 2.50, 2.95, 3.75 to 37.50. Envelope Chemises, hand-embroidered, $1.75, 2.25, 3.75 to 7.75. Regular Chemises, hand-embroidered, $1.50, 1.75, 2.25, 3.75, and up. French Drawers, hand-embroidered, $1.10, 1.25, 1.75, 2.25 to 6.75. American-made Gowns, Tailored and Embroiderytrimmed, $1.00, 1.50, 1.95, 2.25. Cotton Crepe, $1.45. Envelope Chemises, Lace and Embroidery-trimmed, $1.50, 1.75, 2.25. Corset Covers, 550, 85, $1.00. Muslin Skirts, $1.50, 3.25, 3.75, and 4.95.

Corsets and Brassieres
New Summer models of Corsets and Bras-
sieres designed in light weight fabrics of Mesh,
Nets, and Batistes at very special prices.
Corsets, $2.75 to 16.50. Brassieres, 750 to $7.50.

Orders by mail given special attention.
James McCutcheon & Co.

Fifth Avenue, 34th and 33d St., N. Y.

THE NEW BOOKS This department will include descriptive notes, with or without brief comments, about books received by The Outlook. Many of the important books will have more extended and critical treatment later

FICTION Best in Life (The). By Muriel Hine (Mrs. Sid

ney Coxon). The John Lane Company, New
York. $1.50.
An English society novel.
Best Short Stories of 1917 (The), and the

Yearbook of the American Short
Story. Edited by Edward J. O'Brien. Small,

Maynard & Co., Boston. $1.50).
Devil to Pay (The). By Frances Nimmo Greene.

Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 81.35. A story of crime, sometimes a little overwrought in its writing, but never relar. ing in its grip on the reader's attention. The terror of a murderer haunted and pursued, as it seems, by the spirit of the accomplice whom he has allowed to be hanged, is vividly rendered. The one fault of the plot is that most readers will guess the heart of the mystery too soon. My Two Kings. By Mrs. Evan Nepean. E. P.

Dutton & Co., New York. $1.50. A novel of the Stuart restoration. Stealthy Terror By John Ferguson. The John

Lane Company. New York. $1.10. A somewhat over-sensational and overcomplicated story of German plot and intrigue It turns about a document which, on its face, is a child's pictorial tribute to his father's birthday, but which really outlines a German plot for the conquest of England

BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS Aztec-Hunters (The). By Francis Rolt-Wheeler.

Illustrated. The Lothrop, Lee & Shepard

Company, Boston. $1.35. Daddy's Bed-Time Stories. By Mary Graham

Bonner. 2 vols. The Frederick A. Stokes Company, New York. 60e. each. These two little volumes, one of “ Outdoor Stories,” the other of “ Bird Stories,” have been reviewed for us by two children, a boy and a girl of ten and eight years of age, respectively, to whom the stories were read aloud at bed-time. These two children confirm our own judgment that they have a rather unusual charm. They are not scientitic, nor entomological, nor ornithological, nor sociological. They simply appeal to the imagination and to the instinctive love of small children for out-of-doors life. The little volumes are excellently illustrated with sketches and colored plates. We can heartily commend them for small people. Kathleen's Probation. By Joslyn Gray. Illus

trated. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. $1.25. A well-written story for girls. Tales from Birdland. By T. Gilbert Pearson.

Illustrated. Doubleday, Page & Co., Garden
City.

BIOGRAPHY
Tolstoy. By George Rapall Noyes. (Master Spirits

of Literature.) Duffield & Co., New York.

$1.50. This is not so much a biography as it is a connected view of Tolstoy's many-sided literary work. Lovers of literature may know equally well Pushkin and Turgenev, who came before Tolstoy, or Dostoyevsky, who came after. But Tolstoy is the only great Russian novelist who ever reached the whole international reading public. Of all the well-known Russians, no one was more intensely Russian than was Tolstoy. The realism, the neglect of conventions, the social and religious revolutionary philosophy, and, above all, the altruism and fraternalism shown in his writings, were characteristic of his life. No matter how adversely one may judge that social and religious revolutionary philosophy, one feeling inust

« THE PRESIDENT TO THE PEOPLE'

A beautifully printed collection of the President's most striking utterances. An example of typographical elegance, size 9 x 1244, printed on heavy Alexandra Japan paper with deckle edges. It contains a strikingly life-like portrait of the Chief Executive, suitable for framing. It comprises the finest portions of Mr. Wilson's addresses. Among these extracts areTHE CHALLENGE

THE MENACE Address before Congress, April 2, 1917

Flag Day Address, June 14, 1917 THE CALL TO INDUSTRY

CIVILIZATION'S DEMANDS Proclamation of April 16, 1917

Reply to the Peace Note of the Pope, August 27, 1917 THE SELECTIVE PRINCIPLE

JUSTICE AND REPARATION Proclaination of May 18, 1917

Address before Congress, December 4, 1917 THE GOAL OF FREE PEOPLES

THE BASES OF PERMANENT PEACE Note to the Russian Government, May 26, 1917

Address before Congress, January 8, 1918

This beautiful brochure will be sent to any address in the United States, properly protected from damage in mailing, upon receipt of One Dollar

THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 Fourth Ave., New York

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IDEAL

Waterman's

Ideal
Fountain Pen

WATERMANS 1988 FOUNTAIN PEN

The New Books (Continued)
remain, and that is that here was a man
who really strove for righteousness.

POETRY
Fiery Cross (The). By John Oxenham. The

George H. Doran Company, New York. $1.
A volume of vivid and patriotic war
verse by a well-known English writer of
fiction.
Lover's Gift and Crossing. By Rabindranath

Tagore. The Macmillan Company, New York.
$1.25.
Two collections of Tagore's more recent
lyrical utterances. The form hovers be-
tween prose and verse, but the spirit is
invariably rich in poetry and dreamily
impressionistic in expression.

TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION
Sunset Canada : British Columbia and

Have you sent him
Beyond. By Archie Bell. Illustrated. (“. See
America First ” Series.) The Page Company,
Boston. $3.50.
The wonderland of Canada is interest-
ingly described in this attractive book, with
its maps, colored pictures, and photographs.
Any one who has seen the Canadian
Rockies will like to own the volume, and
it will whet the appetite of others to visit
the people, cities, and mountains described.

WAR BOOKS
Martial Adventures of Henry and Me

The

pen that is keeping the home ties alive (The). By William Allen White. Illustrated. The Macmillan Company, New York. $1.50.

everywhere in the world today. It is a true mark of sound good nature to be able to poke fun at one's self. Mr.

With this faithful ever-ready-to-write pen in his pocket White and Mr. Henry Allen, both of Kan

or kit he will be able to tell you in his own language the sas, are about as well known in journalism

things you are most interested to learn-what he is and politics as any two “middle-aged old

doing and what he is seeing. His Waterman's Ideal coots” (to use Mr. White's phrase) could

will be ready when he is, no matter when or where. be. That two peaceful gentlemen of small Mid-Western cities should be posting off as

Waterman's Ideals made in Self-Filling, Regular and Safety types. Red Cross Commissioners, with storebought uniforms in their trunks, to the

Price $2.50, $4.00, $5.00 and up horrors of war struck them as essentially

according to size. The perfect writing quality is the same ludicrous. But, all the more, the tragic and

throughout. Buy the genuine. Folder on request. horrible are brought very close to everyday, placid American life. Underneath the

At Best Dealers Everywhere humorous manner of telling there is much here that is in essence typical, and even in

L. E.Waterman Co., 191 Broadway, N.Y. a way symbolical. The reader is amused, but he is also made to think.

Chicago

London Paris 300 PER CENT GASSED The American who has no mask for the three poisonous gases that are flowing all through the Nation will be gassed three times over. Dr. William T. Ellis writes in a father-to-son letter about “ What I consider the three greatest menaces of the present hour:” internationalism, the safety-first doctrine, and the dangers to a soldier's morals. This letter appeared in The Outlook for April 24.

DON'T BE GASSED. The letter below is typical of the many requests from

our readers that have prompted us to reprint in pamphlet form Dr. Ellis's letter My Dear Dr. Ellis :

simply talked to death—“gassed out of life”-and by such a poor quality of A man has to suffer at times because of his friends; and so because I think

gas at that! of you as one of mine, I'm going to inflict this letter upon you—for I want As to that third point of your article : the danger you refer to here has to tell you how much I have enjoyed your article signed “Daddy” in seemed to me all along as infinitely worse than the Kaiser's guns—for these The Outlook of April 24. ... I want to thank you for it-especially for cannot wipe the “clean heart” or the "new spirit" out of our boys, while the third point you discuss. ...1 think it is calculated to do a world of that other devilish thing can. Since reading your article—this close heart-togood.

heart talk of a father with his son, I have wished it could be put in the shape As to the first point-the “ ineffective internationalism”-I had been think- of a small pamphlet, on thin paper, so that it could be enclosed in a letter. I ing of that only this morning just before reading your article. I have met some have felt the need of something of the kind in my work here in this Navy of our American Bolsheviki, and the disease they suffer from, as I see it, is a Club. I have met a good many of Uncle Sam's Navy boys-and a mighty half-baked, hazy, indefinite idealism, which finds expression in words. Nearly fine lot of men they are. You know all of the Navy Boys are enlisted menall of them have a marvelous gift for vocal expression—"the gift of gab"- volunteers. I rate them at 80 to 90 per cent all right when they come from and if simply allowed to talk without limit, they will ask no greater favor. their homes. ... Your article, if put into pamphlet form, at moderate cost, The Russian Revolution, from which we all hoped so much at one time, was will help, I am sure.

In response to these appeals, we have had Mr. Ellis's article reprinted, and are ready to supply it as follows : “« GASSING' THE WORLD'S MIND” Per copy (postage paid)...

$0.05

3.00 WHAT A FATHER TOLD HIS SON

Per 1,000 copies (

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20.00 By William T. Ellis

Per 5,000 copies (

).

75.00 Those who wish this pamphlet mailed in quantity to separate addresses will please communicate with us and we will gladly give further particulars

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