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AGAINST THE WALL

than any existing motor; Lut in the meantime our soldiers at

the front are dependent upon the airplanes of the French, and BY THERESA VIRGINIA BEARD

our soldiers even at home have not had the planes which they * With our backs to the wall "-Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, April 1.3, 1918 need for training. It is right to aim at improvement, and even God spare thee not, America,

perfection, but we ought not to let action wait upon discovery

of the best when need calls for the use of every resource availThis penitential day!

able.
Against the wall, in Flanders,

Our Government has acted as if there had been a chance that
The nations stand at bay ;
And thou, the strong, the mighty,

peace might be secured by negotiation before ever we got into

the fight. We have thought that words, that persuasion, that A laggard at the fray !

argument, would weigh with a people who celebrated the LusiGod drive thee hard, America,

tania massacre, who glory in the bombing of women and chilSo hesitant, so slow;

dren, who have been taught that they could brandish the sword God smite thee in his anger,

and no one would dare resist. Our Government has so exalted And Aling thee at the foe;

the use of argument and negotiation that even when the The last black dregs of sacrifice

President, openly acknowledging that reliance on persuasion May it be thine to know !

has led only to “disillusionment,” declares that America must

“ force without stint or limit,” the most consistent supGod save thee, O America !

porters of the Government's policies cannot believe that the Presi. The glory and the fame,

dent means what he says. We quote from the “ New Republic:" Once thy fathers', be thy children's,

He [President Wilson) is appealing to force without stint or Not thine the deathless shame

limit because unless he can command it he may not be able to That freedom fell in Flanders

win the indispensable political victory. He says nothing about Calling upon thy name!

using it to deal Germany a “knock-out blow.” It is needed because German generals have been allowed to dictate terms of

peace with Russia and Rumania, and because they will not aban- ALAGGARD AT THE FRAY”

don their military conquests and advantages until they have

been defeated. But the unlimited force is asked expressly for ERMANY has all the summer before her. Spring has

the purpose of obtaining a revision of the proposed settlement in barely begun, and she has poured her armies into French

the east, and the German Government can always remove the

threat by agreeing to abandon the treaties. territory that has not seen a German since 1914. She first rolled back the French. She has now rolled back the British. And

Does this sound incredible ? Is it possible that there are we, a Nation of a hundred million free people, look on helplessly.

sane people in this country who can see what has happened It is true we have a few score thousands of soldiers at the front;

across the water and yet believe that our millions of soldiers, but, spirited and brave as they are, they cannot count greatly

the billions of dollars we are paying by taxes, the billions that when millions are engaged. We have been in this war for a year

we are raising by loans, and all the preparations we are making and longer, and the American forces at the front are to be ranked

through the Red Cross and through our Army Medical Corps in numbers with the Belgians and the Portuguese. We read

for the care of the wounded and disabled constitute only the each day in the newspapers of what these brave and fine young

gun behind the door? No wonder America is a laggard if there soldiers of America are doing. We are proud of them. We

are many who believe this. believe in them. We know we can count on them. But they are

And America is a laggard. The imputation that such a statefew, pitifully few. And we have not given them even the arms

ment as this originates in partisan opposition to the Administhat they need. They have no artillery except such as that of

tration and in a desire to supplant that Administration with which hard-pressed France deprives hard-pressed Italy to give another of a different party ought to be resented by all Amerithem. A while ago Mr. Baker, our Secretary of War, stood in

cans as an attempt to divert public attention from facts to a a front trench in France and called it the “ frontier of freedom.”

futile discussion of motives. The facts are plain. They have

been elicited by a Senatorial committee of which a majority Since then that frontier has been pushed back. Behind the armies that are defending that frontier are the liberties of the

were of the Administration party; and a majority member of world. Behind those armies is the freedom of America. Our

that committee declared in the Senate: “I deem it proper to say British friends and our French friends have been very generous

that, without regard to the action taken by the Democrats of in what they have said of America's preparations, and we

the committee, the action of the Republican members was parthank them for their generosity; but we owe heartiest thanks

ticularly patriotic and loyal. They waived any possible political to such a friend as Lloyd George, who did us a service in

benefit which their party might have derived from denouncing expressing disappointment at our slowness.

those in power, and willingly joined their Democratic associates No one except our enemies will profit if we fool ourselves.

in pointing out what they felt would remedy the evils in the

future." The Senator who said this was Mr. Hitchcock, of We Americans will never count in this war unless we face the facts. It will help us to face the facts to listen to such a voice

Nebraska, a Democrat, and we quote from his account of what as that of Theresa Virginia Beard, whose poem, “ Against the

the members of that committee found : Wall,” we print on this page. This country is, as Mrs. Beard

We found most of the machine-gun companies unable to drill says, a laggard at the fray. Our people have been led to two months after they were formed because they had no machine imagine that there was no need for hurry.

guns. Even in December we found 1,200 machine guns still kept Our Government has been deliberate when it ought to have

in storage for some foolish and inexplicable reasons while each

camp had only been supplied with about 80 machine guns. been in haste. It has gone about its preparations as if there We found men sent to France without opportunity for rifle or were plenty of time. Our Army has needed machine guns with machine-gun practice. ... which to meet the oncoming Germans, and our Government, We found that we must depend on overworked and overinstead of using machine guns already available, has waited to strained France for machine guns for ground use until nearly perfect a machine gun that may prove to be better than those the end of this year, and that not over one-tenth of the new in existence; but in the meantime the Germans have come on. Browning machine guns on which we are to rely can be delivered

before August. Our Army has needed airplanes, and our Government, instead of using airplane motors already in existence and tested in war,

We found that we are only now, nine months after entering has waited to perfect its Liberty motor, which may prove better

the war, just beginning work on two great powder plants, costing

$90,000,000, the powder from which will not be available until . At this time, when our allies are enduring the terrific blows of the German

next August. We found that we need a million pounds of offensive, this poem comes to us from Mr. Roosevelt with this note : “ I have just powder a day more than America is producing. We found that read · Against the Wall,' a stern and noble poem by Theresa Virginia Beard, the need of this powder was known last spring, and that now for which has recently been published in the Minneapolis Journal.' Mrs. Beard is the wife of a professor in the University of Minnesota. She is fit to be a fellow

the first time we are beginning to build the factories in which countrywoman of Julia Ward Howe." Some of the prosaic facts which this

the powder is to be made. illumines are mentioned in the editorial which follows the poem.—THE EDITORS. The present condition of our ship-building is nothing less than

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shocking. The present supply of shipping is worse than alarm- mention names in two of the financial items of the report of his ing. I am afraid to go too deeply into the figures, for one might Committee. The facts are that the Committee employed exbe charged with giving information of value to the enemy were Governor Sulzer as a speaker during the campaign, and paid him one to tell the truth about the present supply of shipping.

$5,000 for his services ; that they also paid Mr. Mischa AppelTo our Government belongs the responsibility for such a baum, the head of an organization known as the Humanitarian state of affairs. The Government cannot plead lack of power, Cult, $6,500 for the services of his organization in arranging for it has been made powerful by Congress beyond the dreams

meetings and speeches in behalf of the Fusion movement. In of any Government this country has ever known. It cannot plead the Committee's report these two sums of money were named, lack of funds. It has been endowed with billions by a Congress but they were grouped under the general head of “ expenses for that has levied unprecedented taxes, and by a people who have speakers, etc.," and ex-Governor Sulzer's name and that of the wholeheartedly supported such taxation by their cheerful ac

manager of the Humanitarian Cult were not made public. It quiescence, and have added their emphatic support by the loan- may be added that Mr. Childs did not sign the report and did ing of billions more to the Government. It cannot plead lack of not even see it, that duty belonging to the department of warning, for this country watched the progress of the war for two

the treasurer, but Mr. Childs had instructed that department years and three-quarters before it entered the war itself. And

that the report should be legal in every respect and that now, a year after entering the war, with all funds at its dis

counsel should be cor.sulted in the manner of its preparation, and posal that it has asked for, with ample power, and after full this was done. Further, there was no conceivable object which warning, the Government finds itself unable to place any con- could have been accomplished by Mr. Childs in concealing the siderable army beside the armies of our allies, and is even unable payments to Sulzer and Appelbaum, as it was several weeks after to persuade some of its own supporters that it really intends to

the election that the reports were filed and every one knew that “ force without stint or limit."

both Sulzer and Appelbaum had been working hard for the elecFor every achievement of this country since war was declared tion of Mr. Mitchel under the direction of the Fusion Committee. in April, 1917, the Government deserves credit. For the

It has always been the policy of The Outlook to urge its adoption of conscription, for the building of the cantonments, readers never to try a case or to determine a verdict in advance of for the creation of a really democratic army that is really disci- the orderly court proceedings which, under both law and equity, plined, for the creation of a morale that is beyond anything must be the final determination of an indictment like that now any American army ever before had and is probably unmatched found against Mr. Childs and his associates. But it is a prinin the army of any other country, for the rapid expansion of ciple of equity as well as of common law that an indictment is the Navy and its effective use in the submarine zone, and for merely a legal complaint, and that even an indicted man must other like achievements, it is to the Government that credit

be considered innocent until he is proved guilty. In this particubelongs. But where credit goes also should go blame for mis- lar case there are circumstances which we think every citizen takes, negligence, failure. And, after all, what counts now is who is sincerely interested in good and honest government ought not the incidental achievements, but only victory. Without to know, victory nothing else is of any use. And the failures, the negli- Mr. Childs is a prominent business man of New York City. gence, the mistakes, are to-day imperiling victory. We cannot engaged in large affairs and recognized everywhere as an help those that are past, but the people of America can insist exceedingly able executive. During the last four years he has that they shall not be repeated, and can also insist that the spent his time and money freely and unselfishly in the cause of men who have made the mistakes, who have been guilty of good government. In 1916 he organized the Roosevelt Nounegligence, who have been responsible for the failures, shall be Partisan League, in support of Mr. Roosevelt for the Presidenreplaced by competent men.

tial nomination. When Mr. Hughes was nominated, he, with This is what the American people owe to our allies of Britain equal vigor and in accordance with the best traditions of and France who are standing with their back to the wall. This

Americanism, supported Mr. Hughes for election. He beis what the American people owe to the weaker free peoples who lieved, as The Outlook believes, that Mayor John Purroy have been struggling for their rights during these years against Mitchel furnished New York City the best administration it the Hun. This is what the American people owe to their soldiers has ever had, and while Mr. Childs is a Republican of New who have already gone to the front, and to the men, the volun. England birth and tradition, he gave his aid to the Fusion teers and the selected alike, who are to-day in training. This is movement and endeavored to elect Mr. Mitchel as a civic duty. what the American people owe to those thousands who have He has not only never made a dollar out of his political work, sacrificed their money, their home ties, their future, and have

but he has spent many thousands for the benefit of his fellowoffered themselves for public service, and have labored and are citizens. He has never sought office or political emoluments of laboring at their patriotic tasks. This is what the American

any kind, and has declined many suggestions leading in this people owe to themselves as a free people who love their liberty direction. To single him out, as has been done, in a technical and who disdain to leave to others the task of defending it. indictment is believed by his friends to be a form of punish

ment visited upon him by certain sinister political influences in

New York City. POLITICAL 6SCHRECKLICHKEIT

Among these sinister influences are the newspapers owned The world is learning that Germany has deliberately pursued by William Randolph Hearst. They have devoted much attena policy of Schrecklichkeit--frightfulness—in order so to terrify tion to the indictment, and have endeavored to make it appear neutral nations that they will not oppose her. The policy has that it is a result of corruption on the part of the Fusion Comfailed in affecting belligerents already engaged in the war, but, mittee. Some one, certainly not disagreeably to Mr. Hearst, unfortunately, it has had marked effect on some of the smaller has sent portraits of Mr. Childs and the two associates who were neutrals.

indicted with him, broadcast throughout the State with flamSince the election of Mayor Hylan last November the oppo- boyant headlines describing, but very unfairly interpreting, the nents of the Fusion principle in municipal government have indictment. With these facts it should be observed that Mr. been pursuing a policy of political Schrecklichkeit in order to Hearst is believed by the best political judges to be laying his make private citizens afraid ever again to oppose the political plans for the Democratic nomination for Governor of the State machine. The District Attomey of New York County has been of New York next autumn. If by political Schrecklichkeit he carrying on a so-called investigation of finances of the Fusion can terrify those men who believe he is a menace not only to his Committee which directed the campaign in behalf of ex-Mayor State but to his country so that they will not oppose his nomiJohn Purroy Mitchel. As a result of that investigation a special nation or election, he will be pursuing a policy which he has grand jury has found an indictment against William Hamlin often pursued in the past. The Outlook believes that Mr. Chiles, who was Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Hearst is such a menace, that even his nomination as a candiFusion Committee, and was thus the recognized head of the date for Governor of the State of New York would be a very Fusion movement. Mr. Childs has not been accused of or profound danger. indicted for corruption or making money out of the campaign Mr. James M. Beck is recognized throughout the Englishfor himself or any of his associates. He is accused of failing to speaking world as in a very special sense a representative of

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the finest American patriotism in this war. In an address in farm, a farmer, three cows, four pigs, and a hundred chickens, Carnegie Hall on November 2, 1917, Mr. Beck said:

to say nothing at all of two children, a wife, and a cook whose We are to-night concerned with the efforts of pro-German name is Maria.' sympathizers to weaken the purpose and sap the morale of the “I don't see what the cook's name has to do with it,” interÅmerican people by a bastard pacifism.

posed the Happy Eremite, mildly. This serpent must not only be " scotched,” but stamped out

“It hasn't anything to do with it, but—" altogether, if America is to be worthy of its great destiny:

“ Besides,” he added, with a wistful look, “ she's gone." The source and inspiration of this spirit is not far to seek. We

“Serves you right!” cried the Lady. “But that isn't the need not concern ourselves with its minor rivulets and eddies. We must go to the fountain-head itself and dam up ‘its pernicious

whole of your deception. You gave me to understand that you influences.

were shy—and here you are speechifying in movie theaters and Its chief source is to be found in the journalistic enterprises of orating at banquets, organizing farmers, running committees. one man, and his name is William Randolph Hearst. His power Withdrawn from the affairs of men! Twice a week at least for evil is immeasurable. He is said to own seventeen newspapers

you're in the city for twelve hours or more gravely settling the and magazines, and, as he controls the policy of papers in Bos- affairs of the Nation with bankers and brokers and lawyers and ton, New York, Atlanta, Chicago, San Francisco, and Los editors and publishers. You an eremite? You're a fraud!” Angeles, the daily influence that he exerts is Nation-wide. No

The Happy Eremite received this lecture with befitting husingle influence is comparable with the Hearst influence in its

mility. “You do seem to have a case against me,” he said, potency for evil. His leading organ in this city claims a circulation of 450,000 copies, and, if so, it is altogether probable that it

slowly. “That is the trouble with the Jekyll-and Hyde business. is daily read by a million people in the section to which it is

Sooner or later one is always found out, and then the idealistic tributary. His adherents do not greatly exaggerate when they people are shocked because one is so much Hyde, and the plain, claim for Mr. Hearst a daily audience of five millions of people. practical people are peeved because one is so much Jekyll. I It is thus within Mr. Hearst's power to convey to these millions thought I could get away with it-I suppose every criminal does the subtle poison of insidiously disloyal utterances, and it may --and let my Jekyll friends think I was all Jekyll, and my Hyde be said without exaggeration that the greatest menace to the friends think I was all Hyde. I realized the necessity of getting part which America is destined to play in the struggle comes from the Hearst press.

away with it. No one really imagines that a man can sincerely

be both.” He paused. “You see, you don't.”. Mr. Hearst's papers have justified the sinking of the Lusi- “What I object to, cried the Literally-Minded Lady,“ is your tania, have justified the German submarine policy, and have calling yourself an eremite when you are just common or garden opposed lending money or sending munitions to the Allies. In

variety of “hustler,' always rushing from place to place, always view of these facts, we think Mr. Hearst's opposition to Mr. busy, always undertaking more than you can really do well. Childs as the representative of the Fusion movement for good You're not an eremite,” she added, indignantly; “ you're a pingovernment in this city last autumn is an honor to Mr. Childs,

wheel.” an honor which we are glad to share by saying that Mr. Childs The Lady's face was red. If the Happy Eremite had laughed, is a Director of The Outlook Company. In our association with

that might have eased the situation. But he did not laugh. He him we have always found him actively interested in every rea- folded his hands between his knees and looked thoughtfully sonable movement for good government, and constantly support- across his study to the spot where the leather-backed volumes ing The Outlook in taking its stand, without fear of personal of his Century Dictionary stood. He rose and drew forth Volume consequences or without seeking the favor of any political per. II_“D to Hoon.” sonages, in behalf of honesty, sincerity, truth, and human rights “ Here we are!” he exclaimed. “ Eremite-one who lives in in all forms of government, local, National, or international. a wilderness or in retirement.'

“ That is an accurate description of you, now isn't it ?" cried

the Lady, with fine sarcasm. “Modern plumbing, furnace, elecTHE HAPPY EREMITE DEFENDS HIM

tric light, automobile, and six committee meetings a week.” SELF AGAINST A CHARGE OF FRAUD “Wait,” said the Happy Eremite. “We're not done yet.

Specifically, in church history, in the earlier period, a ChrisThe Literally-Minded Lady came to the Happy Eremite with tian who, to escape persecution, fled to a solitary place, and the expression of one who is aggrieved.

there led a life of contemplation and asceticism.' He closed “You call yourself a Happy Eremite !" she declared, indig. the book slowly and shoved it back in its place. nantly.

- Well ?” remarked the Lady, patiently. There was a pause. He admitted it.

“ You may be a Christian, though I have my doubts," she went “I don't know whether you're happy or not. I hope you are. on, not without asperity. “But as for persecution, I don't But, as for being an eremite, I think you're a fraud. An ere- know what you are talking about.” mite is a hermit

He leaned forward, quite in earnest now, not joking at all. * More or less.”

“Don't you see ?” he said, softly. “I'm not really a fraud. It's “And a hermit is—"

just that, inside this body that you see and that shaves every “ A little gray thing that lives in a cave.”

morning, somewhat to your distress, are two persons—the one "Exactly?" The Literally-Minded Lady shot out the word loving action, the other loving dreams. The one loves to mix as though there were saltpeter behind it. "I had it all pictured among men, to be a part of great movements, to work, to fight, out," she went on, with something that was almost a wail. “I to accomplish tangible things. The other likes to sit in a corner didn't think you were a little gray thing and I didn't think you of the hills away somewhere, away from people, away from lived in a real cave. But I thought at least that you must live noise, forgetting the terrible present, losing himself in what in some cabin in the mountains, like a man I once knew in New seems to him the only real world, the world of the imagination, Hampshire; a young man, too, with a great curly red beard—” dipping in baths of beauty to cleanse himself from the smoke

“ I could raise the beard if you insist,” interposed the Happy and dust of the 'common day.' The fellow who loves action is Eremite. “Only you wouldn't like it. There are two spots right constantly trying to choke the fellow who loves dreams, to burn under the corners of my mouth that refuse to grow whiskers him at the stake in the hot fire of practical busy-ness. And so and the effect when I try is as where the moth doth corrupt.' the dream fellow, 'to escape persecution,' just as the dictionary

I don't insist on a beard,” cried the Lady, a little petu- says, flees 'to a solitary place, and there leads a life of conlantly. “ And I never said that I did, though the idea of a templation and asceticism.' I lead a double life, you see. One hermit shaving every day is, you must admit, grotesque. But half of me is a hustler, gunning for results. The other half of that isn't my grievance. You call yourself an eremite. In other me is an eremite, sitting in the sun, just wondering about things." words, you deceive me and a few hundred thousand other peo “I see, I see," murmured the Literally-Minded Lady, and ple who read The Outlook into believing that you are a shy, did not see at all. “ Perhaps you are not a fraud. But the unworldly person who lives withdrawn from the busy affairs of dictionary says something about asceticism.” men ; and here you have a stucco house on a hill outside one “ You don't know the servant problem in Mohican County," of our busiest and most worldly cities in the United States, a said the Happy Eremite.

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FACTS AND COUNSEL FOR THE AMERICAN GIRL The great war is changing the position and thoughts of the American girl quite as much as the American boy. Our country needs its girls as prospective workers and mothers as it never needed them before. No recently published book gives better or more readable suggestions to the sisters of our boys at the front than “ The American Girl” (the Macmillan Company, New York. $1), We are glued to pass along some of its sound advice to our readers in the following selections. The author, Winifred Buck, is also author of “ Boys' Self-Governing Clubs," a standard authority on the subject, which has recently been translated into Japanese by the Government of Japan for use in the schools of that country.-THE EDITORS.

ND now, girls, I want to say that I do not believe any and ugly; he may become dull and poky. Are you going to normal or healthy girl can fail to have an immense and care enough for him to be his best friend? Will you stand by

unresting curiosity about matters of sex, and I believe him in his hour of trouble or illness; will you be cheerful, brave . that when you are fourteen or fifteen years old (perhaps in and intelligent if he loses all his money; will you help him to some cases when you are even younger) your curiosity should develop his best characteristics, not nag him about his bad be satisfied. . . . If you are prudish, please remember that the ones? And will you care enough for him to make the effort not same God who made our souls and minds designed and created to get dull or dowdy even if you are overworked in the home? the functions of our bodies. To think that we can invent some I do not mean to say that I advise you to make a slave of

your ry about our bodily functions that would be more refined self for any husband, nor do I want him to be a slave to you. and pure than what he has designed seems to me the height of For instance, let us suppose that he is the one who has become blasphemy.

“poky,” while you still love society and fun outside the home.

There will be four courses open to you. You can give up all There are more decent men than bad ones. But you can

your own wishes and spend every evening at your own fireside be on your guard with every one, particularly if there is any

with him ; you can make a row, sacrifice his tastes and drag question of love-making. Keep tight hold of your heart (if that

him out with you every night ; you can let him go his way organ in your case happens to be of the affectionate variety), no

while you go yours; or, best of all, you can compromise by matter how lonely you may be and how much you may long for

staying at home with him half the time, and gently, tactfully affection.

persuading him to go out with you occasionally. A girl's boy friends are often, quite unconsciously of course,

The relation between husband and wife, if it is a happy one the cause of many an injury to a girl's health. . : . Mothers

at all, is the most happy one in the world. It is well worth should really explain to their sons that once a month girls have

great deal of effort to make it as perfect as it is possible to be to keep quiet. This knowledge only brings out the chivalry and

made. sympathy that are deeply implanted in the nature of all nice

We, the women of America, cannot deny the fact that some boys.

how we have made domestic service the most disliked of all the Mothers should always give up their own pleasure for their

business professions for women. The average young American child's welfare and their own welfare for their child's welfare,

girl of not exceptional natural ability and not much education and sometimes, but not too often, their own pleasure for their would rather work in a factory at six dollars a week and pay child's pleasure, but never their own welfare for their child's

her board out of that than do housework in a home where she pleasure.

gets all her living expenses and can show a profit of at least Every generation has its own ideas about what is right and twenty dollars every month. It is a great pity. If domestic proper to do under all circumstances. Each generation adapts service could be standardized, humanized, and yet made more itself to the times in which it lives—to truth as it appears to it.

businesslike and consequently more attractive to girls who Perhaps one of the most striking differences between the must support themselves, more of them would choose it as a point of view of good people of this generation and the last is in means of livelihood, thereby saving the health of many an over regard to this matter of sacrifice. The modern generation does

worked mother and forcing the shops and factories to pay their not seek sacrifice out; they do not feel that there is a virtue in women better wages in order to attract enough of them to carry the sacrifice itself unless the end to be obtained is worth the on their work. If employers made domestic science popular. sacrifice. But if the end is worth the sacrifice, modern people more girls would take a domestic science course in school, and will meet this demand upon them just as proudly, as heroically, the taxpayers would be more willing to pay for such courses. and as cheerfully as any of the old-time martyrs. The great Women well trained for domestic work would le able, when war has proved this thousands of times.

finally married, to run a home better than the average factory

girl, who hardly knows a bean from a potato, a sheet from a Your husband should be your best friend. I say " friend” tablecloth. advisedly, although I believe that for the man you are going to marry you should feel a strong physical attraction, and that After your profession, trade, or craft is mastered, so far as when you are with him you should feel no end of glamour, school can teach you to master it, you will have another lesson thrills, and other unfriendlike emotions. But unless in your to learn if you are going to succeed out in the world—the lesson mind's eye you can picture your future husband as your kind- of submerging your own opinions and expressing those of your est, truest friend as well as the most fascinating companion, do employer. For this reason it is important for you to find out all not marry him.

that you can about the man or woman who offers you a position A woman can nearly always visualize the future, and she has before you accept it. ... intuitions about character. Picture yourself ill in bed, your face drawn and haggard, all beauty gone. Then imagine the man

Competence is the first quality demanded, the habit of not you are thinking of as a husband as he comes into the room.

bungling or hesitating but going straight to the point. Beyond Does his face light up with joy at the thought of your coming this, an employer likes to have a certain respect paid to his recovery, and with pity and tenderness for your suffering and

idiosyncrasies. Probably they will seem silly to you, but he may weakness, or does he look repelled at the inevitable ugliness of

be rather vain of them. The doubling or not doubling of a letter condition ? ... Children, the best gift life has to offer

in some word may seem to him to be of sufficient importance to us, still prevent us from doing many of the things we long to cause a wearisome recopying of a letter, while in the meantime do. The time and the money that you used to be able to devote the mail goes out. You should carry out these ideas amiably and to the making of clothes for yourself alone now must provide

without comment even to your co-workers. Criticism of your them for several people. The not very stimulating babble of the employer to your associates is in very poor taste. children now takes the place of the interesting talks and experiences of old days. With your mind's eye on the future, can

The way to lw good-looking physically is to be healthy, well

developed, and amiable. you see your husband coming home filled with the desire to make life brighter for you, or does he look bored and rush to

I think a look of intelligence is perhaps the best fundamental his lodge or club as soon as he can get away ?

expression for a face. On that should be a layer of humor. And can you see yourself as his best friend? Ile may be ill On that a look of great kindness, and on top of that an expres

your

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sion that suggests what, I believe, the modern girl calls“ pep." derful record for themselves as unremunerated workers in the The most unattractive expression is no expression at all-a kind field of philanthropy and public service. . . . Women, volunof blank, cowlike appearance. Worry, bad temper, and discon. teers, still without the vote in most of our States, are toiling to tent make very disagreeable lines on a face. The experience promote better legislation in all our States and in the Nation. of genuine sorrow bravely borne only adds to the interest of a Women are active in village improvement work and have done face on which are expressed intelligence, kindness, humor, and wonders in the last few years to make our country places mor veracity.

sanitary and more beautiful. . .

I could fill a book if I were to record all the useful, civilizing Girls, have you ever stopped to think how much you congume? The almost constant time and thought of your parents,

things the unpaid woman is doing for the country. the services of friends, teachers, perhaps servants, tons of food, If you should go to work while you are living at home, you hundreds of articles of clothing, much space? What do you ought to be able to lay up a good sum of money. ... There is produce of equal value to what you consume?..

a real fascination about seeing the figures in your bank book Unless you are singularly unfortunate, you ought to be able gradually getting bigger and bigger. After you have a couple to produce a little more than you consume. Indeed, if the of hundred dollars, let us say, in the bank, you can wisely begin majority of people had not been doing that for the thousands,

to save up

for a more lucrative investment. perhaps millions, of years the world has existed we should not Girls, I wish I could make you feel the real comfort of havbe better off to-day than were our most remote ancestors. ing a little income of your own—even if it is only ten dollars a

You can be a producer in various ways, spiritual and physical. year—that comes in regularly, rain or shine, sick or well. You Unless

you

have a rare talent for one of the great arts, the best can soon save it if you bend your mind to it. thing you can do for the world and for yourself is to marry and create children and that partly tangible, partly intangible thing look up to the intellect of the girls he is attentive to. He is not

Nowadays the best type of man likes to admire and even called a home. If you do not marry, but still are supported by afraid of the girl with a trained mind and a strong active char: your father, you can be worth all you consume if you do gratuitous work for the benefit of the community. If you become that

acter. All right-thinking girls want to be attractive to men, of admirable person, the self-supporting woman, you can easily

course, but those of this generation will not make this desire earn all you consume.

the sole object of their lives ; nor, for the sake of attaining this

attractiveness, will they willingly sacrifice the expression of If you are going to marry on a small income, you will prob their own tastes and talents. Remember, too, that a well-trained ably have to do a great deal of housework. Do you know how mind is not inconsistent with good looks, pretty clothes, grace to cook, how to keep your house in order, how to systematize ful dancing, and pleasing manners. the housework so that it will not take all your time and strength? Do you know anything about buying, so that your

Even Mary Lyon, that great New England teacher of nearly money will go as far as possible, or anything about the utiliza

one hundred years ago, when the shadow of the gloomy Puritan tion of the waste material of the household-paper, rags, bottles, theology was still dark upon her section of the United States, scraps of food ? If your husband is well off, you should know,

said: “God wants you to be happy; he made you to be happy.' in addition to the things enumerated above, how to manage And, “You have no right to give up your happiness just your servants so that they will do the work of the house satis

because you are willing to do so. factorily and yet will be contented in your employ.

If it is right for one person to work for the happiness of It never seems to me quite straight of a girl to marry

and

another person, it must be right for the latter to receive and undertake to run a house when she knows nothing about it and enjoy this happiness. does not even take an intelligent interest in doing it well. ...

Do not mistake pleasures or amusements for happiness ; I have known people with plenty of money and a so-called people who make them their object in life are the most bored, “good” education in whose houses, when you looked below the unhappy people in the world. Nevertheless, pleasure and surface, dirt, confusion, and even vermin prevailed everywhere.

amusements occupy a very important place in life. When such a condition of affairs exists, it is always the wife's fault, unless she is a serious invalid. ...

With the modern self-starter and demountable rims any I cannot deny that housework is very monotonous, but so is woman can run an automobile, as far as muscular strength is all work. Sometimes it is extremely uncongenial work to the concerned. Her mind should work quickly and she should have women who have to perform it, but this much can be said in its decision of character. She should also have self-control enough favor : You are your own boss when you are doing it, and the to keep calm under trying or dangerous circumstances. If she more skill, science, and thrift you put into it the more interest- has not these characteristics to start with, running an automo ing it is.

bile will develop them. Perhaps it is unnecessary to say that And now, you may say, how am I to learn all these useful they are characteristics which are useful not only in the auto things ? If you live in or near a big city, you can attend a domes- but on many occasions of every-day life. It is said that many tic science course in some school or college. In the smaller cities physicians recommend being an amateur chauffeur to nervous and villages such advantages may not exist. In that case I can women who, if they once learn to conquer real dangers, will only say that you must teach yourself. This you can do per

seldom worry about imaginary ones. fectly well if you will read, keep your eyes open, and develop

The old illogical idea that women were too frail to do any. your critical faculties. For reading, subscribe to one or more of the women's maga

thing out of doors, but were strong enough to bring ten children

into the world, and do all the housework and dressmaking for zines. A good exercise (and an amusing one also) is to set yourself this large family, does not receive much credence in these

days. some imaginary problem in housekeeping. Allow yourself, let us say, $50 with which to furnish a room. With the aid of cata

A REQUEST logues, which the great mail order houses and big city department stores will gladly furnish you, you can easily select in In The Outlook of February 27, 1918, we printed an editorial imagination furniture that will come within the price limits you paragraph based on a letter from a lady living in a university town

in the State of New York, in which she described the need in that have set yourself. And what shall this furniture be ? Do you

town, even in school and university circles, of the right kind of inforwant to spend all your spare time dusting it? No. Well, then,

mation about France and the French people. We recommended choose things with Aat surfaces, simple, straight lines. Simple, certain books which ought to be read by intelligent men and women plain things are more restful to live with, anyway, than things of who want to know something about the real traits of our gallant meaningless elaboration. Choose beforehand some definite color allies. Unfortunately, we have lost the name and address of our corscheme, and try to follow that out in your selection of rug, hang. respondent, and we have received an interesting letter from a wellings, and covers. If you have to economize in something, try to known Frenchman living in France who desires, as a result of that use good judgment as to where you will economize.

editorial, to get into communication with this lady: If this paragraph

should fall under her eye, will she kindly send us her name and Women of independent means and leisure are making a won- address?

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