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MAY 29, 1918
Offices, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of
The Outlook may reach the subscriber late. The publishers are doing everything in their power to facilitate deliveries


tified by the war situation. But it might entail revolution. The The disclosure that the British Government has discovered only other way out is that of federation; under that plan, Irea traitorous plot among the leaders of the Sinn Fein faction in land, England, Scotland, and Wales would be divided into civil Ireland to aid Germany in conquering Great Britain through a districts, something like our States, which would have control revolt in Ireland is astounding. It is officially stated that the each of its own local matters, while national and international Government has positive evidence as to a conspiracy between

matters should be dealt with by the Imperial Parliament. It these leaders and Germany. It is semi-officially stated also may be noted that conscription under any of the plans above that, so far as is consistent with public safety, the facts will be proposed would remain emphatically a national question. The made public shortly ; quite probably they may be known here

federation plan is discussed in the English and Irish press, but when this is read.

so far there has been no popular enthusiasm for it. Long ago A proclamation by the new Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, its logical soundness was considered in our columns. It may

be Viscount French, asserts that British subjects resident in Ire- that the Irish paradox is capable of being solved in this way only. land have entered into treasonable communication with the German enemy, and announces drastic measures on the part of the Government. One portion of this proclamation urges Irish

THE CHANGE IN QUEBEC men to show their loyalty by entering into the common war Something has happened in the province of Quebec. Dureffort. This has brought out from several sources an expression ing the last week in March it seemed that the French-Canadians of the belief that the intention is to encourage voluntary re- were practically a unit in their determined hostility to the cruiting in order to make conscription unnecessary.

enforcement of the Conscription Law and in their opposition to In one respect the exposure of this conspiracy and the firm- Canadian participation in the war. Today the young men from ness of the Government in acting have had a clearing effect on the most prominent French-Canadian families are volunteering the general situation. In Ireland there is a general tendency to for service overseas, and their patriotic conduct is applauded by disavow any sympathy with a repetition of the Casement treason most of the newspapers that have hitherto been bitterest in and disloyalty. Not a few of the members of the Sinn Fein their opposition. faction have put themselves upon record as being totally Within a month after the Quebec riots nine young students opposed to such folly and criminality.

from Laval University, in that city, were leaving for overseas. All The arrests made by the Government included many of the were members of distinguished French-Canadian families. All most notorious, if not the wisest, leaders of the Sinn Fein. bore names that are names to conjure with in their province. Among those arrested were the President of the society, Pro All belong to the “ directing" class in a province that is easily fessor Edward de Valera ; Arthur Griffiths, who is said to have swayed by its own leaders. At their head was the son of the founded the society; Count George Plunkett, who was for

Premier of the province. merly a Member of Parliament; and the Countess Markievicz; Laval University professors and students turned out en masse with many others, not a few of whom were active in the Dub- to cheer the departing volunteers; and it is certain now that lin revolt. Some of these were tried in connection with that a large proportion of the student body will voluntarily follow revolt; having been set at liberty, they immediately entered the nine who have led the way. The newspapers of the province upon this treasonable intercourse with Germany. The number —with a few notable and stubborn exceptions—are now urging of arrests was large; at first it was said that five hundred obedience to the Conscription Law and the voluntary enlistment people had been taken into custody, but probably the number of men not at present affected by the draft. does not exceed one hundred.

Something has happened. It is believed in exceptionally Apart from this startling incident, the general situation as

well-informed Canadian circles that the recent visit to Quebec between the Irish factions is a complex of contradictions : of Archbishop Mathieu, of Saskatchewan, had much to do with

The six recalcitrant counties of Ulster scorn any scheme of the change. An enthusiastic advocate from the first of a vigor. Home Rule that includes Ulster.

ous, win-the-war policy, it is known that he has been seriously The National party rejects any scheme of Home Rule that alarmed as to the future consequences to the French-Canadian does not include Ulster.

race and its Church of further stubborn opposition to the policy The Sinn Fein faction despises everything except immediate of the majority. It is believed that, with the able assistance of and complete independence.

Abbé d'Amours, who retired the other day from the editorship Nationalists and Sinn Feiners agree in one thing

of “L'Action Catholique," he was able to persuade the Quebec scription would be an outrage unless Home Rule or independence hierarchy of the folly of their policy. The plain truth seems to were first granted.

be that the young men of Quebec have been held back by their Here is a pretty puzzle for the British Premier and the Brit- lay and clerical leaders. When encouraged by these leaders to ish Government! No solution will satisfy all of Ireland. The

Ireland. The enlist, they will not be slow in doing their duty. The trouble in Government may introduce a new Home Rule bill which in its Quebec has always been more the fault of the influential leaders opinion is moderate and fair; indeed, it has announced its in- of the people than of the people themselves. tention to do so. This is right; but it will not placate the clashing factions. Or the Government may temporize. This will make matters worse. Or the Government may declare that, whatever

NEW POWER FOR THE PRESIDENT the future may be, Ireland is now as much a part of Great No individual in all history has had the command of po Britain as Devonshire, and that it must submit to the laws of litical powers and material resources equal to those which have Parliament as other sections of the country do, including the been put by Congress at the disposal of President Wilson. The conscription law. This firm, drastic course would be amply jus- measure familiarly known by the name of its introducer in the

that con


Senate as the Overman Bill has become law. Under its pro- routes in the West, and the many picturesque features which visions virtually the entire executive and administrative branch marked the regular delivery of the mails despite frequent of the Government can be reorganized and used for war pur- attacks by Indians and desperadoes. The stage-coach was poses as the President directs.

gradually supplanted by our great system of railways, which By enacting this law Congress has yielded to the Executive a have handled the mails quickly and efficiently, large part of the powers with which it is invested by the Con- The inauguration of the Government Aerial Mail Service by stitution. Acting under this law, the President can assign exec- the “ cloudland route offers almost unlimited possibilities utive and administrative authority and apportion administra- for quick mail delivery. This service was officially opened be. tive and executive work to whomsoever he chooses; he can shift tween New York, Philadelphia, and Washington on May 15, an employees from one department or one bureau or one commis- daily trips will be made each way whenever the weather per sion to another; he can unite or divide departments and mits. The start from the New York end was made from Bel

. bureaus; he can make the Council of National Defense, for mont Park, on Long Island, which will be used by the Goven. instance, superior in authority to both the War Department ment as a regular aerial postal station. and the Navy Department if he wishes; he can take the whole A special train conveyed Postmaster Thomas G. Patten, of task of the production of military and naval aircraft away from New York, Mr. Byron R. Newton, Collector of the Port of the Signal Corps of the Army, as he did, in fact, immediately New York, Alan R. Hawley, President of the Aero Club of upon signing the bill; he can take the direction of military air- America, and other officials and newspaper men to the field to craft from the War Department and of naval aircraft from the witness the initial flight. The honor of carrying the first aerial Navy Department and put all together under a new depart- mail fell to Lieutenant Torrey H. Webb, a Regular Army ment; he can create a War Cabinet ; he can do practically aviator. The airplane used was built by the Curtiss Company what he pleases with all the agencies of the Government so long with a Hispano-Suize motur and capable of maintaining a as Congress is willing to appropriate money to carry out his speed of ninety-five miles per hour. Lieutenant Webb carrieri orders. He need feel no longer any restriction of law or of 144 pounds of mail, including 2,457 pieces. regulations upon his freedom of action.

The special mail for this trip left the Pennsylvania Terminal The strange thing is that this vast power has been given to

in New York at 10:45. It reached Belmont Park about 11:15. the President by Democrats, proverbially committed to distrust where it was quickly transferred to a mail truck and rushed onto of the Executive even when weak, and to distrust of the con- the field, where Lieutenant Webb was waiting to receive it. At centration of power in any one man, and has been done at the exactly 11:30 (schedule time) the plane rose gracefully from the urgent request of a Democratic President. As a measure of ground and circled twice around the field. After climbing to an what war can accomplish, this is quite as striking as any change altitude of between three thousand and four thousand feet, it in the map. What is equally impressive is the fact that this headed toward the southwest and rapidly disappeared from measure passed the House of Representatives by a vote in sight. At the same hour a postal airplane left Washington for which the only opposition recorded was that of two members. New York.

Many Representatives loth to take this action saw the neces- Lieutenant Webb reached Philadelphia at 1 P.M. A delay of sity of bringing order and unity into the prosecution of the six minutes occurred there in delivering the Philadelphia mail and war by the American Government, and, since the President transferring the Washington mail to a relay plane. The second had asked for the power to enable him to bring about that plane, driven by Lieutenant J. C. Edgerton, reached Washing. unity without the aid of Congress, they felt that by voting ton at 2:40 P.M. The actual flying time for the entire trip was to give him that power they could hold him responsible for its three hours and twenty minutes. The fastest train between

New York and Washington makes the trip in five hours. Those who fear that this power conferred upon President In a brief speech delivered at the Belmont Park field, Mr. Wilson may lead to the dangers of a dictatorship may well keep Alan R. Hawley touched on the wonderful possibilities for aerial in mind what Senator Lenroot said in an eloquent speech at the mail service which are immediately ahead of us. He predicted recent annual meeting of the National Security League in New that Government aerial mail routes would rapidly be established York City. Senator Lenroot, who is a Republican, stated that between all important cities, and that the saving in time would be he had in every instance voted as a member of Congress in sup- very great, especially between points where the rail connections port of measures to confer new and greater powers upon the are slow and uncertain. It is understood that aerial service will President. His ground for this action has been that there was soon be established between New York and Boston, and will more danger to the country of failing to win the war by not then be extended to other points. giving the President enough power than there was of imposing The present rate of aerial postage is twenty-four cents per upon the country a dictatorship by giving the President too ounce. Special air service stamps have been put on sale in the much power. He declared that the country is saved from the post offices in New York, Philadelphia, and Washington danger of dictatorship both by our system of government and Such mail is treated as special delivery mail at its destination. by the Constitution itself; that, no matter what powers are The extra cost of airplane delivery is therefore only eleven to-day granted by Congress, they can to-morrow be taken away cents over that of the ordinary special delivery letter. by Congress; and that, even if they are not taken away by Congress, or if the President with such powers should so dominate Congress as to make it wholly amenable to his will, the powers THE PEOPLE AND THE RED CROSS granted by such a bill as the Overman Bill are wholly tempo

“Red Cross Week” is half over as we write. It will end rary and ephemeral under the war powers provisions of the before most of our readers have seen this issue of The Outlook. Constitution, and that they are sloughed off automatically when

If one may judge by the evidence of enthusiasm and generosity peace is established. If the President succeeds now in bringing efficiency rapidly fulfill the expectations of those who have planned the campai

on the part of the people everywhere, the result will more than into the management of the war without creating abuses, he will have earned the praise of the members of Congress who have failed to contribute to this fund of mercy, it certainly has a

with remarkable efficiency and thoroughness. If any one la given him this power. In the passage of this law the political been because he lacked opportunity or has been left in iguu supporters of President Wilson may take pride, but they also

. may find reason for sober reflection upon the necessity under

rance of its purpose. It is notable also that the appeal has bee

to the heart rather than to the sense of duty. One of the Rwhich the President now lies to justify the action.

Cross posters says, “ The Red Cross Means You,” and in a the appeals art and language have been used to arouse, mi

sentimentalism, but the wish to help. The emphasis has not bet! A NEW EPOCH IN GOVERNMENT MAIL SERVICE


the official functions of the Red Cross, Wednesday, May 15, will be long remembered as the date tics or organization or the vast sums spent and how they are of a most important forward step in the development of rapid spent. Rather, Americans have been made to see and feel thai transportation of the United States mails.

they are not giving to the Red Cross, but that they are using Many people can still remember the old overland stage the Red Cross as their agent to heal and help the wounded and


or upon stata 1

“ gleaners

the suffering. To quote another Red Cross poster, “ The Red the west involves a reservation with regard to the east.” ExCross is the Warm Heart of America."

tremely significant was his statement: "I intend to stand by Most notable among the many preliminary demonstrations Russia as well as by France. The helpless and the friendless that preceded the actual work was the great Red Cross parade are the very ones that need friends and succor." in New York City. It was proof overwhelming of the interest There could hardly have been a finer appreciation of the of President and people, and of the vastness of the Red Cross mission of relief work in this war than that contained in the itself. At one time Fifth Avenue for three and one-half miles following words of President Wilson : was filled from curb to curb with lines of Red Cross women in “ Friendship is the only cement that will ever hold the world their uniforms, of which there were many varieties, ranging from together. And this intimate contact of the great Red Cross with those of the fully equipped hospital unit ready to sail tomorrow the peoples who are suffering the terrors and deprivations of to those of the smallest working auxiliary of some little church, this war is going to be one of the greatest instrumentalities of or to school children enrolled in the Junior Red Cross and mostly friendship that the world ever knew; and the center of the heart actually engaged in Red Cross work. Men Red Cross workers of it all, if we sustain it properly, will be this land that we so and a dozen or two bands were interspersed, but the visual dearly love." effect was that of endless white waves of women. How many thousands of these Red Cross workers there were we do not know, but their stream seemed endless. It was followed by an

ORGANIZED BOYHOOD almost equally enormous procession of soldiers, sailors, Boy In their interest in various fine American organizations that Scouts, Girl Scouts, Naval Reserves, Police, and civic organiza- are helping to win the war, such as the Red Cross, the Y. M. tions, all by their participation showing their sympathy and C. A., the Knights of Columbus, the Salvation Army, patriotic approval of the cause. The hundreds of thousands of onlookers Americans ought not to forget the Boy Scouts of America. must have learned then, if they did not know before, the extent, The Scouts have just made a remarkable record of service in the the activity, and the varied forms of service of the American Third Liberty Loan campaign. They did well in the first two offieial relief organization.

Liberty Loan drives, but their achievements in the third camTo the intense delight of the people, President Wilson at the paign are especially notable because they acted as last moment, and solely of his own volition, placed himself at

after the reapers.

The rules enjoined upon them in their the head of the parade and marched with the Red Cross flag in solicitation of subscriptions were drastic. They were forbidden his hand for miles, leaving the procession at Madison Square, by the orders of their organization to solicit subscriptions in where the reviewing stand was placed.

banks or other places where purchasers had presented them Mr. Henry P. Davison, head of the National Red Cross War selves for the obvious purpose of subscribing for bonds. The Council, put in a few words the keynote of the present cam- Boy Scout could not count for his record a corporation subpaign when he said: “I hope there are no American men and scription unless he had appeared in person before the Board of women who do not realize that their contribution is in no sense Directors of the corporation and they had given him a signed a gift, but an act of protection and of justice as well.”

statement to the effect that the Scout's argument actually persuaded the corporation to the purchase of bonds. Every effort

was made in this way to prevent the Scouts from putting into THE PRESIDENT ON THE RED CROSS AND THE WAR

their record subscriptions which they had not clearly earned, President Wilson's address in New York expressed the and also to prevent the splitting of subscriptions merely for the same ideal for Red Cross effort when he said: “When you give friendly purpose of aiding a Scout. something of your heart, something of your soul, something of The Scouts did not begin their canvass until the final two or yourself goes with the gift, particularly when it is given in such three days of the campaign, which lasted from April 7 to May 4 form that it never can come back by way of direct benefit to inclusive. At this writing all the tabulated records have not yourself. ... These things are bestowed in order that the world been completed, but the returns that have been filed show that may be a fitter place to live in, that men may be succored, that the Boy Scouts throughout the United States obtained over homes may be restored, that suffering may be relieved, that the 400,000 subscribers, amounting to $51,000,000. face of the earth may have the blight of destruction taken away Some of the reports from particular troops of the Boy Scouts from it, and that wherever force goes there shall go mercy and are full of human interest. In Lakewood, New Jersey, for exhelpfulness." And again : “ The duty of the Red Cross is the ample, sixty scouts out of a troop of seventy-seven qualified for duty of mercy and succor and friendship."

the War Service emblem, which is a medal suspended from a The President's address in New York was the first he has bar and given to the scout who secured ten or more subscrip made in the metropolis since the country's entry into the war, tions from “independent buyers.” The Lakewood Scout-master and the public was eager to know whether he might make some says: new declaration in relation to important public questions. His Much money came out of hiding. One farmer brought in a emphasis was on the prime necessity of winning the war. Per- bunch of

money all musty ; it must have been under the parlor haps the single phrase that attracted most attention bore in this carpet. There were twelve hundred dollars; he took twelve onedirection. He said :

hundred-dollar bonds. There are two duties with which we are face to face. The The Scout executive of Bridgeport, Connecticut, where the first duty is to win the war. And the second duty, that goes Boy Scouts sold considerably over one hundred thousand dol: hand in hand with it, is to win it greatly and worthily, showing lars' worth of bonds, says: the real quality of our power not only, but the real quality of our purpose and of ourselves. Of course the first duty, the duty that

Our firemen, policemen, and Minute Women also made a house

to-house canvass during the fore part of the campaign. It is a we must keep in the foreground of our thought until it is accom

conundrum to most people where the Scouts scraped up any plished, is to win the war. I have heard gentlemen recently say

amount to speak of. However, we scratched the city somethat we must get five million men ready. Why limit it to five

what like a hen scratches gravel, and consequently few worms million ?

escaped. I have asked the Congress of the United States to name no limit because the Congress intends, I am sure, as we all intend, The Boy Scouts in all communities not only solicited subthat every ship that can carry men or supplies shall go

laden scriptions for Liberty bonds, but served as messengers, billupon every voyage with every man and every supply she can posters, stump speakers, and as distributers of all sorts of patricarry.

otic literature. The Scout-master of a Long Island town in In striking phraseology the President alluded to the false and which there are many inhabitants of German birth or ancestry insincere“ peace offensives” of Germany. He declared : reports that the Boy Scouts' campaign had much to do with

" I can say with a clear conscience that I have tested these modifying the pro-German sentiment of certain portions of the intimations and have found them insincere. I now recognize inhabitants. The Boy Scouts circulated a German translation them for what they are—an opportunity to have a free hand, of President Wilson's Flag Day speech, which made a manifest particularly in the east, to carry out purposes of conquest and impression. The Boy Scouts deserve the fullest support of the exploitation. Every proposal with regard to accommodation in fathers and mothers of this country. There are now enrolled

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Cassel in the New York Evening World





Copyright, 1918, by The Press Publishing Co. (The New York Evening World)



Greene in the New York Evening Telegram








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Watts in London Opinion






Fuller in Harper's Magazine




, 1918, Harper & Brothers

"Waiter, did you bring me a dirty plate or is this my steak ?"


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