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Sam's uniform is a marvelous leveler. When the war is over, country. I go back with a new inspiration to labor harder for the young men who are to bear the burdens of the future will the ideals of the kingdom of God and to keep the “home fires understand each other better because of their Army associations, burning.” I have a deeper sense of the worth of the Church, and and will work together for the elimination of the evils of our feel that she is largely responsible for the splendid new spirit in country and the promotion of equality in service for the build- our Army. I am more than ever convinced that the real task of ing up of a free people.
the Church is to inspire men with the ideals and spirit of Jesus I go back to my regular pastorate with a new feeling of Christ rather than to be concerned as an organization with the admiration for our men in uniform and a greater pride in my political policies and affairs of the Nation.
II-MAKING MEDICAL OFFICERS OUT OF DOCTORS
LIFE AT THE FORT RILEY TRAINING CAMP
HE rapid expansion of the Medical Department of the ation into the next higher class, and after several days be
new American Army is most essential, and yet the special becomes quite sophisticated and is cordially welcomed as an
courses of instruction to convert the civilian medical prac- equal by those who have initiated him into the mysteries of the titioner into an efficient army medical officer have been con- Officers' Training Camp. ducted since the beginning of the war in a way so inconspicuous After the morning instruction there is a short period before that they have attracted little if any attention. For this training dinner is served when the morning mail is distributed and read, and instruction several large camps have been established. One but even this agreeable duty is usually interrupted by the muf. of the largest is at Fort Riley, Kansas. Each of the many bar- fled sound of “Come and get it !” from the door or window of racks accommodates from fifty to seventy-five medical officers, the adjoining mess-hall, followed by a rush of hungry men to a who in company formation receive instruction in physical drill, shack in which are placed two long, narrow tables, with a row in army regulations, in the manual of the Medical Departmentof benches on either side. Table-cloths and napkins are unheard. in army law, in military hygiene and sanitation, and in many of luxuries even in the “ Faculty” mess, and the dinner is allied subjects. A few of the men were fresh from the medical rapidly served” by obliging orderlies in the simplest possible schools or from a hospital interneship, another small number have joined the camp in lieu of being drafted into the general “Come and get it ” is repeated immediately after the beautiservice, but the majority of the 'men have exchanged comfort- ful notes of the “ Retreat” and “ To the colors are played on able professional incomes for the modest salary of an army the bugles at a quarter past five, the afternoon having previously officer. When they are all together and the opportunity is been devoted to instruction and to either a stiff walk or to equiafforded of looking into their upturned faces, the firmness, tation. Those over forty, however, are excused from the latter determination, and resolution which are depicted there show exercise. No wonder that the veteran is ready for “ Taps," and the absurdity of the statement attributed to a German official willingly retires to his cot, which, together with his trunk and that “ America is merely bluffing in the preparation she is other personal effects, occupies the space of five feet by nine making for this war.
which has been allotted to him in the barracks. There is a parLook, for instance, at that grizzled veteran as the company ticularly soothing quality in the bugle notes which indicate lines up for the first drill. Note his puzzled expression as the “ bedtime,” and possibly the tired reserve officer recalls the drill-master shouts in an emphatic manner, after
lines of Coleridge: command of "Fall in,” “Stop that talking," " Take your hands
“Oh sleep, it is a gentle thing, out of your pockets, “Shoulders straight, “Shoulders straight,” “You're soldiers
Beloved from pole to pole! now-forget you're docs.” Then off he is marched to the drill
To Mary Queen the praise be given ! ground, where the“ school of a soldier" is taug nt by competent
She sent the blessed sleep from Heaven,. instructors who show no mercy and play no favorites.
That slid into my soul." in this instance has not its usual compensations. In an hour he In the morning, too, the repeated calls of “reveille" and to has returned to the barracks and is listening to a lecture on "assembly," which summon him at an unusually early hour to army regulations. The tables are turned. With what pleasure the labors of another day, are musical runs of which the ear would his former students listen to his efforts in recitation !
never tires. Then the dread of the coming examination! The memories of Colonel Bispham, who is the efficient director of the Fort the old college days are again awakened, but he may now find Riley Medical Officers' Training Camp, and whose judgment of difficulty in keeping up with his younger and more quickly human nature and individual capacity is exceptional, speaks of thinking colleagues. Yet the effort must be made, if only for the camp as a melting-pot in which, at the end of a three months' the sake of example.
period of intensive training, the pure, clear, distilled fluid is Life in the reservation is fortunately not altogether serious. represented by those who have demonstrated their fitness for There is a certain amount of good-natured chaff, of which the service, while the floating scum or settling sediment represents latest arrival is the usual recipient. This unfortunate individ- those who have proved inapt. But the camp is a melting-pot in ual is always identified by his military dress cap, and his ap- a much larger sense, in that men coming from almost every pearance on the ground in search of headquarters is invariably State of the Union meet on a common level, and, subjected to the signal for all kinds of misleading advice. A freshman he is the harmonizing influence of association, form a democracy notwithstanding his years, and the greeting of “Hello, Doc,' which knows no section of the country and which is animated issues from almost every barrack window in the vicinity. by the single purpose of devotion to the country's needs. " There it is! That's the door you're looking for!" is advice Some unusually interesting types of men are found in the camp. which, if followed, would lead him into—anything but head- Captain E-whose parents came to Quebec from England quarters. The newcomer has been known to visit the quarter- in the early part of the last century, and who is a veteran of the master's department to purchase a “picket line,” which has Boer War, has practiced recently in the lofty altitudes of Colo been represented to him as an indispensable daily requirement. rado. He has a clear gray eye that indicates decisiveness and In another instance, at the end of a long afternoon's march, two great determination, a man born to rule and to lead men. “ freshmen”
were detailed by their associates to retrace their Captain 0-, of powerfully built physique that suggests steps for the purpose of securing the “ skirmish line,” which an all-American fullback on a football team, is a native of they were directed to find and return to the barracks. The Kansas. Had he lived in the days prior to the Civil War he career of the “ freshman ” at Fort Riley is, however, much more would have fought on the side of those who made Kansas free. short-lived than is the case in any other educational institution. He would have opposed with all his might the introduction of The possession of the usual undress hat is a token of his gradu- slavery into that State, and would have rendered this service
to the Union without the fanaticism of John Brown and with all men who have more than their share of avoirdupois, and is out the cruelty practiced by some of that unfortunate man's deservedly popular with his colleagues. followers.
In searching for a reason to account for the gathering together. Then there is Lieutenant W—, of Arkansas, generous, sin- of so many men of intelligence and strength of character one cere, and of a mild-mannered disposition. He bears the scars of is immediately impressed with the fact that in most instances bullets received in a family quarrel at the hands of a cowardly their services have been volunteered from a spirit of devotion assassin who had hoped to catch him unawares, and who paid to their country. I was told by one that the constant reference the death penalty for his temerity. Lieutenant W- is having to slackers, repeated daily on the front page of his local newssome difficulty in making up his mind to salute colored officers.
paper, “ got on his nerves,” and led him to leave his wife and Every now and then hé hums the refrain that ends with an three small children to join the colors. expression of the determination of the singer to get to Berlin, Lieutenant R- --, unwilling to volunteer without his wifes' “ by heck.”
consent, succeeded at the end of three months in convincing her that My old friend and former student, Major P-, is an inter. his country was entitled to his service, and he is one of the most esting character. He is a member of the faculty of the camp enthusiastic members of our company. Lieutenant B -, a repre school of instruction, and at present is presiding over the isola- sentative of the “quality” in Tennessee, has two little daughters, tion camp with firmness but with good nature. Major P- and Lieutenant B-, of Ohio, three. Recently a cake with loyal Yalensian, amusingly refers to his charges who are isolated five candles arrived, and the birthday of one of these daughters in order to observe the development of possible germs, as of the company was appropriately celebrated in the barracks. “ bugs” or 6 insects."
All credit to the wives who have thus made it possible for Captain S must not be forgotten ; he has no sense of their husbands to enter the service. One of these, recently rhythm and will never be able to keep in step. The other day married, declared that 'it was very hard to have her husband at drill“ Cap” was acting as guide, and after each simple move- leave, but that she could not respect him were he to remain at ment was executed found himself somewhat dazed at a consider- home. Those left behind may speak of the sacrifice made by able distance from his proper position, whereupon he was greeted those who are here; but in using the word sacrifice they do not by the drill-master with a good-natured “What ! lost again, fully realize that the word is neither in the vocabulary nor in Captain S?” He has a gentle temperament, however, like the thoughts of the Reserve Officer.
III–SAYING GOOD-BY AT A HOSTESS HOUSE
SCENES AT AN EMBARKATION CAMP
BY A HOSTESS
THE work of the Hostess House is a godsend to the woman they said they hoped we could. She was just crazy to come
who longs to get closer to the battle-line than she can she says he's just like her big brother"? ---the two pairs of
through the ordinary activities evoked by the war. The middle-aged eyes shared a moment of tender amusement that help thus offered by the House to the Hostess deserves a chap- did not need words—“and he says that she's different from all ter by itself. But I can here tell something only of the help the other girls, somehow. She has such a good influence over given by the House and its Hostess to the departing soldier and him, too-never lets him touch tobacco. Of course they're only his loved ones.
children ; but, you see, the way we felt about it was this : if The ordinary Hostess House is a rest cure compared to that we didn't let her come, and anything happened to him, she'd of Camp Merritt. That is because most of the Houses are at never get over it.” training camps, while this is the place of good-bys. People who I looked into the next room. There they sat—so sweetly, so do not feel that they can afford the time or the money to visit absurdly young, the round, wholesome, fresh-colored faces very other camps come to Merritt. The space is usually crowded, the grave. She was holding his hat and he her little pocketbook atmosphere is always tense, and the duties of a volunteer hostess with a sort of ritual solemnity. are anything-one might almost say everything-except those All couples, however, are not so circumspect, and to preserve of a formal routine. They include welcoming new arrivals necessary decorum, even in a crowded room, is a difficult matat the door, steering them to the information desk, finding seats ter at times. for them when the call has been given and keeping them in the The other duty is the hardest of all-telling those wbo come seats if possible (there is a natural inclination on the part of too late that their men have gone. One hostess broke to an those waiting to stand at the door), talking with those who want anxious woman the news that her husband had embarked. to talk, hearing complaints and pacifying the discontented, re- “ He's
gone with his regiment?" the wife pressed her. “ Are assuring those to whom each minute of waiting seems an hour, you sure he's gone with his regiment ?" paging people who are called for, explaining the geography of “ I'm sorry. They went out yesterday, and he was with the house and the hours and limitations of the cafeteria service, them.” administering first aid (from local massage and smelling-salts to
The wife's face shone unexpeetedly. safety-pins), and in general dealing according to her light with " Thank God !” she whispered. “Oh, thank God he came whatever problems may arise, except that of housing, which is back and they let him go with them! He deserted when they in the hands of one special worker.
were at Camp and I've been praying that he would come There are two duties besides, one funny, one tragic, which back, but couldn't be sure till now." deserve separate mention for the heavy draughts they make upon The personality of a hostess is one of her principal assets. one's sympathy and one's tact, such as it is or may not be. One We have splendid women at Merritt, but one among them is is the chaperonage of the unmarried. This is often a sinecure. the mountain-mover par excellence. She is a daughter of the One day I noticed a woman who had been sitting patiently for South, with a warm heart and a ready tongue, and there is one a full hour, and asked her whether she had secured any response member of the American Expeditionary Force who would to her call.
probably prefer going “over the top” to incurring her con“Oh, it's not for me,” she beamed, reassuringly; “it's for demnation again. One day a consumptive mother with many my daughter. She's in the next room there. You see, the young children came to the Hostess House in search of her husyoung man she came to see is only eighteen-she's sixteen- band. He could not be found-he had secured a twenty-four-hour but he would enlist. We've known him since he was three, and pass. Mrs. E. promptly took the family to her home, and when when his own folks couldn't come here—we live out in Indiana she learned that the mother had been feeding the children on a
dollar a week-one can imagine how little of those meager Major Eliot is known to a host of physicians throughout the country because of his long connection with the teaching force of the College of Physicians and
earnings went for her own nourishment!-she immediately began Surgeons in New York City.—THE EDITORS.
an investigation as to why the husband had not been granted
exemption when his presence was so glaringly needed at home. Her husband came back just then with their lunch trayIt transpired that he, evidently weary of domestic responsibili- such a fine lad !—and we made very merry over our meal. I ties, had simply ignored his family and had neither asked felt as if I could never whimper again in all my life. exemption nor signed allotment papers.
Another of the same spirit was an elderly woman, frail and “ Mr. E. thought I spoke harshly to him,” she remarked later, sick with a chronic disease, who had taken the journey of twelve in telling the story._“I only said that he was a disgrace to the hours at a moment's notice to bid her boy, her only child, Godservice, and that if I wasn't sure that for him to go to France speed. She was dreading, while she longed, for his arrival at the and get killed, if possible, would be the best thing for his wife, Hostess House, for, she explained, “I was car-sick all night, I would have him yanked out of the uniform he was unworthy and I'm afraid I'll break down and make it hard for him.” to wear so quick that he wouldn't know what hit him."
One day a wee lad in complete uniform was very impatient I may add that he signed all necessary papers before his for his father's coming. The little voice would pipe up eagerly departure-how willingly one can only guess.
at each opening of the door, “ Is that daddy? Why don't daddy This same lady is as strenuous in mercy as in justice. A boy come ?" It was one of the special cases that take a peculiar grip at the camp was anxiously awaiting the arrival of his parents on one's heart. It was a very busy day, even for Camp Merrittfrom the West. Their train was hours late. Night came, and one of the days when, as a worker expresses it, we never see the they were still far away, the hour of their arrival uncertain color of the floor; the line at the desk was long and urgent, the and he was to leave at five in the morning. Almost any one orderlies were hurried and tired. Things easily go wrong on would have called the situation hopeless. Not so Mrs. E. She such a day, so you can imagine the relief of hearing a kindly, persuaded the local taxi company to send a cab to a railway capable-looking soldier say: “Yes, I know him. I'll go over station twelve or fifteen miles distant; by telephonic threats now and tell him you are here. Daddy'll be coming pretty soon, and entreaties she overbore the protests of the chauffeur through sonny.” Sure enough, it was only a short time before the tiny the long waiting, and at three o'clock the father and mother officer hurled himself down the board-walk to be caught up and were deposited in triumph at the Hostess House for two hours kissed. with their son.
As I looked away, happy, I caught the eye of a sweet-faced may well be proud of our young men—that fact is borne young woman by the door. We smiled at each other, and I in upon us at every turn. But it is at the Hostess House of an voiced my uppermost thought, “ The little boy's father has embarkation camp that one learns in practice as well as in come!” I'hen I returned to duty and asked her whether she theory how proud we may be of our women and our older men. had yet received any response to her call. “Oh, yes, thank you," The simple, quiet, unpretentious heroism of those mothers and she answered. “My husband was here, and he will be back in fathers, those brothers, sisters, wives, and sweethearts! For one moment. He was the one who went after the little boy's father.” vein of base yellow there are ninety-and-nine of pure gold. Those precious moments ! and yet, as she said in reply to my
The first day I was on duty I had filled my tray at the cafe- exclamation, "Why, of course he was glad to. You see, he teria, and stood looking about the crowded room, somewhat knows now anxious I was to see him, and so he wants to help strange and at a loss. A pretty little dimpled girl beckoned me
all he can.” to an empty place at her table. We laughed a moment over the The foregoing is only a suggestion of what the Hostess perplexities of the newcomer.“ I've been here two days,” she Houses are doing for those whom they mean to serve ; let it also said, “but I'm going this afternoon. You see, I want to leave be a testimony of what the service does for those who render it before
my husband does. He's never seen me cry since the war For increased resourcefulness, for new ideals of courage and began, and I don't want him to. I'm glad and proud for him to devotion, for broadened understanding and a living sense of go and do his little bit, and he knows I feel that way; but if he sisterhood that goes down to the very roots of life, we give ever saw me cry he couldn't help remembering that sometimes." humble and hearty thanks to our unconscious teachers.
SHALL WE TEACH GERMAN IN OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS?
BY REAR-ADMIRAL CASPAR F. GOODRICH
UNITED STATES NAVY
O one denies the value of a knowledge of foreign tongues, English is more universally spoken in the commercial world but this value, apart from the intellectual enjoyment it than any, possibly all, of its competitors, and so is of the first
affords, must be measured by the individual's needs in importance. Next to English in this connection, and above his particular calling. If the latter be such as to take him French, especially for persons who, touch at many seaports, abroad on service, business, or pleasure, familiarity with the comes Spanish, the tongue of all Central and South America speech of the country in which he travels or sojourns is, to say excepting only Brazil. In view of our large and increasing the least, an immense convenience. In cases where he represents trade relations with these neighbors of our hemisphere, it would a mercantile house, or, still more so, where he represents the seem as if instruction in Spanish should hold the right of way; National interests, this familiarity greatly furthers his aims or yet it finds its place, and a minor one at that, in few public facilitates the negotiations with which he is charged. The writer, school curricula. on account of his official position, has had frequent opportuni- While the delight of reading Dante, Tasso, and their charmties of establishing, to his own satisfaction, this rather self. ing modern successors in the original and of conversing in their evident proposition, and he has often been thankful for such beautiful tongue is more than worth the trouble of learning it, acquaintance as he possesses with French, Italian, German, and still, materially speaking, Italian must rank as a desideratum Spanish ; an acquaintance which has at times materially aided much below Spanish. him in the discharge of his duty. It follows, from this reference Of German it may be said that it is quite unnecessary to us to his own experience, that he is naturally disposed to encourage as a means of business communication, since the Germans tacitly rather than to discourage a movement to foster linguistic admit the primacy of English by teaching it extensively and acquirements.
with especial thoroughness to such among their students as conIf asked which of the languages mentioned he has found template embarking in commercial affairs abroad. How rare it most useful, he must candidly yield the palm to French, an is, by the way, to meet an educated German who does not speak accepted medium of diplomatic intercourse and the foreign lan- English! The Germans have no false pride in material matters. guage most generally spoken in society the world over. For They would not thus emphasize the importance and necessity of those who seek a career under the State Department or whose English were it not to their interest to do so. As a language means and leisure allow them extended trips or halts in Conti- German is terribly involved and cumbersome. It lacks simplic nental Europe, French rises above the plane of mere convenience. ity, directness, and those clear-cut definitions in which French
CURRENT EVENTS ILLUSTRATED
THE LATEST MARK FOR BOMBARDMENT BY GERMAN “KULTUR” The beautiful Cathedral at Amiens, pictured above as it appeared before the recent drive began, has now become a mark for German gunners. A newspaper
“More than a score of shells have struck within a radius of fifty yards of the Cathedral. One shell smashed a stone base and wreeked the railings, then spattered
the whole of that (the east) end of the building, smashing large pieces out of the carved masonry and breaking some of the beautiful old windows, also bringing down two large gargoyles. The whole of this face of the building is a sorry sight. The Cathedral was begun in the thirteenth century and
completed towards the end of the fourteenth century. It has been called "perhaps the finest church of Gothic architecture in Frare"