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moving drayage to seek out and move his consignment, he cannot help himself, for he cannot use trucks efficiently. He cannot help the railway company; he cannot relieve the terminal of its congestion. The terminal cannot
unload its freight cars ; the freight yard cannot be relieved of the congestion of freight cars in which goods are thus perforce stored ; and, as a result, there is a great shortage of cars, with its attendant serious evils. Munition factories and factories working on Government or. ders are handicapped for lack of fuel and materials. Ships are held waiting on railway delivery to complete their cargoes, and our armies “ Over There” suffer. The entire economic machinery of the country is thus thrown out of gear.
The chaos and confusion of highway transportation can, and must be, relieved;
it can be done through systematic organiza“How in the world do you keep your clubs so bright tion. When this is done, it will go a long and clean, Mrs. Brown? They're the envy of all of us."
way toward relieving freight conges"I polish them just as I do my piano and furniture
tion. The Federal authorities could do it, with 3-in-One Oil. First I wipe off the dirt and moisture ;
but it would be a great job for them to then I put a few drops of 3-in-One on a soft cloth and a
undertake at this time when they are so few seconds' rubbing produces this rich, lasting lustre
pressed with the consideration of other you admire. The 3-in-One prevents rust on the metal
matters. Civic associations of business men parts, too, and softensand preserves the leathergrips. Try
could take it up, and a number of them it on your own clubs-or tell the man at the clubhouse."
are already doing so. Each is in a position to study the problems presented by its own city, and in so doing can help every one concerned, from shipper to consumer or
soldier. Give the shipper cars, reduce the is great stuff for golf clubs. Try it on your fishing tackle, too. Lubricates the reel just
enormous terminal costs chargeable to right-makes any reel work smooth and easy.
warehousing and handling, reduce the deNo sticking, jerking or back-lashing.
livery cost to the consignee, relieve highway 3-in-One prevents rust on steel fishing rous,
congestion in our business districts, and metal guides and joints. Preserves bamboo and cane rods. Prevents lines from rotting.
serve consumer or soldier more promptly. Waterproofs floating flies. Try it.
Trucks are the answer—trucks of suitSold at all stores-in 50e, 250, and 150
able size for the particular work in hand; bottles; also in 25c Handy Oil Cans.
trucks of good construction and known BEDENTORU
reliability, operated in fleets from the FREE Write for a liberal sample
LUBRICATES of 3-in-One Oil and Die
terminal platforms, each truck covering a tionary of Uses-both sent free.
specific route. Routes would not be dupliThree-in-One Oil Co. 16 AEG. Broadway
cated or overlapped. Less-than-car-load and car-load freight could be largely delivered directly from the freight car to the truck on whose route the consignee was
located; each truck would thus be insured Motor Trucks and Freight Congestion (Continued) single horse and wagon. This includes a full load a large percentage of the time, France, and Germany for perhaps thirty stabling, feeding, and depreciation. and would be kept in efficient operation. or forty years. It was abandoned in Bal- When we employ motor trucks, the mile- Co-ordinate routes and systematize extimore by order of the Inter-State Com- age immediately advances. There are a press delivery lines equipped with trucks; merce Commission in 1913—probably be- number of trucks in operation averaging stop the duplication of routes, the hauling cause it savored of monopoly. As far as we 125 miles per day (eight-hour day). Such of partial loads, and put the delivery and are able to determine, however, there is no mileage is possible only when the load is collection of all goods to or from any terlack of evidence as to the practicability of delivered at a single point and does not minal under the direction of a single delivthe plan ; it is advisable from an economical permit of many stops. The average one- ery or drayage company-owned and constandpoint, if not indeed a necessity, if we half-ton truck used for delivery work trolled by the Merchants' Association or by are to have efficient transportation through- covers from thirty-five to fifty miles daily, the municipality itself-prorating the thus out the country.
and, all things considered, it costs in the reduced cost of delivery to the various merThe scope of usefulness of the horse has neighborhood of $2.000 per year to main- chants on a per ton or per unit mile basis
. diminished rapidly with the development tain. With the heavier units, as their load The truck routes should be mapped out of modern motor trucks for highway trans- increases their mileage, as a rule, decreases, by traffic experts. They should be arranged portation and the utilization of the gas but, like any other machine, their economy on schedules similar to railway train schedengine and tractors for field work. But lies in the cost-per-unit-of-work-done, as ules. Traffic regulations should be adjusted because of the lack of familiarity with compared with other units in like use. If so that the streets and highways might be trucks and the value of the different sized heavy trucks are kept standing in front of cleared for the passage of the truck trains. units, comparatively few people to-day think platforms waiting for loads the major por- Trucks of suitable size should be carefully in straight lines on the subject. We know tion of the day, they cannot be economical: selected for different phases of delivery the facts concerning railways. Railway if they are delayed continually in congested work. Large shipments might be taken officials differentiate between locomotives streets and are made to accept the pace set from the railways by heavy trucks to central used for freight or for passenger service. for them by horses dragging heavy loads, distributing points, and then the individual Let us consider for a minute our highways they cannot be economical ; if the railway consignments might be delivered by light and the units operating upon them, which company is obliged to use its terminals as one-half-ton or one-ton trucks. A multitude we must know before we can attempt to warehouses for at least twenty-four to forty- of problems would have to be worked out co-ordinate railway and steamship trans- eight hours for every piece of freight that by experts, but if such a plan were finally portation with highway transportation. comes to it (allowing for the notification of evolved it would result in very great beneOur highway units, practically speaking, the consignee), congestion immediately
the consignee), congestion immediately fits to the community, the railways, and the are the one-horse and twc-horse vehicles, results. It is also most uneconomical to country. The municipality which sucessand motor-driven vehicles from one-half- move goods into the warehouse and then fully evolves such a plan of local distributon to ten-ton capacity. A horse cannot nove them out again a day or two later at tion of freight will not only advance its average over sixteen miles a day, and it the pleasure of the consignee.
own interests but will perform a patriotic costs about $1,500 a year to maintain a If the consignee must depend upon slow- service of no slight value.
being some facts on
103-V Park Avenue
HONOR TO WHOM HONOR IS
DUE On page 498 of
your magazine of March 27, 1918, you quote from Rheta Childe
on Dorr's book on * Inside the Russian Revolution ” the remark about the "great American author Miller,” of whose works the Czarina of Russia was so fond. At the end of the article you say:
66 We leave it to our readers to decide who among the many American writers named Miller is the author so admired.”
I do not now remember the source of my information, but as far back as twelve or fifteen years ago it was my understand
KEI SEY ing that the Presbyterian Board of Publica
HEALTH tion had a standing order to send to the Czarina of Russia any books published by
HEA the Rev. J. R. Miller, D. D., who was editor of the Sunday-school publications of the
9.LE Presbyterian Church and a Philadelphia pastor.
CHARLES B. MITCHELL. Miami, Oklahoma.
THE Kelsey, is a direct heating by converting heat from one form to
heat, which feature by itself is another. a great economy.
It is practically as direct and as FREEDOM AND TEACHING
By direct heating, we mean that quick in results as is the heat from a
the direct heat, directly from the campfire that you hold your hand over. I
Kelsey Warm Air Generator, down in The difference is, that instead of A great many people must be feeling
the cellar, directly heats your rooms. so much escaping unused into the air under great obligation to Dr. Abbott for his
To say it another way: the burn- in every direction, it is all caught,
ing coal does not first have to heat sent to gathering-dome and then “ Knoll Paper” on“ Have Teachers Special
up a volume of water, or convert it distributed in large volumes at high Privileges ?" in the issue of March 27.
into steam, before it starts flowing speed to any or all your rooms. In all the unsatisfactory discussion of
through pipes to separate heaters or But that isn't all-the warmed air
radiators in each room. this matter that exposition of the question
it sends is fresh air. Air full of tonic
But even then such heats do not is most clear and convincing. It agrees so
oxygen. Air automatically mixed
actually begin to heat, until the with just the right healthful amount completely with what the common people
numerous separate heaters, all over of moisture. generally feel, I think, when they send
the house, are first heated.
Further than that, it is leakless, their boys and girls away to college.
You at once see what a decided loss noiseless, and dustless.
there must be in all that heating- Send for Saving Sense Booklet. “The professor should be free, as long
up" before you actually get any heat. Make us prove our coal saving as he remains a professor, to teach what he
The Kelsey loses none of its heat claims. believes to be the truth in his department.
CHICAGO But it is the duty of his superior authorities
217-V West Lake Street to determine whether they will give the
BOSTON financial and moral support of the uni
Space 95-V Builders' Exchange
405-V P.O. Sq Bldg. versity to his teaching.”
230 James Street, Syracuse, N. Y.
W. G. MALLETT.
year of service. Yet in all these many years Men” for the theological requirements of In an article in The Outlook for April 3 î have never heard any discussion in the Yale). This broad liberality in providing it is said that “No New England college Corporation of a member's religious views for non-Baptists on the Corporation, in had yet (1860 ?) learned that the object of except when an election to a vacancy made prohibiting the holding of any sectarian education is to enable the pupils to do their it necessary.
religious views as a qualification or a own thinking.”
Again, the charter says: “Into this lib- disability in any members of the Faculty May I enter a “caveat” for Brown, the eral and Catholic Institution shall never be (beyond the general restrictions to Protesthird New England college and seventh admitted any religious Tests. But on the tants), and in prohibiting sectarian teachpre-Revolutionary college, founded in 1764? contrary [to emphasize this point] all the ing to all students, is an outstanding contriThe charter itself breathes the free spirit Members hereof shall forever enjoy full, bution to liberal Christianity by Brown. of the twentieth century rather than that free, absolute and uninterrupted Liberty of To emphasize also the introduction of the of the eighteenth. The preamble speaks of Conscience.”
sciences into the curriculum, the very next the proposed institution as one “ to which Moreover, in an age when theology en- member elected to the Faculty after the the youth may freely resort for Education. tirely dominated teaching and the sciences President was Daniel Howell, as Profesin the vernacular and learned Languages were looked at askance it was provided sor of Natural Philosophy, and his im. and in the Liberal Arts and Sciences.” “ that the public Teaching shall in general mediate successors were Joseph Brown and
Though started by Morgan Edwards, then respect the Sciences : and that the Sectarian Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse. pastor of my own church in Philadelphia Differences of Opinion shall not make any Among its students also Brown lived up (the First Baptist Church), and promoted Part of the public and classical Instruction ; to its promises of freedom of conscience. by other Baptists who could easily have Although all religious Controversies may be At a time when the Jews were often made the Corporation consist entirely of studied freely, Examined and Explained by “baited,” the Corporation, on September 6, Baptists, yet so liberal was the college that it the President, Professors and Tutors in a 1770, voted “that the children of Jews may provided that the Episcopalians, the Quak- personal, separate and distinct Manner to be admitted to this Institution, and eners, and the Congregationalists should be the youth of any or each Denomination.” tirely enjoy the freedom of their religion represented perpetually by fourteen of the This last exemption from the study of without any constraint or imposition whatthirty-six on the Board of Trustees, and sectarian theology—the body of Baptist ever.” In 1774 the Seventh-Day Baptists four of the twelve Fellows could be “ of any doctrines, it will be observed, was not ex- were exempted from the law requiring ator all denominations." Since the Unitarian empted from the prohibition-was a wholly tendance at church on Sunday. The Quakers schism we have always had both orthodox novel idea. Harvard and Yale, the only also were exempted from the regulation Congregationalists and Unitarian Congre- New England colleges then existing, both which prohibited students from wearing gationalists in the Corporation. The Presi- required the study of Congregational the- their hats within the college walls. dent was the only officer of the teaching ology of every student. The charter of With such examples in charter, laws, staff whose theological belief was prescribed. I am now the oldest member of
Brown expressly prohibited such study as and customs, could there have been any
a part of the curriculum (see especially greater encouragement to the pupils to do the Corporation both in age and service. Dexter's “ Yale Biographies and Annals their own thinking”? Next June I shall complete my forty-fifth and his " Memorials of Eminent Yale As a student in residence, as undergrad
Fancy Linens from Italy at McCutcheon's
Freedom and Teaching (Continued) uate from 1855–60, I can bear testimony that “to do our own thinking” was the constant exhortation of such men as Wayland, Lincoln, Harkness, Chace, Gammell, Hill, and others, and as a member of the Corporation I have the best of reasons to believe that the remarkably liberal spirit of 1764 still pervades both Faculty and students.
W. W. KEEN. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Reg. Trade Mark
We are pleased to announce the recent arrival of several large shipments of Italian Art Embroidered Linens. A notable feature of the goods is that they come largely from Art Needlework Schools which in normal times catered to an exclusive clientele, thus insuring originality of design and distinctiveness in workmanship. The following list will indicate some of the more popular sizes and prices :
Tea Cloth of sheer Ecru Linen Embroidered in White, Blue, or Brown. 45x45 inches, $25.00.
Napkins to match, 14x14 inches, $30.00 per dozen.
NOT TO BE HELPLESS
BY LEWIS E. THEISS When Johnny comes marching home again, he may have to ride in the ambulance. The Surgeon-General, the Red Cross, and other agencies are preparing to take care of Johnny if he does come that way. The Federal Board for Vocational Training has recently reported to the Senate and asked for $10,000,000 for its work.
In rehabilitating our crippled soldiers curative treatment will first be given. Next each subject will be fitted out with those wonderful new artificial legs, or arms, or fingers, which enable their possessors to accomplish such remarkable things. Then, if an injured man cannot follow his pre-war calling, he will be re-educated, fitted for something he can do. And, finally, he will be given a job.
And there is the crucial point in the entire plan—the job. What can a cripple do in industry, and who will employ him?
Those are questions that must be answered before Johnny comes home. And that means that American business and industry must be combed to find the answer. But who is going to do the combing?
The Pennsylvania State Department of Labor and Industry, with a spirit as fine as that of ancient Isaiah's, has answered, “ Here am I. Send me.” And has led the way for other commonwealths. For it has already begun a systematic canvass of the State's employers.
Two questionnaires have been sent out. The first asks Pennsylvania employers to indicate the number and kinds of positions in their plants where crippled men can be advantageously employed. Thirty-eight types of disability are specified in this questionnaire, covering practically every conceivable type of distigurement. The answers to this questionnaire will provide the Pennsylvania authorities with a complete card index of the State's industries, showing how crippled men can be successfully employed. The second questionnaire requests employers to indicate positions in their plants now held by disabled workers. That will provide a practical census of the disabled at work in the State.
The letter explaining the questionnaire and the questionnaire itself are printed on one form, which can be easily handled. When returned, these forms can be filed as a card index. They will be classified by the State Bureau of Employment, which will thus be in position immediately to place any rehabilitated cripple seeking work.
As Samson secured honey from the carcass of the lion after his struggle with the beast, so we shall derive many benefits from the awful war we are now engaged in. Not the least of these benefits will be the altered situation of the cripple. Never again will crippling entail relegation to the scrapheap. And just as the Johnny who dies to save democracy shall not have lived in vain, so the man who comes home in the ambulance will have served all cripples for the time.
Tea Cloths, 36x36 inches, 45x45 inches, and 54x54 inches. $8.50 to 47.50 each.
Orders by mail given special attention.
es McCutcheon & Co. Fifth Ave., 34th & 33d Sts., N. Y.
« THE PRESIDENT TO THE PEOPLE”
A beautifully printed collection of the President's most striking utterances. An example of typo graphical elegance, size 9 x 1244, printed on heavy Alexandra Japan paper with deckle edges. It contains a strikingly life-like portrait of the Chief Executive, suitable for framing. It comprises the finest portions of Mr. Wilson's addresses. Among these extracts areTHE CHALLENGE
THE MENACE Address before Congress, April 2, 1917
Flag Day Address, June 14, 1917 THE CALL TO INDUSTRY
CIVILIZATION'S DEMANDS Proclamation of April 16, 1917
Reply to the Peace Note of the Pope, August 27, 1917 THE SELECTIVE PRINCIPLE
JUSTICE AND REPARATION Proclamation of May 18, 1917
Address before Congress, December 4, 1917 THE GOAL OF FREE PEOPLES
THE BASES OF PERMANENT PEACE Note to the Russian Government, May 26, 1917
Address before Congress, January 8, 1918
properly protected from damage in mailing, upon receipt of One Dollar THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 Fourth Ave., New York