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sure they can play well enough for him not to be ashamed of England, where the Woman's Army Auxiliary Corps askuli them. Îhey're still under lock and key. The Admiral's not to start their publicity work. In order to do this I had beau heard them yet, and they're good and anxious about that first a temporary member of the Waacs, and had purchased tbtime.”
military uniform of khaki-a uniform both sensible and inetI went to the Navy hospital. It had been a Carmelite con- spicuous. I decided to wear this for the entire trip. vent, unsuited to hospital methods of any sort, especially Amer- We were carrying back to America casuals, mostly off ican. It had been completely overhauled. I admired certain sent for ill health, under charges, as instructors, and for othinnovations.
home duty. At first my only way of differentiating them “Yes," agreed the physician.“ We put those in particularly by the silver eagle or gold leaf or the bars on their shoulder because of the Admiral. He's very proud of this hospital; and it was several days before I separated the faces. we have to live up to his faith in us.
During the first days also we were more or less concealed i On a bed a rather white Filipino attracted my attention. our life-jackets and canteens, which we wore day and night
“ He's the Admiral's mess-boy. We just operated on him. which made my luxury of a bath-room a mere aggravati He'll be here several weeks more. It was a pretty delicate opera- Then, little by little, the horror or annoyance or curiosity tion, especially as we knew the Admiral would never forgive us created wore away. The dog was a conversation-opener: 1, if anything happened to his mess-boy.”
would speak first, and he could not tell the difference by “You mustn't forget about the show at the Opera House to signia, as I could ; the skipper and a second-class seaman sa night," a bluejacket smiled to me one morning. “Our ship’s
Our ship’s the same to him ; he did not even distinguish between a sa giving it, and the French Admiral and ours are going to have tary colonel and a colored stevedore. the two center boxes. Tell you what, ours enjoys a good show.” Our transport is one of the smaller ones, compared rid
This was the attitude of that port, which is, in reality, our Leviathan standards; but she is, according to the crew at least naval front in France, yet in no respect imposes its authority the best in the service. Certainly she is the fastest, is oil-burning so as to injure the liaison with the French navy. I began to and therefore shows no smoke or dust, and, as the chief en see how the French and American navies worked together, and neer puts it, “sits in the water like a big destroyer.” She how the respect of our own Admiral and his staff for the French long and slim and gray, and imitates the destroyers by havi: was reflected in the commonest seaman. I gained a wholesome a roll of 23 degrees. In a heavy sea she can be-well
, active admiration for the French navy, handicapped though it is for Mechanically she is very beautiful-not German; she has a men and materials, and for ours. I saw, so far as a woman may, immaculate engine-room, no black gang, and several big gun the business of our destroyers, of our little converted yachts, of In fact, if you leave her decks and cabins and bridge and the mine-sweepers and hydro-airplanes, and, through it all, inside, you find that what she really is is nothing but a hug directing it, guiding it, the kindly, firm arm of Admiral Wilson, floating engine-room more or less camouflaged as a boat. a hand that touches everything from the search for submarines “ Last time we shot all the guns at one go," I was unofficiali to questions of uniforms, from praise of his commanders to told, “she vibrated so that one of her papermash doors wa praise of his bluejackets.
smashed in." “ I never saw such a democratic navy!” his orderly grumbled It took me several seconds to decode “papermash.” one night when the Admiral helped a bluejacket who had been Among the returning officers my eyes gradually fastened ca dining with him on with his coat-his orderly, who had been a large, upstanding man with major's marks. He was playin until last spring a student at Lehigh University, and had joined an impromptu tennis with rope-quoits when I first caught sight of any nation only a brief six months ago.
of him, and his infantry fore-and-aft cap was on sideways. A Perhaps it was democratic, too, when I asked if I might last, in spite of his off-duty garb, I recognized him for a majer somehow see it in the working, and, after extenuating circum- I had met away back last November in a muddy America: stances were presented, was finally permitted to come aboard camp town. He had shown me through his village, and we ha this “empty” and cross the Atlantic as one of the troops, or- slopped our way from ancient barn to ancient barn, billet tu) I wonder--as a temporarily accredited correspondent of the billet-tents in some to keep the openwork roofs from deluging United States Navy.
the sleepers. Traveling officially, I and my war dog and my luggage were " And what d'you think "--I remembered his indignants driven from the hotel in a battleship-gray motor car to the dock. asking me at that time—“the farmers here actually complain I was expected, and was shown at once to my cabin-the only that my soldiers keep their sheep awake nights by talking one that boasts of a bath, and is usually occupied by the gen- too loud!” eral or colonel in command of troops.
More up-to-date yarns were in progress now. A colonel was Though I was expected, I found that the dog was not. Dogs telling about our salvage workers, who imitate the British are put dismally into the hold of liners; here, with no provision on a large scale; one heard the inside stories of certain raids : for them, it was suggested that I keep him in my bath-room. the French methods were now censured, now praised; ther I had to hunt up the galley to see about his “chow.”
were incidents of bravery on the part of cooks; and there So we started. The ship, with no preliminary warning, slid was the terrible tangle of prestige, in which, fortunately, I was away from her dock. We were accompanied by destroyers and not concerned. It must have been a trial to arrange the seating balloons, with the same precautions as if we had carried thou- at table exactly according to rank, in order to avoid injure sands of troops.
dignity. Below, in the galley, I found a place full of Filipinos in white Are you a real soldier ?" I heard an artilleryman ask a Rei suits. They were very curious about the dog and my explana- Cross lieutenant. “I mean, have you had cooties?" tion of his food. We had to find a dish large enough, and, as a And he showed his arm with the marks of bites. butter-dish was offered me first, and my dog is nearly as large “ No; I haven't got them now,” the artilleryman laugheul
. as a Great Dane, we proceeded by graduated process until we “ Two coal-oil baths and one with carbolic soap, and new clothes finally rose to a salad-bowl. Meanwhile I looked about me. from head to toe, did the trick.” He caught my eye. “Oh," bEverything was clean, there were no odors and no excess food said, “you mustn't put them down to uncleanliness. They're about-in fact, the kind of kitchen one always hopes one's hotel just there." possesses.
“ Yes,” commented a naval man; “ I guess that's why, But
you mustn't trust those Filipinos too much," a cautious destroyer, when we rescue men from those trawlers, we first of steward advised me. “They forget to do things regularly some- all have to give them a bath in bichloride ; otherwise weid times; and, you see," he whispered, “ most of them were swing- swarm.' ing in their trees until a few months ago.
As the danger zone disappeared behind us, the crew came As the only woman, I frankly felt a little shy at first. There more in evidence. There was plenty of work, but with so few were in all, I should guess, four hundred men on the ship, crew passengers and the passing of that week of anxiety of a returu included. I had a few early moments when I wondered if it journey through the danger zone, a little relaxation was would not have been more pleasant had there been some stray Red Indeed, the strain would-be unbearable if these boys were not Cross nurse aboard. A number of months ago I had been in allowed a few hours now and then. It was interesting to noties
s that of home consideration. I have never met such modesty as the e; uti strain of work and personal risk, and they hardly know they
too, the difference between these men and the crews on peace “Guess that'll roast all the bedbugs," I heard a sailor cheer time liners. In the merchant service the ship was run for the fully comment while he was working with them. purpose of providing speed and luxury for the passengers and There is, too, the sudden interruption of sleep and regular making money for the company; the crew were only the civil duties; the summoning of the crew in their life-jackets and their servants of the proprietors, and kept in the background. Here, long gray-hooded sweaters that transform them into swiftly movthough the crew did the manual work of running the ship-did ing, silent monks to boat drill in the dark night while the paseverything from plumbing to wigwagging, from polishing brass to sengers sleep, in the day as the passengers look on idly. And etching identity disks—they belong to the Navy, and not to a those passengers either watch curiously and laugh at the nimble private company; those enlisted within the year have enlisted scramblings
scramblings over ropes and into the boats or glue their eyes on to fight; the ship is “in the zone of the navies," and these are the crew's action with horrified fascination. the sailors' trenches. We passengers are guests in a besieged Would
you mind moving back a little ?” one of the house.
said to an army major who was carelessly smoking beside an Three months ago most of the men in the engine-room had open hatch. “That's full of ammunition, you know, and—” never been to sea. Now the chief engineer wouldn't trade them He didn't have to finish. The major bounded back ten feet. for any in the Navy. They are expert oil-burners. They have I was surprised at the youth of the crew; they might still come from all grades of life and all parts of the country. Here be a lot of high school juniors. The average age, I learned, is is a bank clerk from New Orleans, and there an Indian from twenty-two years, and,“ since a number of the men have
old in the service, that means that a good many are kids. The former sun-parlors of a liner are now crew's quarters. “But”-and I agreed with the chief gunner-“they're There the men mess at long tables, and I think theirs was the pretty nice youngsters. Two-thirds of them enlisted after we same as ours--officers'
my gun crew are new hands. I've kept have seen them eating very large pieces of pie, and their beef them constantly at it, so that now there isn't one that's gun-shy. and onions smelled appetizing when I had to walk through “ That? Oh, they're getting up their shore gunnery for a there yesterday to avoid the paint. I know they have plenty of funeral. The first member of the crew died last trip. We've coffee, for .we all have it three times a day; and I suspect that got him aboard. His family don't know about it yet. the ice-cream freezer, a recent acquisition, has tried out its ice Last night I stood alone for an hour on the boat deck. The cream on them as well as on us.
sea rippled in the wake of a crescent moon -we ourselves made no On sunny afternoons some of them appear on deck, in the wake--the dark masts of the ship and her stacks moved away from large open space astern. Then, for a few hours, you see them a line of stars only enough to make you know the ship breathed. over by the swinging boats, unprotected by a rail, many bare. There was no smoke, no noise except the rustle of the water foot, sleeping face up in the sun, or-if the less skillful soldiers against our sides, like a woman's taffeta petticoat. Not a boat have not lost it overboard-balancing themselves while they in the vast circle of sea, unless it were those phosphorescent pass a medicine ball, or practicing wigwagging with colored jellyfish with sails that they call Portuguese men-of-war, not flags. Just behind them you see their blouses and shirts and a periscope, not a danger; navigation was unhampered and war
drawers-which they themselves have washed--waving on was for the moment out of reach of our ears. b"
swaying ropes and fastened, not by clothespins, but by tie-ties. Below, in the smoking-room, I knew that forty-odd army offi"I was with the Grand Fleet until two trips ago, one man cers were laughing at Sidney Drew as he chased his pet mouse,
I may be going back again any time. Two of our or Madge Kennedy as she tried to remarry a husband that crew lately came off the destroyers.'
strenuous scenario circumstances had estranged from her. I Another man sorrowfully confessed that with the utmost knew that they were discussing the newest musical comedies difficulty he had had himself transferred from the “mother on Broadway, considering hotels, wondering about leave, and ship,” stationed at base headquarters abroad, to the transport wording telegrams.
service, just to see his best girl in America, and now, after two The chief gunner had “got slept up" after his ceaseless watch hem round trips, he hadn't seen her. The first time they had landed in the danger zone; the chief engineer was counting his barrels frize
at an unexpected port in order to pick up troops, and the next of oil to speculate on the speed he could allow—he had gallantly they had drawn lots for liberty, and he'd lost out.
refused to take advantage of five thousand barrels in France The thing that is hard for the soldier element to realize is when he realized how short France was ; the chief surgeon had mult that, though their own sea danger passes, the danger of the no more cases of appendicitis to operate on; the paymaster was ht:
sailor continues constantly, and, in proportion to their numbers, making out his mess bills of a dollar a day; the soldiers were more sailors risk their lives than soldiers. It is as if a sailor rehearsing their stories of heroism ; the bluejackets, who lay in were taken as a guest once, close to the trenches, in order their hammocks, were dreaming of “ liberty” and wondering if
to transfer him from one locality to another, whereas the khaki they would get any; while, on the bridge, the skipper quietly of urte fighting-man sticks to his trenches; that is the analogy. And guided the transport. Submarines, mines, the lack of lights, engine putine added to the unnatural dangers of Fritz, which beset both trouble, and ice would be no excuse--he personally was responsipoksi i soldier and sailor, are, on the sea, those ever-present threats of ble; and he was already thinking of the pile of official documents ortuit nature herself.
awaiting him, as usual, on his arrival: orders, reports, requests for Then there is the monotony, that ceaseless monotony of reports, new doctrine, change of course, slight repairs and alterto aia intermingled safety and danger, now in packed quarters, now ations. He was already thinking, too, of his return journey.
in empty ones, the latter soon to be changed by the advent of " I suppose,” he said, " we're more of a troop-ship than any pamata the wounded permanently discharged from the army; so many of the others, because we can carry more troops per
space les bedridden, so many tubercular, so many insane, and so many than they can, and, so far, our round trips hold the record. sites convalescent, to be looked after and saved at all costs by the Our return voyages, too, are entirely prepared for our converleiz Navy; each trip a recurrence of the last, each with its horizon sion into a hospital ship. But the chief engineer is right; you s, and a full of possible periscopes ; and, gradually acquired from being mustn't think of us as a transport in the ordinary sense at all.
told by each set of fresh soldiers, voyage after voyage, that they What you've been traveling on is really a big destroyer-the alie are going to clean up the war in no time, the attitude of the biggest destroyer in our Navy.” bluejackets that they themselves are really doing nothing worthy My dog no longer wears his life-preserver; neither do I.
The novelty of being the only woman aboard has worn away, har modesty of the sailor. Back and forth, with that never-ending and no one, I believe, particularly remembers it. There's no
more chance of seasickness in a sea like a dancing-floor. But I are doing anything brave.
shall always remember that no liner could give me the feeling It is the repetitions that are wearing--for instance, the of personal security that this troop-ship has given me, and that, te bera repetition of fumigation. After each unloading of troops every though accident might occur anywhere, I have never crossed
bunk of the several thousands must be overhauled, each mat the ocean with such efficient protection as this time, when, tress brought out on deck and stuffed into the fumigator and under the official auspices of the United States Navy, I am soon steamed for at least fifteen minutes.
to be brought safely to that haven where I would be.
To the People of Germany
nur deutsche Erzeugnisse zu verwenden
Deutsche, merkt euch
für alle Zeiten, daß mit eurer Unterstütung die amerí:
Berlin. Steglit, im Oktober 1917
Betfort erale 13
-If it isn't an Eastman
it isn't a Kodak!
A translation of the circular in full is as follows:
“It is the duty of every German to use only German products and to patronize thereby German industry. Therefore, use for photographic purposes only German cameras, German Dry Plates and German papers.
Whoever purchases the products of enemy industries strengthens the economic power of our enemies.
“Germans! Remember for all times to come that with the aid of your patronage the AmericanEnglish Kodak Co. subscribed before the war with the United States, the round sum of 50,000,000 marks of war loans of our enemies!
“There are no German ‘Kodaks'. ('Kodak' as a collective noun for photographic products is misleading and indicates only the products of the Eastman Kodak Co.) Whoever speaks of a ‘Kodak and means thereby only a photographic camera, does not bear in mind that with the spreading of This word, he does harm to the German industry in favor of the American-English.”
If it isn't an Eastman it isn't a Kodak!
EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
The Kodak City
PRESIDENT KISSEL MOTOR CAR COMPANY
WEEKLY OUTLINE STUDY OF THE NATION'S
Believing that the advance of business is a saber
of vital interest and importance, The Outlook 2
present under the above heading frequent spr Based on The Outlook of June 26, 1918
cussions of subjects of industrial and commerrt
interest. This department will include paragrap Each week an Outline Study of Current History based on the preceding number of The Outlook will
of timely interest and articles of educational vai be printed for the benefit of current events classes, debating clubs, teachers of history and of English, and
dealing with the industrial upbuilding of the Nation des
Comment and suggestions are invited. sil the like, and for use in the home and by such individual readers as may desire suggestions in the serious study of current history. - The Editors.
(Those who are using the weekly outline should the present time hold in peace times ? MOTOR TRUCKS ON not attempt to cover the whole of an outline in any 6. What was the Borah resolution ? Preone lesson or study. Assign for one lesson selected
AMERICA'S BREAD sent Senator Boralı's view of his resolution. questions, one or two propositions for discussion, 7. Give the views of President Wilson and
LINE" and only such words as are found in the material assigned. Or distribute selected questions among
The Outlook on public consideration of different members of the class or group and have treaties. 8. Is there any difference? If so,
BY G. A. KISSEL them report their findings to all when assembled. tell which you prefer, and why. 9. In disThen have all discuss the questions together.] cussing the danger of secret negotiations,
This is the second article by Mr. Kissel on Hero The Outlook says that the pending treaty 1-INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
the Motor Truck Can Solve Community Tramp with Colombia is an illustration. How so? tation Problems.
INCE transportation of commoditie
is one of the great problems of Note.—Make this topic the basis of a Colombia treaty in “ Fear God and Take
present, and is becoming a greate study of inter-American relations. 1. What Your Own Part," Chapter XI (Doran). 10.
problem every month as the war co leads The Outlook to consider President Can you suggest ways by which public busi
tinues, how can every community be assur Wilson's address to the Mexican editors ness can be more effectively executed than
of an uninterrupted food supply? The dal an important war utterance”? 2. What is at the present time and in ordinary times ?
increase in the manufacture of goods, noiMr. Wilson's idea of a political union of Read the two articles on “ The Ådminis
nitions, and supplies has undoubtedly mor the Americas? Discuss. 3. Give several tration: An Appraisal,” in The Outlook of
than made up any increase in transporta: reasons why William II would not advoJune 19 and June 26, 1918, and the edi
tion equipment. cate such a political union in Europe or in torial in The Outlook on page 307, issue
It has been only a short time since the 19 the Americas. 4. State and discuss what of June 19, 1918.
call went out for America to produce erers: foreign editors think of the President's B. Topic: Mr. Ford and the Senatorship; tions need to live, work, and fight on. Ths: speech. 5. Tell what you think President
What to look for in a Candidate for Wilson's Mexican policy has been and is.
America answered the call is proved by the Is it in the interest of Pan-Americanism?
endless stream of supplies going across the 6. Show that “the people of the United References : Page 332 ; editorial, pages 338,
our allies. And, mind you, these suppli
339. States feel only the heartiest friendliness
are in addition to those made for consumpQuestions: and good-will” toward Mexico. 7. Suggest
tion at home. several ways of overcoming the misunder
1. Interpret the second paragraph of the The result is, we have been so busy pr. standing and misapprehension that South
first reference given (page 332). What do
ducing, manufacturing, and growing tha American republics have of the United States. 8. Discuss the following: (1) “ The 2. Do you think The Outlook fair in its
our transportation facilities have been uicriticism of Mr. Ford ? Give reasons.
able to keep up with the increase. little we now hear from the other side of Do you think the Republicans of Michigan
Haulage and delivery of food produs: the Rio Grande indicates that the situation
and breadstuffs is one of the great proo should indorse the candidacy of Mr. Ford? there is more critical than before the war." Reasons. 3. What sort of men does The
lems of the present—one that cannot be (2) Pro-German and anti-American propa- Outlook advocate that voters elect to our
neglected, and one on which the sucers ganda has existed in Mexico for years.
of world democracy depends. Therefor 9. In reference to world interests what is
Congress (pages 338, 339) ? Are there any
it is up to every community to solve it: our duty in Mexico ? 10. Is the Monroe Doctrine a “Pan-American Declaration ” ? extravagant? Reasons. 4. We are told
own transportation problems and not leare
them to the overworked railways. that in recent times we have not had men 11 Give a chronological résumé of inter
One of the worst results of freight corin Congress of the ability of Webster, Clay, gestion is that of delaying food and breakAmerican relations from the time of George
Calhoun, and Jackson, and that such men Washington to the present. 12. State and
stuffs. Unlike other commodities, vege discuss the suggestions that come to you are not to be found nowadays. Is this so?
tables, fruit, grain, food products, ar from the study of this topic. 13. A very
If it is, who and what are responsible ? breadstuffs cannot be tied up very long suggestive little book is · Inter-American 5. Suggest several ways of training efti
without danger of spoiling or deteriorating Acquaintances," by C. L. Chandler (The
Manufacturers and growers have found and Presidents. University Press of Sewanee, Tennessee);
this, to their sorrow. consult also the index of American
III- PROPOSITIONS FOR DISCUSSION To free himself from such shipping unDiplomacy,” by C. R. Fish (Henry Holt)
(These propositions are suggested directly or indi- certainty, a certain food manufacturer a very valuable book to own.
rectly by the subject matter of The Outlook, but recently invested in motor trucks, an! not discussed in it.)
finds them much better for transportin, II-NATIONAL AFFAIRS 1. The present world-crisis demands
his goods and supplies even to destinations A. Topic: The Underwood Resolution ; American intervention in Mexico. 2. Open two hundred miles away. the Borah Resolution. discussion of public treaties would greatly this method are handled only twice
, loalReference : Pages 331, 332. aid world peace.
ing them on the truck and unloading them Questions :
at destination. Compare this with the rail1. Tell what The Outlook says about the (All of the following words and expressions are
ways—loading on truck, unloading & Underwood resolution. 2. Distinguish be
found in The Outlook for June 26, 1918. Both freight depot, loading into freight cars tween a bill and a resolution. Between a before and after looking them up in the dictionary or unloading at receiving station, loading on public bill and a private bill. 3. Give five elsewhere, give their meaning in your own words. truck, and unloading at the store-tre reasons why debate in the House of Rep- The figures in parentheses refer to pages on which different loadings and unloadings. resentatives is greatly limited. 4. For what the words may be found.) reasons has debate in the Senate been
Episodes, sagacity, intervention (337); TRUCKS ENCOURAGE FOOD PRODUCTION unlimited ? Is or is not this in the interest prerogative, diplomacy, delimit, open diplo- The National Automobile Chamber of of the public? Discuss. 5. Would the argu- macy (331); naïveté, anomalous, statesman Commerce, through the National Motor ments for limited debate in the Senate at (332), pessimist, optimist, stalemate (339). Truck Committee, has sent out an appeal
A booklet suggestiny methods of using the Weekly Outline of Current History will be sent on application showing the need of rural motor express