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Motor-Trucks on America's " Bread Line"
(Continued) lines, and pointing out the necessity for more and quicker transportation to aid increased food production.
The railways are apparently not equipped to carry all food and other supplies at the same time. Naturally farmers hesitate to produce to capacity, fearing their produce cannot be marketed. About twenty per cent of farm help has been lost by the draft and other causes, making it impossible for farmers to haul crops to market and work on the farm at the same time.
The remedy lies in rural motor-truck
express lines. Farmers, truck gardeners, 1
and dairymen have found that motor trucks insure daily transportation to market, enabling them to devote all of their time to their farms. Increased production and compensation for loss of labor result.
The congestion of the railways has in some sections necessitated delivery of live stock to the stock-yards by motor truck. During the year there were hauled over highways for a radius of thirty miles to Cincinnati more than 77,000 hogs, 235,000 sheep, 28,500 calves, and 27,500 head of cattle, forty per cent of which were driven in on the hoof, and sixty per cent in motor
trucks. This experiment has proved that To
the motor-truck method promises to be permanent, as stock can be handled cheaper than by railway, and arrive in better condition and in quicker time.
The dependability and adaptability of the motor truck have attracted the attention of manufacturers and growers of perishable goods. In the West and South grow
ers have employed motor trucks for shiporele ping strawberries and early summer fruits
and vegetables to market or to warehouses. Even such delicate fruits as peaches, plums, and grapes are now being shipped out of the
fruit-producing States over long distances to lay by motor trucks. The hardier fruits, such
as oranges, grapefruit, apples, pears, etc., are in some sections being almost entirely
shipped by this method. od?
Such examples prove that the motor truck can be utilized to feed a community, and that it is not necessary, because food is of a perishable nature, to make the railways shoulder this work.
Drawn by one horse and operated Floats over the uneven ground as a by one man, the TRIPLEX ship rides the waves. One mower MOWER will mow more lawn may be climbing a knoll
, the second in a day than the best motor skimming a level and the third paring mower ever made, cut it better and a hollow, at a fraction of the cost.
Does not smash the grass to earth Drawn by one horse and operated and plaster it in the mud in springby one man, it will mow more lawn time nor crush out its life between in a day than any three ordinary hot rollers and hard, hot ground horsedrawn
with three in summer as does the motor horses and three men.
Send for Catalogue illustrating all types of TOWNSEND MOWERS.
IMPORTANT TO SUBSCRIBERS
g When you notify The Outlook of a change in your address, both the old and the new address should be given. Kindly write, if possible, two weeks before the change is to take effect.
CENTRALIZED FOOD DISTRIBUTION
PIRITUAL SONG Uninterrupted distribution of food is one Just Out. A New Song Book. Sample copy will
demonstrate its value. Examination Copy Board 25c. Cloth 35c which the Nation must solve, not only for The Biglow and Main Co., New York - Chicago The immediate relief, but after the war as well. I would not be surprised if such a solution
You can cure were found in a centralized plan whereby
distribution points would be located to 11 facilitate the distribution of perishable and
semi-perishable food products, eliminating without drugs-at home with food the short haul on the railways.
Complete and definite instructions by R. L. Alsaker, M.D. This would enable the railways to run (recognized as an authority on the cure of this disease), will Skip through trains from growing and manu
be mailed on receipt of $2.00. Satisfaction guaranteed.
FRANK E. MORRISON (Est. 1889), Publisher facturing points direct to these distribution
Dept. 152, 1133 Broadway, New York. centers, whence motor trucks would comtra plete the work of delivery to consignees. dieses This would save time for the railways, as EDWARDS li? they would have. no stops and but one load STEEL
ing and unloading. The growers and manuheh facturers would have but one point to ship
er equipments for factories, stores,
jums, offices, etc. The Edwards
complicated parts. Each locker com
prises only six, unite interchangeEither the Government might take this
able and standardized, making the
Edwards Steel Lockers cheapest and matter in hand, build food distribution
bent. Every locker guaranteed. All
el. Send for catalog and estimates warehouses, where all the goods for each Responsible representatives with es
tablished offices wanted for unoccupoint would be forwarded, and whence motor pied territory. Write for terme. e trucks would convey them to destinations,
The Edwards Mfg., Co., 339-389, Culvert St., Cincinnati, O. or the food manufacturers and producers
Makers also of Edwardo Adjustablo Al Steel Shelving for Postoffices,
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* 2:50 Up
Motor-Trucks on America's “ Bread Line"
BY THE WAY (Continued) themselves might combine for this pur The late Professor W. D. Whitney was them but will stand to be cut to pieces pose.
quoted on page 156 of The Outlook of May without a sigh or groan. My father, who A COMMUNITY PLAN
22 as saying that the Bible contains no had studied the genius and temper of all There are several plans whereby a com
such word as “its.” A subscriber writes : kinds of negroes forty-five years with a munity can insure its own food supplies
66 The word its does occur in Leviticus xxv. very nice observation, would say, noe man from delays. One way is for all food mer
5." The Oxford English Dictionary thus deserved a Corramante that would not chants in each community-the grocer,
comments on the matter : “ Its was formed treat him like a friend rather than a slave.” baker, meat market, fruit and vegetable
in the end of the sixteenth century from A subscriber writes that the translation dealer, confectioner,creamery, etc.-to form
itt's of the possessive or genitive case, and of the Indian word “ agawam”in our issue a co-operative motor-truck transportation
at first commonly written it's. Its was not of June 12, “Great salt meadows of the company to collect and transport to their admitted in the Bible of 1611; the posses Atlantic Coast,” is somewhat too specific
. different places of business all food prod
sive it occurs once, but was altered (in an “Great,” he says, would be some form of ucts and breadstuffs.
edition of 1660). to its, which appears in all missi, as in Mississippi,“great river... Salt, The number of trucks necessary to carry
current editions.” (The word, it may be he affirms, was a word unknown to the out this plan would depend on the number remarked, is found in only one of a half Indians, as was Atlantic. “ The word,” he of dealers and the area necessary to cover: dozen standard concordances.)
concludes, “is undoubtedly derived from There would primarily have to be two differ An examination of a copy of the Bible agwaam, meaning.ground overflowed by ent routes which this transportation com of 1611 in the New York Public Library water.'? Without questioning the philopany would have to operate over. The first corroborates the above statement. Leviti- logical knowledge of our correspondent
, we route would be that of the farmers, dairies, cus xxv, 5 reads, as printed in the quaint may express our surprise at his statement and live-stock growers, whence the city “ black letter” type of this early edition :
that salt was unknown to the Indians. The derives its supply of fresh vegetables, That which groweth of it owne accord of thy
numerous" salt licks” of the West, it would fruits, milk, eggs, poultry, and meats. The haruest, thou shalt not reape, neither gather the seem, must certainly have had a descriptive location of each source of supply on this grapes of thy Hine undressed : for it is a yeere of name in the Indian languages. route should be listed and arranged on a rest onto the land.
It is unprecedented, unconstitutional, and schedule so that each truck would carry The title-page of this Bible reads : “THE
otherwise quite out of the question for a full loads both ways.
HOLY BIBLE. Imprinted at London by man to be Senator from two States at the The second route would be for those Robert Barker, Printer to the Kings most same time ; yet if this were conceivable, trucks that would take care of all goods excellent Maieftie. Anno Dom. 1611. A
there is no one who could carry this double shipped over the railways by the manufac note on the fly-leaf in the handwriting of burden with better grace
than Oscar W. turers and would include all package goods
Mr. James Lenox, the founder of the Lenox Underwood, of Alabama. That must be our and supplies. If a community is situated Library in New York City, says, curiously excuse for referring to him two weeks near a large city which is the distribution enough, that this title-page is that of an ago as “Oscar W. Underwood, of Georgia." point for manufactured goods, time could edition of 1613, altered to “ 1611.” A close
We trust that Georgia, Alabama, and the be saved by the trucks going to this city and
examination of the last 1 in 1611 shows that Senator appreciated the compliment. not waiting until they had been reshipped the figure had, in fact, been tampered with, in
Summer guests of an unusual character to the community. A great deal of time is order, possibly, to increase the value of the
are solicited in the following advertisement lost in waiting for less than car-load lots to book to an inattentive bibliophile. The
in a New York City daily: be reshipped from distribution points to words of the Preacher seem apposite in this
Woman with genuine affection for dogs, undersmall communities, and it is here that the
connection : “God hath made man upright; standing care of same, spacious grounds, wired motor truck would prove of invaluable aid but they have sought out many inventions.” will accept five dogs only as boarders. Boston in prompt deliveries.
bulls preferred. Address ----, etc. The second plan would be that of a
The question about the identity of the jackknife that first had its blade renewed
The French word bijou (jewel) is a popumunicipal motor-truck transportation com
lar one in America as a name for a small and then got a new handle is fairly matched pany owned and operated by the commu
theater. The pronunciation of the word is by this story quoted from the “ American nity or by a group of individuals, for the
difficult for the average playgoer, who is Hatter :” “ You say you've worn this hat for purpose of supplying the community's deal
two years ?” “Yes, sir ; and it looks all probably innocent even of boarding-school ers and merchants with their food supply. right'still. Twice I've had it cleaned and French, and it is sometimes Anglieized as This could be operated over routes as out once I exchanged it in a restaurant for one lined in the first plan.
“ By Joe.” A Newport (Rhode Island) that was entirely new.”
newspaper advertisement frankly accepts The third plan would be that of a
The coming back of the full-rigged sail
this pronunciation; in the announcement of farmers' co-operative motor-truck trans
a moving-picture theater the name appears S portation company, to be owned and opering ship is one of the wonders of the war.
in large black letters as BIJO. Recently a round dozen of these old-time ated by the farmers and dairymen who monarchs of the deep were counted in New
Cherry-pit bean bags are the latest desupply the community with its fresh vegetables, milk, etc. The farmers participatYork Harbor lying off Staten Island. Two
vice of the conservationist. Bean bags make of the dozen were four-masters.
nice little gifts for children at Christmas, ing in such a company could use the motor
and now is the time to save the cherry pits truck equipment for transporting their
Speaking of the shortage of copper in for them. Beans are too costly to use for products to the community and bringing Germany, Cyril Brown says in “Germany
this purpose any longer, and, besides, it is back with them supplies needed on the
as It Is To-Day” that “about the last of said that the cherry pits are lighter and farm, thus insuring a load both ways.
Germany's famous church bells to go into make better bags for children's use. The above three plans are more or less the melting-pot has been the so-called “One can't realize the magnitude of this
AN in the rough, but I believe that every com• Kaiser Bell, out of the belfry of Cologne
war till one sees it,” says John Kautz in munity can find an idea among them that Cathedral, the largest church bell in all
his book “ Trucking to the Trenches." they could profitably apply to their local Germany, weighing sixty tons. Hung in
" The other day we passed five solid miles conditions. 1877, it pealed its last on New Year's,
of horses and guns going up-it is not an This war is a matter of men, equipment, 1918.” Other authorities state that this
uncommon sight, but a wonderful one. We and supplies. These three war essentials bell weighed 27 14 tons, that it was cast in
are only one section of twenty-four trucks have to be transported. This means a load 1874 from French cannon captured in the
out of more than 200,000, yet every time on the Nation's transportation equipment war of 1870, and that it was exceeded in
we load with shells the load is worth from far in excess of its capacity. If it comes to size only by the famous Russian bells of
$78,000 to $100,000, depending on the kind." a show-down, the railways will have to Moscow and by certain Chinese bells.
“ The old adage, Talking is still done confine themselves strictly to Government Negroes who can trace their ancestry to
by hand in France,” continues the author work. This would mean that all goods and the Coromantees of the African Gold above mentioned, “ has just been borne out
FO supplies for other than Governmental use Coast have reason to be proud. A recent would have to be transported in other ways. book entitled “ American Negro Slavery," elbow. He sprained it trying to translate
again. I've had to tie up a Frenchman's
A The motor truck has proved itself the logical by Professor U. B. Phillips, quotes from Crank up your motor' from French into means of transportation. It is an equipment a letter written in 1701 by Governor
English--that's a fact. His two favorite that can be purchased and operated by every
, community without great initial outlay or this tribe : « The Corramantes are not only of about a hundred words, are, * It is agit
American expressions, out of a vocabulary time spent in putting it into operation. the best and most faithful of our slaves, and "You darn fool." He uses both indio To my mind, the time has arrived when but are really all born heroes. There never
criminately, but he is the best friend I have such transportation steps should be taken was a raskal or coward of that nation. without delay. Intrepid to the last degree, not a man of
among the French in spite of his frequent use of the last compliment."
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Hotels and Resorts Hotels and Resorts
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Hotels and Resorts Health Resorts
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Professional Situations WANTED--Assistant physician, Berea Col lege (for Southern mountains). 1,600 students, workers, and families. Nurse training. New 50-bed hospital. Must be religious man of missionary type, not using tobacco. Able to do night work. Address Dr. R. H. Cowley, Berea, Ky.
White Mountains WHITEFIELD, Companions and Domestic Helpers
WANTED-Working housekeeper, American preferred. For particulars apply to (Mrs.) F. R. Littell, 34 Elm St., Summit, N. J.
Teachers and Governossos WANTED-Governess to take charge of girl, 8 years. $tate reference, age, and salary expected. Write Mrs, S. A. Fagsler, 151 No. Whitney St., Hartford, Com.
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Address C. H. Easton, 1 Broadway, New York
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Completely furnished ; running water, bath, and electric lights. Vege
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Attractive grounds. Wood and ice included.
Apply to Box 80, Marlborough-on-Hudson.
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Professional Situations NEEDED, early chaplaincy of institution. New Hampshire or Massachusetts. 6,051, Outlook.
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THE REPORT OF AN EYE-WITNESS
AT THE FRONT
BY DANIEL A. POLING
“ The American soldier is the worthy inheritor of the finest traditions of American arms, a
WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1918