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ELECTRICIANS-RADIO AT LABORATORY WORK. THESE MEN ALSO HAVE INSTRUCTION IN OPERATING PRACTICE, INTERNATIONAL CODE trade school. They are as typical of the country as a whole as ignition, has been the stepping-stone for such men to proceed the student body at a great Eastern university.

to their four weeks' finishing work at the United States Naval Just another needless custom shattered by the war is the old Gas Engine School, Columbia University, where in the Mechanprocedure of training bluejackets exclusively on or near ships. ical Engineering College the actual chaser mechanism has been

Contrary to popular concept, sailors are specialists, and installed for study. not jacks-of-all-trades possessing certain simian traits which In like manner, hundreds of radio operators, having demonenable them to scamper promiscuously about the masts and strated their ability to receive ten to fifteen words per minute armor of a war-ship. Bluejackets are fully as important in the international code, have been transferred to the United below decks as on the superstructure. It is of course inside States Naval Radio School at Harvard, there to be given a final where the trained cooks and bakers prepare the ship's mess, touch and despatched to the fleets. Squads of blacksmiths, the coppersmiths and sheet-metal workers toil, and usually rated early on their skill, are also now at sea. the enginemen and the machinists do the constant repairing Pleased with the broad scope of the work performed by this and refitting which an active naval greyhound demands. Such inland school, Surgeon-General Braisted, of the Navy, authorized men, together with wireless operators, aviation mechanics, and a hospital training course for bluejackets in Minneapolis. Every student officers for aviation pilots, are the type now serving four months a class of one hundred apprentices starts training in their apprenticeship at Dunwoody Naval Training Schools materia medica, therapeutics, physiology, anatomy, bacteriology, under Commander Warren J. Terhune. U. S. N., Commandant. dentistry, bandaging, dietetics, nursing and ward management,

Moreover, all the men drill daily with navy rifles; they are minor surgery, first aid. The instruction is given near by at the inculcated with the discipline of the sea. A fascinating part of University of Minnesota. Both the hospital corps school and the work is rigorous schooling in watermanship on a two-mile naval aviation were brought to Minneapolis, after the other lake contiguous to one of the barracks. In ten-oared navy cutters courses had started, by Ensign Colby Dodge, U. S. N., essenthe tyros achieve the systematic beginnings of a mariner's tially a promoter, who a year ago was ordered to active duty, knockabout duties.

very active duty indeed, at this uncharted naval station 80 Initially, courses of instruction were set at four months. rich in potentialities. But as the work gained headway it was observed that scores The apprentice bakers make four hundred loaves of bread

daily for the general mess. Pies, cakes, and buns they also Not a few college graduates are in the detachment, though
supply as the menu calls. In use are the newest scientific baking there are many more of these thousand men who have never
appliances—blenders, mixers, kneaders—as employed in metro entered high school. This disparity in education, however,
politan bakeries of wholesale capacity. Of one of the advanced balances a parallel inequality concerning actual experience in a
students, a bluejacket who had won the post of assistant instruc trade. How these two types of men are dealt with was well
tor, I asked whether he expected to start a bakery of his own illustrated by one of the instructors in engineering.
after the war.

“Whenever a bluejacket begins to tell me how long he has • No," he replied ;“ but I'd like to buy an interest in a drug- worked in a garage,” this instructor explained, " then I know store.”

he's a camoufleur. And if a college man in a sailor's uniform “Do you know anything about drugs ?"

calls me aside after class, leads me into a room where he has two “ I'm learning. That's the reason I am willing to stay on here blackboards full of figures, and argues for half an hour on some as an instructor, instead of going to sea with the rest. We get theoretical point about circuits or pressure, then I know he now only the chemistry of baking, but later I'll have a chance to needs pruning. Both lack a practical grasp of the fundamentals." work in the laboratory by myself and study general chemistry.” While civilian instructors answer for the deportment of the

Like this boy, a great many of the apprentices at Dunwoody men during class hours, while they mark each naval student are looking to the future, investigating the indirect opportuni on conduct as well as on theory, shop work, and log-book, the ties through which the Navy can help them to their preferred discipline of the jackies is largely administered by chief petty work. It may be asked where they would get the money to enter officers, older men whose service in the Navy ranges from ten to business for themselves. One of the chief petty officers, who was twenty-five years. These chiefs, under direction of comınissioned in charge of three hundred bluejackets at their lodgings, shed officers, muster the men and drill them with rifles, for, however some light on this point.

expertly trained in a handicraft a bluejacket may be, he is never "You would be surprised to see how many of the boys are allowed to forget that he may have a chance to use a bayonet. salting down their pay,” he said. “There's simply nothing to Ship etiquette and ship terms are thus fixed in the minds of

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spend it for. Few of them have dependents. When the men bave these novices before they ever see the ocean. At the weekly liberty, they are entertained by new-made friends around town.” inspection of the battalion by the commandant the chiefs are “Don't they go in for amusements at night?”

also present to note sharply any discrepancies or irregularities. 'No; they stay in their rooms to study, read, or write up But to anchor thirteen hundred miles from an ocean and still de les their log-books. By then it's time to go to bed, for reveille serve the Navy adds an anomalous chapter to the lives of these sounds at half-past five in the morning.

old tars, oddly marooned. Their ships set them ashore, then sailed “ And are they never homesick ?”

away. On top of that insult the railways next carried them as far He shook his head. “They don't have time for that,” he inshore as it was possible to go. Yet these unrepining “C.P.O.'s” Treli explained.

do not seem to despise the return of their long-lost land-legs. From his pay during a four-year enlistment, with food and In the basement of the main building at Dunwoody is the clothes supplied, a bluejacket can easily lay aside a thousand to general mess, prepared thrice daily in the galley by apprentice fifteen hundred dollars. Upon re-enlisting this amount can be cooks. These cooks and future commissary stewards have classdoubled, or more than doubled if the sailor obtains a higher rating. room work too, like their mates in every other course. They

The general scheme of training at these schools is productive study food values, navy ration, menus, meat cutting, sanitation,
rather than experimental. Exercises in which the disposition of landing parties. But the part of hourly interest to all is the
the material used is “scrap" are reduced to a minimum. In mess, served by the cafeteria plan.
other words, if bluejackets were learning to be ship's carpenters The critical old chief petty officers need not patronize the
they could at any time stock a small furniture store with their general mess, though some of them do.
manufactures, or the coppersmiths could fill a hardware shop. Ah,” sighed one, scrutinizing his meat pie, “this food isn't

“And the curious part of it is,” said one of the instructors, much like the stuff we used to get aboard ship."
“enlisted men who have had only four or five years' schooling Why not ?” he was asked.
seem to learn mathematics as quickly as those who have gone

“Landlubbers' mess-inexperienced cooks here," was his through the eighth or tenth grade. Such a condition would indicate, I think, that the public schools might boil down their “Yes,” he was told; “but isn't the food intended for inexcurriculum.”

perienced sailors ?"

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My heart a garden is, a garden walled ;
And in the wide white spaces near the gates
Grow tall and showy flowers, sun-loving flowers,
Where they are seen of every passer-by ;
Who straightway faring on doth bear the tale
How bright my garden is and filled with sun.
But there are shaded walks far from the gates,
So far the passer-by can never see,
Where violets grow for thoughts of those afar,
And rue for memories of vanished days,
And sweet forget-me-nots to bid me think

With tenderness, - lest I grow utter cold
And hard as women grow who never weep.
And when come times I fear that Love is dead
And Sorrow rules as King the world's white ways,
I go with friends I love among these beds,
Where friend and flower do speak alike to me,
Sometimes with silences, sometimes with words.
'Tis then I thank my God for those high walls
That shut the friends within, the world without,
That passers-by may only see the sun,
That friends I love may share the quiet shade.





Arthur McQuaid " sairved the Lord,” as he would have phrased it, as a cobbler in a Pennsylvania mining town. Physically and me tally he was outstanding; he radiated a lasting impression of a jovial man of strong convictions. His controlling passions were the desto of the United States and a personal God to whom he could talk about daily affairs. He rarely argued or defined these, but he lived the every day. He phrased his thoughts in archaic form as a result of reading the Bible and Matthew Henry's “Commentaries ” daily while be worked. The first Arthur McQuaid story appeared in The Outlook May 23, 1917; the second, August 22, 1917; and the third, January 23, 1918

\HE weather reports which Robert McAndrew used were "Have ye ever thought,” Arthur asked, “how yer and

written in the clouds and the air and the direction of the father, smokin' his pipe, would have nodded his head in proper

wind. These foretold a blizzard, and, as supervisor of the pride could he have known ye'd been elected three times super township roads, Robert was laboriously preparing for it, in the visor of the township roads ?” heavy, methodical, painstaking way of a conscientious giant, by Robert was accustomed to weighing his words, but his silence clearing from the culverts and the ditches the slush of a Janu- was longer than usual. ary thaw. In the early afternoon one of his boots began to leak, "Ye hit it there,” he replied. “ 'Tis the honor. Ye're well and at five o'clock, with the thermometer already away below aware, Arthur McQuaid, I'm no hand for wairds. I was elected the freezing-point and the snow whipping in whirlwinds about to fix the roads, and fix the roads I have. 'Twas not only a every obstruction, he bent his way in the darkness to Arthur duty, ye'll mind, 'twas the honor of it.” He paused a moment McQuaid's.

“And now they're goin' to take it away from me.' Arthur's big black, shaggy dog, McTague, frisking in high Arthur straightened and turned with such a jerk that spirits up and down the road and leaping in the air to bite at McTague barked. the flood of flakes, spied him coming, and together man and dog “Who's goin' to take it from ye ?”' tumbled into the shoemaker's shop in a swirl of snow and frosty The politicians.” air.

u When?" Arthur was pegging cheerily by the light of a kerosene lamp

“This night.” and singing lustily the last verse of the hymn “From every

“ Where?stormy wind that blows." His red flannel shirt and the lively There's a meetin' in the hall back of Sam Davis's saloon." color-play of the fire, which the half-open door of the stove re- " Are ye no goin'?" vealed, marked the only bright spots in the room ; for Arthur's

Robert raised his eyes in amazement and reproach. thick body and big round head threw the rest of the tidy shop Man, 'tis prayer-meetin' night. ” into deep shadow.

“Aye,” said Arthur, "and a fine one. The Lord God's abroad “ Ah, 'tis


Robert,” he said, when the verse was finished. this night. D’ye hear that now?” The wind and snow swept There, there, McTague, will ye no lairn to shake yerself before down the street in absolute possession. He turned to his work, ye come in? But he's like meself, Robert; he fills with glad- and neither of them spoke until the boot was mended. But the ness when the Lord passes by in majesty and power. 'Twill be more vigorous motion back and forth of Arthur's sinewy arms a grand night for prayer-meetin'. Did ye get all the ditches betokened a rising spirit. cleared ?"

“There now, Robert”—the shoemaker's voice was charged " Aye,” said Robert, slowly, from the stove, taking off the with the vigor of righteous wrath—“put yer boot on, and we'l leaking boot." They're all trim. There's a cut in me boot, read the Fifty-ninth Psalm.” Arthur, and I'll be out airly in the mornin' to clear the drifts. The same swelling tide of resentment animated his steady Have ye time to mend it ?"

stride against the storm to the Wednesday night prayer“ I have that,” Arthur affirmed. “There's no boots I'd sooner meeting, and some of it found vent in occasional crisp sentences mend, for ye're what I'd call a good and faithful sairvant, to McTague, who trotted along. “The Egyptians were sorely Robert. Ye're a credit to auld County Down and to the town- smitten with plagues, laddie, but they were spared a meddlin' ship. Let's have a look at it."

lawyer. 'Twas a peaceful town till Joshua Gill's son came back He examined the cut carefully under the lamp, while Robert from school filled with a knowledge of the crimes of all time. told in labored detail exactly how it happened. A conscientious 'Tis a sorry sort o' lairnin' for a frame already frail. ... Not search uncovered the best piece of leather in the stock, and but what there was honest difference, man to man, and dishonest Arthur set to work while Robert drew comfortably up to the deeds; but the dominie and Father Nolan made all fair and

friendly. . . . Ah, McTague, ye winced at that blast!... Aye l'opyright 1918 by Herman Schneider.

Father, I often think ye go out in the roar of a great storm to



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FRANCE AND AMERICA This unusual photograph from the war zone shows a group of French children watching American soldiers draw a gun into firing position. The impressions that these youthful representatives of France are receiving to-day as to America's love for them and their country will no doubt bear abundant fruit in strengthened

friendship between France and America to-morrow

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Two Austrian generals whose armies were thrown back

Commander-in-Chief of the successful Italian forces


CZECHOSLAVS IN VLADIVOSTOK ON THEIR WAY TO HELP THE ALLIES The appearance of these soldiers in Vladivostok is said to have roused great enthusiasm there—a welcome indication that the Siberian Russians are still loyal to the Allies. These Czechoslavs, it is reported, are planning to get to the battle-line on the western front. Their energy and determination are worthy of the highest praise

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