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THE OFF-THE-STREET CLUB
BY RAGNA B. ESKIL
DULUTH BOAT CLUB BOYS' CAMP The purpose of this camp is to build up mentally and physically each boy in accordance with his individual needs. With this end in view, the registration is restricted to 40 boys between the ages of 11 and 16. Specialized sport is discouraged by the management. Competent instructors are provided to teach swimming, life saving, speed strokes, sailing, canoeing, boxing, military drill and general camping. Rowing will be taught by
James A. Ten Eyck, Crew Coach who will also be in general charge of diet
and physical condition. The director, Mr. $100 for 9 Weeks
M. R. Johnson, formerly with the SpringThis exceedingly moderate field International Y. M. C. A. College, will fee includes everything from
give frequent talks on hygiene, physical the camp's opening on July 1 to its closing on September
culture, history and current events. Self1-all meals, laundry, two government for the boys under a system exercise suits, sweater, tennis
of elected officers is a notable feature.
For further information write to the At the end of the season the BOYS' CAMP, DULUTH BOAT CLUB
MINNESOTA clothing is kept by the boys as their own personal property
shoes, two white and one blue sailor suit with hats.
Over in the saloon-dotted West Side factory district of Chicago the Off-theStreet Club (for children) is changing its moorings from a narrow three-story building at 1346 Van Buren Street to a more commodious home two blocks farther west. This is the third time the club has had to enlarge its quarters. Last winter the sign, 66 SORRY-NO
CHILDREN CAN ADMITTED,” had to be put in the windows, and it is only a question of time before the sign will have to go up in the new home.
The Off-the-Street Club, with a present weekly membership of eight hundred, was started by Superintendent John McMurry seventeen years ago in two small rooms not far from the present location. He had been a Y. M. C. A. secretary, and the plight of the street-driven children in this neighborhood had touched him. He had watched them on the can-and-bottle-strewn empty lots, hiding behind signboards and in vacant hallways, hunting garbage piles, making sport of drunken men and street women, teasing the police, and cold days seeking the warmth of saloon entries. Dirty-clothed and dirty-mouthed, cigarettesmoking, worldly-eyed, and neglected or unwanted in their crowded, cheerless homes, living by their wits, they hardly knew what human kindness was, or to what future, except that of drunkard or criminal, they might aspire.
Mr. McMurry decided to make the saving of these children from the streets his life-work. So, although he had only $17 in his pocket, he rented the two rooms already mentioned, furnished them with second-hand furniture and toys, and asked the children to an ice-cream social. They came, cynically—more than could get in but gradually, night after night, their starved and suspicious youngness yielded to the cheer and friendliness they found there.
Mr. McMurry is the trusted out-ofcourt adjudicator and friend for the neighborhood. And for all his service—he has no other income—he allows himself a salary of sixty cents a day, and he is on the job three hundred and sixty-five days in
The Pratt Teachers Agency Birch Point Camp
70 Fifth Avenue, New York Recommends teachers to colleges, public and private schools. Advises parents about schools. Wu. 0. Pratt, Mgr.
SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
LAKE PLACID, N. Y. On Buck Island. Finest situation on most beautiful lake in Adirondacks. Ideal
boys' camp. Elevation 1,900 feet Mountain climbing, swimining, boating, canoeing, fishing, tennis, hikes, etc. Motor boats. Main cottage and tents on platforms. Ages 10 to 16 years. Highest references given and required. Illustrated booklet. Mr. and Mrs. S. Hudson Chapman, 1128 Spruce St., Philadelphia CAMP OXFORD A Summer Camp for Boys,
OXFORD, MAINE Eighteenth Season. Highest efficiency at minimum rates. Booklet.
A. F. CALDWELL, A.M.
150-page catalogue free, Please address
TIIE HOXE CORRESPOXDENCE SCHOOL Dr. Esenwein Dept. 68
Needless to say, the man who can keep a club of this sort a live and growing organization for this number of years has ideas that children appreciate. Mr. McMurry, or “ Brother,” as every one calls him, does not believe in preaching or citing abstract examples of noble conduct. He believes rather in giving the children a chance to develop the good that is in them and to help themselves by helping each other.
The older ones instruct the younger (there are only three paid employees in the club), and any child, no matter what his age, who thinks he has the teaching faculty is allowed to form a club. There are fortyfour such clubs. Besides the usual
gymnastics, Boy Scouts, cooking, etc., clubs, there is a primary for little tots, a band of forty instruments, and a character-building class, the Architect Guild, for older boys and girls, that with solemn and dramatic ritual teaches the dignity of industry, the control of the will, and the value of pure living.
The Off-the-Street Club is not only molding character, but it is making worthy Americans out of what might have been mighty poor material.
Home Efficiency Camp
For Girls In among the Berkshire hills, 1,000 feet above the sea at Sharon, N. Y. A distinctive Camp for a strictly limited number of girls, between 12 and 21. Combined with invigorating camp life with water sports, tennis, riding, etc., the girls acquire USEFUL KNOWLEDGE in housewifery, cooking, and gardening. Ask for Booklet describing 7 weeks' July and August course. Under the personal direction of teachers of wide reputation and experience. MARY H. COFFIN MARY E. COOLEYS
28 E. 55th St., N. Y.
THE HANOUM CAMPS THETFORD, VERMONT. Hill Camp for girls under 15. Lake Camp for those over 15. Riding, swimming, canoeing, gypsy trips. Our girls go home strong in body and mentally
alert. Illustrated booklet. Professor and Mrs. Farnsworth, Teachers College, New York City, N. Y.
Jaffrey, New Hampshire. Altitude 1,180 feet. Boys 9-15 years.
31 Harrington St., Newtonville, Mass.
TAND A R D HYMN
JUN 10 19%
MAY 15, 1918
On account of the war and the consequent delays in the mails, both in New York City and on the railways, this copy of
In next week's Outlook we shall publish a striking article on one of the colored regiments now preparing to go * over there ”—the 367th Infantry, which is known by the men forming it as “ The Buffaloes. The article is written by Lieutenant 0. E. McKaine, one of the battalion staff officers of the regiment, and is prefaced with an Introduction by its commander, Colonel James A. Moss. Lieutenant McKaine is colored and is a graduate of the Regular Army. Colonel Moss, as those who are familiar with recent American military history well know, is white, a native of Louisiana, and a graduate of West Point. In frontier days the Indians used to call our colored soldiers - Buffalo soldiers,” because in color they were black like the buffalo, and also, like the buffalo, they were good fighters, as the Indians had learned from experience. The 367th Infantry has adopted a buffalo head, which, combined with an American eagle and with two crossed rifles, forms its coat of arms. This coat of arms bears the motto “ See it Through.” At present the Buffaloes are at Camp Upton, Long Island, where they hold the record on the rifle range and have shown in all respects that they are first-class fighting men. They may confidently be expected to " See it Through ” when they reach the western front, for their motto well expresses the spirit and purpose which permeate the whole regiment.
AIRPLANES AND GUNS—WHERE ARE THEY?
It is now reported that there will be no heavy Browning maWhat many have foreseen and have warned against has chine guns produced this year! There never was any reason for happened. This country is short of airplanes and guns at a time believing that there could be any production on a large scale of when to our allies a supply of American airplanes and American the heavy Browning much before the close of the year. Readers guns to withstand the Germans would be invaluable. Congress of The Outlook will remember what we have printed on this is stirred up about the matter. President Wilson has ordered subject. an investigation of the airplane situation, and the War De- There is no reason why we should fail to strive to get a perpartment has assured Congress that it is making inquiries into fect machine gun and a perfect airplane motor for large-scale prothe matter of ordnance. What our allies need is not investiga- duction ; but we ought to have used the designs already proved tions and inquiries. It is guns and airplanes.
effective by warfare, to have put energy into the manufacture of There is something pathetic in the position in which our fail- arms that could be made at once. To our leaders our people ure to meet the expectations of our allies leaves us. Perhaps should say: “These ought ye to have done, and not to leave the those expectations were not fully reasonable ; but they were the
other undone." measure of their confidence in us, and also a measure of our
Meantime, let our people and our allies remember that not all tendency to make big promises. In a private conversation the that we have done in the way of building aircraft here and abroad other day an officer of one of our allies put it somewhat like can be published. Our mistakes have been plentiful; but the this : “We are disappointed. Of course we will stick it out, self-sacrificing and patriotic work of American citizens who have and of course we will win because we have got to win; but labored to bring our aircraft production out of nothing into we had great hopes when America came in. We thought that something prodigious has had and will have fruit. We must on we were perhaps old-fashioned, and that America, modern,
the one hand give credit to what has been accomplished, and on ingenious, alert, would show us something new. If we had only the other hand remain intolerant of delay. had three thousand of your airplanes at the front, this German drive could never have happened. You had the Lewis gun, but you wanted something better, and you waited. You may get
STEERING AUSTRIA AMONG THE ROCKS something better, bui you haven't it now. When a robber has Austrian statesmen have displayed incredible cleverness in got you by the throat, you don't say, · Dick, run down to the maintaining the existing order against great odds. Their method shop three blocks away and buy me an automatic.' You pick up of governing has been to create division at home and to dissemthe carving-knife. It's all right to want the best; but in the inate false information abroad. meantime why not use what you have ?”
This is the explanation for the recent dissolution of the Men who, like this officer, have seen their pals killed waiting Austrian Parliament by order of Emperor Charles. for us to get into the game, do not say much, but they feel that Opposed to the rule of the Austrians and Magyars in the perhaps England and France are not so old-fashioned and slow, Dual Empire has been the independent spirit of freedomafter all. What has raised the airplane question lately has been loving Slavs and Poles. What Austria has done has been to fan the renewed charges of the sculptor Gutzon Borglum, who, the mutual jealousies of these subject nationalities. In the last with the President's permission, made an investigation of his few months, however, there has been a rapid process of unificaown. He attributes the delay to graft, if not disloyalty. It is tion in the forces opposing autocratic rule in Austria-Hungary, not necessary to find somebody venal or disloyal to get an and demands for their rights were becoming too effective in the explanation of the delay. Delay was the inevitable consequence Parliament. Indeed, Parliament has been regarded as a source of the policy which we have pointed out; and it will continue of danger in Austria. During the first two years of the war to be the consequence until the Government changes its policy, Austria was without a Parliament, when even Russia had one. and while working for perfection in airplane motors makes use Because of the fear of the opposition to autocracy it was not called of what motors are available.
until May, 1917. For a while the Poles did not vote with the It is the same policy that has caused delay in the ordnance. Opposition, consisting of Czechs, Jugoslavs, Italians, Ruthenians, some democratically inclined Austrians, and a few others. offers to his Government), it is an attempt to delude and entice This fact postponed the day when the Government would have Germany's enemies into a state of feeling in which their military been put into the minority. That day was imminent when Par- efforts may relax. To pay the least attention to this particular liament was dissolved.
form of German propaganda is to give it an importance which The Austrian Covernment has had several big problems to it does not at all deserve. deal with. First, this rising national spirit among the Jugo- Lord Robert Cecil believes that German diplomacy is now slavs, Czechoslovaks, and Poles ; second, food shortage and trying to gain time during which the German power may be misery all over the Empire, provoking a democratic agitation strengthened in Russia. He even says, “ If they once really among the German and Magyar elements; and, third, the diffi- establish themselves in Russia, there is no reason why they shoulă culty of maintaining Austrian sovereignty in the face of the not fight the whole world forever.” encroachments of Germany. So the best thing for the Austrian The reason is well stated in an editorial in the New York statesmen to do was to get rid of Parliament; and they have “ Tribune:” done so without providing for an appeal to the voters for a new There is perhaps little likelihood that the military strength of Parliament. It is a plain replacement of parliamentary gov- Russia and Poland will be added to that of the Teutonic allies, ernment by arbitrary power. Austrian statesmen can now but Germany's great need is industrial. If it can now command settle matters without the embarrassment of being asked ques- the food, the coal, iron, and other products of one hundred and tions.
fifty millions of people, it can keep its own armies in the field, and behind the western barrier which these impose it can build
up the most powerful and the most populous commercial alliance OUR FRIENDS FROM AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
the world has ever known. Under these circumstances, there never was more needl for the expression of sympathy and for actual help for the
GERMAN AGGRESSION IN THE UKRAINE oppressed peoples of Austria-Hungary. Although, as subjects of Austria-Hungary, they are technically enemies of
The view above stated is confirmed by what Germany has the Allies, these peoples are really the Allies friends. By actually been doing lately in Russia. At first she used the the thousand they are risking, not only their lives, but all
desire of outlying portions of Russia to achieve independthey hold dear, for the cause for which the Allies are fighting.
ence to overcome the Bolshevik power and influence over Not long ago an incident occurred that affords a dramatic
those provinces. Now, having accomplished this, she is picking illustration of this. Forty-six hundred Jugoslav volunteers quarrels with the new governments of the new republics and is and three hundred of their officers, all Austrian subjects proceeding to establish German rule by force. This is particuwho had enlisted against Austria in the Russian army and larly evident in the Ukraine. Here, under various pretexts, who had bravely fought on the eastern front, refused to accept
Germany has taken control of the capital, Kiev, has arrested the Russian peace. There they were, cut off from their friends
many of the Government officials on the ground that “the Gorin Serbia. In order to rejoin their comrades they made the long
ernment has proved too weak to maintain law and order," and trip across Siberia to Vladivostok, and sailed thence across
has made arbitrary arrests. A wildly sensational rumor of a the Indian Ocean and up through the Red Sea, and finally plot for a general massacre is darkly hinted at in excuse. reached Salonika, and they are now fighting on the Macedonian
All this, and the putting of German officers in control of work front.
on the land, Germany euphoniously calls establishing “a state Czechs, or Bohemians, as we would call them, have deserted
of enhanced protection ” ! Equally arbitrary was the seizure of in groups from the Austrian army, in which iney were im
the Russian naval base on the Black Sea, Sebastopol, famous in pressed. They have sent messages across the lines to the Italians ;
the history of the Crimean War. Here lay the vessels of the and then the Italian guns have put down a barrage behind the
Russian Black Sea naval feet. All of these ships are now in Czechs, cutting them off from the Austrian rear, and then the
the possession of the Germans, and when manned by German Czechs have gone safely over to the other side and joined the
or Turkish sailors may prove a formidable element in all that Italians in fighting for liberty.
relates to sea power in the East. Men who do this know that if captured they will be hanged.
Germany may well be willing to let the Bolshevik leaders Such peoples deserve our sympathy and aid. They ought to
maintain the semblance of power in Moscow or Petrograd be told that we are not going to stand for the preservation of
so long as she is free to do whatever she chooses in the the Austro-Hungarian Empire ; that we believe in their liberty
Ukraine. A French despatch last week said, “The Germans as we believe in our own ; that, though they are technically have decided to install themselves in the so-called independent aliens when they are in this country, they are really our
Province of Ukraine as if it were conquered and colonized." enemy friends, and when they go to fight for our cause and theirs they have our God-speed.
THE AMERICAN ARMY AND NAVY
The American soldiers on the actual front received warm IS THERE A NEW GERMAN PEACE OFFENSIVE?
commendation from the English Prime Minister, Mr. Lloyd It has been noted that whenever one of Germany's great
George, on his return to London from his recent visit to the
actual battle-lines. He said : fighting offensives comes to a standstill and time is needed for planning new attacks a flood of talk comes through neu
A good number are already there. Many more will pour in tral countries as to Germany's alleged purpose to offer terms
steadily during this month. The French wlio saw their fighting
in the battle lower down the line said they were first-class fightof peace to her enemies. Such a false peace offensive seems to be
ing material, full of courage and resource, and all very keen. under way now. The evidence of its existence depends largely The Germans have rendered at least two great services to the on statements of Lord Robert Cecil, the British Secretary for Allies' cause. They have accelerated the advent of the American Foreign Affairs. He warns the British people against plausible troops and they have made unity of command at last a reality. but slippery attempts to influence the world's mind in this way. The French and British are fighting in close comradeship, each He describes Germany's tacties as being also to “induce its own with full appreciation of the qualities of the other. people to carry on the war from week to week and month to This praise from Mr. Lloyd George is particularly welcome month in the belief that peace is almost in sight, until Ger- when taken in connection with his recent urgent plea that many's Russian plans are matured.” News reports from Eng- America should hasten her effort and his admission that the land say that a Dutch financier and other neutral emissaries slowness with which our soldiers were coming into the lines was have lately appeared in England posing as representatives of a great disappointment to her allies. the German move for peace. As has been the case in every Much satisfaction is felt at the decision of the War Departprevious attempt, there has been nothing whatever to commit ment and General Pershing by which in publishing lists of Germany officially, nor any plain speaking about terms of American casualties the address in this country of each officer peace. So far as there is any substance at all in the so-called or private is given. peace drive (Mr. Balfour declares that no one has made peace The record up to May 7 includes 616 killed in action and 155
who have died of wounds, while the number who have died of field, it is said, a total of 1,885,000 enlisted men and officers. disease is larger than the first two combined, namely, 982. The turn of events since the German drive started has con
An encouraging and inspiring statement was made by Frank- vinced members of Congress that an even greater number lin D. Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, recently in will be needed from America immediately to swing the tide regard to American naval effort abroad. He said that we have in the Allies' favor. How the needed men are to be pronow 150 American war-ships in foreign waters, manned by vided, whether by a definite provision from Congress or by its 10,000 American sailors, while new ships are being added rap giving a blanket power to the President, does not, in the ultiidly. The personnel of the Navy has in a year and a half risen mate analysis, make so much difference to our enemy. He cares from 75,000 men to 370,000. Mr. Roosevelt rightly called little for methods. He cares much for men. attention to the remarkable good fortune which has attended the transport of our armies abroad. The loss by undersea attack has been notably light; on the other hand, the warfare against
HOLDING BACK THE HUNS the submarine conducted by our destroyers and other naval Since Hindenburg's futile attempt of April 29, in Flanvessels is more than creditable to this country, and sustains the ders, to crash through the British line running southwest from brilliant history of the American Navy.
Ypres to Locre, he has probably been reorganizing and strengthening his much-battered divisions. Whether the comparative
lull both in Flanders and in Picardy in the week ending on A LARGER ARMY
May 7 presages renewed and even more desperate attacks The plans for the American Army of the future, as outlined remains to be seen. The attack of April 29 was deadly in its by Secretary Baker and other War Department officials before intent, and that it failed so completely and involved such frightthe House Committee on Military Affairs, look to an increase ful German losses is a victory for the Allies both materially and in the size of the Army during the next fiscal year (that is, as morally. we suppose, reaching to midsummer of 1919) which would at that The aggressive since that battle has been with the Allies. time make it approximately 3,000,000 in numbers, or perhaps Thus on May 7 comes news of British raids near Arras, of even more. Mr. Baker himself, with characteristic vagueness, American extensive gas retaliation on the Picardy lines for a but with earnest patriotism, said: “Let us avoid specific well-withstood previous gas attack upon them, and of a raid by figures. They imply limits. There is no limit. We will call out “old 69th New York” in the Lunéville front. The day enough men to make victory certain.” Other statements are that before, Australian and Canadian attacks were reported, respecthe number of men who can be sent over is limited to 100,000 tively, east of Amiens and in the southern part of the Arras a month on account of the lack of shipping, and that approxi- sector, to say nothing of a British gain of five hundred yards mately 150,000 newly conscripted men will be called to our on a thousand-yard front near Locre. None of these actions camps every month.
were of superlative importance, but the mere fact that the daily In his speech at Boston the other day Theodore Roosevelt news throughout a week has nearly always recorded aggression said that we should have an army of 5,000,000 men in the field. instead of defense or retreat has a rather broad significance.
Three measures were introduced on April 30 in the United There have been rumors of an impending attack in Italy, States Senate to increase the size of the Army. The first bill and Emperor Charles is said to be at the head of a great was introduced by Senator Poindexter, of Washington, who Austrian force. Nothing important has yet developed, however, directed the Secretary of War to call from the eligible list of in that region. registries under the Selective Draft Act 1,500,000 in addition As to the general situation in the west, General Radcliffe, for to those who have been called and to train and equip them the British War Office, says: “It is difficult to make an exact for service in the National Army. Senator Reed, of Missouri, comparison of the staying powers of the two armies, but the introduced a similar bill calling for an additional force of facts shown are in our favor. If the enemy continues his offen3,000,000 men. Senator Smith, of Georgia, submitted a resolu- sive in the north, he must impair his chances of success in the tion declaring that the Senate urges immediate action to pro- south.” vide for the organization of an army of 5,000,000, and requesting the Committee on Military Affairs to prepare a bill providing for the immediate training of officers and the manufacture of
THE THIRD LIBERTY LOAN A BRILLIANT SUCCESS munitions for such an army. In the House of Representatives, Beyond question, the three billion dollars called for by the Mr. Dent, Chairman of the House Committee on Military Third Liberty Loan has been very considerably exceeded. The Affairs, introduced a bill providing for an increase of the Army exact figures are not available as we write (May 7) because of to 5,000,000 men.
the enormous work necessary in auditing and in collecting the The introduction of these measures reflected the growing reports from the districts all over the country. On that date, restiveness among members of Congress over what had seemed however, the amount actually recorded was three and one-half to be the Administration's delay in revealing its plans, and billions. It is quite probable that the total amount subscribed especially its disagreement with the proposition emanating from will run up to four billions or perhaps over. the Secretary of War that Congress shall grant a blanket power Even more gratifying than the success in dollars is the fact to the President to raise as large an army as he deems necessary that at least seventeen million people subscribed to the Loan. to insure victory.
Emphatically, this Liberty Loan, as well as those which preAs Mr. Poindexter said in introducing his bill, Congress ceded it, was not essentially a financial deal, but an outpouring of ought to act immediately, and there ought not to be any delay money in all kinds of amounts from men, women, and even chilin increasing the army. “The foundation for this increase dren, throughout the country. Equally gratifying has been the is already laid in laws that have been enacted. All that is incalculable amount of freely given volunteer effort in fighting necessary is to call an additional number of men.” The bills
the campaign. A great many thousands of Americans, from the introduced therefore provide for the amendment of the Selective great Wall Street banker down to the youngest Boy Scout, have Draft Act signed by the President May 18, 1917. That Act participated in this effort. The cost of placing the Third Liberty authorized the President to increase the military establish- Loan has been extremely small, and that is so simply because ment of the United States by raising all organizations of the of the patriotic and untiring energy shown by the people themRegular Army to the maximum enlisted strength; to draft into selves in making the Loan a success. It has been pointed out the military service all members of the National Guard and of that in the Civil War a war loan of five hundred million dollars, the National Guard Reserves ; to raise an additional force of with investors numbering perhaps fifty thousand, was considered 500,000 enlisted men, providing their necessary officers from a marvelous achievement, while the placing of it was given to the Officers' Reserve Corps or from members of the National a private banking concern which received a commission for its Guard ; to raise a further force of 500,000 men at such time services. as may be determined ; and to provide that the enlisted men Altogether the three Liberty Loans amount to nearly ten shall be raised by voluntary enlistment or by selective draft. billion dollars, and more was subscribed but could not be received
The country has now at home in camp and abroad in the by the Government. It is notable that the number of persons