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FOREWORD

This compilation of selected labor laws is a document that will be extremely useful to Members of Congress and their staff in the consideration of pending and future legislation in the labor-management area. Other interested individuals will also find this an excellent publication.

It includes in most cases a summary and description which explains in laymen's language what the particular law is and how it works. The series consists of three parts: Labor Relations; Labor Standards and Equal Employment Opportunity; and Employee Benefits and Safety and Health.

HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, Jr.,

chairman.

(III)

CONTENTS

Page

1
9
37

PART II

LABOR STANDARDS AND EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY

Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938_

Equal Pay Act of 1963-----

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967

Portal-To-Portal Act of 1947-

Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act.

Wash-Healey Public Contracts Act-

Davis-Bacon Act----

Miller Act-----

Service Contract Act of 1965_

Civil Rights of 1964.

Executive Order 11246—Equal Employment Opportunity-

Executive Order 11247—Providing for the coordination by the At-

torney General of enforcement of title VI of the Civil Rights Act

of 1964 ---

Executive Order 11375-Amending Executive Order No. 11246, re-

lating to equal employment opportunity----
Executive Order 11478-Equal employment opportunity in the Fed-

eral Government...
Consumer Credit Protection Act (Garnishment)
Rail Passenger Service Act of 1970 (Pertinent provisions).
Urban Mass Transportation Act (Pertinent provisions).
National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act (Secs. 5(j).

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527
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547
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565
575
581
589
641

653

655

681
685

687

689

765

769

849

937

967

1039

1047

1053

1059

PART III

EMPLOYEE BENEFITS AND SAFETY AND HEALTH

(V)

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT

OF 1970

29 U.S.C. 651-678, 84 Stat. 1590 (1970)

Summary and Description

PURPOSE OF THE LAW

The declared Congressional purpose and policy of this Act is to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the Nation safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve our human resources.”

COVERAGE

The law applies to every employer engaged in a business affecting commerce who has employees. It applies in all 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Wake Island, the Outer Continental Shelf Lands, Johnston Island, and the Canal Zone. Federal, State and local government employees are specifically excluded from coverage, but may be covered by equally effective requirements.

In addition, the Act specifically provides that its terms shall not apply to working conditions protected under other Federal occupational safety and health laws (such as those under the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act; and under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, including State agreements under that Act).

DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYEES

Each employer under the Act has the general duty to furnish each of his employees employment and places of employment, free from recognized hazards causing, or likely to cause, death or serious physical harm; and the employer has the specific duty of complying with safety and health standards promulgated under the Act. Each employee has the duty to comply with these safety and health standards, and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to the Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.

ADMINISTRATION

Administration and enforcement of the Act are vested primarily in the Secretary of Labor and in a new agency, the Occupational Safety

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