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Washington, April 6, 1904. I. The following laws, regulations, and instructions governing the detail of officers of the Army at educational institutions are published for the information and government of all concerned:
[As amended by act approved September 26, 1888.] ** SEC. 1225. The President may, upon the application of any established military institute, seminary or academy, college or university, within the United States, baring capacity to educate at the same time not less than one hundred and fifty male students, detail an officer of the Army or Navy to act as superintendent, or professor thereof; but the number of officers so detailed shall not exceed fifty from the Army, and ten from the Navy, being a maximum of sixty, at any time, and they sball be apportioned throughout the United States, first, to those State institutions applying for such dotail that are required to provide instruction in military tactics under the provisions of the act of Congress of July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, donating lands for the establishment of colleges where the leading object shall be the practical instruction of the industrial classes in agriculture and the mechanic arts, including military tactics ; and after that, said details to be distributed, as nearly as may be practicable, according to population. The Secretary of War is authorized to issue, at his discretion and under proper regulations to be prescribed by him, ont of ordnance and ordnance stores belonging to the Government, and which can be spared for that purpose, such number of the same as may appear tu be required for military instruction and practice by the students of any college or university under the provisions of this section, and the Secretary shall require a bond in each case, in double the value of the property, for the care and safe keeping thereof, and for the return of the same when required ": Provided, That nothing in this act shall be so construed as to prevent the detail of officers of the Engineer Corps of the Navy as professors in scientific schools or colleges as now provided by act of Congress approved February twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and seventy-vine, entitled “An act to promote a knowledge of steam-engineering and ima-ship building among the students of scientific schools or colleges in the United States ;” and the Secretary of War is hereby authorized to issue ordnance and ordnance stores belonging to the Government on the terms and conditions hereinbefore provided to any college or university at which a retired officer of the Army may be assigned as provided by sectior twelve hundred and sixty of the Revised Statutes.
Ad Act To amend section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Revised Statutes,
concerning details of officers of the Army and Navy to educational institutions. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Revised Statutes, concerning details of officers of the Army and Navy to educational institutions, be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to permit the President to
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detail, under the provisions of said act, not to exceed seventy-five officers of the Army of the United States; and the maximum number of officers of the Army and Navy to be detailed at any one time under the provisions of the act passed September twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and eighty-eight, amending said section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Revised Statutes, is hereby increased to eighty-five: Provided, That no officer shall be detailed to or maintained at any of the educational institutions mentioned in said act where instruction and drill in military tactics is not given: Provided further, That nothing in this act shall be so construed as to prevent the detail of officers of the Engineer Corps of the Navy as professors in scientific schools or colleges as now provided by Act of Congress approved February twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, entitled "An act to promote a knowledge of steam-engineering and iron-ship building among the students of scientific schools or colleges in the United States."
Approved January 13, 1891.
An Act To increase the number of officers of the Army to be detailed to colleges.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Revised Statutes, concerning details of officers of the Army and Navy to educational institutions, be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to permit the President to detail under the provisions of said act not to exceed one hundred officers of the Army of the United States; and no officer shall be thus detailed who has not had five years' service in the Army and no detail to such duty shall extend for more than four years and officers on the retired list of the Army may upon their own application be detailed to such duty and when so detailed shall receive the full pay of their rank; and the maximum number of officers of the Army and Navy to be detailed at any one time under the provisions of the act approved January thirteenth, eighteen hundred and ninetyone, amending section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Revised Statutes as amended by an act approved September twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and eightyeight, is hereby increased to one hundred and ten.
Approved, November 3, 1893.
II. The following regulations, in regard to the detail of officers of the Army at established colleges, universities, etc., within the United States, are prescribed by the President, under the above laws:
1. All institutions, within the meaning of section 1225, Revised Statutes of the United States, and of the acts of Congress amendatory thereof, shall, for purposes of the detail of officers of the Army as professors of military science and tactics and of the course of military instruction to be pursued thereat, be divided into three classes, as follows:
CLASS A.-All schools to which officers of the Army, active or retired, may be detailed under the provisions of existing law, except schools of the second and third classes.
CLASS B.-Agricultural schools established under the provisions of the act of Congress of July 2, 1862, and which
are required by said act to include military tactics in their curriculum.
CLASS C.-Military schools or colleges, i. e., those whose organization is essentially military and one of whose primary objects is the acquisition of a high degree of military drill and discipline.
2. No officer who has not had five years' service as such, nor any officer not of the line of the Army, shall be eligible for detail as professor of military science and tactics, nor shall any officer above the grade of lieutenant be so detailed so long as there are eligible lieutenants available; nor shall any officer on the retired list of the army be detailed in the limited number authorized by the act of November 3, 1893, if any eligible officer on the active list be available, except at institutions of Class A, for detail to which competent officers on the retired list shall have the preference. All details from the retired list will, under the provisions of said act, be included in the limited number of details authorized by that act.
3. Details shall be made, first, from lieutenants who have graduated at one of the service schools; second, from those recommended by their regimental commanders. No lieutenant shall be recommended by his regimental commander whose record as a student in the officers' post school and whose military deportment and performance of duty have not been creditable to a marked degree.
4. Details shall be made to begin with the school term; and in the case of officers of the active list shall be for a period of three years, except when the detail becomes vacant by the death or separation from the service of the professor of military science and tactics; in which case the unexpired term of such officer, if six months or less, shall be added to the three years' detail of his successor; otherwise the detail will terminate two years after the close of the school year in which the professor of military science and tactics begins his duties as such. The detail of a retired officer shall be for four years. No retired officer above the rank of major shall be detailed as a professor of military science and tactics unless in connection with his duties as such he is to hold the position of president, superintendent, or principal of the institution.
5. When an officer is detailed to relieve another as professor of military science and tactics, he shall report at the institution to which assigned not less than two weeks prior to the departure of his predecessor.
6. Applications for the detail of officers must be addressed by the president of the institution to the Adjutant General of the Army and be accompanied by the last printed catalogue and a certificate as to the number of male students the institution has the capacity in buildings, apparatus, and instructors to educate at one and the same time; the number of such students in actual attendance at the time of application, or, if the application be made during vacation, the number actaally in attendance during the session immediately preceding it; and the number over 15 years of age. The certificate mast also show the grade of the institution, the degrees it confers, and whether or not it is a land-grant school, or a military school as defined in the preceding Paragraph II, section 1.
7. Where a State has more than one school endowed by the national land grant, under the act approved July 2, 1862, the school which is reported by the governor of the State as most nearly meeting the requirements of existing law will be held to have the first claim to the officer allotted to the State for detail at a land-grant college.
8. When application is made for the detail of an officer of the Army at an institution to which an officer had not theretofore been assigned, it shall be visited by an inspector or other suitable officer, who, after explaining to the president and the faculty the requirements of these regulations, shall satisfy himself as to the intention and ability of the school authorities to comply with them, and whether the general sentiment of the faculty is cordially in favor of military instruction as herein required. It will be especially ascertained and reported whether the college authorities will refuse to graduate any student who has shown in the military department a spirit of insubordination or habitual disregard of discipline. The inspector shall then report to the War Department whether such a detail should be made.
9. Officers detailed as professors of military science and tactics shall, at the end of each quarter, report in writing to the Adjutant General of the Army as to the exact compliance by the school authorities with these requirements of the regulations, for such action as the Secretary of War may direct. A similar report shall be made annually by an officer acting under the orders of the Inspector General, after a careful inspection of the military department of each institution, and if in any case the report is adverse the professor of military