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No. 48.

WASHINGTON, March 15, 1904. I Under the provisions of section 4, act of June 16, 1890, the President has prescribed the following rules governing purchases of discharge from the Army, and they are published for the information and guidance of all concerned:

1. In time of peace, except as hereinafter provided, any enlisted man who has completed one year's service as such and is not undergoing punishment nor under charges may obtain the privilege of purchasing his discharge, subject to the approval of the authority competent to order it. The price of purchase will be as follows:

First enlistment.
After 1 year's service ....

$120
After 11 years' service .

100
After 2 years' service ....

80
Second enlistment.
After 3 years' service .

.$100
After 4 years' service.

80
After 5 years' service.

60
Third enlistment.
After 6 years' service .

$80
After 7 years' service

65
After 8 years' service

50
Fourth enlistment.
After 9 years' service ...

$60
After 10 years' service

50
After 11 years' service.

40
Any subsequent enlistment.
After 12 years' service.....

$40
The travel allowances due on discharge will in all cases
form part of the purchase price, which will, by that ainount,
exceed the prices given.

Only complete enlistments of three years, increased or decreased by short periods in cases where soldiers were held in

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service or discharged before expiration of service for the convenience of the Government, will be considered in determining the ordinal number of an enlistment.

2. To obtain the privilege of purchasing his discharge the soldier will make application to department headquarters, through military channels, giving his reasons for desiring his discharge. The company commander in forwarding the appli. cation will state in full the condition of the accounts of the applicant, giving a complete statement of the soldier's service, with any information which would in the light of this order bear on the granting or withholding of the privilege requested.

If the statement of the soldier's accounts does not show that he has sufficient credit with the United States to cover his indebtedness to the Government, including the price of purchase, the company commander will so notify the soldier and will not forward the application until the amount of deficit has been deposited with him by the soldier.

3. Upon receipt of applications made as prescribed herein and fulfilling the given conditions, department commanders may direct the discharges requested, but where there is lacking information bearing upon the granting or withholding of the privilege requested which may be supplied from records required to be kept at the War Department, or where the department commander for any reason deems it inadvisable to take final action thereon, he will forward the application with his remarks to the Adjutant General for the action of the War Department.

4. Where a soldier makes application for discharge by purchase on account of dependency of near relatives not covered by section II of this order and shows in connection therewith that a state of actual destitution exists, and that he has to the extent of his opportunities and ability made contributions to the support of such relatives which have proved insufficient to meet their necessities, the authority competent to order the discharge may, in his discretion, remit such part of the parchase price of discharge as may seem to him proper and necessary by reason of the inability of the soldier to pay the full amount. In this class of cases no advance deposit will be required of the soldier prior to forwarding his application, but upon receipt of the order authorizing his discharge the soldier must deposit with the company commander an amount sufi

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cient to cover his indebtedness to the Government, including the price of purchase as fixed by the authority ordering the discharge.

5. Applications of enlisted men of the Ordnance Department for discharge by purchase will be forwarded through military channels to the Adjutant General of the Army for the action of the Secretary of War.

6. Escept under paragraph 4 discharges will not be granted ander the provisions of this order to soldiers serving in Alaska or outside the continental limits of the United States, except when their organizations are ordered to return thereto, nor when serving within the States and Territories of the Union after their organizations are ordered to change stations.

7. Discharges by favor as distinguished from purchase being illegal will not be granted except under the provisions of sec. tion II of this order.

II. Section 30 of the act of February 2, 1901, authorizes discharge by favor under the following conditions, viz: In the event of the enlistment of a soldier in the Army for the period required by law and after the expiration of one year of service, should either of his parents die leaving the other solely dependent upon the soldier for support, such soldier may, upon his own application, be honorably discharged from the service of the United States upon due proof being made of such condition to the Secretary of War.

Applications for discharge under this section will be forwarded with the required proof for the action of the Secretary of War.

III. Paragraphs 156, 157, 158 and 160, Army Regulations, are revoked. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

ADNA R. CHAFFEE,

Lieutenant General, Chief of Stati. OFFICIAL: W. P. HALL,

Acting Adjutant General.

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No. 49.

WASHINGTON, March 16, 1904. I..The following Executive Order is published to the Army for the information and guidance of all concerned:

EXECUTIVE ORDER. All oficials of the Government, civil, military, and naval, are hereby directed not only to observe the President's proclamation of neutrality in the pending war between Russia and Japan, but also to abstain from either action or speech which can legitimately cause irritation to either of the combatants. The Government of the United States represents the people of the United States not only in the sincerity with which it is endeavoring to keep the scales of neutrality exact and even, but in the sincerity with which it deplores the breaking out of the present war, and hopes that it will end at the earliest possible moment and with the smallest possible loss to those engaged. Such a war inevitably increases and inflames the susceptibilities of the combatants to anything in the nature of an injury or slight by outsiders. Too often combatants make conflicting claims as to the duties and obligations of neutrals, so that even when discharging these duties and obligations with scrupulous care it is difficult to avoid giving offense to one or the other party. To such unavoidable causes of offense, due to the performance of national duty, there must not be added any avoidable causes. It is always unfortunate to bring old-world antipathies and jealousies into our life, or by speech or conduct to excite anger and resentment toward our nation in friendly foreign lands; but in a Government employee, whose official position makes him in some sense the representative of the people, the mischief of such actions is greatly increased. A strong and self-confident nation should be peculiarly careful not only of the rights but of the susceptibilities of its neighbors; and nowadays all of the nations of the world are neighbors one to the other. Courtesy, moderation and self-restraint should mark international, no less than private, intercourse.

All the officials of the Government, civil, military, and naval, are expected so to carry themselves both in act and in deed as to give no cause of just offense to the people of any foreign and friendly power-and with all mankind we are now in friendship.

THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
WHITE HOUSE, March 10, 1904.

II. The following paragraph is added to the Army Regu. lations:

9657. Special inspections and investigations within the limits of a command (territorial or tactical) may be made under orders of the commander thereof; but in all cases involving travel his selection of officers to perform such duty shall be restricted to inspectors general, acting inspectors general, or officers of the General Staff Corps on duty as such, at his headquarters under War Department assignment. BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

ADNA R. CHAFFEE,

Lieutenant General, Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL:
W. P. HALL,

Acting Adjutant General.
IR 28 Rec'd

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