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sion, it will be their grand strife, in the way referred to, mind of every class of readers. The work which more how to provoke one another unto love and to good particularly solicits our attention at present, is got works.'

up with great regard to neatness, both in exter. " Another peculiar advantage of Congregational nal and internal appearances, It consists of three Friendly Societies over those already in existence, is, sheets of excellent paper, very handsomely printed in that the number of honorary members, though not so small octavo, with about half a dozen well-executed en. called, will be much greater in proportion to the num- gravings, and a suitable cover, and all to be had at the ber composing each species of societies. With very few very moderate price of sixpence per number; and eight exceptions, indeed, the Friendly Societies common in of these will form a volume. Number I. consists of the the country are formed and maintained only, or almost first part of Natural Theology, or Evidences of the only, by those whose object it is to take from them all | existence and attributes of the Deity, collected and dethat they can get in the time of need. But if the great duced from the various appearances of Nature: the body of persons connected with every Christian congre- whole of this department of the work is intended to be gation were to support the society formed in that con- a judicious selection from Paley's great and excellent gregation, it may well be presumed that, while the right work on that subject. The study of Natural Theology of all to receive the stipulated aliment during sickness has been, and will ever be, a never-failing source of the continued to be distinctly recognized, a great propor- highest pleasure to the man of science, the philosopher, tion of those whom God had prospered would, in the and the Christian, and is one which Paley has made pe. true spirit of Christian benevolence, forego a claim which culiarly his own by the aptitude of his remarks, and the the plea of necessity did not enforce, the better to pro- unanswerable nature of his arguments. On the whole, vide for their less favoured brethren, whose dwellings we consider this work justly entitled to a claim on the might be at once the scene of sickness and of poverty. British public, as one which will do much in the way of

“ I have only to add here, as another reason for con- | leading the mass of the people to a pure and usefal necting Friendly Societies with Christian congregations study, whilst it will at the same time accustom them to of all persuasions, that, besides the natural tendency of raise their thoughts to the great Author of all things in such institutions to destroy pauperism in the manner heaven and on earth. before adverted to, there would, in another way not quite so obvious, be an effectual blow given to that most wretched system, were these societies to become universal. It would, at length, be found, that few had to

True Stories from the History of Ireland. By John apply for parochial aid but the very outcasts of Chris

James M'Gregor. Dublin; William Curry, jun.

and Co. 1829. tian society ; persons who, for their abandoned character, and their idle and dissolute habits, were denied all Christian communion. This, I am persuaded, would

This is an excellent compendium of Irish History, bring the system into deeper disgrace with the great from the earliest periods down to the reign of Richard body of the people, and thus give it a more deadly III. It is intended principally for the use of the wound than all the fanciful reasonings and fearful vi- young, and is a work which ought to be put into their tuperations ever yet employed to bear it down, and ac

hands, in conjunction with the other popular volumes celerate the doom which certainly awaits it

, and which which have lately issued from the press, containing it so richly merits.”--P. 44-7.

Histories of England and Scotland, similarly digested

and arranged. Sir John Sinclair, whose authority is of much weight in matters of this kind, has remarked, in reference to Mr Thomson's suggestions,“ The plan of having Congregational Friendly Societies seems to me highly

MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. judicious, and greatly preferable to that of having them of a professional description, by which many would be MORAL AND MISCELLANEOUS ESSAYS. excluded from the benefit of such institutions. Indeed,

No. I. the larger the scale, the more likely are Friendly Societies to answer the important purposes contemplated first of a series of papers under the above title, which we propose

LWB have much pleasure in presenting our readers with the and to have the object for which they are constituted

to continue regularly once a-fortnight, and all of which, though carefully and successfully attended to.”

for obvious reasons given anonymously, will be furnished by authors of established reputation. They will, for the most part, be written in a simple didactic style, affecting neither the flippancy

nor the false glitter of so many of the fugitive compositions of the The Library of Religious Knowledge. No. 1. Natural present day, but hoping to merit attention by the sound sense and

Theology. Part I. Small 8vo, pp. 40. London, pure morality which the experience of those who are not new to J. A. Hessey. 1829.

life is best able to teach.-Ed. Lit. Jour.] CERTES, this is the age of and for Libraries, in every THE PROGRESS OF SOCIETY-THE MORAL CHAsense of the word. Imprimis, we have Constable's Mis.. cellany, which every body knows is of itself a library

" Invidus, iracundus, iners, vinosus, amator, both for rich and poor ;-we have the Library of Use. Nemo adeo ferus est, ut non mitescere possit, ful Knowledge, the hobby which Brougham manages so

Si modo culturæ patientem commodet aurem." gracefully ;—the Library of the People, an excellent

HOR. Epist. I. Lib. I. work for the winter fireside, or the window recess in the THERE cannot be a more animating and exbilarating summer evening ;—the Library of Entertaining Know- prospect than to look upon an improving age. To see ledge, on the eve of being brought out by that autocrat the minds of men opening to knowledge, their manners of all the publishers, Murray of Albemarle-street, and softening and humanizing, and the genuine sources of which promises a great fund of knowledge and amuse- happiness becoming daily better felt and understood, ment, both to young and old, grave and gay ;-and last- must be extremely grateful to every one who takes an ly, though in all probability not the last, we have here interest in the progress of his species. It is not to be the Library of Religious Knowledge, the title of which denied, that the age in which we live presents us with appears at the head of this article.

many such appearances. The wonderful improvements Thus we are presented, through the medium of these in the sciences and the arts have greatly increased the meritorious and cheap productions, with food for the accommodations of human life much wider and more

RACTER OF THE LOWER CLASSES.

general cultivation has taken place from the universal ment of crime and profligacy in that class of our peodiffusion of education-and, if we do not at once see all ple. But it is not fair to try, by such a scale, the true the moral fruits which we might hope would spring from efficacy of education and intellectual culture. We have these advantages, perhaps we are only too rapid in our no reason to suppose that those who have imbibed it calculations, and do not sufficiently take into the ac- most effectually, are the corrupt and debased part of the count other thwarting and impeding causes. It is a great population,-those who waste their means in intemperpoint gained to find things in a distinct state of advance ance, and are ready to commit any outrage for the supply ment, especially when this arises from intellectual pro- of their wants. They who have really improved their gress. When men are capable of listening to reason, and minds, are not likely to be the same individuals who are are habituated to examine the principles of their con. most frequent in the alehouse, or who come to figure duct, there is much more ground for hope that they will on the scaffold. Talents, indeed, and knowledge, may get rid of their reigning vices and follies, than when these no doubt be perverted to detestable purposes ; but it is are fixed by blind custom or unquestioned prejudices. more commonly the idle and unreflecting who fall into It is probable, indeed, that a people, whose minds are the worst and most fatal practices and they did so beloosened from the trammels of authority and habit, will fore there was one reader among their order. But now be apt to lose likewise some of those sturdy virtues which that so many of the common people have learned to read are so often perpetuated in rude times from the mere and write, education being one of the most prominent force of example, and from the glow of domestic and peculiarities of their present condition as compared patriotic affections. In a word, in the cultivated people, with their former, it brings the whole class more disevery thing being left rather to the operation of intellect tinctly into view ; and whenever we hear of any prevail. than of feeling, virtue may be more frequently sophisti- ing vice among them, or any instances of remarkable cated away, if vice is less maintained by mere violence guilt and atrocity, a cry is set up amongst the prejudiced and unbridled passion. There may accordingly appear, sticklers for ignorance or abuses—This comes of your perhaps, greater fluctuation to the one side and the other reading and writing! It might, with equal reason, be in a society of this kind, than in one which is more under maintained, that the commonalty of a nation are wicked the influence of instinct, or of outward circumstances; in the same proportion that they go to church ; and yet, in the midst of this seeming fluctuation, a steadier when we see a village swarming with drunkards, who progress is still going on, because intelligence is a mighty probably are the last people to darken the sacred opening of good, when it can be reached and clicited ; doors, some sage philosopher might exclaim_This and it is only in the cultivated people that this principle comes of your church-goers ! But, notwithstanding the is regularly to be found.

weight of such an unanswerable aphorism, it would still Whatever qualities of genuine goodness may seem to remain true that the doctrines inculcated in church were disappear with the simplicity of untutored times, or powerful both to maintain the sobriety of the pious, and whatever unlooked for forms of vice may start up amidst to reclaim the intemperate from their disorders ; and, the culture of civilized life, yet human nature, with all in like manner, the press is a powerful engine, both tó its native and original principles, remains ; and these strengthen the abhorrence of all vice and profligacy can surely be much more easily touched to the produc- throughout the virtuous members of a people, and to tion of the purest '

morality, or to the eradication of recall to better and wiser conduct such of the wandering baneful disorders, when a ready communication takes as are capable of being reformed. place between one mind and another, and where there is There can be no doubt that there is at this moment so prevailing a spirit of mutual intercourse throughout in the nation, perhaps more especially in this northern the whole society, that even those in the lowest walks of division of it, a most unfortunate tendency to habits of life can be made to receive the impressions of more low and brutal intoxication. Whether this has been trained and regulated orders of intellect. This is ex. increased by an injudicious attention on the part of Go. actly the state in which society is at present, or to which, vernment more to the sources of revenue than to the at least, it is fast advancing. There is scarcely a village preservation of the morals of the people ; whether, too, or hamlet throughout this island in which there are not there may not be some defect of internal regulation in readers, and men capable of benefiting from what they the facility with which places of debauch are permitted read. Each of these individuals, whatever may be his to be multiplied ;-still the blame of the vice must rest vices or his prejudices, has the means of communication chiefly with the populace themselves, and if they do not within his reach, with all the noblest and the wisest spi. surmount it, notwithstanding these temptations to its inrits that have ever appeared to adorn or to bless human- dulgence, it will not quit its hold of them, in any change ity; and why should we despair of the influence being of circumstances, but will be ever ready to draw them exerted, or that, if the right chords be touched, there may into its vortex. It is quite unnecessary to declaim upon not be called forth, from this apparently chaotic and dis. the wretched consequences of this vice; the ruin which united multitude, thegrand tones of a rich and correspond it produces to the health, wealth, and respectability of ing harmony ? In every human heart, the foundation is individuals and families—all this is quite apparent prepared on which the fabric of religion and moral wis- and we would rather wish to awaken the sense of their dom may be reared and the great advantage which an own honour and dignity in the lower orders, and to show age, such as the present, possesses, is, that they who are them that if they indulge in this shameful propensity, qualified to commence or to complete the building, have it is utterly in vain to hope that they can reach that in all directions roads opened for the conveyance of their station of importance which they would undoubtedly materials. Whatever, then, may be the seemingly hope attain in the present train of improvement which is open. less appearances of vice or disorder prevailing in any ing upon them, if to intellectual acquisitions they were to rank or condition of society, the truly enlightened phi- add the grace of sober and correct manners. Not a year lanthropist will never permit himself to despond. “He would pass over their heads in which they would not will only be the more eager to trace out the causes of make some advance to an equality with their superiors in the evil, and to apply himself to their removal, in full all the real advantages and respectability of human life. confidence that human nature, when it is fairly ap. But if they go on to brutify, and degrade themselves pealed to, will bring its reason and conscience into play, by the prostration of all their faculties and moral feelfor its own purification and amendment.

ings before the demon of debauch-whatever noble Notwithstanding the great efforts that have been made examples of individuals there may be rising above their in the present times, for the improvement of the lower station by honest industry, and the virtuous use of the orders, it is apt occasionally to create a melancholy emo-manifold advantages so liberally placed within their Lion, when we observe that there seems to be no abate- reach, the people, as a body, must sink, instead of rising, and will be unable to turn to any good account their our highways, the nurseries of the poison which infla. shallow and imperfect acquirements, if they do not gain med their ferocity, and which betrayed the murdered to that solidity of character and of conduct which can alone their destruction. We have no doubt that a reflecting build upon these rudiments of knowledge, the fabric of and calculating people like our countrymen, will be able thoughtful and enduring wisdom. No class of men can to rouse themselves from so base and irrational a practice acquire any weight or importance if they are habitually if they will only lay it seriously to heart. Other nations in the practice of rendering themselves contemptible; do not require this stimulus." The English grow fat and if it is very general for the poorer classes to spend and sometimes muddy upon ale ; but they do not the fruits of their daily labour, upon which they might drink themselves into the condition of brutes. The support and rear their families, and acquire in time French are the gayest people in nature, and have fifty something like independence, in the shocking practice ways of amusing themselves without getting so much as of reducing themselves to a level with the brutes,-they elevated with wine from one year's end to another. must at that rate expect, instead of coming nearer the The theatre in cities, or rural games in the country, station of the higher orders, which they have it now in would be an infinitely better way of spending such their power to do, in whatever is most valuable and de- hours of leisure as the people can command. Or if in. sirable,—to be accounted merely as "hewers of wood and toxication come to be regarded as a disgrace, men might drawers of water."

have liquor before them, and indulge in it, as far as Some late tragical occurrences have exhibited the de- mere sociality required, without any baneful consegrading results of this unmanly vice in a light in which quences. Gentlemen in this country very seldom, now-a. they had never heretofore appeared in the world; but days, intoxicate themselves, and to go into the company of we are sorry to say, the moral of these awful events ladies in a state of drunken irrationality or abomination, does not seem yet to be duly drawn and applied. It would be utterly disgraceful. Not so forty years ago. was natural, no doubt, in the first instance, to regard Gentlemen then not unusually reeled through the the perpetrators of the crimes alluded to with sole and dance in the ball-room, and almost overturned their undivided abhorrence, not to trace their guilt to any re- delicate partners, as they wheeled them round, or sate moter cause, and to look upon their victims with no babbling, in a corner, ineffable nonsense into their ears, emotion but that of pity. A little farther reflection, or—but we shall desist from heightening the picture. however, must evince, that with whatever detestation Why may not a greater refinement of manners find its we must regard the one, we can yet not acquit the other. way in like manner into the lower ranks, and why may Not one of these victims would have suffered, had they it not become something like a spirit of honour with not previously been rendered the victims of their own them to refrain from defacing the human image and sink. vices. The only individual who showed any moral ing it into the bestial ? It is only when this happy condignity amongst them was the poor betrayed innocent; summation takes effect, that we can look forward with almost all the others were in a state of willing inebriety any hope to a steady national improvement. when their murderers rushed upon them; and it must

R. M. be owned, that it is a page in the history of our country which we should naturally be anxious to have expunged; but it will carry down to the latest posterity this story of national shame-that a few despicable strangers had

SCHILLER'S POETRY. calculated so certainly upon the prevalence of the love of By William Tennant, author of " Anster Fair,” the dram-drinking among the populace of this city and sur.

Thane of Fife," fr. rounding country, that they could coolly lay a plot to murder one drunken wretch after another, for an inde. BESIDE the poetry contained in his metrical dramas, finite period of time, and had actually accomplished Schiller has left two volumes of verses, written under their design to a large amount, for the mere purpose various complexions of mind, in various metres, and on of obtaining their carcasses, to be sold, like those of various subjects. His reputation, however, like that of beasts in the shambles. The murderers were more

our Shakspeare, (who also wrote poems,) rests more seflagitious, perhaps, than any other human beings ever curely on his metrical plays, than on his other produc. were in this world. Yet they, too, could scarcely have tions. His poems, nevertheless, unequal as they are to reached the capability of their gigantic crime, had they his greater works, show a diversity and sweep of talent, not in part used as a stimulus what was an opiate to from which a reader may, more readily than from a petheir victims ;-what made these drunk made those rusal of Shakspeare's miscellaneous verses, infer his pe. bold; and they cven pretended to have lost the recoleculiar capabilities for the higher sphere of the drama. lection of their deeds in their intoxication. It is here His earlier poems, like his earlier plays, are unques. that the true moral arises from this monstrous exhibitionably of least merit:* the impenetrable mysticism and tion. It is the most awful warning that ever yet was sense-defying idealities of Kant's transcendental philo. read to a people since the world began, of the extreme sophy seem to have overclouded and vitiated his mind brutality of drunkenness in every aspect and result; and all its productions, till he completed his Don and if, instead of shouting and hallooing during the Carlos,--the first in time, but the last in value, of his me. execution of the grand agent of the villainy, the popu- trical dramas. His study of the Greek authors, which lace had a little taken to heart, that morning—the origin commenced seriously about this time, acted as a puri. of the guilt in the criminals, and of the miserable de- fier to his intense, deeply-feeling, yet too subtilizing fencelessness of the sufferers, and had uttered a prayer and aberrant spirit. He now, as he himself describes it, for grace and resolution to be saved from such tempta- put on the new man in poetry; and all his subsequent tions and disorders in their own persons, they would productions display more purity, simplicity, and classi. have shown a better understanding of the meaning of cal propriety of language and sentiment. Of his poems, the mysterious ways of Providence, and would have bet- that on the Bell (Das Lied von der Gloche) has been much ter met the dread and solemnity of the occasion on commended ; the conception of the subject is original, which they were assembled.

and many ingenious images are wrought out of it; but It rests with the people of this country now to wipe off this stigına, for it is one, upon the national charac. We were glad of shaking off from ourselves the the favourite of youthful readers. It is surely an extraordinary

. As the Robbers was Schiller's first production, it is generally disgrace of having engendered the murderers ; but, alas! performance; but it ears, in every page, the marks of juvenility, every day sees fostered in the lanes of our cities, in

of a mind over-straining and racking itself in a tumultuous effort

for effect; it has too little of the simplicity of nature, and far too the nooks of our villages, and almost at every mile upon much of the turgid and false sublime.

ter.

Embarks for home, and that loved land

Rich with her breath's sweet breeze,

And at her castle's silent gate,

The pilgrim knocks in fear; 'Twas open'd; and a voice like fate

Came dreadful on his ear; “ She whom you seek is now Heaven's bride,

In Cloister's still abode;
'Twas yesterday the bond was tied,

That spoused her to her God.”
Ah! now he leaves, full sad and sore,

His halls, built fair and high ;
His arms, his true steed, never more

Rejoice that warrior's eye.
From Toggenburg, his sire's domain,

He to the vale comes down,
Enwrapt and hid from fellows' ken,

By hairy hood and gown.

And there a little hut he rears,

Near to the linden-grove, Where holy in the midst appears

The Cloister of his love : All day, from morning's earliest beam,

Till evening chill and late, Still fondling Hope's delirious dream,

There, there alone he sate.

it is far too long, rambling, and excursory; the digressions (as that of the burning of the industrious burgh. er's house) bearing no imaginable relation whatever to the theme of the poem. He has written no less than eight Ballads; at least, he has inscribed them so ; but They are rather Tales, or petty romances in verse. He engaged in that sort of writing, not from any spontaneous impulse of mind, but from a concerted competition with Goethe, and very probably incited by the jealousy of Burger's reputation, which he very harshly and inju. diciously attacked, at a time when the latter writer was suffering under the complicated pangs of mental and bodily anguish. Neither he, however, nor the universal Goethe himself, has any thing to boast of in that department, equal to the masterpieces of Burger, which may fairly bid defiance to them both, and do entitle him to rank first in that quaint species of composition. Of the Ballads of Schiller, Riotter Toggenburg is the best, as it approaches nearest to the strength and simplicity of the ballad style; but there is also much poetical description in Der Tancher, Der Gang nach dem Eisenhammer, and one or two more. Of his other poems, the best are, the Spaziergang, (though that is spoiled by its ear-racking hexameters and pentameters,) Erwartung, Die Gotter Griechenlandes, Kassandru, Kampf mit der Dragon. In his Kindersmorderin we have much of the feeling and elegant sensibility that characterize the tenderer productions of our Robert Burns. But to form a just estimate of Schiller's highly-gifted muse, we must resort, not to his scattered poems, into which the peculiar potency of his mind was not infused, but to his better, more studied, and more polished dramas,--his Maid of Orleans, Wallenstein, William Tell, Mary Stewart, and Bride of Messina ;- these are his immortal compositions ;-these, next to the finest plays of our Shakspeare, contain more passionate, spirited, and elegant poetry, than is to be found in any dramatic productions since the days of Æschylus and Euripides :

KNIGHT TOGGENBURG.
“ I love thee, gentle knight, but 'tis

Such love as sisters bear;
O ask my heart no more than this;

That heart no more may spare ;
In peace I see thy form appear;

In peace I see thee go;
But check that sigh, and stop that tear

Their cause I may not know !”
In grief he heard her soft rebuke;

Mute from her arms he flung;
Gave one farewell, one last fond look,

Then on his steed him swung ;
He to his vassals orders gave

Through all his Switzer land,
To hie them to the holy grave,

Christ's banner in their hand.
Deeds there were done of force and fame

By every hero's arm;
Their tufted heims did wave and flame

Amid Mohammed's swarm;
And Toggenburg's land-filling name

Fiird Pagans with alarm;
Yet in his heart love's gloomy flame

Burn'd on with hidden harm.
One year he hath endured the grief;

Nor longer can it bear ;
Abandon'd to unrest, the chief

Leaves Jewry and the war :
He sees a ship on Joppa's strand

Just bound for Europe's seas,

And, on the Cloister's casement hung

All day untired his look,
Until the lattice clank'd and rung

Beneath her finger's stroke;
Till the dear damsel, angel mild,

Th' espoused to her God, Down on the valley look'd, and smiled,

And bless'd him with a nod.

And then in peace he, in his bower,

Lay down, and slumber'd fain; And rose rejoiced at morning hour,

To feast his eyes again;-
And so, for many a day he sate,

And many a year and long, Patient, withouten plaint, to wait

Until her lattice rung ;

Till the dear damsel, angel mild,

Th' espoused to her God, Look'd on his little hut, and smiled,

And bless'd him with a nod : And so, one morn, he in the vale,

A corpse sate livid there, As tow'rd the lattice, still his pale

Eye turn'd its lifeless glare!

FINE ARTS.

EIGHTH EXHIBITION OF PICTURES AT THE ROYAL

INSTITUTION.

(Third Notice.) In proceeding to speak of the landscapes at this Exhibition, there can be no doubt that those by the Rev. John Thomson command the preference, as, indeed, they have done for several years. It may be remarked of this artist, that, like all the great masters of antiqui. ty, he has struck out an entirely new line for himself.

This is, after all, the great, and perhaps the only true David Rizzio,” is clever ; the colouring is rich, and much test of genius in every different department of intel- of the execution is good. Its chief fault is in the figure lectual exertion. No doubt, Mr Thomson is a manner of Mary, to which no modern artist, with which we are ist ; but then his manner is all his own; he stands by acquainted, has ever been able to do justice ; it has, inhimself-he copies no one. There are faults in his deed, been long acknowledged, that failure is the very style, as there is in every thing earthly; but it is vigo- common result of an over-anxiety to do well, and it rous and decided, and his colouring is laid on with an seems to be next to impossible to transfer to canvass the energy and depth of tone which none of our other Scot- beau idcal of a lovely woman. A Corner in the study tish painters can equal. He has contributed six land- of an Antiquary," by Mr Lees, is a clever picture.- The scapes, all of which are excellent;—his largest picture 6 View of the Cathedral at Antwerp,” by Mr Roberts, is exceedingly grand ; and there is a smaller moonlight formerly of Edinburgh, and now attached to one of the scene, which, we understand, has been purchased by London Theatres, is very exquisitely finished, and much the Lady Ruthven, quite equal to Titian. We trust and justly admired.—Mr J. V. Barber of Birmingham, Mr Thomson will long continue to paint.

has two very soft and beautiful landscapes, painted in a Mr William Simson has seven pictures. He is a re- style of great delicacy, not unlike that of Andrew Wi). markably clever artist. His “ Twelfth of August, a son, warm, glowing, and delightful, but perhaps just a scene in the Highlands,” is full of life and spirit. We little too transparent and unreal.-William Bonnar's may mention, however, in corroboration of what we Roger, Jenny, and Peggy," deserves much praise. formerly stated regarding the necessity of painting up, The figures and expression in particular of Roger and in order to suit the glaring lights of this room, that Mr Jenny are excellent, full of nature, and indicative of Simson has introduced a good deal of gaudy colouring much more genius than one might, at first sight, be it. into the foreground of this picture since it was sent to clined to suspect. Our favourite, Carse, has not distin. the Exhibition, which we trust he will remove as soon guished himself this year so much as usual.-Kenneth as it is again restored to a more favourable position. Macleay, by far the best of our miniature painters, ex. “ A view

on the Esk at Auchindinny Bridge,” by the hibits only one specimen of his talents. - It would be easy same artist, is a fine fresh picture, and in looking at it, to speak of many more artists and pictures; but the one almost feels the breeze which is crisping and dimp- compliment which we mean to pay to merit, by singling Jing the surface of the river.-Mr George Simson, out only the best would cease to be of any value, did we though not equal to his namesake, is nevertheless a very admit into our pages a promiscuous multitude of names. meritorious painter. His pictures of St Abb’s Head, Neither are we disposed to enter upon the invidious task and of the Dutch Galliot, do him great credit. of pointing out faults, for where all have attempted to do We

e may next mention H. W. and J. F. Williams. their best, the severest and most legitimate criticism is The former is better known by the apellation of Gre. silence. cian Williams. We regret that ill-health and other In Sculpture, besides the excellent busts of Macdon. circumstances have limited the number of his pictures ald, especially the very beautiful one of Miss Macdonald, to three, which, however, will not detract from his for- we are glad to perceive, that two new candidates have mer reputation. J. F. Williams is more prolific. He entered the lists Mr Angus Fletcher, and Mr John has eight pictures, of which the best unquestionably is Steele. Both possess excellent abilities. We are inclihis view on the Clyde, painted for, and purchased by, ned at present to direct attention in particular to Mr the Royal Institution. It is a capital picture; the ship- Steele, because we know him to be nearly self-taught, ping is remarkably true to nature, and the grouping and attracted to the profession of a sculptor, entirely by and colouring very unexceptionable.

a natural genius for it. We have nowhere seen any noThe Nasmyth family muster as usual in great force. tice taken of the large statue of St Andrew, carved in They all paint pleasingly; but, with the exception of oak, but painted so as to resemble stone, which has been Miss Ann Nasmyth, we cannot say that any one of recently erected on a portico, at the foot of Hanover them pleases us much more than the other. This lady, Street. We have been surprised at this, for it is a strihowever, possesses a great deal of genius, and some of king and spirited production, and are happy to be able to her small wood pieces would not have disgraced Hob- inform Mr Steele (whose work it is) that this is the bima. We recommend attention to the two pictures opinion of some of the best judges in Edinburgh, whose she exhibits this year; they are Nos. 102 and 133. praises we have frequently heard bestowed upon it, and

Robert Gibb is an artist of much ability and modesty. we think not undeservedly. Let Mr Steele persevere, as He has twelve beautiful pictures ; and had it been ge- he has begun, and he is sure of making good progress. nerally known that the largest and best of these was We shall proceed to a consideration of the pictures, estimated by him at only £30, we are certain that it of the Scottish Academy next Saturday. would loag ere this have found a purchaser. Mr Gibb's road scenes and mode of managing the perspective are remarkably delicate and true to nature.

MUSIC. Of the few remaining artists whom we think it necessary to name, we must talk more rapidly. We are much pleased with Mr Scrope's view of Tivoli, which is

PROFESSIONAL SOCIETY'S CONCERT. a fine classical painting, and not too close an imitation of the style of Salvator Rosa-an error into which we

The only Concert which the Edinburgh Professional feared Mr Scrope might have fallen.—Mr Dyce is a young Musicians have had the courage to give this season, (so artist, of great genius and promise. We particularly ad- dull have all things been in the musical and fashionable mire the feeling displayed in his “ Moonlight,” and the world,) took place in the Assembly Rooms last Tuesoriginality and cleverness of his “ Puck.” We under. day evening. It was well, though not crowdedly, atstand, he has been studying at Rome ; and, if he will tended. The pieces selected, though not so brilliant or only guard against the error of falling into an imitation varied as we could have wished, were, on the whole, of the ancient school of Leonardo da Vinci, to which we calculated to reflect credit on the judgment and talent can discover a slight tendency, we venture to prognosti- of the performers. Besides Beethoven's Grand Sym. cate his future attainment of no ordinary distinction in phony, with which the Concert opened, and which is his profession. At all events, he is an alumnus of which not one of the most effective of that great Master's comAberdeen has every reason to be proud.--Mr Charles positions, we had three Overtures, which took in, of Lees exhibits several pictures of considerable merit. His course, the full strength of the orchestra. The first of largest picture, “ Mary Queen of Scots, and her Secretary these was Mozart's Overture to the “ Zauberflote,"

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