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often reduced, my eyes and my thoughts were naturally other officer, strolling among some buildings, which, attracted to my poor cattle, who stood picketed at a short from their superior order, appeared to have belonged to distance, with nothing to chew but the cud of disap- the Killedar, or some functionary of note in the garri. pointment, having waited since morning in eager expec. son ; when some groans, proceeding from some of the tation of the return of a foraging party. I observed one houses, caught our ears. We entered, and to our as. of these, whose well-defined ribs bore testimony to the tonishment beheld a large room full of women, many of scantiness of his fare, gradually stretching out his head them young and beautiful, dreadfully mangled, most of to a turban, belonging one of my servants, which hap- them dead, but some of them still in the agonies of dis. pened to be within the length of his tether. After gi. solution. Every tender, every manly feeling of the heart, ving it a turn or two with his nose, I suppose to ascer. was shocked at such a sight. It could not be our sol. tain the possibility of its being masticated, he seized the diers that had done such a deed. No! the suspicion loose end in his mouth, and actually began to swallow could not be liarboured an instant. No human motive it. He swallowed, and swallowed ; and, as the volu. alone could have urged such an act. And so it proved ; minous folds of the turban unrolled, so fast did they dis. for, on questioning the survivors, we learned that the appear down the throat of the bullock, until, of at least Rajpoots composing the garrison, who had their famiten yards of stuff, there remained only a small bit pen. lies with them, finding all hopes of saving the place to dent from his jaws. I was so amused with the whole be vain, had collected their wives and daughters, and process, that I could not find it in my heart to stop him ; having butchered them in the manner above described, but lay on my couch observing his operations for at least sallied forth, with no earthly hope left, but that of sellan hour. Another minute, and the turban, which had ing their lives dearly. Although so completely in opnearly reached its latter end, would have been safely de position to christian principles, we cannot blame the posited in the stomach of the bullock, to be brought up deed ; horrid and barbarous as it was, still it had in it for examination at a favourable opportunity. Just at something of a noble character. It was in consonance this critical moment the owner returned, when, looking with their religious principles ; and it was to save their about for his turban, he beheld the end dangling from wives and daughters from pollution. The men who per. the mouth of the animal. With an oath he flew at the petrated this deed of horror, were the same who afterkullock, and, seizing the only visible portion of his gar. wards precipitated themselves with such desperation on ment, pulled and pulled, hand over hand, and oath upon our Europeans, and not one of whom would accept oath, while the tattered but still connected cloth came quarter."-Vol. I. p. 230-1. forth, like a measuring tape out of its case. The man's Powers of THE TELESCOPE._“ It may amuse rage and gestures at the destruction of his turban, the the reader to be informed, that among my mathematical beast's astonishment at the novel kind of emetic he was instruments, I had an inverting telescope, which I used undergoing, and the attitudes of both, formed a scene sometimes to let my servants look through, that I might absolutely irresistible."--Vol. I. p. 93-5.

enjoy their surprise at seeing the world turned upside MILITARY MUSIC.-" This was the first time I had down, and, in particular, the astonishment they express. ever heard the whistling cf balls. The reader will per- ed, when they saw men and women walking on their haps expect that I should exultingly exclaim, with heads, without their clothes falling down. It got about Charles the Twelfth, · Henceforth this shall be my mu. in the cantonment, that the engineer saheb, had a telesic!' But candour obliges me to confess that such a scope which could turn people upside down ; without noble idea did not enter my thoughts ; for, however the latter part of the phenomenon being generally known, harmonious the balls may have sounded in the ears of so I used sometimes to amuse myself by pointing my the Swedish hero, to me they certainly did not convey glass at the women as they passed my window ; upon the same degree of pleasure that I have since experien. which they would run as fast as they could, holding ced from the voice of a Catalani, or from the bow of a their clothes down with both their hands."-Vol. I p. Linley ; on the contrary, the noise which they made, as 327. they glanced past my head, raised about the precincts A DUELLIST._" He used to tell a story of one of of my heart a kind of awkward sensation, not at all allied his affairs, which, though not at all creditable to him. to pleasure, and partaking more of what is vulgarly self, was the best satire on the practice of duelling that called fear, but which, as a military man, I dare not can well be imagined. 'I was in the theatre one night,' designate by that name."-Vol. I. p. 130-1.

said he, and seeing a fellow eating apples in the box A RESURRECTIONIST.--"As a set-off to this affect where there were some ladies, I took the liberty of poing circumstance, I must describe a ludicrous scene which king one into his throat with my finger. The man struck occurred about the same time, and which for a moment me-I knocked him down, and gave him a sound drub. caused a ray of hilarity to cheer the gloom of the battle bing,'(for the Colonel was a famous bruiser.) • He called field. A surgeon, whose bandages had been exhausted me out, I shot him through the arm ; and the fool call.

; by the number of patients, espying one of the enemy's ed that satisfaction.' One of the few instances in which horsemen lying, as he supposed, dead on the ground, he was known to have been right, was on the occasion with a fine long girdle of cotton cloth round his waist, which proved fatal to him. On receiving his antagoseized the end of it, and, rolling over the body, began nist's shot, which took effect in his body, he staggered a to loose the folds. Just as he had nearly accomplished few paces; then, recovering himself, he presented his his purpose, up sprang the dead man, and away ran the pistol deliberately at his opponent, and said, I could doctor, both taking to their heels on the opposite tacks, kill him,' (for he was a capital shot ;) · but the last act to the infinite amusement of the bystanders. This ex. of my life shall not be an act of revenge !' Words suf. traordinary instance of a doctor bringing a man to life, ficient to redeem a life of error !"-Vol. I. p. 336-7. so opposite to the usual practice of the faculty, became COME UP.-—“'Having passed a pleasant evening the subject of a caricature ; while the story, as may be with our friends of the artillery, we retired to rest in a supposed, long clung to this unfortunate son of Galen, room situated over one of the stables of the gun-horses. who afterwards went by the name of the resurrection Here, owing to a little over-indulgence at table, not doctor.'”_Vol. I.


feeling readily disposed to sleep, we amused ourselves A DREADFUL ALTERNATIVE.-“ A horrid scene with counting the number of Come ups!' which reach. which I witnessed at this time, made such a lively im- ed our ears through the crevices of the floor. When. pression on my youthful mind, that the very recollection ever a horse stirred, so as to disturb the slumbers of his of it, even at this distance of time, makes my blood run not much more human bed-fellow, it was 'Come up!" cold. When the fort was completely in our possession, if the beast snorted, it was 'Come up!' If he lay down, and all firing had ceased, I was, in company with an. it was • Come up!" If he rose on his legs, it was equal.

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ly 'Come up! This Come up. is almost the only cation of this kind. Sermons, like other compositions, phrase which an English groom addresses to his horse. have appeared under various titles. Some have merely Though generally used as a term of rebuke, it is an un. “ Sermons ;” others, “ Sermons on Important Submeaning expression; and I do not see in what it could jects ;” others, again, “ Discourses,” preached at some have originated, unless in the frequent necessity of cau. particular place, and so on ad infinitum. Mr Gleig has tioning the animal against that 100 great propensity of had the ingenuity to discover a new cognomen, and his English horses to come down."-Vol. II. p. 155.

Sermons for Plain People.A SPANISH PRIEST." He was a ruffian-looking But there is no affectation in the volume before us. fellow, whose chief occupation with the army was that of They are truly wliat their author entitles them, doctrie a mule-dealer, buying those animals in the country, and nal and practical, on most important subjects ; and we selling them in the camp at a great profit. I was told completely agree with Mr Gleig, “ that though the shelves by our Colonel, that in the preceding campaign, he was of every book-shop in the kingdom groan under the sitting one day at table with his Padre, when the Patron weight of theological publications, very few have been of the house came to beg that Senhor Padré would go found in all respects fit for domestic use.” We have up stairs immediately, to render the last offices of reli- no lack of Sermons ; but, unfortunately, too many gion to a dying Spanish officer. He looked sulky on of them, after being “ weighed in the balance," have being disturbed at his meal, but could not refuse. The been “found wanting.' Many of them, doubtless, Colonel followed ; but, instead of a solemo ceremonial, are pious enough and well-meaning, but of such a naas he expected, he saw the Padré take a crucifix out of ture as not to suit exactly the meridian of the parlour his pocket, and thrust it into the face of the dying man, circle. Some are loose declamations ; others have nei. vociferating at the same time, Jesus ! Jesus!' Per- ther unity nor design; others are mystical and unin. ceiving no signs of acknowledgment from the poor offi-structive. From one preacher we have a dull formal cer, whose glazed eye and quick respiration denoted his essay, to which the text is a motto ; from another we speedy dissolution, he pocketed his swammy, and de- have high-flying fanaticism, visionary speculations, or seended to finish his bcef-steak and his bottle."-Vol. ranting, unintelligible “ orations.” Few comparatively II. p. 278-9.

are the exceptions; and we are, therefore, glad to find FRENCH AND ENGLISH APPETITES." On re. Mr Gleig's Sermons of that description that they will turning to my billet in the morning, as hungry as a “ suit the capacities of the very lowest,” whilst they hawk, I requested my landlady to prepare me some will give " no offence to the taste of the highest circles." breakfast. She asked what I should like I replied, The Rev. Edward Irving, who is one of the great Some eggs and bacon.' So forth with she prepared a apostles of Millennarianism, would have entitled this vodish, containing full two dozen of the former, with a lume “ Orations for Plain People.”

We would redue proportion of the latter ; a pretty good proof of the commend the work to his careful perusal, for we can abundance of the land, and of her opinion of an Eng- assure him, that this style of preaching will prove a lishman's appetite. These French imagine, that be thousand times more beneficial than weekly mystical cause we dine off large joints, we must be great eaters, harangues on the Millennium. It cannot, of course, be when, in fact, we do not eat half so much as they do. expected that we can afford space to investigate at In France, the providing for the stomach is much more length Mr Gleig's admirable discourses; but few, we of an affaire than it is in England. When, in French, are persuaded, whether learned or ignorant, will rise you talk of a man's having spent his fortune, you say, from their perusal without feeling wiser and better.

Il a mangé son bien ;' and the first question a French. They contain faithful and eloquent expositions of our man asks you, on visiting his country, is, how you like duty to God, our neighbour, and ourselves, and as their cuisine. This latter observation reminds me of an such, they ought to be possessed by every family. They answer made to me by an English traveller, to whom, are the productions of a man who is, we doubt not, a on his expressing his dislike of the French mode of faithful parish priest living, I remarked, that I supposed he did not relish The first Discourse is on “ The Redemption of Man. their cuisine. Quizzing, sir !' said he, rather tartly ; kind," and contains a clear and concise statement of • you don't suppose I allowed the fellows to quiz me!'" the truth, that, as Mr Gleig observes, “it is in the -Vol. II. p. 352-3.

sacred Scriptures of God alone that we may look, not Light reading, spiced a la militaire, will now be per- to a resurrection of the body.” The Sermons on “ Cau.

for the assurance, but for the remotest hint or reference ceived to form the staple commodity of the “ Twelve tion in forming Judgments," on " The Divine origin of Years' Military Adventure."

Christianity,” and on “ Religious Differences,” we would especially recommend. We shall, however, lay

before our readers an extract from the Sermon on “The Sermons, Doctrinal and Practical, for Plain People. object of Public Preaching;” a subject which is greatly

By the Rev. G, R. Gleig, M. A. M.R.S.L., &c. misunderstood by too many preachers and sermon-huntLondon ; John Murray. 1829. Pp. 303.

ing hearers, and to which we would call their special at.

tention : Ar first sight the title of this volume, by the Reve.

THE OBJECT OF PUBLIC PREACHING. rend author of the Subaltern, struck us as savouring not a little of affectation. Much, in these days of literary “No one who has mixed at all in society can be ig. rivalship, depends on the title of a book ; and the public norant that the fashion of the present times runs greatly have too often found, to their cost, that the title was the in opposition to what are termed moral discourses. Á best and only readable part of the volume. We are far, plain straight-forward list of directions how they are to however, from insinuating that this is the case with behave in all stations of life, goes not well down with Mr Gleig's Sermons ; on the contrary, they will, in our cither of two classes of persons : it displeases both those opinion, add to the literary reputation which he has al. who affect more than an ordinary degree of reverence for ready so deservedly acquired. But, from the innumer. religion, and those who are habitually profligate and able shoals of sermons which have been, and still are, vicious. The former turn away from such moral ha. ushered into the world, which nobody reads, and which rangues with contempt and scorn. They assert that it is not likely ever will be read, we have been accus. these are nothing more than heathen admonitions ; that tomed to look upon a preacher as more than ordina. they have in them none of the spirit of the Gospel, no. rily courageous, and a reader as having a more than or thing relative to faith, or grace, or regeneration, or I dinary stock of patience, who ventures on a new public know not how many terms, with which men are too often

in love, without at all comprehending their real import. | man life, which, more than all this, deserves to be called The others, again, I mean the profligates, equally dislike grace? Is there no principle--no principle which lays such a style of preaching. It comes too home to them; hold on some, and not on others, leading the first to it sounds as if every allusion were personal, every at worship God in the beauty of holiness, and to believe in tack meant to apply peculiarly to themselves. They his name, to their own salvation and acceptance ? Now, will not, therefore, come and listen to rebukes so pointed then, we come nearer to the point. Unquestionably and so direct. What they desire to hear at church are there is such a principle; but it is very different from pleasing discourses, declarations of God's goodness and what those regard it, who are the fondest of hearing that mercy, of the readiness with which he receives back sin. principle discussed from the pulpit. The grace of God, ners, whenever they choose to turn to him, and the be which leads to repentance, is continually within the reach nevolence of his nature, which leads him to think lightly of every living person. It operates on different persons of those natural failings into which they, alas ! are too in different ways; but assuredly it operates upon none apt to be led. Such preaching as this is at all seasons ac- to any good effect, unless it be aided by their own co. ceptable. It keeps all quiet and easy within; it puts operation. The grace of God will never take captive to sleep the worm, whose gnawing is so painful; and the will of any man, or turn a sinner to repentance in quenches, for a time, the fire whose burning shall be spite of himself; but it is always at hand to assist bis everlasting. Neither have these men any objection to weak endeavours, and to bring to perfection the feeble doctrinal disquisitions. Such topics are interesting ; efforts which would certainly be useless without it. But they lay hold of the attention, and, carrying it away in what is there in this, which demands that it should be the flood of various arguments, they serve exceedingly the constant subject of a preacher's discourses ?”_ well to kill twenty or five-and-twenty minutes every P. 46-50. week. Is it not singular that the very good and the very We would willingly quote farther from Mr Gleig's bad should both prefer the same style of preaching? Sermons, which our readers will perceive are very supe.

The truth, however, is, that any style of preaching rior to the ordinary run of such productions. We must, which harps continually upon one string must be bad. however, pause, only observing, that Mr Gleig deserves The Gospel, though in its main points plain and perspi. well of the public in this his appearance before them, as cuous, is, nevertheless, of very extended signification;

an earnest and faithful minister ; and, as the work is and cannot, therefore, be properly expounded by a

most moderate in price, we cannot do better than ear. preacher who constantly confines himself to one or two topics. But of all modes of preaching, that which ties nestly recommend the “Sermons, Doctrinal and Practi

cal, for Plain People.". itself down to the exposition of doctrines only, is by far the most unprofitable, as well to the speaker as to the hearer. The doctrines of the Gospel must indeed be ex. plained ; but the genuine doctrines of the Gospel are few | A Personal Narrative of a Journey through Norway, in number. A general belief in the being and attri. butes of God, in the blessed Trinity, and in each of the

part of Sweden, and the Islınds and States of Den.

mark. By Derwent Conway, Author of " Solitary persons of the Godhead individually ; a full expectation

Walks through Many Lands.” Edinburgh ; Con. of a future life, in which we shall receive the things done in the body, whether they be good or bad, these com

slable's Miscellany, vol. XXXVIII. 1829. prise, in fact, a complete abridgement of a Christian's This is a very interesting and clever volume, full of faith. Of course, I allude not, at present, to the ne- picturesque descriptions and pleasant narratives. We cessity under which all thinking men feel that they, opened it with rather a prejudice against the subject of and every other servant of Christ, lie, to receive the sa- which it treats ; for though we had read a considerable craments; the first of which, indeed, forms the sign, or number of books about Norway, they had all failed to badge, by which the disciples of Christ are distinguished inspire us with any great liking for that cold and out. from those who are not his disciples. I am speaking of-the-way country. Neither did they give us any very now only of such points as do, and indeed ought, to distinct notions of its scenery, or of the manners and form the subjects of what are termed doctrinal discourses, customs of its inhabitants. We knew very well that inasmuch as almost all others contain more of human there was something peculiar about Norway, but where than of divine philosophy. Now, to explain these to a in that peculiarity consisted we could never precisely congregation, whose Bibles are within their reach, is find out. We have often closed large tomes in a most surely a task which may soon be accomplished. Is the unsatisfactory state of mind, for though they told us a preacher, then, to become idle, and to revert again and great deal, they showed us nothing, and this we take to again to his old topics ? No, you will say, but are be the leading difference betwixt a matter-of-fact and a there not such doctrines as those of grace and election, picturesque traveller. Derwent Conway ranks among and regeneration and saving faith? My friends and the latter. When we accompany him on his rambles, brethren, rest assured that these phrases, though in very he makes us see the very scenes which he himself saw, frequent use, are not rarely misinterpreted, even by such and we risc from a perusal of his work with a more disas appear most warmly attached to them. For what is tinct impression of what Norway really is, than it was grace ? Grace is neither more nor less than the goods ever our lot to possess before. There is a great deal of ness of our Almighty Father. The word itself signifies excellent and powerful writing throughout the volume ; favour-a favour or feeling of good-will towards any and though we are somewhat hackneyed in these matone, which prompts him who experiences it to do to ters, such was the interest it excited, that we went that person a kindness, without looking for any thing in through the whole, from beginning to end, without stop

When we apply it then to God, I confess that ping. I, for one, know not within what bounds we are to en. Our author has divided his work into three parts ;close it. It is through God's grace that we live, and the first of which embraces an account of an inland jour. move, and breathe, and think. It is through God's grace ney, performed for the most part on foot and alone, that we are not hurried off to our graves, in the midst of through a solitary and unfrequented part of the coun: our sins, by any one of the numerous accidents and ca- try, from the Naze at the western extremity of Norway, lamities to which we are every moment liable. It is by to Christiania the capital ;—the second part describes Goi's grace that our Saviour has come into the world, his residence at Christiania, and journey farther north has died for us upon the cross, has given us his Gospel, to Osterdalen, where he remained some time with a naand promised us eternal life, if we only obey that Gospel. tive family, and enjoyed opportunities of becoming fa. Nay, but is there not a something connected with hu- miliarly acquainted with the national character and do



mestic habits of the people, their mode of living, their belonged to them, and to nourish a pride in the antiqui. occupations, their superstitions, their literature, and a ty of their nation; and it is not difficult to credit the thousand other things ;-part third gives us a short assertion, that, to a Norwegian, his country is the obglimpse of Sweden, and the Islands and States of Den. ject almost of his worship. Recent events have, indeed, mark; but it is written more hurriedly, and extends only cast a damp upon the enthusiasm which Gamlé Norgé to forty-five pages.

inspires ; and I have been told, that, for some time after Disposed, as we are, to bestow very high praise upon the annexation of Norway to Sweden, the toast was this work, we think the best mode of testifying that ap- rarely drunk ; but, if so, the feeling has subsided. Norprobation, and of proving it to be well-grounded, will way is Gamle Norgé still ; and so attentively has the be to introduce Derwent Conway in his own person to new sovereign cultivated the esteem of his subjects; and, our readers. As an appropriate opening extract, we se- by all accounts, so fully does he merit it, that, as far as lect the following passage upon the subject of

my observation entitles me to speak, Bernadotte is never

named but in terms of respect." NORWEGIAN PATRIOTISM. “ It has been my lot to visit many lands,-some of The above will be aptly succeeded by our author's them celebrated for nationality,- but in that enthusiastic account of love of country which is irrestrainable when countrymen

THE NATIONAL MUSIC OF NORWAY. are assembled together, every nation must yield to Nor. way. A Norwegian loves, reveres all that belongs to, “ It was here that I hcard, for the first time, that anand distinguishes his native land,-his mountains, his cient national music, of which Norway, like all other rocks, his forests, he would not exchange for the richest mountainous countries, can boast. The mountain airs plains of the south. To a Norwegian, the words Gamle of Norway are, however, of a wilder and more uncomNorgé (old Norway), have a spell in them immediate mon character, than those of any other of the mountainand powerful ; they cannot be resisted. Gamlé Norgé ous countries which I have visited; some of them, in is heard in an instant repeated by every voice ; the their sudden transitions, and strange mclody, reminded glasses are filled, raised, and drained ; not a drop is me of the breathings of the Eolian harp. The characleft; and then bursts forth the simultaneous chorus, ter of these airs is, with but few exceptions, that of me. For Norgé ! the national song of Norway. Here, lancholy. They are simple in their construction, but and in a hundred other instances in Norway, I have ranging over a compass of notes, occasionally even of seen the character of a company entirely changed by the two oclaves. The poetry to which they are sung is also chance introduction of the expression Gamle Norgé. of a melancholy cast, chiefly legendary, and often verThe gravest discussion is instantly interrupted; and one ging upon the terrific. Some of it is, however, appamight suppose, for the moment, that the party was a rently the mere poetry of imagination, though still preparty of patriots, assembled to commemorate some na. serving the same character. Several of the airs have a tional anniversary of freedom. The northern nations martial effect; and a few hunting and drinking songs are accused of being cold; but there is, at least, no evi- are of a gayer cast, both in their music and poetry. dence of this in their feelings of patriotism. I speak, “ The lady who sung these airs did them great jus. however, of Norway only; the same cannot, I think, be tice, and seemed often to feel their power; and was well said of Sweden ; and as to Russia, I have had no op- able to communicate that feeling to the listener. The portunities of making personal observations. In Norway, words were in high Norse, not Danish. Both at this love of country is the same enthusiastic passion that love time, and subsequently, I have been at some pains in of music is in Italy. In England, there is no toast collecting the airs, and the words to which they are sung. which stands in the place of Gamlé Norgé, unless per- Some of these are in manuscript, others I learned by haps it be the Wooden Walls of Old England ; but this ear, and have had set since returning to England, in the is rather the defence of England, than England herself. idea of publishing the whole, with English translations In Scotland, the Land of Cakes' is nearly an equiva. of the words, as Scandinavian melodies. lent to Gamle Norgé ; but then, how do Scotsmen “ The poetry of' which I have been speaking, as coudrink it ? they drain their glasses indeed, but they re- pled with the ancient mountain a:rs, forms part of that main upon their seats if they be sober ; but let Gamle body of chivalrous poetry, once the only literature of the Norgé be the toast in Norway, and every Norwegian European nations ; and which we may still look to as a starts to his feet, and a burst of enthusiasm follows. curious interpreter of ancient habits and feelings. The which no circumstances have power to restrain. The minstrel songs of former days, although they may pos. same feeling is indeed, less or more, the patrimony of sibly have had one common origin, have been modified the inhabitants of all mountainous countries; but there by the character of the different nations among which are reasons why Norway should be more distinguished they have been found. Those relics of chivalrous poetfor this virtue than others. Norway is more isolated ry which we find in the North, possess a character, in than any other country in Europe ; and her political some respects unlike that which is impressed upon the history, too, is less interwoven with that of other na. poetry that sprung up among the Southern nations; and tions. Incorporated, by its own act, with Denmark, I shall, perhaps, be pardoned for advancing an opinion since the middle of the fourteenth century, she yet re. which, although, as far as I know, it involves a new doctained the name, and many of the privileges, of an in. trine, appears to me to be nevertheless a sound one ; it dependent kingdom ; and has a right to consider the is, that we ought to refer the distinctive mythology, cha. long line of her hereditary monarchs unbroken. Her racter, and poesy, of every nation, to its geographical population has remained unmixed ; her language, in the position. This opinion, I think, receives strong coninterior, untainted ; her soil has never been the theatre firmation from the character of the mythology and poetry of war; nor has it ever been trodden, save rarely, by of Scandinavia. the feet of strangers ; her laws are almost coeval with “ The terrific imagery of the mythology of Odin, one her mountains. On three sides, she is surrounded by a cannot conceive to have been engendered elsewhere than boisterous occan, and girded, too, by a barrier of rocks ; amid the sterile mountains, the dark valleys, the gloomy and, on the other, mountains, rugged, and snow-capt, forests, and the desolate and dreary coasts of the Northshut her out, like the valley of Rasselas, from the rest ern Continent. There is there, a pervading spirit of of the world; and add to this the legends of a mystic sadness and desolation, that embodies in imagination and stupendous system of religious belief, which are images of majesty, terror, and power: and these are handed down by tradition, and which tend to preserve again expressed in histories and legends, accordant with in the minds of the people a veneration for all that ever the tone of nature. There seem to be certain hidden

sympathies, which mysteriously connect the soul of man seems to have overlooked, the latter definition may be with the external world. So perfect an accordance is appliedthey bear the impress of power. The starry there between the mythology of Scandinavia and its ex- sky bears the impress of power, even that of Omnipoternal aspect, that in travelling through the gloomy val. tence; so does the rainbow ; for though it be the result leys, or by the sea-beaten shores of Norway, so irresisti- of the laws of nature, we mount from nature “ up to bly are associations with the mythology of Odin awaken- nature's God.” The vast temple of devotion, or any ed, that I have fancied I heard, in some deep dell, the gigantic work, such as the Pyramids of Egypt, bear departed heroes at their work of death ; and have paused upon them the impress of the power of man, who has beneath some gigantic ruin, as night began to shadow reared them ; while the ruins of former ages tell of the it, to listen for the sound of their ghostly revelry. Ac- power of time, the destroyer. It was while looking cordant with these images, and with the character of the upon the midnight scene, described in the last chapter, mythology of Scandinavia, is the poetry which has there that I first suspected the soundness of Edmund Burke's originated; but the legendary songs of southern lands theory; and every subsequent day in which I pursued are impressed with a very opposite character. Those of my journey, more and more confirmed me in the belief, the most southern nations are imbued with the spirit of that power is the more true and universal source of the luxury, which accords with the burning soil whence sublime.” they sprung; while the minstrel songs of France are full of grace, gaiety, and gallantry ; suiting well the We were a good deal struck and pleased with the smiling skies, and the bright earth, that fostered and passage which we subjoin :ripened them.”

SUNSET AND SUNRISE IN NORWAY. In connexion with these judicious remarks, 'peruse

" I went to bed a little after nine, but was unable to the following on

sleep. I therefore got up about ten, and opened the NORWEGIAN SCENERY.

window of my little chamber, which was upon the

ground floor. The sun was shining brightly on the neigh“ It was now, that, for the first time, I felt I was in bouring heights; and, as I knew there was not much Norway ; it was now that I knew the land of my early more than two hours' interval between his setting and his visions ; I had gained the summit of the ridge, which reappearing, I resolved upon walking to the summit of on one side bounded the valley, and Norway, with all a neighbouring hill, which, as far as I could judge, her attributes of sublimity, burst upon me. Forests, might be about 1500 feet high, to witness both his set. whose vastness and shade, and solitude and silence, ba- ting and his rising. I therefore leaped from my window nished in an instant from the mind all associations with into the little garden beneath, and made my way towards song of bird, and bower, and gay silvan scene,—lakes, the hill that seemed the most accessible. I passed through whose deep seclusion put to flight images of mere grace some small fields of rye, some patches of oats, and some and beauty,-valleys, which from their depth and gloom, scanty pasturage, clear of the houses, and immediately we might fancy to be the avenues to abodes of a more found myself commencing the ascent of the mountain. mysterious creation, mountains, whose dim and rug. It was then not quite eleven; the sun hung trembling ged, and gigantic forms, seemed like the images of a on the verge of the horizon, which, to my vision, was a world that we might dream of, but never behold. Could bounded horizon, owing to the mountains which rose to any man, gazing upon such a scene, refer his emotions the north and west, so that the summit was illuminated to the origin pointed out by Burke ? Burke, had he a considerable time after the steep I ascended was left looked more upon the face of nature, and less upon that in gloom. It was a laborious ascent, more so than I of society, would never have promulgated his doctrine, had anticipated ; but I was in no disposition to rest ; -or if he had, he would have published his recantation. and, anxious to have a view over Norwegian wilds, in But I cannot dismiss the doctrine of Edmund Burke in the twilight of a northern midnight, I proceeded vigoa single sentence, nor can it be considered out of place, rously on my way, now and then pausing to look back to devote a moment to the origin of the sublime, in a upon the difficulties of the ascent. It was a few mi. journey through a country in which the emotion is ex- nutes after midnight when I reached the summit of the cited at every step.

hill, the height of which I had not duly estimated. It “ I cannot believe that terror is the source of the sublime, was a solemn and impressive scene. The dead stillness because experience teaches me otherwise. Many objects of midnight was over all ; earth and air were reposing inspire terror, which do not produce the emotion of in it. No living thing was visible ; no bird was on the sublimity, and a thousand in which there is nothing wing; there was no cry of any animal. The sky was terrible, produce that emotion. If this be true, the doc- unclouded, but curtained by a pale film, through which trine of Burke is disproved by the most satisfactory evi- the larger slars were faintly glimmering. The dark pine dence the evidence of feeling. If terror be the source forests, darker in the shadows of the hills, threw a deeper of the sublime, then a venomous reptile, a mad dog, a shade over the sombre scene. The grey mountains, dun nest of horuets, a man roused by passion, on the first and majestic, were piled against the calm midnight sky; twinge of the gout, are all sublime; while, on the con- silence and solitude sat on the hills, and all the pulses trary, the starry heavens on a winter's night,—the rain. of nature were at rest. Long, very long, I could have bow spanning the sky,--the calm ocean,-a vast Go- remained lost in the contemplation of the solemn scene ; thic cathedral, or the ruins of former ages, are not just but soon the mountains and the valleys and the woods objects of sublimity, because they have nothing terrible were disrobed ; their twilight veil dissolved in air ; warm in them. It has always seemed to me more rational to tints of light streamed up the sky; and earth stood rerefer the source of the sublime to POWER,-power either vealed in the rosy garniture of morning. At length a active or passive. Wherever an object awakens the emo- rim of glory emerged from the horizon, and the broad tion of sublimity, it will be found, either that the ob. sun sprung up into the clear azure. In a few moments ject can itself evert power, or that it bears the impress the seeming of night was no longer visible ; it was mornof power. All those objects which inspire sublimity ing; and, as I descended from my elevation, I heard the through the medium of terror,--those, in short, which chirping of the early bird, and saw the goats rise up Mr Burke seems to have had in view when he pro- and begin to crop the herbage.” pounded his doctrine, are referable to the first of these kinds of power ; such as, the stormy sca, lightning, a Leaving those sublimer and more impressive speculagreat hostile army ;-but to those objects which awaken tions and scenes, our author carries us to Christiania, sublimity without inspiring terror, and which Mr Burke his description of which is lively and graphic:


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