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DESCRIPTION OF CHRISTIANIA.

vegetable calendar is reduced to the roots, which are “ I have said, that Norway has in truth three ca.

capable of being stored. House-rent is also reasonable, pitals ; but Christiania, partly because it is the seat of though, for the most part, persons reside in their own government, and partly because it lies in the best peopled tuation, rented a house in Christiania, as large as one of

houses. An English gentleman holding an official si. and most fruitful part of Norway, is generally consider those in Harley Street, London, for which he paid about ed the metropolis. Christiania, although the smallest of the capitals of Europe, is certainly one of the most in- £20. There was also attached to it a large stable, a teresting to a stranger; and, in situation, far exceeds coach or gig-house, and a garden of at least half an them all in the romantic beauties by which it is sur. rounded. The Fiord, upon which it stands, is so dotted

We inust here stop for the present, but as there are
with wooded islands, and forms so many curves and in several other passages in this lively and entertaining
dentures, that it has more the appearance of a fresh-wa- volume, which we wish to lay before our readers, we
ter lake than an arm of the sea, especially as the heights, shall return to it again next week.
which enclose four-fifths of its circumference, preserve
its surface unruffled. When large vessels in full sail

Blackwood's Maguzine for March 1829.
are seen threading their way among these islets, it may
easily be supposed that the effect is singularly novel and

The New Monthly Magazine for March 1829. beautiful. I have never seen, nor do I believe there ex.

BLACKWOOD is very good this month'; the first ists, a happier combination of images than that which and the last articles are the best. The first is a disis presented on a summer's day from the heights above tinct and able statement of political opinions, rendered Christiania. If a stranger could be conveyed by magic, necessary at the present crisis, in which Peel is taken and placed on the height of Egeberg on an evening in severely to task for his late change of sentiments ; July, and were asked in what part of the world he sup- and Wellington himself does not escape scatheless. The posed himself to be, he would more probably name Italy last is a Noctes Ambrosianæ, and all the world knows or Greece, than the icy region of Scandinavia. The that these are always excellent; the present is in its de. bay itself, with its romantic promontories and wooded lightful author's happiest style. The only piece of isles, may vie with Como ; and in the country which original poetry in this number are some stanzas by stretches on every side of the town, we are struck with

* Delta ; but we cannot conscientiously praise them, the extraordinary combination of rich, riante, and pic. nor do we think Delta ever destined to excel greatly as turesque beauty. Cornfields, copses, gardens, lawns, a poet. There is something that puts us too much in cottages, and villas, lie beautifully blended beneath as

mind of Musselburgh, the Salt Pans, and Fisherrow, in warm a sky as canopies more southern lands. Below lie all his effusions. He is an amiable, but not a talented the blue waters of the Fiord, reflecting the fantas- writer. Blackwood“ should be made of sterner stuff.” tic and wood.crowned heights that environ it; while,

The New Monthly has come forth in considerable every now and then, tall masts and white sails appear strength. There is something inherently respectable and and disappear among its leafy isles ; and beyond, to the gentlemanly in the New Monthầy that must always north and west, heights rise into hills, and bills into please. There is a clever paper in the present number mountains ; while, overtopping them all, ridges of snow, about the “Great Agitator," from which we make the purpled in the light of evering, form the majestic following extract, knowing that our readers will peruse boundary of this wondrous amphitheatre. I am the it with interest under existing circumstances : more minute in my description of the environs of

O'CONNELL'S ORATORICAL POWERS. Christiania, because they have not been sufficiently eulogized by the traveller, and because therefore, the lower orders predominated, I scarcely know any

“ Were O'Connell addressing a mixed assembly where the extraordinary beauty of this part of Europe is not generally known. For my own part, I went to Norway, sions. He has a knack of speaking to a mob, which I

one who would have such a power of wielding the pas. prepared to worship its sublimity and grandeur ; but I

have never heard exceeded. His manner has at times was not prepared to expect that picture of charming va. riety, and gay and laughing fertility, which is spread the rodomontade of Hunt; but he is infinitely superior, around the capital of Norway.”

of course, to this well-known democrat in choice of language

and

power of expression. The same remark may To this may be added the following passage on the

apply, were I to draw any comparison between him and EXPENSE OF LIVING AT CHRISTIANIA.

another well-known mob-speaker, Cobbett. Were he

opposed to these two persons in any assembly of the “ There are not many places in which one may live people, he would infallibly prove himself the victor. A cheaper or better than in Christiania. The only article balcony outside a high window; and a large mob beof luxury that will be found expensive, is the keep of a neath him, is the very spot for O'Connell. There he horse: but every kind of edible is abundant and cheap. would be best seen, and his powers and person best obThe following are the prices of some of the most com- served; but were he in the House of Commons, I do mon articles of food. Mutton from 3d. to 4d. per lb. not think I am incorrect when I say, that he would Beef 4d. to 5d. ; butter 8d. ; a capon 8d.; a hare 4d.; make little impression on the House, supposing he were a pheasant ls. ; a wild duck 6d. ; a cock of the north heard with every prepossession in his favour. 2s.6d. or 3s. ; eggs three dozen 1s. ; but the price of tion wants grace and suavity,--qualities so eminently these necessarily varies with the season 3 salmon 1d. and fascinating in an elegant and classical speaker, but

3 1fd. per lb. ; sea fish still less; apples of the best qua- which, perhaps, are overlooked in an orator of the peolity 8d. per 100; 5d. for those of an inferior quality. ple. The motions of his body are often sharp and anFrench brandy Is. per bottle ; common brandy 6d. The gular. His arms swing about ungracefully; and at game in the markets (for they have no game laws in times the right hand plays slovenly with his watchNorway). is always abundant, and one of the cheapest chain. articles of food. They have many kinds of game which “ Though I shall not, perhaps, find many to agree I have not mentioned above, because I am ignorant of with me, yet I am free to confess that he does not aptheir prices, such as woodcock, partridge, snipe, ptarmi- pear to me to possess that very rare gift-genuine satire. gan, &c. The varieties of wild duck are very great, and He wants the cultivated grace of language which his these are often so plentiful as to be sold at 6d. per pair.

coinpeer, Shiel, possesses, and the brilliancy of meta. Vegetables, while in season, are as cheap as every other phor. None is there else, however, peer or commoner, article of food; but during eight months in the year, the who can compete with him in the Catholic Association.

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His language is often coarse, and seldom elegant. such books as “ Buchan's Domestic Medicine," " Reece's Strong, fierce, and perhaps bold, it often is ; but vitu- Medical Guide to Health," and so on, as calculated to do peration and personality make up too much of the ma. much more harm than good. It is a great mistake in teriel. His voice is sometimes harsh and dissonant; economical fathers and mothers of families to suppose, and I could wish more of that round, full, mellow tone, that, by having recourse to these and similar volumes, they which is essential to a good delivery, and whieh so cap- may save the doctor's fee, as if the practice of Medicine tivates the ear. « The voice is the key which unlocks could be learned otherwise than by patient study, dili. the heart,' says Madame Roland, -I believe it. Let gent investigation, and extensive experience. They who the reader listen to the fine round voice of Lord Chicf think life worth preserving, and health a blessing, ought Justice Bushe, and let him hear the sometimes grating to eschew trifling with themselves or families, by making tones of O'Connell, and he will soon perceive the differ- empirical experiments, which may induce a train of evils

The voice of the latter much reminds me of the that will subsequently baffle the power of the most skil. harsh thinness of Mr J. D. Latouche's (whose conversa- ful practitioner, and make existence a curse. We de. tional tone, by the by, is far beyond bis oratorical one ;) test the whole tribe of Lady Bountifuls, who are perpe. and yet the coolness and the astuteness which the latter tually pouring. “ bodies, of which they know little, into gentleman possesses in an argument would be no bad bodies of which they know less.". When the young or substitute for the headlong impetuosity and violent sar. the old of either sex are really ill, let a regular doctor casm in which O'Connell sometimes indulges.

be sent for ; but why should men or women file their -“ As he cannot clothe his language in the same ele- minds with all the minutiæ of a subject in which they gance as Shiel, he, consequently, cannot give the same are not professionally interested ? insinuation to his discourses. In this respect, his con. There are exceptions, however, to all general rules. temporary has greatly the advantage. Shiel gives us the Situations may occur, where some knowledge of the propoetry of elegance -O'Connell gives us the prose. The per ratin medendi may be found of the highest utility attempts of the latter at wit are clumsy, while the for. and importance. The heads of families may be at á mer can bring both that and metaphor to his aid; and distance from medical aid, or their children may be taken he often uses them with much effect. O'Connell, how. suddenly and dangerously ill ; and in all common cases ever, can attempt humour with effect, and he has a pecu- of this kind, it is proper that parents should know what liar tact of suiting this humour to the Irish people. I ought to be done. We have no hesitation, therefore, have not often seen a good exordium from O'Connell- in recommending, to those who may find themselves an integral portion of a discourse which it is extremely thus situated, tlie work of Dr Adams now before us, difficult to make; and I think his perorations want which is intended principally for the use of females, and grace, point, and force, and that which the Italians contains much useful and judicious information. His would denominate espressivo.'”

object has been, in as plain and familiar language as author of the “ Pleasures of Hope," pretty, but perhaps them how to detect the approach of disease, and to obTo this we shall add a short poetical piece, by the the subject would admit

, to direct their judgment in the

due regulation of their constitution, and to instruct scarcely worthy of his early reputation :

viate its consequences by the timely application of suitaSONG,

ble remedies.' This object, we think, he has very suc. By T. Campbell.

cessfully attained.
'Tis now the hour-'tis now the hour
To bow at Beauty's shrine;

MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE.
Now whilst our hearts confess the power
Of woman, wit, and wine;

A LETTER FROM ROME.
And beaming eyes look on so bright,
Wit springs—wine sparkles in their light.

SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF THE LATE POPE LEO XII.

-ANECDOTES-CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION, &c. In such an hour in such an hour, In such an hour as this,

You ask me to give you some particulars regarding While pleasure's fount throws up a shower

the private life and history of Pope Leo the Twelfth ; but, Of social sprinkling bliss,

although I have been here several weeks, I have not had Why does my bosom heave the sigh

a moment's leisure to satisfy your curiosity until now. That mars delight ?-She is not by!

It is surprising how little is known of his present Holi.

ness, even in his own capital ;* but having, from pecuThere was an hour—there was an hour

liar circumstances, been able to gather every authentic When I indulged the spell

particular of his early history, they are at your service. .That Love wound round me with a power I may, in the first place, however, introduce you to this Words vainly try to tell

venerable personage propria persona. Though Love has fill'd my chequer'd doom With fruits and thorns, and light and gloom.

A sunbeam in November is an exotic in our dingy

climate, but in this bright atmosphere it is indigenous, Yet there's an hour there's still an hour

and a finer day than last Sunday I never saw in the Whose coming sunshine may

month of July in England. When passing through Clear from the clouds that hang and lower

one of the cross streets near the Corso, on my return from My fortune's future day:

the Church of St Maria sopra la Minerva, I was al. That hour of hours, beloved, will be,

tracted by the sight of an immense crowd, collected at The hour that gives thee back to me!

the gate of a Palazzo, which was guarded by a piquet of Dragoons (the guardia nobile), in their dark green

uniforms, cocked hats, and plumes of black feathers The Feinale Medical Adviser, with Observations on the Just as I approached, an old-fashioned state coach,

Treatment of the Diseases of Children. By Alexan- gaudily gilded, drawn by six black steeds, drew up to der Maxwell Adams, M.D., Practitioner of Obstetric the door. Every individual amongst the gaping crowd Surgery, &c. Edinburgh. Daniel Lizars. 8vo. Pp. immediately knelt down, calling out “ Benedictione, 339.

Sancto Padre !A tall venerable-looking man, appa.

rently about seventy, in clerical robes, raising his right GENERALLY speaking, we do not approve of medi. cal works “ for the use of families.” We look upon • This letter was written before the decease of Leo XII.

hand, made the sign of the cross, and, in the most dig. During our walk home by the Ponte di S. Angelo, I nified manner, bestowed his blessing on the kneeling asked my reverend Irish friend if he never intended to re. multitude. It was Pope Leo the Twelfth, who had turn to his own country ? “ Yes,” he said ; " I should been visiting bis private palacs, previous to its under like to leave my bones in the land of my fathers ; but going some projected repairs. His unwieldy vehicle, what pleasure can I have in witnessing the majority of followed by half a dozen others, equally antiquated, my countrymen deprived of their civil rights ?" I told filled with cardinals and officers of his household, drove him that I did not see how he could be affected by any off, escorted by the guard of honour, amidst the respect. change, as Catholics enjoyed toleration, and the free ex. ful silence of the spectators; but not until one of them ercise of their religion, whilst there were many Protest(a widow by her dress) had thrown a large folded pa- ants in Ireland who were the principal proprietors, and per, a petition probably, into the coach. The old man that it was necessary to support the established church took it up, bowed to her with a benignant smile, and there, as well as in England. The Friar indignantly handed it to one of his attendants.

exclaimed, “ No! Catholicism is the religion of the It is our own feelings which give their tone to the ob- Irish people ; it is the ancient, indigenous plant of our jects we behold ; and I acknowledge that the Pope ap- fertile but neglected land : Orangeism is but an exotic, peared to me much more like what an ecclesiastical more recently implanted by a foreign hand in the green prince ought to be on that occasion, than if I had first fields of Erin,--alas ! too often watered by the blood of seen him presiding over the whole sacro collegio, sur- her sons, until it has attained its present rank and luxu. rounded by all the splendour of the Roman court, or riant growth. When England has the wisdom to wipe even during holy week, with its many ceremonies, gor- off the foul and opprobrious stain attached to the progeous, glittering, or lactiferous ; its interminable pro. fessors of our holy faith, (so long retained, after the cessions, aided by the unequalled miserere, allowed, by shadow of a pretext for such narrow and exclusive pothe most musical people in the world, to be the acme licy has ceased to exist,) then, and not till then, will of human melody.

Ireland be happy, and England just.” You can have Last evening, I accompanied an Irish Franciscan, who but a faint idea of the impression the old Milesian wish. has resided upwards of thirty years in Rome, to the ed to convey, without seeing his dark pallid countenance, Vatican, to witness the imposing ceremony of Pontifical his venerable locks, and the sparkling of his still intelvespers, in the splendid Sixtine Chapel, where, station- ligent eye ; you should have heard his sonorous voice ing ourselves within the railing which ungallantly ex. agitated by the earnest energy of his manner, and liscludes the fair sex, I again beheld the Pope, seated on tened to his enthusiastic patriotism, warmed by religious an elevated throne, his brow adorned with the triple zeal. I endeavoured to soothe his aroused feelings, tiara, clothed in gorgeous robes of white and gold, at saying, that the evils he complained of, when investiga. tended by a motley assemblage of Roman clergy, nobi. ted dispassionately, would appear to proceed from causes lity, and foreign ambassadors, dressed in the most gla- very different from what many supposed ; but his opi. ring style of magnificence, and decked out in all colours, nions were fixed, the time and place were equally un. from the sober grey of the anchorites and mendicants to suited for a lengthened discussion ; and therefore, shathe sombre black of the Monks ;–from the purple of king me cordially by the hand, the worthy old man the monsignore to the crimson of the canon ; and from wished me good-night at the door of my hotel, and disthe dazzling scarlet of the cardinal to the sovereign white appeared, afraid, no doubt, of arriving too late at his of the supreme pontiff. If you imagine, however, that convent. I have wandered a long way from the Pope's I am going to enter into a prolix detail of church cere. history, which I took up my pen to give you a hästy monies, I must beg leave to dispel the error, and to as- sketch of. sure you, that I paid very little attention to them, amidst Count Annibale della Genga was born in the year the superior attractions of the unrivalled frescoes of 1760, near the town of Spoletto ; and as there is only Michael Angelo, which cover the walls of the Sixtine one road to fortune or fame in the States of the Church, Chapel ; and listening to the heavenly music of its full at an early age he repaired to Rome, to commence his choir, for the great effect of the fine evening service of ecclesiastical studies. When about four-and-twenty, his the Catholic Church is produced by the perfect training handsome person and the elegance of his manners at

of the band of singers, who practise constantly together, tracted the notice of Pius the 6th, the immediate prede. | without any accompaniment. The Sopranos, I am sorry cessor of the last Pope, who was so much struck with I to say, are unfortunate castrati, sacrificed for the sake the noble and prepossessing appearance of the Abate

of sweet sounds. The Italian voice, though not always della Genga, then just entered into holy oril rs, that he pleasing in conversation, soars in its higher tones into was immediately summoned to his Holiness's apart. the richest and boldest musical expression. The person ments, at the Quirinal palace. The Pope's object was, who chiefly attracted my attention, (and fortunately my not only to form his court of the best-looking young asHibernian cicerone knew every person of distinction), pirants for ecclesiastical dignities, but also to put their was the Cardinal della Sommaglia, from his strong resem talents to the test, by employing them in his private blance to a well-known er-Lord Chancellor. They are correspondence, historical researches, or any secret proabout the same advanced age, both possessing the sauvi. ceedings he saw fit. It happened at that time, that ter in modo, the same penetrating, eyes, still lighted up some new arrangements were framing for the govern. with an almost youthful fire, when directing a keen ment and discipline of the church in Germany, which piercing glance, or occasionally the play of iron features it was necessary to keep secret from the court. The relaxed into a Sardonic smile. The cardinal was for Pope, relying on the discretion and zeal of his young merly gifted with considerable skill and address in the protegé, employed him confidentially for many months, management of affairs, but now (unlike his British pro. writing under his dictation upon ecclesiastical affairs, totype) incapacitated for business, owing to a loss of chiefly at night, with much precaution and mystery ; memory, a strange negative quality for a minister of until, by a series of skilful manæuvres, Cardinal Col. state, which office he yet holds. Nor is it only physi- nacci, one of the most ambitious men at the Papal court, cally that he resembles the venerable peer I have alluded discovered the nocturnal occupations of his Holiness, to, for their minds seem to have been similarly consti- and intrigued successfully to have his young amanuensis tuted; they are equally attached to religion, Roman or discarded, having pumped the secret of the proposed reAnglican, in all its exclusive spirit, and to all ancient forms in the German bishopricks from the unsuspecting institutions ; they are equally opposed to innovations, youth ; who, from the height of the most brilliant hopes, and to the too hasty spread of knowledge, or to what is founded on the Pope's predilection for him, as suddenly vulgarly called the “ march of intellect.”

fell into the undistinguished ranks of the ordinary pre

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lacy, without appointment or consideration, except that error was one of the greatest he could have been guilty of Monsignore, a class from which those destined to fill of, and in most courts is never excused or forgotten. It the highest offices are generally selected.

nearly proved fatal, not only to his reputation, but to Monsignore della Genga was afterwards rostored to his life. Had he written vaguely, exaggerated the dif. favour, and continued for years private secretary to Pius ficulties that obstructed him, and abstained from dis. the 6th, during which period scandal, and the tittle. patching a courier until the arrangement was conclu. tattle of Rome, did not spare the young favourite, who ded or formally signed, his skill, talents, and finesse was much admired by the fair sex, particularly by the would have been extolled, and a Cardinal's hat and beautiful wife of an old officer in the Swiss guards ; some rich benefice would have been his reward. Instead indeed, she was considered as his avowed mistress. He of this, Gonsalvi informed the Pope that the affairs of was at length, however, obliged to quit all the attrac- the church absolutely required his immediate presence tions of the Roman court, as his patron thought it more at Paris, to counteract the awkward position in which for his interest to appoint his confidenzial secretary to a the inconsiderate Nuncio had placed the negotiations foreign mission, than to retain him any longer in his on the tapis; and as France stands higher than any cabinet. The legation of Munich becoming vacant, he power in the estimation of the Holy See, from the imporwas named to it, and soon became a decided favourite tance which her adherence reflects on the head of the at the Electoral Court an honour to which his amiable Catholic church, Cardinal Gonsalvi was very soon on manners, elegant person, and highly-cultivated mind, his road across the Alps. A fortnight after writing his justly entitled him.

unfortunate dispatch, affairs having gone on most pros. In the year 1793, Count della Genga was promoted perously in the meantime, Della Genga was stepping to the honorary title of Archbishop of Tyre, in partibus into his carriage to wait upon the French minister, to infidelium ; and on the death of his patron, in 1800, he give the finishing hand to the concordat, when he was was recalled to Rome from his post of legate, wliere he surprised by the unwelcome arrival of Gonsalvi ; who, found his enemy, Cardinal Gonsalvi, (nephew of the in an hour afterwards, receiving the necessary docuambitious old Colnacci,) in power ; for, on the election ments from his thunderstruck rival, got into his carof Pius the 7th at Venice, he appointed the former se, riage, and drove to the Tuileries in his place. The cretary of state, an office he retained during the whole distress produced by this untimely interference in the of that Pope's Pontificate. Della Genga retired for a mind of Della Genga was such, that for many months while from public life, and his chief occupation and he never left his bed, an hemorrhage having immediate. amusement was the chase, to the pleasures of wlrich hely declared itself, which reduced him to the point of devoted most of his time.

death. Grief, disappointment, and mortification preyed During the fifteen years that Italy was governed by on his health ; and this malady has never since ceased the French, the Pope's temporal sovereignty was in

to afflict him at intervals. It is said he has received abeyance; and in retribution for the long period that the viaticum, or extreme unction, no less than a dozen Gaul was ruled by a Roman Prefect, when the Impe. times since this revolution in his system, rial Cæsars were masters of the world, the Roman states, At the last conclave, Cardinal della Sommaglia, from reduced to a province of the new empire, were obliged his advanced age, from his being Dean of the Sacro to submit to the degradation of receiving laws from a Collegio, and other circumstances, had great hopes of French Prefect, who resided in the Eternal City. He being elected to succeed Pius the 7th. A young man relieved the Papal court from the troubles and anxiety seldom succeeds, fifty-five being the minimum; and attendant on worldly concerns; and Cardinal Gonsalvi, Della Genga, who had some years before been apthe honorary secretario di stato, had a complete sine pointed a Cardinal, was at that time not much more cure, or rather his functions were limited to the cure of than sixty, quite a youth in their council of ancients. souls, having only the responsibility of those spiritual But, it is said, that he dexterously made an arrange. matters which the Pope, as head of the Catholic church, ment with his old friend Della Sommaglia, to pro. could not be divested of.

mote the interests of one another, on condition that if The restoration of the Bourbon dynasty in France was either were elected Pope, the other should have the of. so important an event for his Holiness, that he imme. fice of Secretary of State. This is the only plausible diately sent Archbishop della Genga, to congratulate manner of accounting for the result of the election in Louis the 18th on his return to Paris; and in order not favour of the young Pope, and the nomination of the to relinquish an opportunity of obtaining as much influ-old Ultra-Minister of State. Leo the 12th, however, ence for the Holy See, by negotiation with the restored certainly owes his present elevated station in some mea. monarch, as it had lost through the imperial usurper sure to his pleasing elegance of manner, and his hand. who preceded him, the Nuncio was instructed by the some, graceful person, which secured him many friends ; crafty and politic Gonsalvi, to endeavour to prevail upon and although a man of pleasure in early life, like Charles Louis to renounce those advantages which had been se. the 10th, the present king of France, he is not only reform. cured to the Gallican church, by the famous concordat, ed, but more strait-laced and rigid in his conduct, and which even the powerful Louis the 14th could not than if he had been equally exemplary in his youth; in obtain, although claimed originally by him. It may be this respect they resemble all converts, who affect great. imagined that it was not from pure regard or friendship er austerity, and make less allowance for the faults of for the Nuncio della Genga, that his rival charged him Others, than those who have never strayed from the path with a supposed impossible mission ; on the contrary, it of propriety. was more with a view to give a death-blow to his repu. Since the accession of his present Holiness, the Vati. tation as a negotiator, for he was not without preten. can has been indebted to him for a vast increase to its sions, and his diplomatic skill and address were highly treasures in antiquities, literature, and the arts. Several vaunted in the Papal coteries. The result proved that collections of books, antiques, and curiosities, have been he enjoyed a reputation in this respect he did not de- lately purchased ; such as the Verentini, and Ranan. serve; for, soon after his arrival in Paris, in 1814, dis- dini, and part of the Aldobrandini statues and relievi. covering, to his great astonishment, that the Bourbon Leo is a liberal and enlightened patron of the arts; be ministry was by no means averse to granting his de has also continued the different public works commen. mand, he quite lost his character as a dissimulating, ced by Gonsalvi, added a cabinet of Mosaics to the Va. clever diploinatist, by dispatching a courier at once to tican Museum, and augmented the number of Theolo. Rome, acquainting Cardinal Gonsalvi with his candid gical Colleges. Although an effort was made by the opinion on the subject, and his well-founded hopes of ultra party to prohibit public Protestant worship in immediate success in the object of his mission. This Rome, it still is protected by the Court, and even a

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guard allowed to sanction the English service; an ines. rules of his order permitted his introducing a timable advantage to the many foreign residents here. meet for him” into the paradise he describes, few would

The Pope has, however, made himself unpopular, by be disposed to sneer at his picture : restoring sanctuaries for assassins at Ostia, and another unhealthy town, with a view of increasing their popu. It fell upon ane tyme, as I, Gonzale di Berceo hight, lation, but, it is to be feared, at the imminent risk of Wals wendyng on my wearye wayes in pilgrimme guyse ydight, travellers passing near them. Such asylums had been That I espyde ane fayre grene mead, wi' lustye flouris ycladde, abolished for many years, and are now only partially Ane place, I trow, that weel mot mak ane heavye harte right restored,- for a short time, it is to be hoped.

gladde. To the influence of Cardinal della Sommaglia* may be the littel flouris evrichone, o' parfume redolente, attributed the measures now in contemplation, for Zieldit grit plesaunce to the ce, an' to the harte contente ; founding a college on the same footing as the Sorbonne,

On evrich syde clere chrystelle fountes in streims were wellin'out, a philological establishment, charged with the examina. Quhoes waters mylde in winter were, and cool in summer's tion of all literary works before they are printed. There droughte. can be little apprehension of any liberal works escaping the vigilant eyes of ecclesiastical censors. I believe his The meid enamelet sae fayre, the odoures passing sweit, Holiness owes his unpopularity solely to his unfortunate An’the shadows of grit trees, that made ane sheltere mylde and choice of a minister, as the recollection of the beneficent meit, and conciliatory Gonsalvi is still cherished by the Ro- Solacet me, that I forgat my greifs and travaille sore, mans with a sentiment of grateful affection, which the Och! mid soche balınie fragrancie mot ane man live evermore! less congenial and intolerant government of his antiqua- Ane haunte o' soche delyte to see, 'twas ne'er my lot, I wis, ted successor has deepened and confirmed.

Wi' odoures sast an' savourie, an' shades sae calme as this :-
My cloake I cast asyde, intente to loll luxuriously

Upon the grassie velvet 'neath ane goodlie spreadand trec.
POETRY OF GONZALO DI BERCEO,

An' there as I wals lyand my cares didde alle forleit,

For divers birddes were carolyng in harmonie most swete; NOTHING can be more humiliating to the pride of No instrument of manne's ingyne mot mate that melodie, authorship, than to reflect how many names, that once Soche dulce concorde no nevir wals thy worke, humanitye ! seemed graven imperisliably on the tablet of Fame, and were familiar as household words, are now almost totally Toke o' the floures als manie as they mot tak awaye;

An' men an' birdis als manie as hither chancit straye obliterated and forgotten. Surely it might teach a les. But nevir o'that meid coulde they spulzie the glore or sheen, son of humility to many living writers, to witness the For evir anone sprang three or four for one that plucket had unavailing efforts of the Antiquary to buoy above the waters of oblivion some “ frail memorial” of individuals,

R. F. R. who, in their own belief, and that of their contemporaries, stood high and dry beyond the most presumptuous swellings of its flood.

LETTERS FROM LONDON. The author, whose name is prefixed to this notice,

No. VI. appears to be one of those at whose expense this disagreeable lesson is furnished. Gonzalo di Berceo was (When politics are incidentally alluded to in these letters, it is not born in the latter end of the twelfth century, and his the writer's wish to indicate any party bias, but merely to state writings rank next, in the order of time, to the ancient facts which come under his own observation.] poem of the Cid. Even at this early period he display- The war of politics continues to rage, and with ined no small share of that fecundity for which his coun.creased violence. The sacred pale of friendship is be. trymen afterwards became proverbial. Thirty thousand ginning to be invaded here, eren here, in reflecting, disof his verses are still preserved ; and although the mate. passionate England, and the Catholic Question bids fair rials of his history are scanty, an opinion may be form- to become as fruitful a source of social discord as the ed of his popularity, and of the influence he exerted on memorable case of Queen Caroline. The very men who the literature of his country, from the fact, that he ori- have hitherto taken pride in displaying a philosophic ginated a style of versification called “ Versos de arte indifference to all discussions connected with modes of mayor,” which was esteemed the most lofty then known, belief, are gradually doffing their neutrality, and ranging and continued in use for two centuries. It is true that themselves around the banner dearest to the sympathies later critics, who have noticed the productions of this and recollections that in early life found their way to author, have been exceedingly niggard of praise ; but the hea. It is quite surprising to me, that any two we have the testimony of Don Tomas Sanchez, who has sensible mortals of opposite opinions should think of done much for the ancient poetry of Spain, besides the wasting argument upon the matter; for of the innumeobvious improvement of the language in Di Berceo's rable disputations which I have had the misfortune to hands, to set off against their opinion. Sismondi, in witness, I never knew an instance of conviction being particular, might perhaps have spoken with less severity produced, or any thing but more obstinate assertion, of our poet, had he considered that it was scarcely fair wider disagreement, and a fiercer form of advocacy. My to try the merits of productions of the thirteenth cen- curiosity was gratified last week by seeing the effect of tury by the standard of the nineteenth. We have en. an election with its most anti-classical attendants, upon deavoured to render the following short poem as nearly the University of Oxford—the “holy, stedfast, and deas possible in the spirit and manner of the original, and mure” Alma Mater of so many august names, that, like have only to beg the reader to bear in mind, that it was the bright embellishments of an illuminated MS., lend not composed in an age when poetical epithets and lustre to the records of British literature. Alas! for images were all cut and dry, requiring only to be ar- learning, the Oxford election was much like every other, ranged in rows of a certain length to produce a poem. with the exception that a great proportion of the voters We may also state, that our poet was a monk; and seemed to act from a fixed political principle, though this circumstance probably accounts for the chief omis- not a few were guided by motives, such as are supposed sion discoverable in the following lines ; for, had the to influence the independent electors of the boroughs, un

der the special patronage of that upright Anglo-Israel. This superannuated politician has since been dismissed from ite, Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopez. *One fact is as ceroffice.

tain as any fact can be, that the preceptress of his scho

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