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“ I told you

hollow stroke of the whip, and felt the trembliag of the sent, we can barely indicate the principles of elucida. terrified horse under me.

tion. Of these, the isolation of Scotland-her limited Next morning I made it my first business to ride back resources--the peculiar character of her warfare_the to the plantation. The traces of my horse's feet were briefness of foreign dominion—the means, habits, pri. still visible ;-he had trampled down the snow all round vileges and knowledge of her hierarchy and nobles the spot where the coffin had stood; but there was no- above all, the absence during many centuries of even a thing else to be seen. I rode on to Mina's house, and resemblance to a tiers état, will furnish the chief. related the whole circumstances there.

The Reformation first created a third political estate, 80," said the old man; “I knew he would have no peace by calling into action the energies and weight of the in his grave !" His wife folded her hands, and said people; but to the arts in Scotland, the spirit of the remildly, “ Bless them which persecute you ; bless, and formers proved doubly destructive. During the reigns curse not; he will certainly be judged, but God will of the English Stuarts, some advances were effected to. judge him!”

wards the introduction of classical architecture, and even - No doubt, no doubt,” answered her husband ;“but some of the designs of Inigo Jones were executed. the devil has already got him in his clutches. You hear These attempts, however, as well as a few buildings at that it was his coffin.”

a later period by Campbell and Bruce, excited little at“Of a truth,” said Mina, more seriously and ener. tention, and no sympathy in the nation at large. Nor getically than she was wont,'" of a truth, it was his till the last reign, when the numerous works of Chamcoffin."

bers, Clerk, Adams, and Stark, but especially the comHer manner surprised me; there was none of her usu- mencement of a new capital, awakened the public mind al gaiety in it ; my pulse began to beat quick. to the interest of the subject, does the state of architec

“ What do you know of the matter, Mina ?” ture in Scotland merit much attention. The names now

She raised up her head from her work, Aung back the mentioned formed the school in which our living archi. ringlets that clustered over her brow, and looking signi- tects chiefly studied. The masters, however, have been ficantly about her, she beckoned us to gather round her excelled by the pupils. The former took as their model, work-table.

Palladio, an imitator, though a graceful one, at se. “You know the deceased Paper-maker's boy, Martin ? cond-hand, for he imitated the Roman imitators. The Well, yesterday evening, Martin went to fetch his mas- architects of the present day, we mean of our own counter's coffin from the undertaker's ; but as it was badly try, and to them as a body the praise is understood to secured on the sledge, it slipped off behind, while Mar. be restricted, have advanced to the origin and sacred tin went on quite unconscious of his loss. You and your source of art ; following the pure, and simple, and unihorse came to the spot ; got into a terrible fever of fright, versal modes of Greece. and galloped off by the side path. Meanwhile Martin The architectural character of a country depends upgot home, missed the coffin, returned, and carried it on that of its individual buildings, as is chiefly the case away ; so when you and the two bailiffs heroically came in Italy, or upon the beauty of its cities, as generally back, the apparition had vanished. Martin told me the throughout Europe. It is in like manner to her capital whole story this morning."

that Scotland is indebted for what celebrity in this reFor at least a fortnight, I was the laughing-stock of spect she may have attained. Than Edinburgh, few ci. the country.

ties, perhaps not one, enjoy more excellent capabilities of natural site ; while none, Vienna not even excepted,

whose plan admitted this precious and rare beauty to a FINE ARTS.

very great extent, supplies an instance of the contrast of

two entire cities, each of different age, manners, and asON THE PRESENT STATE OF ARCHITECTURE sociations ; not only so, but each furnishing a most no. IN SCOTLAND.

ble specimen in itself, for in varied grandeur of effect By Dr Memes, Author of " Memoirs of the Life of than the High Street, the sixteenth century has scarceCanova," fc.

ly left a finer example. Much of all this certainly has “ Art is the half of man's nature.

been felt and realized, but it is equally true, that neither

the moral nor the natural capabilities of the scene have The history of our early architecture, whether com- been justly evoked. Nay, good taste is often shocked by pared with itself, or in reference to English and conti- strange and inexplicable dereliction of advantages, nental art, exhibits remarkable peculiarities. As respects easier far to have been embraced ; and features have been general characteristics, the architectural labours of no effaced in wantonness, for the preservation of which samodern nation present a style of composition so little crifices were rather to be made. varied, or which appears to have been so uniformly go- The subject generally will derive illustration from verned by external influences. Posterior even to the further consideration of this topic. Edinburgh, that is former part of last century, there existed only the two the New Town, possesses the greatest simplicity and regrand divisions of sacred and feudal erections, by which, gularity of plan; while, if judiciously made available, in other states, the middle ages of improvement and of the situation would have enabled the architect, with this empire are distinguished. In each of these classes its implicity, to have united variety of parts and force of own uniformity of taste prevails ; while they possess contrast--the very perfection of street architecture—the distinctive features of the most opposite description. most arduous department of the profession. Unfortu. Our sacred architecture, (inferior though it certainly be nately, it is exactly here that the failure has occurred. Of in extent and magnificence of undertaking,) in purity of the three noble routes, forming the master lines in the design, variety, and richness of decoration, equals 'the ichnography—Prince's Street, fronting the Castle and best examples of the south, and excels those of the east the ancient city, in site the finest, is in architecture the and north of Europe. The reverse is the case of our most irregular, and the meanest. On the contrary, to baronial remains. These, in design, workmanship, and have preserved, or even heightened, the distinctive chaextent, not only partake of the general inferiority of racter and associations of ancient feudal power, und motheir class, as compared with ecclesiastical buildings, dern refinement, which we have mentioned as diffusing but rest far beneath the feudal strongholds of all our over the whole a rare and elevating charm, as consti. neighbours. Through the connexion, always to be tuting the very poetry of the spot, Prince's Street should traced between the modes of refinement, and the politi- have been conspicuous for rich and varied, but strictly cal condition among any people, it would prove not dif- regular and classical embellishment. Queen's Street, ficult to reconcile these seeming anomalies. At pre- the corresponding terrace on the north, looking out upon

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WIELAND

a landscape of almost unrivalled beauty and magnifi fortunate his pupils, who discovers and applies such cence, should have accorded in an architecture simple, incentives most extensively. The awaking of such yet noble, in which the chaste Ionic predominated. In- feelings in the youthful mind, therefore, as ranking, in stead of this, the buildings here are without pretensions the present instance, with the principle of utility the to distinctive character of any kind. The central range accomplishment of the effect, is one of the highest and of George Street might have commanded almost every most legitimate beauties of art. The minor imperfecbeauty of street scenery. Fine terminations, lateral di- tions and improprieties which appear amid this splenvisions, admitting with great propriety of varied com- dour of general result, are to be ascribed to the original partments, or symmetrical mutations of manner, an ele- plan : Adams wanted the soul,—the genius—the ex. vated position, giving an unbroken skyline,—all have been quisite cultivation, which lives only in the majesty of overlooked, and a monotonous un feeling style adopted, simplicity ; of this we are the more convinced from ob. differing litile from a continuous wall. These remarks are serving the classical purity of other works, by the prenot to be regarded merely as gratuitous criticisms upon sent accomplished architect, and from the simple beauty what might, or might not have been done. The princi- of his part of the internal arrangement. We note ples which they advocate are founded in nature, and ap- especially the library, not unworthy of the Palatine it. pear sufficiently obvious, while to have acted upon them self, when the repository of the undiminished treasures would have added little to the original expense, had of Grecian and Roman literature. We would venture they, from the first, been held in view. We wish, there. to suggest what cannot have escaped his penetrationfore, to impress their results as supplying two essential that a difficulty of no little magnitude still remains ;maxims, either unknown or hitherto disregarded in Scot- one which would escape the unpractised eye-but'one, tish Architecture:

upon the successful removal of which, much of the I. It should always be remembered, that street scenery beauty and firmness of effect in the basement depends, admits, with advantage, greater variety of embellishment, namely—the providing of proper means of access to the than its component edifices separately and apart could numerous entrances. with propriety receive.

The buildings in the Grecian style, now erecting or reII. In the architecture of cities, greatness of general cently completed in Edinburgh, exhibit pleasing proofs of effect can seldom or never be attained by mere extent; the advanced state of Scottish Architecture, furnishing there must be variety combined with symmetry in the practical illustrations of the precept, “ think as the anconstituents of that grandeur. It is on the principle of cients thought," being composed both in the spirit and in variety that ancient cities are so generally picturesque ; the very modes of antiquity. The precept should ever thus it is the want of symmetry that renders them so seldom be united with its corollary. They are also in this union beautiful or grand.

the more anxiously pointed out, as evincing the conve. In Edinburgh, excluding the churches, the public nience of the classic forms applied to the usages of mobuildings are in two styles ; those of an earlier date, dern life. A theory and practice opposite to this, has Palladian ; the more recent, Grecian in design. Noi supplied pretext for every innovation, and for more than as a question of mere taste, but on principles of real half the absurdity introduced into the art. It is matter science, we prefer the latter, although to the former of much regret, that the only one of these edifices yet more strictly belongs the most superb structure, not only finished—the “ Royal Institution,” as an architectural in the capital, but of Scotland. The College, standing, as feature in the general scene, realizes not its full purpose. in great measure it does, the representative of our na- There are two axioms common alike to good taste and to tional taste, as of our national learning, we rank, not utility, ever to be held in mind, with regard especially to amongst, but with, the noblest quadrangles of Europe. It public buildings, namely, that in itself the structure may possesses, too, this singular merit, that while complete appear to the greatest possible advantage from all the in itself, no feature harshly discordant is obtruded upon principal points of view,—and that, as a part of one the antique and hallowed associations of the locality. grand whole, it contributes the most largely to the gene. This effect, always so desirable, is here most judiciously ral embellishment. In practice, these two propositions preserved by the massive and unpretending plainness of will rarely, if ever, be found independent of each other. the exterior ; the front indeed belongs to a different for the accomplishment of these ends, two other co-relacharacter, but in spite of barbarisms and puerilities, tive principles must be studied; the position of the edi. the master thought is grand and imposing. These re- fice on its site,-and the selection of that site. In the marks will explain, why we by no means unite in the case before us, the site is happily chosen, but the pocensure so universally expressed both by foreigners and sition is bad, being too low. No important erection, natives, that this fine structure is not insulated. We especially no columned portico, should be looked down see no primary advantage, far less any improvement now, upon in any of the ebiet approaches. The whole ought commensurate with the expense of exposing three una. to have been elevated, and rendered distinct from the dorned walls, while all that has architectural pretensions general plane of the Mound, by a terrace, on which the externally is open to view. The noble edifice is to be temple itself should have been reared, with access by a regarded in itself; it borrows and could receive nothing noble flight of steps in front. We may here just mienfrom surrounding objects. This is precisely what should tion, that more space still is wanted on each side, and have been in a site to which no grounds were attached, that the junction of the Mound should be formed into a an adjunct by the way little necessary for a winter circular sweep, in order to correct or conceal the original session in a northern climate, and where no peculiar ex- want of a retiring circus at the union of Hanover with cellence of surrounding art required an accessory. Let Prince's Street. then this truly national work be viewed as it ought. Of original adaptation in the use of the purest classic Enter,--the whole is one magnificent burst of beauty! modes, yet adaptation where all their native grace is preNor can we well imagine an effect better calculated to served, the new High School presents a beautiful exarouse genuine and manly enthusiasm in the mind of ample. The general design to which this praise is given, the student, to awaken him to the ambition and the dig- similar indeed to all truly good works, is extremely sim. nity of letters. He finds himself at once, and only within ple, we had almost said common-being merely a quad. his college, surrounded by order, and beauty, and ma- rangle, with corner turrets, having also, from the ine. jesty, fitting associations for the calm delights, the ele- quality of the ground, fronts of different elevation. But vating pursuits of letters and philosophy. These are such are the powers of real talent, that, out of elements 80 matters not of mere sentiment. They mingle in the great meagre, and in common hands disadvantageous, has been business of education, as less obvious indeed, but most created an effect--one of the most august in architecpowerful instruments; and happy is that instructor, and cure that of a Grecian temple on an elevated position.

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By the simplest, and, what is of infinite consequence to chitecture in Scotland. This may form the matter of true effect, evidently necessary arrangements, the lower future consideration. At present we shall merely state, story in front is altogether concealed, and the eye up- that scarcely a church has been erected among us since Fards, from gr, lation to gradation, finally reposes on the Reformation, which is not an absolute deformity. the grave majesty of the Doric portico which crowns the The preceding remarks will evince our admiration of the whole. By this fine composition, two faults, into one art in our own national school, we may therefore be peror other of which an ordinary mind would have fallen, mitted to express censure as freely, and as conscientiousare avoided, namely, either raising the columns of the ly, as we have bestowed praise. The causes and nature portico and Aanking colonnade from the ground, thus of this corruption may hereafter be explained. falling into triteness, besides exposing the inequality of the fronts,-or continuing the columns from the base. ment only, thus committing the too common, but most unclassic error, of different orders and manner in the

THE PRESENT STATE OF MUSIC IN

SCOTLAND same elevation. The internal arrangement is admirable for simplicity and appropriateness of purpose.

It is remarkable that while Scotland seized the ear. The National Monument, from the small portion yet liest opportunity, after the Union, of distinguishing in a state of forwardness, can hardly become the direct herself in General Literature and most of the Liberal subject of criticism ; but if it may be allowed to judge Arts,-- emulating and rivalling England in their proof the future whole from that small portion, not one secution,-she should so completely have overlooked building in modern Europe will approach nearer to the Music,—the most seductive, and certainly the most ele. majesty and simple beauty of ancient art, in the sweet gant of studies, a study which under the sway of her est, too, of its orders

own Kings she had formerly cultivated, and one which,

to say nothing of its attractions to the man of science, “ The nobly plain—the manly Doric."

is the most intimately connected with the domestic and We recommend to the student and the amateur, desi- personal enjoyments of a polite people. It is not in rous of seeing exemplified the grand principles of stabi. any original diversity of susceptibility or taste, that we lity, as dependent on mechanical excellences and on are to look for a satisfactory solution of this contrast science, to view here the magnitude of the masses, and between the English and ourselves ; for if we travel the exact workmanship, and to observe how these are back to the time of the Jameses, and a century or two rendered subservient to the effects of gravity and equili- preceding, we find the most intense relish of the nabrium-principles the very essence both of the art and tional melodies then in use diffused through the whole science of building, and which he will not elsewhere in body of our people, from the prince to the peasant, the kingdom have at this moment an opportunity of see- while England, with all her theatrical and scientific ating united with architectural grace and harmony. Certainments, had not escaped from a dry and artificial tain discussions, we understand, have arisen respecting counterpoint, adapted rather to the eye of the Mathethe perpendicularity of these mighty columns. The matician, than to the ear of the Musician. A glance merit of such discussions, or even their object, it is dif- at the religious services and ceremonies of the two counficult to perceive. If each column is taken apart, it tries, however, will serve to explain the seeming enigma. would not require much science to prove whether its

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Music, unlike the kindred arts of Poetry, Painting, and sition makes equal angles with the tangent to the earth's Oratory, has never been known to leap at once from in. surface passing through the level of its base. On the fancy to manhood ; for this plain reason, that the latter same analysis, granting each to be separately thus per- being pure forms of art, having reference to the simpendicular to the plane of its own position, it is plain plest feelings or forms of nature, are dependent entirely that rp two can strictly be said to be perpendicular to on the efforts and inspirations of individual genius; each other. Consequently the extreme columns will have and a gifted genius is as likely to appear in early as perceptible divergence from parallelisin. It is therefore in later ages : But Music is twofold, compounded of plainly impossible to rear a range of columns which, re- science as well as art, and as such its progress and latively and separately, shall be perpendicular. But what perfection (if the latter is attainable) must, like those is the practical inference from this? We wish to point it of the other sciences, be the result of cautious experiout, the more so, that we conceive every one of our modern ment and laborious investigation. In short, it has to architects has overlooked it, as in the present case. do with ascertained laws; and although, without a pro.

The true architectural perpendicularity is this, that found knowledge of these, some progress may be made, each mass, or part, has a middle line, that is, a line on yet, as is the case in all other sciences, it is but natural each side of which are equal quantities of matter. This to conclude that in proportion to the knowledge of the middle line, to insure stability, ought always to stand abstract and fundamental rules, will be the facility of exactly in the direction of gravity, that is, of the plum applying them, and the superiority of their application. line. 'In columns this is most especially necessary; Now in England, as Music has, from the earliest times, but not only so, but this line of the middle,” to trans- formed a prominent and essential feature in the relilate a term, ought to be continued, so as to form, with gious services, the Temples of Devotion have there at the nicest precision, the line of junction of each two the same time been conservatories of Music ; where adjacent beams of the architrave resting upon the abacus. the professor might explore his science, and reduce it But it is impossible to effect this, if columns be finished, to practice ; where genius, while it met with an ample

; or nearly so, before their erection. It is here wliere our field, found a suitable reward, and where the body of architects fail ; a column should be reared at first, not the worshippers imbibed with the spirit of devotion, a in its just proportion, but length; the architrave ought taste for the purest and sublimmest specimens of an art to be laid, and then, and not before, should the middle that wafted their praises to their Maker. Nothing can line be struck, not from the centre of the abacus, but better show the taste and talent for Music, produced by from each joint of the architrave. This view of the the church service, than the fact of the most difficult subject might be mathematically demonstrated to be the and grand of Handel's choruses being performed in only correct method; and if our limits permitted, we the English Cathedrals, by those who earn their daily could further illustrate its practical application from our bread by the sweat of their brow. Even in petty and own personal examination of the ancient ruins and an- obscure towns, the strains of the great Masters may be cient quarries of Magna Grecia.

heard, sometimes with, sometimes without, an organ, One entire branch of the subject, the reader will per- but generally with some accompaniment, and almost al. ceive, is omitted, namely, the state of ecclesiastical ar- ways with a choir of some sort. If the practice is not now

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altered, or if the vestry funds are not richer, we could are the available property of the world at large. Until direct our readers to one of the loveliest villages in South very lately, the great orchestral compositions could not Wales, where, Sabbath after Sabbath, for the happiest be heard in this city; and we have been sorry to mark, years of our life, we heard some of the finest chants that the Professional Society, which bid fair to supply and tunes performed by a little choir of three voices, the desideratum in a very creditable manner, has been supported by a single clarionet ; so poor were the parish more than once threatened with extinction, from the want funds, but so eager the desire for an instrumental ac- of support. When such apathy is evinced, it is futile to companiment. It is not, however, merely intrinsic or puff ourselves up as a musical nation or city. Our very native talent, that has been elicited by the English ser festivals are little better than occasions when the stewvice in the days of Catholicism as well as Episcopacy ; | ards may express their thankfulness to Heaven, if they but the foundation of a solid judgment and accurate are permitted to escape without loss; and our concerts, taste has been laid, that has rendered the people feeling- though improving yearly, and given at a moderate rate, ly alive to the merits of the noblest compositions. As have, in more than one instance, been performed to an proficients in instrumental performance, it would be ri. audience that scarcely outnumbered the band. We hope diculous to compare the English in general with the it may be taken as earnest of better times, that the most bulk of many of the Continental states ; but in point of influential of our nobility has extended his patronage to scientific acquirements and refined taste, it would per- the only institution in this country, that affords an ophaps be difficult to congregate in any foreign city, an portunity of hearing real classical music. audience to surpass that which frequents the Philhar.

z. monic Society's Concerts. As for the society itself, it may defy the world. Such are the benefits that have accrued from amalga

POLITICAL, RELIGIOUS, AND SCIENTIFIC

DISCUSSION. mating more closely the music with the religion of England ; and these benefits will only appear the more conspicuous by reviewing the results of a contrary prac. WESLEYAN AND AMERICAN METHODISTS. tice in this kingdom. Instead of bringing in all the ad. ventitious aids that might, by the natural laws of asso

To the Editor of the Edinburgh Literary Journul ciation, be supposed to lend fervour and sublimity to

SIR, the aspirations of its followers, Presbyterianism seems As your Periodical is open to " religious discussion,” to have had for its aim-an aim highly laudable if not without partiality, I trust you will allow me to make an carried too far-to strip religion of all externals, to abo- observation on an article in “ The Edinburgh Christian lish, as far as possible, aught that might heighten the Instructor” for October. Somebody, under the signa. plenitude of faith by the pleasures of sense, and above ture of “ Psalmus,” has made it his business to conall, to select a form of worship diametrically opposed to demn the use of " hymns" in public devotional singthe ritual it superseded. Music, indeed, is still retain- ing. I am not going to speak of the ability he has dis. ed in the service of the church ; but, “not to speak it played in maintaining his position ; but he has introprofanely," we put it to any musical Presbyterian, whe-duced an observation which most intimately concerns ther, even in this metropolis, the psalmody in any of the the Church to which I have the honour to be united :established churches, (with one honourable exception,) “ The American Methodists have also their doctrine is not grating to the ear, and derogatory to the service ? of sinless perfection, and possibility of falling from The evil, however, seems already to be working its grace, embodied in their hymns.” And this is preown cure, being no longer endurable ; for the Dissent. faced by the following:-“But not only is the use of ers, we perceive, (those who can least afford it,) are now uninspired songs unlawful, they have also been made getting organs to their chapels—an example which we the vehicles of heresy and error.” Now, the American should wish much to see followed in more influential Methodists, although they may have a different Collecquarters.

tion of Hymns, yet are one body of Christians with the It is not surprising, then, that a taste for music is Wesleyan Methodists of this country; and the day is so limited as it is. It is scarcely to be imagined that a past for them to be branded with “ heresy.” If “ Psal. good taste can be formed on models of sacred singing mus” means by “ sinless perfection,” what we call extant; and where else can the majority of the peo“ Christian perfection," he must be told, that this docple have an opportunity of cultivating it? In secular trine, which is held most sacred by us, we received from music, some may say ;-—but we fear even our boasted the Holy Scriptures, and will defend to the best of our national music is rather a poor school for the student. power. As to the “possibility of falling from grace," it The beauty of a few of our old melodies is apparent, is surprising there are two opinions. Surely no man is and enchanting even to a stranger,—and to such as daté so insecure as when he fancies he cannot fall; consetheir nativity north of the Tweed, even the very worst of quently, we are always exhorting our friends to take them come recommended by a thousand associations that heed lest they fall." I am, sir, &c. would more than redeem, in their eyes, defects and de

A. J. formities of any kind. This, however, is patriotism, or what you will, but not taste,--and even patriotism may

THE DRAMA. now and then be allowed to doubt whether an imperfect scale, an irregular harmony, and a lawless progression, As we are preparing for our next number, a short his. are not the most likely elements of a music, calculated torical sketch of the progress of the drama in Edinburgh, to vitiate rather than refine the taste. The truth is, that and of the different managements under which the there seems to be some lurking conviction of this kind Theatre-Royal has successively been placed, we trust under all our boasting, for the stock of national music our readers will excuse the brevity of the present notice, has not received a single addition for many years, al. which we could not lengthen without entering upon parthough the value nominally attached to the old airs ticulars that will come to be discussed in better time and should naturally lead to the continuance of the same place. We shall be obliged by receiving, as speedily as style of composition.

possible, any information with which our correspondents 'It is not, however, the want of a regular and refined may be able to supply us upon this subject. music of our own, that is most severely felt, and that The French comedians, who entered on an engageconstitutes our great inferiority to England, but our com- ment for eight nights on Wednesday last, deserve en. parative inability to bring forward in public those great couragement, and have already made themselves favour. works, which, though the pride of Germany or of Italy, ites with the Edinburgh audience. Pelissié and Gamard,

9

Madame Beaupre and Mlle St Ange, are, in particular,
possessed of varied and excellent abilities.
WEEKLY LIST OF PERFORMANCES.

Nov. 13_21.
SAT. Belle's Stratagem, He Lies like Truh, & John of Paris.
MON. George Heriot, Two Friends, & The Bottle Imp.
Tu Es. Green-eyed Monster, He Lies like Truth, & Do.
WED. Les Fourberics de Scapin, Le Tableau Parlant, and

Charles &dward.
THURS. Les Premieres Amours, Les Rendez-vous, and Cra.

mond Brig.
FBL. Le Tartufe, Le Mariage Extravagant, and Cramond

Brig.

And weeps for the days of youth,

When life was in its spring,
Ere its visions, that came in the guise of truth,

Had fled on the morning's wing,
When the heart shed forth its hallowing light

On all that met the raptured eye
Ere Hope's young bloom was touch'd with blight,

And Memory but a sigh.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

SONNET.
By William Tennant, Esq. Author of " Anster Fair,” &c.
LADY! when I behold thy golden hair

Hang on thy cheek, its tangles all unshorn,

Like clouds envermeiling the brow of Morn
With tufts of fleecy radiance rich and rare,
In sooth, my soul is caught as in a snare;

A thousand threads, finer than e'er were worn

By Her that was of spumy ocean born,
Twine me inextricably to am'rous care;
In vain I struggle for escape; in vain,

From these crisp burnish'd tufts that tangle me,

My feeble spirit flutters to be free:
Yet, yet, amid my flutter and my pain,
I bless that bondage, and I court these charms,
And wish me captiv'd all within thy gentle arms!

A SIGH FOR THE PAST.

By John Malcolm, Esq.
O for the days of youth,

When life was in its spring,
Ere its visions, that came in the guise of truth,

Had Aled on the morning's wing,
When the heart shed forth its hallowing light

On all that met the raptured eya
Ere Hope's young bloom was touch'd with blight,

And Memory but a sigh!
O for the dreamers gone,

With whom our childhood play'd,
Soon as the little task was done,

In the calm sequester'd shade!
And the later friends beloved so well,

(Alas! to think that friendship dies !)
Where do their gentle spirits dwell ?

I ask-but none replies :-
No voice, except the breeze,

As it waves November's wood-
And the heavy knell of the distant seas,

Filling the solitude
With pulses of such saddening sound,

Where every sound of life is fled,
As
seem,

amid the stillness round,
Like voices from the dead.
The dead !-No voice have they-

No echo lingering here
By mountain, wood, or wave, to stray

Back on the living ear.
Yet still ascend earth's choral strains,

As if she ne'er had lost a tone
Of gladness from her green domains,

Tho' theirs are voices gone ;-
Save that they seem in dreams

On the sleep-seal'd ear to fall,
Like the sighing sound of far distant streams,

Or the tones that night-winds call
(When roaming round baronial piles)

From some forlorn Æolian lyre,
Or down cathedrals' echoing aisles,

Where sleep the tuneful quire:
Or unto thought return

In the hour of reverie,
Oft as in vision dimly borne

Far from the things that be.
In Memory's land the spirit roams,

As o'er a pale and pillar'd waste,
Mid broken shrines and silent homes,
And spectres of the past;

Song_" The red wine is glowing."
The red wine is glowing, the moments are flowing,

Like waves into light, when the darkness is gone;
Joy's magic is o'er us, bright hopes are before us,

And ever through life may they welcome us on ! And round the gay circle which binds us together,

While wit, love, and friendship, flash warmly and fast, Oh! who would not smile at the storms he can weather,

And quench every sorrow which darken'd the past ? If Wisdom be weeping,—while Folly is sleeping

Mid visions of happiness,-false though they be!
If Wisdom be sighing,-while Folly is trying

To mingle elixirs—then Folly for me!
Oh! who would exchange for this earth and another,

For Glory's false glare, and the troubles of Pride,-
One bowl such as this,-and the friend and the brother
Who brightens his life, and would die by his side !
Then let every sorrow go sleep till to-morrow!-

'Tis noonday with us from the east to the west :And with us the blessing, most dear in possessing,

The soften'd remembrance of those we love best;
For the red wine is glowing,—the moments are flowing,

Like waves into light, when the darkness is gone;
Joy's magic is o'er us,-bright hopes are before us-
And ever through life may they welcome us on.

E. B.

LETTERS FROM LONDON.

No. II. Your distinguished countryman, David Wilkie, has brought home with him from the Continent two finished pictures of Italian, and seven of Spanish subjects, besides a multitude of sketches. The two Italian pictures represent the washing of the feet of the male pilgrims in the holy water by the Pope and Cardinals, and the pe. diluvium of the females, on the same great occasion, by the Princess Doria, and other high-born ladies of Rome. They are both very pathetic pieces, and executed with an austere simplicity of outline and of colouring, such as the early productions of Wilkie's pencil could not

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