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The Sermons are on the following subjects : “ Repent- nerable sanction of Christ,” he has at least availed him. ance and Forgiveness ;" “ The Sacrifices of Righteous. self of several striking facts, which seem naturally to fa. ness ;" “ Joy for Temporal Mercies ;" “ Joy for Spirit- vour his conclusions. The whole sermon displays much ual Mercies ;” ” Humility Explained, and its necessity impassioned feeling; and the following eloquent passage Enforced ;” “ Religious Zeal;” “ The Gospel of Sal. cannot fail to be read with pleasure . vation ;" “ Forsaking Public Worship;" “ Slavery not sanctioned, but condemned, by Christianity ;”

“Shame! that any should bave been found to speak

" " Christ without Sin ;" " Obligations to observe the Christian benefits are so numerous and so rich. Moralists have

lightly of liberty, whose worth is so testified-whose Passover ;"

;" Faith and Preparation as to the second praised it-poets have sung it—the Gospel has taught coming of Christ;" “ Ardent desire for the second co

and breathed it-patriots and martyrs have died for it. ming of Christ;” “ Patient waiting for the second coming of Christ.”—Our limits will perinit us only briefly above all praise. It is the air we breathe—the food we

As a temporal blessing, it is beyond all comparison and to allude to one or two of those sermons which more par. eat the raiment that clothes us the sun that en lightticularly deserve attention. We commend both the design and execution of the Without it, what are honours and riches, and all simi

ens, and vivifies, and gladdens, all on whom it shines. four Sermons on Religious Zeal. Our author ably en lar endowments? They are the trappings of a hearseforces the importance of preserving the purity of the gospelthey are the garnishings of a sepulchre ; and with it the He boldly depicts the various difficulties attendant on such an undertaking, and the necessity for activity and perse and the barren rock, are luxuries which it teaches and

crust of bread, and the cup of water, and the lowly hovel, verance on the part of Christians. He condemns all in. tolerant zeal, though he does not hesitate to avow, that enables us to rejoice in. He who knows what liberty is, Popery is' in its nature and tendency hostile to true rant's rule, and at the disposal of a tyrant's caprice, is

and can be glad and happy when placed under a tyreligion—to genuine liberty—to mental improvement like the man who can laugh and be in merry mood at to human happiness," and consequently, " that we can scarcely be 100 eager in our endeavours to expose its have been loveliest in his eye, and all that should bare

the grave, where he has just deposited all that should abominations to break down its influence—to emanci: been dearest to his heart. Shame on those who have so pate our brethren from its cruel and debasing bondage." Our reverend author proposes, as the most eligible mode ishness, and so far forgotten their Christian name, as

far taxed their ingenuity, and so far consulted their self. of accomplishing this end, that we should grant politi- to apologise for the existence of slavery, by extolling cal power to the stanch supporters of those abomina- the incomparable superiority of spiritual freedom, and tions against which his anathema has been levelled ; | dragging in the aid and the countenance of Scripture and he does not fail to resort to the somewhat hackneyed mis-stated or misunderstood! For what is slavery, and argument, in regard to the amiable cordiality which con. cession will establish between Protestants and Romanwhat does it do? It darkens and degrades the intellect

-it paralyses the hand of industry it is the pourishists. He also deprecates a practice common in this in.

er of agonizing fears and of sullen revenge-it crushes tellectual age, of allowing our own countrymen to remain unenlightened by religion, while the inhabitants the spirit of the bold—it belies the doctrines, it contraof foreign lands are ministered to with the utmost soli, the sanctions of religion—it is the temptır, and the

dicts the precepts, it resists the power, it sets at defiance citude. We most warmly coincide in condemning such murderer, and the tomb, of virtue__and either blasts the inconsistent conduct. To dispel the mists of ignorance felicity of those over whom it domineers, or forces them and of prejudice, which cloud the minds of many around

to seek for relief from their sorrows in the gratificativos, us, is at once the natural and laudable allotment of our zeel ; and we therefore feel well affected to the gene. Pp. 389–90.

and the mirth, and the madness of the passing hour."ral diffusion of Christianity ; but we hesitate not to declare, that while a single individual, either in this From the concluding Sermon we might make several couniry or in the sister kingdoms, is allowed to con- very interesting extracts. We have, however, only tinue destitute of the means of instruction, the present room to observe, that we highly approve of the judicious system is both ridiculous and sinful.

observations respecting the Willennial advent and reign While we applaud the more prominent sentiments of Christ. The errors which have been promulgated on which distinguish the Sermons on Zcal, we are also much this subject are most completely exposed in a Note appleased with the manner in which these sentiments have pended to the volume ; and though the refutation were been expressed. If the composition is never peculiarly less triumphant, and though the Scriptures afforded elegant, it is always adapted to convey the obvious and more plausible data for contrary sentiments, we hold it important meaning which the author has in view. There altogether absurd to pursue an investigation, involving are no far-fetched deductions--no perversion of the ob- difficulties which can never be satisfactorily solved. vious sense of Scripture, for the purpose of supplying feasible proof in support of his assertions. He enters the field conscious of his polemical power, and in a fair and open controversy wrests from his enemies their most History of the Troubles and memorable Transacoffensive weapons, and overturns all the barriers which

tions in Scotland, in the Reign of Charles I. By their sophistry and ingenuity had reared. He has re

John Spalding, Commissary Clerk, Aberdeen. A course, on no occasion, to mere verbal antithesis or con.

new Edition, Aberdeen ; G. King, 1829. 8vo. Pp. ceit; and he never endeavours, by a laboured effort, to

500. astonish his reader. Evidently courting approbation It gives us much pleasure to announce, that a new for the perspicuiry and utility of his sermons, he re- edition of the above scarce and very valuable work is frains from the parade of mere abstract reasoning, as now before the public; and the publisher deserves great well as from the niystification which a certain learned praise for the manner in which he has issued it from divine deems the only proper mode of guiding mankind the press. The last edition is that of 1792, and was in the path of duty.

published at Aberdeen, in two 12mo volumes. We Were we disposed to be captious, we might object to know of few works which give such a faithful, laborious, some of our author's arguinents in regard to the uncon. and impartial narrative of the troubles of the disastrous diuional emancipation of slaves; but this is a wide sub. reign of Charles I., so far as these relate to Scotland, ject, upon which we shall not enter. It he has not been which, as our readers must be aware, sustained no inconaltogether fortunate in depriving slavery of “the vindica- siderable part in the opposition to that unfortunate mo. tion that has been pleaded for it under the great and ve narch. The narrative of Spalding embraces the history

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of those events which happened in Scotland, between the his many winning and unassuming, though smaller, years 1625 and 1645, a period of twenty years, and what graces. He has a claim also upon us from his univer. eventful years! We have frequently consulted the saliry; his works, both in postry and prose, are more edition of 1792, and we can sately say, that we never numerous than, we suppose, those of any other Conti. found any of Spalding's facts contradicted by any other nental author; he has written almost on every variety of authentic work. We can assure our readers, that few subject, however distant or dissimilar ; yet his ultimate republications of scarce works, have greater claims on reputation as an author appears to have for its most durable their attention than Spalding's History; and we trust foundation, his Sorrows of Wert:r, one of his earliest that its success will be such as to induce the spirited and most popular prose productions, and his Herman publisher to benefit the country by farther republica- and Dorothea, his best and longest poem. The poetry tions of valuable and scarce works on Scottish Affairs. of his metrical dramas cannot, with justice, be much

commendid ;compared with that of Schiller, his

mightier rival in the theatre, it shrinks into unresisting Jacobite Minstrelsy; with Notes illustrative of the domestic or burgher epic, which, we believe, is peculiar

inferiority. His Herman and Dorothea is a species of Text, and containing Historical Details in rela. tion to the House of Stuart, from 1610 to 1784. English literature. It is written in nine books or cantos,

to the Germans. We have no exa'nple of it in our Glasgow. Richard Griffin and Co. 1829.

each inscribed to one of the nine Muses. To this plea

sing poem nothing can be objected, excepting its verse, This is a very nice little pocket volume. It con. tains all the best Jacobite songs, copiously illustrated by and dissonant, and the most unmanageable to German

which is hexameter, of all others the most unwieldy judicious and amusing notes. The ditor, it is true, claims no merit for this, nor is he entitled to any; for prosody. We know not how such lines sound in the his collection is formed almost exclusively upon Hogg's of Jena applies for their scanning ; but nothing appears

ears of a native, and what measuring-staff the prosodian " Jacobite Relics,” only omitting the Whig songs, and a good number of the less interesting notes.


to the ears of a foreigner more Gothic and barbarous, sup

than thus forcibly engrafting on the rough, clashing conpose, however, that the arrangement is sufficiently va

sonants of Saxony, the delicate Dactylic metres of the ried, to prevent any direct infringement of literary pro- richly-vowell'd language of Greece and Rome. It is as perty. We observe, also, that a Table of the Genea- it were setting up ihe rough, unseemly block-statue of logy of the Stuart Family, froin James VI. dowowards, Oden on the pedestal of Jupiter Tonans. The German is prefixed, which is copied almost verbatim from a similur table prefixed to the “ History of the Rebellion in language, like the English, can only be best cast into 1745,” by Robert Chambers ; and this, we think, ought which so well suit the character of bo:h. Yet, in this

rhythmical poetry by these graceful lambic moulls, to have been acknowledged.

inharmonious metre, Goethe has written a long poem ; aud Klopstock one still longer. Schiller and Bürger,

whose poetry is more melodious, and who se-m to have MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE, ben gitted with better ears, have apparently under

valued and rejected it as unadapted to their language.

Of Goethe's smaller pieces, the best are those (and GOETHE AND HIS POETRY.

they are but few) which he has inscribed Ballads and

Romances. of these the longest is the Bride of Co. By William Tennant, Author of " Anster Fuir," fe. rinth, which has been alluded to with some commenda

tion by Madame De Staël. Of the peculiar qualities of Of that rare assemblage of genius, which forty years the genuine Ballad, however, it has none; it is rather a ago at once founded and ennobled the school of verna- Jaboured and perplexed tale, ill laid as to place and cular poetry in Germany, and drew the eyes of admiring time, having neither probability in its inciients, nor foreigners towards the polished court of the Duke of felicity in its verbal execution. The God and the BaWeimar, Goethe is the only and venerable survivor. yadere is better ; but the prettiest of them all are Der Wieland, who in time rather preceded the rest, lived Sanger, Das Veilchen, and Der Fischer, of which a long enough to enjoy his well-earned reputation; Schil- translation is hereto subjoined. There is also some ler and Bürger died in the prime of lite ; Goethe, now pleasant humour in Der Zauberlehring and Hochzeitin his 80th year, a period of life sellom allotted to any leid. In his Book of Lieder there are also some pleason of the Muses, has outlived all his tuneful copart. sing verses, as Willkommen und Abschied, Die Gluckners, and for more than fifty years has been sunding liche Gatten, Maylied, &c. t We have b sides a large himself in the enjoyment of popular favour.

If his re

book of Elegien, which contain, here and there, some putation, during his lifetime, has been more extended, good thoughts, but which are chiefly interesting as being it has been, at the same time, more exposed to cavils written in Rome during the author's visit to that plac:. and captious disputation,-more questioned as to its The reader cannot but be pleased to hear the classical legitimacy and probable durability, than any of his as- Goethe singing, in his own harsh but powerful language, sociates. His poetry is unquestionably of a slenderer his ambitious Elegiacs, amid those ruins which wer: and more dissoluble texture, than that of Wieland or

created by his Gothic predecessors. Schiller ; he has neither the felicitous invention, the humorous and fantastic brilliancy, the voluptuous splendour of the former ; neither has he, in his dramas, chingen, wh ch, though it contains nothing in itself remarka le,

One of Goethe's earliest prose-plays is his Goetz von Berli. nor anywhere else, the vehement passion, exuberani

is nevertheless interesting to us all, from one adventitious cir. eloquence, sublimity, and intensity of poetical ozyn, that cumstance--that a translation of it into English, in 1793, present. characterise Schiller's best productions. Goethe has, cd, for the first time, on its title-page, as an author, Walter cott

-a name rendered since so illustrious by so many original and however, a style of his own, though not, indeed, very

unrivalled p:oductions, marked or proininent, except in his Herman and Do. Byron, proud and prolific as he was, condescended to steal,

without acknowledgement, from Goe: he. And th uch it be not rothea, and a few of his Ballads and Romances. Sim.

true, as Goethe has audaciously affirmed, that Byron's best pass. plicity, purity of speech and of sentiment, and a certain ages are taken from himsclf, yet his Lontship's pilferings are at gentleness and affection of manner, are the attractions times too glaring to be disputed; as, for instance, his address to of his verses ; he never commands our admiration like Greece, beginning, " Know'st thou the land where,” &c,

the pretty little song, Mignon's Sehnsucht,Schiller, nor dazzles us by his fantastical richness like

Kennst du das Land, wo die Citronen bluhen, Wieland; but he calmly conciliates our estimation by Im dunkeln Land die Gold Orangen gluhen &c.

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~ What minstrel-voice is this that rings

So blithely by my castle wall ? Command the joyous wight that sings

To appear within, and bless my ball :" The king commands; the page forth flies ; The page returns; the monarch cries

“ Admit, admit the old man to me, That makes my court resound with glee !"

That she my love that gambols near, Might nip me idly dangling here, And plant me on her bosom dear,

To expire in my perfume !
But ah ! but ah ! that maid tript by,
Nor did the bashful flow'ret spy;

The trod poor violet !
It died, yet sung as it did die;
I die, but die rejoicingly,
That, by her dear foot trodden, I

So sweet a death have met!

“ Accept, O sire, a bard's salute !

Accept it, lords, and lovely dames ! What heav'n is here! What glances shoot!

These stars ! who may tell all their names !
Be shut, mine eyes ! nor dare to gaze
On palace pomp, and beauty's blaze;

Here is not place and time, I ween,
Long to luxuriate with my eyne !"

He closed his eyelids, and begun

His harp-wed roundel, clear and strong; The sturdy-hearted knights were won;

The ladies captivate with song;
The monarch, grateful for the joy,
Commands his page, the laughing boy,

To bring a golden chain, that he

Might pay the poet for his glee: “ Sire, give me not the golden chain :

The golden chain give to your knights, That prop and decorate your reign

With gallantry, and feats, and fights;
Or to your Chanc'lor, that maintains
The state's expense with sweat and pains ;

Add to his load of things of state,
The golden chain's less cumbrous weight!

The river rush'd; the river swellid;

A fisher, on its side,
His eye upon his angle held

That dallied with the tide;
And as he twitch'd his line, and play'd,

The waters 'gan divide,
And from their silver-pebbled bed

A lady rose in pride!
She sung to him; she spoke to him ;

“ 0, why by craft ensnare
My brood, in jasper vales that swim,

To Death and sunny air ? Knew'st thou how happy every one

My little fishes be, Thou wouldst dive down, and leave the sun,

And live with us in glee.
" Ah! do not sun and moon delight,

In sea to dip and lave ?
Shine not their faces doubly bright

Re-furbish'd by the wave?
Heaven's blue, seen brighter in the tide,

Thee hither well may win;
Thy face, in water glorified,

With smiles invites thee in !"
The water swellid ; the water rose ;

And wet his naked foot;
His heart with fiery longing glows,

As at his love's salute :
She 'spake; she sang; and from the bank

Witch'd, wiled him to the river ;
Half in she drew; half in he sank;

And disappear'd for ever!

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A violet on the meadow stood,
And droop'd in dewy solitude,

A bash'd its gentle head;
There came with bounding pace along
A shepherd-maiden, fair and young,
And hither, thither, tript and sung,

Rejoicing o'er the mead.

The finest palaces and best hotels in Rome are now occupied by some of our opulent countrymen, whose chief amusement consists in visiting churches, galleries, and studios, exhausting their admiration on the chef. d'auvres of painting and sculpture, and exploring the ruins of antiquity. As soon as these objects are accomplished, their taste palls. Deprived of their usual society, environed by new customs, before many months are over, they relapse into a state of morbid sensibility, or, what is equally annoying, are possessed by the demon of ennvi, which can only be shaken off by flight. Their visit to the eternal city," therefore, is terminated by a rapid migration to Naples or Florence, where they again make enjoyment a toil, and, in their labours to be agreeable, are considered by all the world as insufferable bores.

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Ah! thinks the violet, were I now But for a little while, I trow,

Fair Nature's fairest bloom !

Very different from these heirs of wealth and rank previous works, I particularly remarked the Mercury, are the foreign artists (whether British or not) who find the Venus, and the Jason, fine studies for effect and in Rome a place of endless instruction and pleasure. character, and not inferior, in truth and nature, to the With intense interest, they view both the mouldering antiques of the Parthenon. The Adonis, too, is a perruins, splendid temples, and melancholy sepulchres of fect specimen of youthful, masculine beauty, and reckantiquity, and the scarcely less admirable achievements oned one of his best works; while the statue of Mars of later times—the glorious triumphs of the pencil and may be remarked as developing, in the finest style, the the chisel. Foreign artists are, I think, the happiest muscular system of the heroic God. I was delighted residents in Rome. There is no species of enthusiasm also with a figure of Hope, infinitely superior to most which partakes less of the ridiculous than theirs for their antiques; but, above all, with the well-known and profession. The Trinita di Monte is their favourite much-admired medallion of Aurora and Nox, two aërial abode, endeared to them as the spot where Salvator Rosa, figures, of which every good collection and academy in N. Poussin, and Claude resided. The houses of these Europe has got either a copy or cast.

We were wrong illustrious men were pointed out to me, and are still oc- to visit Thorwaldzen's studio first, for all subsequent cupied as the dwellings of artists. The time of the true works necessarily appeared inferior to those of the great. votary of the arts is employed in the galleries, the est living sculptor of the age-the rival and successor of temples, their studii, and Frantz's or Lepri's trattorias, Canova. No artist in Rome meets with so much enwhere they resort for the more ignoble purpose of satis- couragement, nor more deservedly, particularly from the fying the calls of appetite, but have thus opportunities English. Such men as Lord Lucan, the Duke of Bed. afforded them of associating and conversing with each ford, and Mr Hope, very properly do not limit their other. It is indeed only in Rome that their taste could patronage to native merit. be fully developed, where every object furnishes some It is much to be regretted, that we have no academy aliment for incipient genius.

in Rome, an institution which is so honourable to the Having devoted several days to the inspection of the French, Spanish, Neapolitan, and other governments, picturesque and classic ruins of the Forum Romanum, that the want of one amounts to a reflection on ours. covered with the rust of ages, and having inhaled the at- In these excellent establishments, a certain number of mosphere of past centuries in the catacombs and tombs the most promising young artists are liberally pensioned, of the Scipios, 1 resolved one morning, in order to vary in a city, where they enjoy the double advantage of the scene, to visit, along with my friend, the Baron de studying the best works of antiquity, and of receiving B-, the studio of Thorwaldzen, and some Roman sculp- instruction from the most celebrated masters of the day. tors. In one corner of a large square, ornamented, as The little encouragement afforded to the Fine Arts by usual in this city by a fountain in the centre, and over- our government, whether at home or abroad, has long looked by the massive Barbarini palace, built with tra. been regarded as a national reproach. That the charge vertine stone, pillaged from the Colosseum, we saw im- cannot be fully repelled, is undeniable; and its truth mense blocks of Carrara marble, which almost impeded may account in some measure for the fact, that our our entrance to the studio (ranges of workshops) of Thor. artists excel their Continental rivals chiefly in portrait waldzen. On gaining admission, we had an opportunity painting, which gives such scope for the gratification of of seeing the progress of a statue from its primitive state, individual vanity, while they can only maintain an ina huge unshapely block of marble, then a rude outline ferior station in the higher branches of the art. Eng. of the human form, then approximating what it was de- land, it is true, has made a rapid, and even wonderful, signed to represent, with its imperfections rounded off, progress of late years, considering that it is without then developing still finer proportions, then dotted by both a national gallery, and the government support the black marks of the artist, then improved in appear- / which is granted in other countries, and which so ef. ance by a fresh touch from his chisel, till, finally, all its fectually serves to stimulate the exertions of artists. beauties were perfected by the master-hand of the Dane With the exceptions of the recent judicious purchase

himself. In Thorwaldzen's studio, there is besides an im- of Angerstein's pictures, and the three Titians and | mense number of busts and models for lords and ladies. Poussins, as a nucleus for a National Gallery, what

Russian princes and English commoners have sat to him, have we done as a nation, by premiums, public grants, and many more, possessed of taste and fifty guineas, are or other means, to promote a taste for the fine arts still anxiously soliciting to be allowed that honour. 1 The King, it is well known, is their most munificent was not fortunate enough to meet the genius loci on this and enlightened patron. He has always been the libe. occasion ; but, were I to judge by the bust which he has ral protector of native genius and talent ; nor is there a modelled of himself, I should say that he might justly man in his dominions gifted with a more refined taste. be termed, “ a hard-featured man of genius.”

Many private individuals, also, of large fortune, have The originals of some splendid works are in this encouraged with their wealth the exertions of British studio, and models of others, as well as many that are painters and sculptors ; but still nothing is done on that yet in hand in an incomplete state. Amongst the latter permanent, efficient, and princely scale, which reflects are a very fine equestrian statue of Poniatowsky, one of so much credit on other European governments. Yet, Eugene Beauharnois, and the continuation of the cele as the foundation for a national school of sculpture, we brated succession of friezes, illustrating the triumph of boast of the treasures of the British Museum, which, al. Alexander, ordered by Napoleon for the Quirinal pa- though limited, are of such inestimable value as studies, lace, when ficting it up as a residence for the young that Canova declared it was worth taking a journey from King of Rome, and since sold to the late Count Som- Rome to England, on purpose to see the Elgin marbles mariva. I saw the first part of these friezes at Somma. alone. riva's magnificent villa on the lake of Como, and was It would fill volumes to enumerate the works of the surprised to learn, that the young Count is so destitute many celebrated Roman sculptors, whose studii are open of taste, as to decline taking the remainder of these ad to the inspection of those who have any taste for the arts. mirable bassi relievi ; Thorwaldzen, therefore, thinks Signore Baruzzi, one of Canova's most distinguished he will be under the necessity of disposing of them to pupils, has lately completed a colossal bust of his ini. the highest bidder.

mitable master, which he presented to the Capitoline The great work which now engages the Danish Museum, where it has very appropriately been placed sculptor, is the Saviour and Apostles, intended to adorn between the figures of Michael Angelo and Raphael. a church in the capital of his native country. The whole Albaccini is an artist of very considerable talents--as a of these magnificent colossal statues are nearly finished, proof of which may be mentioned a statue of Achilles, in his usual admirable style. Among the models of his which he has just finished for the Duke of Devonshire,



representing the Grecian hero in the act of pulling the until the mate be removed. Nor, in the meantime, can fatal dart of Paris out of his vulnerable heel Fiochetti any of your pieces be captured by the adversary, as your is another eminent Roman sculptor, who possesses great forces would be thereby too much reduced, -- your part. originality of style. His Venus leaving the shell is a ner, besides, in having to maintain the combioed attack production deservedly eulogised by amateurs, and has of two opponents, already labouring under sufficient dis. already placed this young man in a higher station than tress. But your opponents may take shelter under your is commonly attained by others after a life spent in men, and even place their kings so as to be in check study.

from a piece or pawn of yours ; this being permitted in While upon this subject, I may remark that by the consequence of your having lost the power of moving. Puritans of the nineteenth century, nudities in painting You ought to be constantly on the watch to give check and sculpturs are condemned. In the Florentine and to your opponent on the right, when any of his pieces other galleries, statues are now exhibited protected by are exposed to your partner opposite; because, in that fig leaves, (like the much-criticised Achilles in Hyde case, your opponent must either remove from, or cover Park ;) and in order not to shock the admiring eyes of check, and then your partner takes the piece exposed to modest fair ones, Prince Colonna has ordered many a him; and you ought to omit no opportunity of giving lascivious Venus to be as barbarously draped as the check to the queen of your opponent on the left, when chaste Diana, an operation which has spoiled some of it is in your partner's power to give your opponent's the finest pictures in his admirable collection. No doubt, king check by his next move. When this is done, your Nymphs, Graces, Muses, et hoc genus omne, will next adversary on the left must move his king, and you take appear in court dresses, to gratify this mawkish affecta- his queen at your next move. A good player is always tion of delicacy.

on the look out for an advantage of this kind.

In order to co-operate effectually with your partner in any attack meditated by him, you must endeavour to

penetrate into, and support his plans. If, for instance, THE GAME OF CHESS EN QUATRE,

he make an attack with his queen, (which is, in this

game, an invaluable piece,) it will be your business to THE DOUBLE GAME.

cover her with a knight--or you will assail the oppo

nent against whom your partner's attack is directed or I HAVE been surprised to find that in no town in you will remove the obstacles which may oppose them. Scotland, with the exception of Dundee, is this beauti- selves to the attack or you will set upon your other opful game either played or understood ; and, I believe, ponent, and by keeping him at bay, prevent him from it is not generally known even in London. In some affording his partner any assistance. The moment one parts of the Continent, especially in Russia, the double of your opponents is in check, you and your partner game is much admired, and very generally played. As should concentrate your forces upon your other oppoa science, it is inferior perhaps to the common game; Dent, boldly attacking his principal officers, and sacribut, as a source of amusement, it is in many respects ticing for them inferior ones of your army. By this preferable ; combining, as it does, all the sociableness means you may frequently give your adversary the of whist, with the engrossing interest of the single game coup de grace, before he has done you any serious misof chess.

chief. At this game four parties play-two nipon each side. The players are allowed to call the attention of their The board required is the common chess board, with partners, in general terms, to the situation of the game three rows of squares added to each side of it, making in four different ways, the party whose turn it is to play an addition of ninety-six squares, and a total of one being entitled to make use of any of the following sen. hundred and sixty. At this board the players sit as at tences :-1. I am in danger. 2. You are in dunger. a whist table, those opposite to each other being part. 3. Enter into my plan. 4. You have a good mote.

On the extreme rows two sets of chess men are These expressions must not be repeated, or uttered after placed one set being wooden, the other of ivory; or it your partner has touched a piece. is sufficient if a difference of colour render them casily When a pawn reaches the extreme line opposite, it is distinguishable from each other, so as to prevent confia entitled to the rank of an officer; and to the same prosion and mistakes. The position of the sets is precisely motion, when, by taking any of the pieces of either of the same as in the common game, with this difference, your adversaries, it attains the last line on the right or that the several queens occupy a white square. The left. movements are also the same as those of the common These, I think, are the points mainly to be attended game, with two exceptions, in respect to the pawns. to in this game. In Russia it is played under a strict First, they advance only one step at a time; and, se observance of a variety of laws and rules, which I could condly, when one of your pawns meets the pawn of not insert in this paper without too much increasing its your partner, whereby the progress of yours is impeded, length. you may push forward, by occupying the square either When the players happen to be pretty equally match. on the right or left; after which it resumes a direct ed, the game is intensely interesting. It demands the

most vigilant attention, not only to carry into effect your The principles of the double game are nearly identi- own plans, but to penetrate those of your partnerto cal with those of the single game; but the mode of co-operate efficiently with him in all his movements, playing differs in several respects. Each player moves to discover the covert plots and ambuscades of your ad. in rotation from the left to the right. Partners pursue versaries, and often a great exertion of skill to thwart one common plan, and support each other when acting and defeat them. Owing to the greater complexity of either on the offensive or defensive. When opening the the game, and its extensive ramifications, it is much game, each player directs the main force of his attack more difficult to play it well, than it is to manage the against liis opponent on the left. The wing being, in this common one; but I have frequently seen an indifferent game, far the most vulnerable part, you never castle. hand at the latter excel in the former. The double When you are in mate, (your partner having an open game is frequently played in the Dundee Chess Club, i field,) you do not thereby lose the game--you merely where it is much admired ; and I would take the liberty lose the facully of playing until your partner repel the of suggesting to their worthy brethren, the chess ebam. attack, or until relieved by one of your opponents; and, pions of Britain, that it is well worthy of being into. while in this situation, your men remain in the same duced into their club also. position in which they were when the check was given The game has only one slight drawback ;-you are




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