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with in the Ecarlé saloons. If a very great deal of TO OUR READERS.
misery had been shown to be the result of all this con. duct, no harm perhaps might have arisen from narrating
it. But all the misery which does arise, seems to us to It gives us pleasure to announce, that, in consequence be pretty well balanced by the plcasure which the author of the numerous communications with which we have is evidently willing to attach to these dulcia vitia. been favoured by our literary friends, we propose giving losses which produce any serious consequences; for
His hero gambles without any severe losses, or at least an additional half-sheet, or eight pages of letter-press, though he is on one occasion arrested and taken to to the next Number (No. XXVII.) of the LITERARY prison, his confinement is of very short duration, and JOURNAL. We thus hope to be able to present the his restoration to freedom is quite triumphant. The public, in one Number, with a set of Articles, of much he himself easily recovers the blow; and all at once, as
unhappy object of his illicit love dies wretchedly, but valae, from the following celebrated writers :-Dr is usual in these novels, ceases to be a roué, marries, MOREHEAD, – DR GILLESPIE, — DR MEMES, and becomes an exemplary husband. Besides, various ALARIC A. WATTS-WILLIAM TENNANT,—THE glowing pictures are introduced of the state of society ETTRICK SAEPHERD, DERWENT CONWAY,
among the gambling circles, which, to a young and arJohn MALCOLM, - WILLIAM KENNEDY, Ro.
dent temperament, wouhl of themselves be more than
sufficient to outweigh any risk that might be incurred BERT CHAMBERS,—The AUTHORS of the “ ODD in them. The general impression, therefore, left by the VOLUME,"_The AUTHOR of “ BROTHER JONA- book, is of a very doubtful tendency; and, though we THAN,"-The AUTHOR of “ TALES of a Pilgrim,” do not think the author destitute of abilities, we wish he and several others whose names we are not at liberty to
had employed them in some more useful way.
We shall give one extract, which, while it describes mention. The same Number will contain a Review of the general character of the fashionable gaming-houses Sir Walter Scott's new Novel “ANNE OF GEIER- in Paris, will, at the same time, confirm the truth of STEIN,” and other interesting literary matter. We our remark, that they are frequently spoken of in too have also the pleasure of announcing, that the Auto. soft and alluring terms ; graphs which we mentioned as being in preparation
A PARISIAN SALON D'ECARTE. some time ago, are now nearly ready, and will be de.
“Unquestionably nothing can be more seducing and livered on Saturday se’nnight, with the 28th Number of exciting than the appearance of a gaming-table, when the JOURNAL. They will form an elegant Frontis- the rooms are brilliantly lighted up and full of compiece to the First Volume when completed, and afford the tables, as if destined to become the property of the
pany. The heaps of notes and gold that are piled upon specimens of the handwriting of forty-four of the most first player of spirit and enterprise the rich tints of the celebrated individuals of modern times. No additional cloth, which acquire additional beauty from the soften. charge will be made for either of these Numbers of the ed light of the lamps the lucky and occasional falling
of the ball of the roulette table into the number backed LITERARY JOURNAL.
by the player, securing thirty-six times the amount of
his stake, and the long run upon a favourite and well. LITERARY CRITICISM.
supported colour at a trente et quarante table, together with the facility of obtaining every thing that can satisfy
and luxuriate the palate-all these things tend to fasEcarté ; or, the Salons of Paris. Three volumes. ed into more active and painful operation by heavy and
cinate and to subdue ; while the passions, not yet call, London. Henry Colburn. 1829.
repeated losses, leave wide and unrestrained dominion This is one of those books which, on the whole, had to the senses alone. If these, then, are the effects probetter been left unwritten ; or, if written, the subject duced by an introduction to haunts where the society is should have been treated in a more decided manner. confined entirely to men, how much more alluring must The hero is a young man of respectable birth, fortune, the scene appear, where, as is ever and exclusively the and family, who gets involved the very doubtful sort case at Frascati's, the rooms are moreover filled with of society to be found frequenting the private gaming. women, of that splendid and more select descriptio: we houses in Paris. The consequences are, that his affec- have already described as the frequenters of the salons tions are alienated from his best friends, that he con- d'ecarté-women, who gaily challenge fortune with tracts a passion for play, and that, throwing off a virtu- their purses, and lovers with their dark and sparkling ous attachment he was on the point of forming, he on- eyes ; and who, whatever may be their feelings or their ters into a dangerous and immoral liaison with one of weaknesses, are often gifted with minds of a superior the fair but frail creatures who are constantly to be met order, with passions which scarcely know a diminution in their intensity, and with wit, and elegance, and ease veral inclinations and caprices induced.”_Vol. iii. of carriage, sufficiently demonstrative of the sphere in pp. 5–10. which they once moved, and whieh is never wholly lost We may observe, in conelusion, that there are several sight of in their subsequent life. These are the women scenes in “ Ecarté” which border very closely on the who are most to be feared in these dangerous assem- licentious, and that we know of little advantage to be blages ; for, although it cannot be denied, that, even at derived from its perusal. Frascati's, the females are not all of the same stamp, yet the comparative vulgarity and general inferiority of these rather serve as foils to set off the manners and ac
The Divine Origin of Christianity, deduced from some complishments of the others, who seldom fail to cast
of those Evidences which are not founded on the Au. the spell of their fascinations around the hearts of the young, the inexperienced, and the more generous of
thenticity of Scripture. By John Sheppard, Author
of “ Thoughts on Private Devotion," &c. 2 vols. nature,-a fascination which is not easily shaken off,
London. Whittaker & Co. 1829. and which eventually leads to the last stage of demoralization.
We cannot agree with Mr Sheppard in thinking, that - Several of these females were seated round the no English work has already anticipated his particular rouge et noir and roulette tables, habited in elegant mode of proving the divine origin of Christianity. He costumes de bal, and staking their money with an ear. undertakes to show, “ that even if the New Testament nestness that would have surprised a stranger, thrown had been unhappily destroyed, or its genuineness were for the first time into the heart of so novel a scene-their not ascertainable ; yet, provided the primitive spirit of eyes beaming with animation when successful, and firing the religion could be learnt from the writings of early with impatience when they beheld their gold raked up believers, and those indirect proofs collected of its rise by the pitiless croupier. Whenever they hit upon a and progress, and their causes, which now exist, we lucky run, they were all smiles, frequently turning round ought not to reject it, but to judge that it came from and addressing some amiable remark to those who sat God ?" Now, this is just an attempt to prove the truth next to them, but when they lost, they were génées in of Christianity by means of external evidence a mode their movenients, the place was exceedingly hot, or of proof abundantly antiquated. We do not, however, those who stood behind them were found to press too on this account, dispute the conclusive nature of such heavily on their magnificent plumes, and were requested evidence. Indeed, all internal evidence, however forto give them more room. The men who encircled the cibly and accurately stated, is ex sua natura open to tables were principally players upon the system, and a controversy. And, while we deny the originality of the motley and singular group. Ilire might be observed an plan, we have been much pleased with the manner in elegant-looking Englishman, dressed in the last style which our author has digested and arranged the mass of of fashion, and throwing down his notes with a non- indirect proofs which bear upon the subject. chalunce which might have been translated into a sort of In illustrating his leading proposition, Mr Sheppard sliame at the idea of being found guilty of nice calcu. explains the manner in which Christianity differs in !ation, in a game in which he wished it to be supposed principle from all religions that men bave fabricated, he indulged rather as an amusement than with a view to and from any which it can be supposed they would fa. gain. There sat a Frenchman, of sallow, emaciated, bricate. He refers to the cruelties and impurities con. shabby, and ignoble appearance, casting his quick darknected with the Hindoo superstition to the obscene eye at the cards, which he mentaliy counted after the mythology practised in Greece and Rome, where the dealer, and eagerly scarching, it a loser, to detect an error mind had in many respec's attained its utmost vigour
- now striking his forehead with his hand, after a few un. and highest refinement--as well as to the Mahometan successful coups—now laughing and talking to himself, faith, which, if not openly sanctioning, is at least lenient when fortune appeared to be enlisted in his favour. to, the evil passions and tempers of man. The inference
“Here, too, might be seen a player, habited half dfrom such premises is irresistible. Christianity, if inla-Anglaise, half u-la-Francaisen-one of the number vented, was invented by and for the same human na. of those old residents in Paris, who make the public ture which has devised and accepted other religions. gaming-tablis the mcans of keeping an apology for a How, then, does it happen, that while these sanction carriage, with which they affect to maintain a sort of man's natural propensities, the Christian creed should style; and who, in the expectation of winning a certain be distinguished by the most refined and unbending mosuim for their daily expenses, take their stations at the rality ? Our author farther maintains, that Christianrouge et noir and roulette tables, as regularly as the ity, even as propagated and received in successive ages, dealers and croupiers themselves. They were chiefly with great degrees of declension or aberration from its players upon the system. Amid thes, however, might original principles, has specifically differed in its effects be seen others of more careless carriage and habits. from all other religions. He also notices at some leagth There lounged a gay young Englishman, who divided the various adınissions of persons not professing Christ. his attention equally butween his ill-supported game, 1 ianity, as' to the moral character of Jesus, and that of and two splendid-looking women, who sat on either sid: the early Christians; he then enters into an elaborata of him, supplying the latter occasionally with a few dissertation respecting the opposition which was, ai pieces, as their own little banks were broken, and, in initio, offered to the doctrines of the Bible, and conconsequence, the object of rivalry between them. Op-cludes with some observations in support of the resur. posite to him lingered a young Frenchman, of equal rection of Christ, and regarding miracles. age, and supported in the same manner, expressing No person can peruse the work without perceiving himself with vivacity when he lost, and hesitating not indications of superior talent. Mr Sheppard is not to borrow from his fair companions the instant his own satisfied with stating ingenious theories upon those funds became exhausted. The contrast offered by the important points which he discusses. His results are tone and manner of these was striking. In fact, every uniformly deduced from substantial data, applying to variety and shade of character might te traced through all the bearings of his subject. We are not presentout the throng, which was numerous indeed, the tablesed with a tissue of cx parte statements, plausibly er. being crowded, not only by those who were seated a pressed and artfully supported. He anticipates the the game, but by a triple row of players, who, incapable ittacks with which his views will be received ; and if, in of procuring seats, now stood leaning over those who lis zeal for laying before his reader a candid represen aoccupied them, and beuting, either in pursuance of tht tion of both sides of the question, he may seem to make new system, or on the priuciple of chance, as their se. admissions which prudence might repress, the issue invariably demonstrates that he adopts this course for the towards the loyalists are hardly paralleled by the atropurpose of strengthening his own arguments, by the cities of the French Revolution. They shot, stabbed, completeness with which he refutes those of his antago. hanged, and spiked, men, women, and children ; but pist. The absorbing interest of his enquiries, on many their favourite mode of executing their sanguinary reoccasions, excites that warmth and energy of thought venge, was by filling barns with their prisoners, and which so eminently characterise the writings of Chal. then setting them on fire. The massacres at Sculla. mers and Paley; and indeed we can scarcely suppose bogue, and at the bridge of Wexford, where their un. any man so destitute of feeling, as to prosecute such in. offending victims were butchered in the most horrible vestigations without catching, in some degree, the spirit manner, are eternal proofs of what may be expected of his theme. In the supplements to the different sec. from an ignorant and barbarous peasantry, when they tions of his book, Mr Sheppard has introduced occa- have the ascendency, led by unprincipled demagogues sional reflections, which, though forming no part of the and fanatical priests. direct topic, frequently exhibit it in a more convincing In a literary view, Mr Taylor's narrative is homely light. His notes also display considerable historical re- enough in style ; but we have every reason to believe search. On the whole, Mr Sheppard's present publication it an honest and correct account of the Wexford Rebel. fully supports his former reputation as an author ; and, lion. relying on the evidences as to the divine origin of Christ which are brought forward, he may confidently ask, " Que tandem mens avida eternitatis, vitæque pre. The Last Hours of Eminent Christians, compiled from sentis brevitate permota, contra hujus divinæ auctori.
the best authorities, and chronologically arranged. tatis lumen cultumquc contendat ?"
By the Reverend Henry Clissold, M.A., Minister of
vingtons. 1029. A History of the Rise, Progress, and Suppression of
This is a work which ought to find its way into the Rebellion in the County of Wexford, in the year. every family circle. The examples which are given in 1798. To which is added, the Author's Account of the last hours ” of some of the greatest and most illus, his Captivity and Merciful Deliverance. By Geo. trious men, who, we may safely say, were the glory and Taylor. A new edition, corrected. Dublin. Curry the renown of their several ages, must have a most and Co. 1829. 12mo, pp. 194.
powerful effect on the minds of the young and the igno. MR Taylor, the author of the work before us, was rant, in directing their attention towards those elevating a personal sufferer in the Irish rebellion of 1798, and truths of Christianity, which were the consolation and narrowly escaped being murdered by the rebels.' Ilis the hope of those departed worthies, whose faith we are work, so far as we have had an opportunity of judging, commanded to follow, considering the end of all things. is completely corroborated by the best authorities; and The volume before us may be safely set down as a it has this additional advantage, that it supplies the happy model of enforcing Christianity by example, in. reader with various interesting particulars, which Mr asinuch as it contains no abstract reasoning, but lays Taylor received from his own personal friends, who were before the reader matters of fact. eyewitnesses of many of the scenes he has recorded, Mir Clissold, in his preface, which is somewhat too and, like himself, sufferers for their loyalty.
long, tells us the reasons which induced him to underThe county of Wexford is notorious for the events take this work ; and with his observations we cordially which took place in it during the rebellion of 1798 ; it agree. History is, in reality, a great drama, in which was, indeed, the chief scene of those atrocities which the parties are brought before us for instruction and edi. stain the Irish history. Certain parties, styling them. fication ; and is interesting solely on account of the selves White-boys, Steel-boys, Oak-boys, Right-boys, names which arlorn its annals. It is no small consola- ! and Defenders, had for a considerable time disturbed tion to the Christian, though at best it is but the conthe peace of the country, and eventually they all coa- scious homage of truth, that the most distinguished men lesced under the general title of United Irishmen. With in past ages were under its salutary influence. It is the contemporary example of the French Revolution be impossible for us to give any thing like a condensed fore their eyes, and, as they were all Roman Catholics, view of Mr Clissolu's excellent work, as it is divided animated with the most relentless hatred towards the into short narratives, delineating the closing scene of Protestants, their objects were as iniquitous as they these great men; but our readers will find in it" the were treasonable. A number of factious demagogues most illustrious examples of devotion, tranquillity, for. arose among them, men of desperate fortunes and un- ditude, and prudence, together with the most striking principled characters, whose study it was to keep alive instances of the brevity and uncertainty of human life, the flame of discontentment, and excite the wreithed written with great interest, apart from any encouragepeasantry to the most dreadiul excesses. On the 26th ment of enthusiasm or fanatical zeal. A list of the of May 1791, the rebellion began in Wexford, beaded names of some of those illustrious individuals whose last by a ferocious and fanatic priest named Murphy. Six hours form the subject of Mr Clissold's book, will enworthies of this name, all priests, rendered themselves able our readers to appreciate its contents much better conspicuous by their subsequent procedings. On the than were we to lay before them any detached extract. 27th, two bodies of the rebels appeared at Oulard and We find, among others, St Ignatius; St Cyprian ; St Kelthomas. At the latter place, they were defeated by Gregory Thaumaturgus; St Basil; Gregory Nazianzen ; 200 or 300 yeomen ; but at Oulard, where they were St Augustine; St Austin (first Archbishop of Cantercommanded by Murphy himself, they were victorious. bury); the Venerable Bede; Wickliffe ; Jolin Huss; That incendiary soon after got possession of Enniscor. Jerome of Prague; Eneas Silvius, surnamed Pope thy, and set the houses of the loyal inhabitants in flames, Pius II. ; the Chevalier Bayard ; Occolampadius ; besidas committing many atrocities. At the head of Zuingle; Fisher, Bishop of Rochester ; Sir Thomas 15,000 men, he took the town of Wexford. The battles Alors; Tindal ; Luther; Cruciger; Lady Jane Gray; of Clough, Ross, Arklow, and Vinegar Hill, besides Bishop Hooper ; Bishops Latimer and Ridley ; Neother minor engagements, followed ; and it is not less lancthon; Archbishop Parker ; Sir Philip Sidney; shocking than true, that the priests, by whom the Tasso; Richard Hooker ; Tycho Brahe ; Beza ; Scawretched and deluded populace were stimulated, scru. liger; Ilenry, Prince of Wales (son of James I.); Carpled not to celebrate the rites of their religion amidst dinal Robert Bellarmine ; Dr Launcclot Andrews; murder and blood. The cruelties the rebels exercised Bishop of Winchester ; Bishop Bedell; Archbishop
Laud; Grotius ; Charles I. ; Archbishop Usher ; Dr Higher and higher still my thoughts do rise
Blue, boundless, beautiful! Creation's urn!
In earth or heaven,-Ah! wheresoe'er I turn, Tillotson; the famous preacher Bourdaloue ; Locke ;
Read, study, ponder, meditate and learn, Bishop Bull; Bishop Burnett; William Penn; Ad- o thou, my soul ! these words divinely brightdison Elizabeth Rowe; Boerhaave; Colonel Gardi. I lose myself in Him,-in Goodness, Love, and Light. ner; Dr Isaac Watts ; Dr Doddridge ; Bishop Berken ley ; Lord Lyttleton ; Dr Johnson ; Lord Kaimes; Lo! o'er the welkin sails a white-fringed cloud, Gesner; John Howard ; Sir William Jones ; Dr Paley; That laves the fading forehead of the moon; the Princess Amelia ; the Princess Charlotte ; and our Now it is gathering in a darker shroud, late venerable sovereign, George Ill. There is ap
And now 'tis o'er the pinnacle of noon : pended a well-written sketch of his late Royal Highness
The stars are dimm'd; while, in a pale festoon the Duke of York; and the volume concludes with a Of circling light, Diana holds her way; number of notes on various other distinguished indi- of liquid pearls, the breezes freely play,
It rains; the dusky woods receive their boon viduals. Mr Clissold is a clergyman of the Church of Eng. And soft the trickling shower falls on each blossomed
spray. land, but he has rendered willing homage to the piety of other communions,—Roman Catholics, Presbyterians, The hush is over.-Hark! from every bower Dissenters; and a spirit of pure and genuine Christi. The song of birds,--the murmuring of the streams, anity pervades his work.
The droning beetle, and the weeping flowers,
The lizard nestling 'midst the orange gleams,
The cricket chirping where the bamboo teems, Vallery; or the Citadel of the Lake ; A Poem. By The dancing rain,-the living wind, the sea Charles Doyne Sillery. Two vols. Edinburgh. The insect hum,-the whispers on the lea,
Rousing her billows from their coral dreams, Oliver & Boyd. 1829.
There wants Aurora but to raise the jubilee. We have already spoken of this interesting work at She comes,—in glory walking from the east! some length. We return to it, because there are one or
Health on her cheek, and roses on her brows; two other extracts of much beauty which we wish to With robes of purple o'er her azure breast, lay before our readers. What we especially like in And golden hair, that round her fair form flows, Mr Sillery is, that his style is formed after no particu- Breathing perfume which vanquishes the rose, lar model ; it is fresh and luxuriant, and altogether his And gathering up her diamonds from the woods,
We detest that cant of criticism which affects to To meet them 'midst the vapours that repose discover little bits of imitation scattered through a work In fairy isles above the liquid Hoods, of two volumes ; and which prides itself, not upon point. And now she wakes the hymns of all her solitudes ! ing out the intrinsic merits or defects of poetry, but on We have room for only one other passage, expressive raking together, from all quarters, passages which may, of a young poet's delight in nature, which must be read in one or two of their thoughts, resemble other passages, with pleasure: Upon this principle, every body who ever wrote might Even from my childhood has my soul been filled be shown to be a copyist'; but this is not a principle With love for what it look'd on, and become by which any one who understands poetry will for a moment be guided. The following reflections, suggest. Objects inanimate,-a tree,-a flower,
A part of that around it—insects, birds ; ed by the calm of a summer's night, together with the A wood-crowned mountain or a placid lake, description which follows, of a shower at daybreak, and Have been its idols; but the gems of life, the coming of morning, are exceedingly beautiful : The fly,—the bee-the butterfly,—the worm,Ah! there are moments when the mind is calm,
Its wonder,—sunshine, rapture, and delight! Placid and tranquil as an inland lake
To me they are the characters of Heaven, O'er which the zephyrs scarcely breathe their balm,
The writing of Jehovah on the book
Of Nature; and I've learn'd more from them,
Than I could do in pondering o'er the tomes,
The thrice ten thousand volumes of mankind.
I've learn'd to meditate thereon, and turn
Thence to the contemplation of my God,
To love,-to fear,-to worship,-to adore !
Come, glorious dawning ! come, celestial light! Ascend on high, and, when was between
Oh! may I see the day when all my mind, The clouds and thee, roll out with billowy swell,
Self-lit, shall burn with rapture, that I may Expanded and expanding o'er the dell,
Pour forth my soul in poetry to Him Blazoned with gold and purple sunbeams bright,
Who sits sublime amid the cherubim ! Till melted into ether?-Canst thou tell,
We call on Mr Sillery to go on steadily and boldlySince such a vapour fills yon heavenly height Hor must the soul, once freed, esxpand in bliss and light? expectations of the
o successo acrior ipso"--and we have the most sanguine Even in its fetters of corrupting clay,
There's something so immortal and sublime, Something so awful and unearthly,-yea,
Pinnock's Improved Edition of Dr Goldsmith's Unknown to earth, with all its founts of crime,
Abridgement of the History of England, with a Mocking mortality,—the grave, Death,—Time, Continuation to the Reign of George the Fourth. In the immortal soul; that ocean,-earth,
The 21 st Edition. London. Whittaker & Co. Rivers, mounts, vales, it grasps !_each zone,-each 1829.
clime, From the cold poles to the equator's girth,
THE improvement made by Mr Pinnock on Dr The soul's a world of worlds,—increasing from its birth, Goldsmith's History of England, consists in dividing
the work into sections, and appending Questions for ex- water, we shall wait in vain for any distinct manifestaamination to each, together with explanations of the tion, at the top, of the subjacent fire. In fact, the lowmost difficult words which may occur. This plan has est layer will become compacted by the heat into a schist been found of great utility in schools ; and accordingly, impervious to liquids, so that the incumbent water will under his care, as editor, Goldsmith's History has now never arrive at the calorific source, and, severed by bad come to the twenty-first edition. To each of these, ad- conducting matters, can never grow appreciably warm. ditions and improvements have been made, and the con- In the great boilers of steam-engines, many results to sequence is, that the last edition is always better than this effect daily occur, which form sources of very se. the one which precedes it.
rious annoyance. Wherever the waters of supply are calcareous, more especially selenitic, they let fall a crust
of gypsum on the bottom, which progressively thickens, The Child's First Meaning-Book, on a Plan entire. so as to intercept a large portion of the subjacent heat;
ly New. By the Author of the Writer's and Stu- and by separating the iron from the water, allows the dent's Assistant. London. Whittaker & Co. 1829. metal to become ignited, and to burn away. Such a de
posit has been known to grow several inches thick, with Tuis is a book of Monosyllables, to instruct young a stony hardness; and, till laboriously chiselled off, it children in spelling and reading, and at the same time has rendered the vessel quite inoperative for raising a to make them conversant with the meaning of words. due supply of steam. The fault of most spelling-books, for children begin- Well, indeed, may Dr Ure remark, with perhaps ning to learn, is, that monosyllables are too often ex- too self-denying brevity," The first age of the world, plained by pollysyllables ; as—“ Air, the element which then, extending probably through several centuries, fully we breathe,"_" Fast, an abstinence from food,"- realized the universal and unfading spring of the poets. 46 " Pain, sensation of uneasiness," &c. It is evident Under such fostering powers of vegetation, the coalthat this is no explanation at all. The author of the use- measure plants were matured, in countless myriads, with ful little work before us has contrived to explain 1800 a rapidity to which modern experience can furnish po words of one syllable, by words of one syllable, and parallel.” 1200 monosyllables more, by words not exceeding two From such facts, the four following propositions seem syllables. The plan is excellent, and the execution not to be fully established :-). Tliat a great portion of the inferior.
present dry lands, more particularly the secondary strata,
-which are replete with sca shells of the most delicate A Guide to Purchasers of Horses ; with a Postscript for a long period at the bottom of the primeval ocean.
texture, distributed entire in regular beds,-have lain on Equestrian Equipment. Glasgow. Robertson & 2. That within the schistose crust of the globe, exploAtkinson. 1829.
sive materials exist, which have given evidence of their A CAPITAL waistcoat-pocket companion for all who convulsive and disruptive powers in all its terraqueous speculate in horse-flesh, or entrust their persons on the regions, and in every age of the world, from the protruback of the animal.
sion of the primordial dry land till the present day.3. That the ocean, at whose bottom many of our pre.
sent earthy strata were deposited, has not been lessened SCIENCE.
by dissipation of its waters into celestial space, or by their absorption into the bowels of the earth ;-and 4.
That, therefore, its channel must have been changed by TAE FORMATION AND HISTORY OF THE EARTH. transference, of a great portion at least, of its waters, A New System of Geology, in which the Great Revo- from their ancient to their present basin; an effect re
lutions of the Earth and Animated Nature, are referable to volcanic agency, which has operated by sink. conciled at once to Modern Science and Sacred | ing the old lands, and uphearing the new. Ilistory. By Andrew Ure, M.D. F.R.S. Professor The objection to these, suggested by a reference to of Physics and Lecturer on Chernistry in the Ander the change in the globular figure of the earth, is obvi. sonian University. London. Longman & Co. 1829. ated, by reference to a simple experiment. Pp. 621.
" If we hold a powerful magnet, a little way above a (Concluding Notice )
surface of iron filings, strewed upon a table, no change
will ensue, because the friction between the solid plane, The next department of Dr Ure's work treats of the and the particles, is equivalent to a cohesive force, and constitution of the primeval world, and the revolutions prevents them from obeying the magnetical attraction. which it underwent, deduced from geological phenomena, But if we momentarily suspend the counteracting force on physical principles.
of friction, by causing the table to vibrate with success. The first of these phenomena is the interior heat of ive blows, then the magnetical attraction will become the earth. From the experiments of Fourier, Arago, effective, and the iron filings will arrange themselves in and Berges, here luminously detailed, we are led to the beautiful curves, accordant with the known laws of magconclusion, that there is an increase in the heat of the netism. In like manner, the partial disruptions and earth as we descend, of nearly one degree of Fahrenheit tremors of the terrestrial strata, during its transition di. for every sixty-five feet; although this internal heat has, luvial state, would permit a corresponding portion of its in all probability, been decreasing since the flood. That shattered surface to arrange itself, conformably to the this increase in the ratio of descent is occasioned by the centripetal and centrifugal powers under which it reexistence of a great central interior fire, seems the only volves, and cause a partial approximation, in its figure, rational way of explaining it; and it appears to be proved to the oblate spheroid of rotation." by the experiment, d priori, in respect to it, if we may From the view taken of the antediluvian climates, so speak, that also explains the cause of the gradual we are naturally led to expect that the upper strata declension of interior temperature, as well as that which which resulted from the sudden overturn here infer. has taken place on the surface since the flood; which is red, would eshibit specimens of the flora of the an. thus simply and familiarly put :
cient world. Our examples of these form a rich fossil “If we apply heat to the flat bottom of a deep ves. herbarium, here opened up to our familiar view with sel (of iron, copper, &c.) which contains several alter- circumstances of peculiar interest. We wonder that nate layers of sand, clay, and stony slabs, condensed as bones and shells should have preserved their original in the supermedial strala of England, aní covered with and organic forms amid “ the wreck of matter and the