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We have seen a map of the Basin of the Frith of Forth, inclu- lon;" the language of hospitality should rather run this:-"Shall ding the Lothians, Fife, and Kinross, with parts of the adjoining I send you a fit of the cholic, sir?"_" Pray let me hare the pleashires, just published by Messrs Anderson and Hunter. It is sure of giving you a pain in your stomach."-" Sir, let me help beautifully engraved in Charles Thomson's best style, and is ex- you to a little gentle bilious headach."-" Ma'am, you cannot ceedingly minute and complete. We recommend it to the espe- surely refuse a touch of inflammation in your bowels ? cial attention of tourists, and all persons interested in this dis- Theatrical Gossip.--As somebody or other used to say~" Protrict of the country.
vidence is very kind to Drury Lane." A new spec'acle, borrowed Mr William Ellis, Missionary to the Society and Sandwich Is
from the Italian opera, called “Masaniello, or the Dumb Girl of lands, and author of the Tour of Hawaii, is preparing for publi- Portici,” is drawing great crowds to that house. It is very magcation a work on the South Sea Islands, including descriptions, nificently got up, and has introduced Mlle
. Alexandrine, a cele of their natural history and scenery, -remarks on the history,
brated Danseuse from Paris, to the London boards.-Sontag has mythology, traditions, government, arts, manners, customs, and re-appeared at the Opera; but, though she may be the fashior. for language of the inhabitants, -with an account of their recent
a little while longer, she will never again faire fureur.-Our old moral and religious improvements.
friends, Fanny Ayton, Torri, De Angeli and his wife Castelli, who
were here some time ago with De Begnis, are to sing this season King's COLLEGE.-A letter from the secretary of King's Col.
at Vauxhall.-Kean and his son have been performing in Dublege, to Mr Hughes Hughes, of the Isle of Wight, in reference to
lin. Madame Caradori has left Dublin for Belfast, where she his withdrawal from the support of the undertaking, has been published, together with that gentleman's reply. Mr Coleridge is to sing for two nights in the theatre there, which is under the
management of Mr Seymour from Glasgow. She is to be succeed. assures Mr Hughes, that the system of government and educa. tion in the college will be strictly Protestant; and informs him,
ed by T. P. Cooke. Seymour appears to be very popular in Belthat the Charter solicited from the crown contains a clause by visit
to America; it is said that he will assume the management at
fast.-Wallack is expected shortly in London, after a successful which all the official governors, as well as the members of the council, and all the professors, with the exception of those for
Drury Lane on his return." We have heard it confidently the Oriental and modern languages, must for ever be members stated," says a Brighton paper, " that Madame Vestris is marriei of the united church. Mr Hughes views any such provision as
to a Captain Phillips, we believe of the Guards."-" The Gowrie impracticable, after the late change in the constitution. By the Conspiracy," mentioned in our last, was performed on Tuesday fundamental rule of the college, of the nine governors, five are to
at the Caledonian Theatre with great success. Another new piece, hold civil offices, and four of these (the lord chancellor only being by the same author, is to be produced next Wednesday at Mr excepted) may now be Papists. Under these circumstances, he
Alexander's benefit. It will be called " The Highland Widos, considers it impossible to establish permanently any Protestant
and is founded on Sir Walter Scott's story in the Chronicles of institution in connexion with the state, and therefore persists in
the Canongate. Mr Reed Fitzgerald gave an entertainment in withdrawicg from the undertaking.
the Hopeton Roors, on Wednesday last, in the style of Matthews, The Librarian to the Barberini palace has lately discovered a which was cleverly executed and respectably attended. copy of Dante, noted throughout in the handwriting of Tasso. The notes are very learned and critical, and show with what at
WEEKLY LIST OF PERFORMANCES. tention the author of the Gerusalemme Liberata studied the Di
May 9_May 15. vina Commedia, Mr W. G. Meredith of Brazennose College, Oxford, is about to
Tues. Theatre re-opened: The Red Rover, $ Nelson. publish Memoirs of Bernadotte, King of Sweden and Norway: Thurs. The Red Rover, The Purse, f Monsieur Tonson.
Guy Mannering, $ The Pilot. The influence of Russia in the Baltic will form a leading topic in
The Beaux Stratagem, & Simpson and Co. the volume.
A new Annual, to be called The Offering, edited by the Rev. Thomas Dale, A.M. is announced for 1830.
The Rev. J. Grant of Kentish Town is preparing for publication an Essay on the Coins of Scripture, as internal evidences of
TO OUR READERS. the truth of Christianity. Mr Planché, who has devoted so much attention to theatrical
We cannot help looking with some pride on our present
Number. costume, has announced a Series of Designs for the Costumes
We venture to say, that so varied a display of lite in Richard III., which will contain full-length delineations from
rary talent has seldom or never been presented to the publie
in the same space. the best contemporary authorities,
It is also necessary for us to add, that The Village Nightingale and other Tales, by Elizabeth Frances
we have found it quite impossible to give a place in the preDagley, author of Fairy Favours, &c., is nearly ready for publi- sent Number, notwithstanding its enlarged size, to all the Conscation.
munications with which our eminent literary friends have faThomson's “Seasons" have lately been translated into Italian
voured us. We hope, however, to be able to overtake a considerprose, and published at Florence. They have been already trans
able portion of the articles omitted to-day next Saturday. The lated several times into Italian verse, but not successfully.
Autographs of celebrated persons will also be delivered with next An Italian Professor has lost his chair at Pisa, for devoting two Saturday's JOURNAL, illustrated by a popular paper on the convolumes of a work upon Coinparative Anatomy to Gall's System nexion between character and handwriting. The same Number of Phrenology, to which it appears the poor man had become a
will likewise contain (if space admits) communications from The convert.
ETTRICK SHEPHERD-the AUTHORS of the “ ODD VOLUME," The Parisian PERIODICAL PRESS.-Twenty-eight periodical
" TALES AND LEGENDS," &c.-DR GILLESPIE-ROBERT
CHAMBERS-the AUTHOR of "TALES OF A PILGRIA" - DR papers are published daily in Paris ;-eleven of these are news. papers,—six contain only advertisements,-and eleven are lite- MEMES, &c. &c. In next No. also will appear LETTERS FROM rary and scientific. or the eleven newspapers, upwards of sixty
THE WEST, No. I.-Tue EDITOR IN HIS SLIPPERS, No. II., &c. thousand copies are printed. Besides these, there are thirty-two periodical papers, which appear at different periods,-from twice &-week to once a-month,
MR KNOWLES.—This gentleman is now delivering his lectures on Dramatic Literature, in Belfast, his native town. They are
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. numerously attended, and seem to give the greatest satisfaction. We have to request the indulgence of some of our Adrertising In the Belfast Guardian, a spiritedly conducted paper, they are friends, whose favours are necessarily postponed till next week. thus spoken of:-" The Lectures of this gentleman continue to We shall not be able to notice the Monthly Magazine this be very interesting. On Saturday, his critical illustrations of the month.-" The Condemned Hussar” will not suit us. We beg: text of Shakspeare, delivered in familiar but impressive terms, to assure “ A Well wisher," that the conduct of the persons to were listened to with breathless attention. Having been request whom he alludes receives our unqualified contempt.–The Spaed to give some recitations from his excellent play of William nish Translations are not overlooked; it is our intention that one Tell, he went through a part of two remarkable scenes in that or (wo of the more popular specimens shall appear soon. drama in such a manner as to electrify his audience, who signified The verses with which we have been favoured from America their approbation by a general burst of applause."-We hope Mr shall have a place speedily. -" Lorma's" French version of Knowles will visit Edinburgh soon.
" Scots wha hae," as soon as possible; we should be glad to have THE REAL MEANING OF WORDS.-Instead of, "Do let me send a call from him.-" Two Sonnets to his Taws, by a retired Do you some more of this mock turtle?"-" Another patty ?"-"Sir, minie," are, on the whole, good; but they are either scarcely sensome of this trifle !"-" I must insist on your trying this nice me- timental, or scarcely humorous enough.
THE CONNEXION BETWEEN CHARACTER AND
fects the national style of handwriting. " An English. man, a Frenchman, a German, or an Italian," says an ingenious author, may be recognized as readily by
his handwriting, as by his features and complexion. W: have to-day the pleasure of presenting our read. The Frenchman's is full of little frivolous embellish. ers with specimens of the hand writing of furty-three of ments; the Italian's is graceful, delicate, and supple ; the most eminent characters of modern times. Their the German's is stiff, heavy, and pompous ; and the autographs are collected into one page, which will form Englishman's is a kind of compound of the three, a handsome frontispiece to the first volume of the Li: simpler than the first, less tasteful than the second, and
much freer than the third. Engravers, writing-masters, TERARY JOURNAL, and which presents at one view a more interesting collection of signatures than, we be and others who have occasion to study the subject, are lieve, was ever before given to the public. Though well aware, that in so far as direct physical influence some of these signatures have been already engraved, we
goes, there are two circumstances which principally afare enabled to state, that thirty-nine out of the forty which the penman has been taught to move his hand
fect handwriting ; and these are, 1st, the manner in three have been copied from manuscripts not before ac and fingers,-from the wrist or from the elbow, or in cessible to engravers. Before, however, speaking of each more particularly, we are desirous of making a few which he becomes habituated to hold his pen, either
an angular or circular motion ; and 2d, the manner in general observations on the subject of handwriting.
with the fore and middle finger both above the barrel, The art of writing, which is now considered so necessary an acquirement by all ranks and classes, and the or with the former above, and the latter below. It is want of which almost unfits one for the ordinary business evident, however, that whilst these causes must, to a of life, was regarded in days of old with a mysterious re- they can never accoant for those national peculiarities,
certain extent, affect the handwriting of individuals, verence, as a holy, and nearly unattainable accomplishreduced more than the half of Europe to his sway, and ference to the moral and in ellectual peculiarities of the ment. It is almost
just alluded, and which appear to bear a remarkable rewho called into life the slumbering spirit of civilisation, by giring to the conquered nations, laws, institutions, people at large. This naturally leads us to enquire into and literature, cultivated long and fruitlessly the art of and which have produced not only a distinct line of de
the indirect causes which influence the handwriting, writing, in which, by the testimony of one who was at marcation in the style adopted by different nations, but, once his secretary and son-in-law, he never attained higher proficiency than to be able to scratch his own
as D’Israeli has remarked, have given to every individual name in huge sprawling characters. But it was im
a distinct sort of writing, as Nature has given to each a possible that this state of things could long exist; and peculiar countenance, voice, and manner. à knowledge of writing has, in all subsequent ages,
Writing is an attainment to be aequired only by been regarded as lying at the threshhold of every sys. the case, it seems to follow, as a necessary consequence,
means of the flexibility of the muscles ; and this being tem of liberal education. With the exception of the Germans, all modern European nations, we do not that the different emotions which agitate the mind, in know whether the modern Greeks be either a nation or Auencing, as they always do, the muscular action, will European,_use the same written characters, making al communicate themselves, through this medium, to the lowance here and there for some very unimportant devia- the mental idiosyncrasy of the individual. As a sign
handwriting, which will thus represent, more or less, tions in a few of the minute details. As to the Ger- of character, handwriting has therefore this great argumans, though we cannot speak with certainty, we strongly suspect that their written character is derived ment in its favour, that, being a voluntary action, the from the same source as that of the rest of Europe ; and will of him who holds the pen must possess a sway over this suspicion is confirmed by an examination of some bumps are involuntary excrescences on the head; but
it. In this it differs materially from phrenology, whose Scottish manuscripts of the 17th century, (now in our possession,) one-half of the letters in which, are formed comes into close analogy with the more rational system in the same way as those now used by the Germans. of Lavater ; for, if it is likely that the voice, features, Other circumstances, corroborative of this belief, might should not the handwriting, which is just one little step
and gestures, should be affected by the passions, why be mentioned, but as we are not at present bent upon removed from a pure mental operation, be also affected any display of our antiquarian lore, we content ourselves by them ? It is true that the science of physiognomy, with stating our impression.
But whilst the same general form of letter prevails by one or two ingenious men, has been carried to a fanthroughout Europe, it is curious to observe how much çiful and ridiculous extent; and any rules which may the character of the people modifies that form, and af. be supposed to govern it, must be so continually met by
exceptions, occasioned by a thousand different causes, • For six of the signatures we are indebted to David Bridges, fixed and certain standard. The same remark, we sus.
that it must ever remain impossible to reduce it to a Esq., who politely favoured us with the use of his very curious book of autographe.
pect, applies with equal force to the subject of hand
writing. But, nevertheless, this much we are inclined the severe barrenness of his sterner moments. If these to believe, that if handwriting be studied as a science, remarks hold good when applied to the same individual, taking always along with us the conviction, that nu- they may, with equal propriety, be extended to the difmerous exceptions will continually present themselves ferent predominating dispositions of different men. to baffle our ingenuity, many curious glimpses may be “ Henry the Eighth,” says Oldys, “ wrote a strong got into character, and discoveries made, upon much hand, but as if he had seldom a good pen." Upon this sounder data than either phrenology or palmistry can D'Israeli has well remarked," The vehemence of his furnish. We do not go the length of supposing that character conveyed itself into his writings: bold, hasty, the adept in this art would ever be able to ascertain, by and commanding, I have no doubt the asserter of the its means, the minuter shades of character. We do not | Pope's supremacy, and its triumphant destroyer, spoilt think that he could satisfy the banker, by directing his many a good quill.” In an interesting little French attention to the mere formation of the letters, that the work, entitled, “ L'Art du juger de caractere des hommes name upon a bill was a good name ; or that he could sur leurs Ecritures,” specimens are given of the hand. convince the lover, by an examination of the delicate writing of Elizabeth of England, and Mary of Scot. scrawl of his mistress, that the manner in which she land, and upon them the author remarks :-“ Who crossed her T's, or dotted her I's, rendered it quite evi- could believe that these writings are of the same epoch ? dent that she would make a very unfitting spouse. We The first denotes asperity and ostentation ; the second are not quite so chimerical as this. All that can ever indicates simplicity, softness, and nobleness. The dif. be ascertained from handwriting, is some of the more ference is in exact unison with the different characters apparent and strongly-marked traits of character. As of the two Queens.” “Charles the First,” says Oldys, the voyager along a coast can discover from a consider. “ wrote a fair open Italian hand, and more correctly, ble distance whether he is passing by a town, but can- perhaps, than any prince we ever had.” “Charles was not ascertain any of the minuter features of that town, the first of our monarchs," adds D’Israeli,“ who in. so the philographist (if we may use the word) will be tended to have domiciliated taste in the kingdom ; and it able to tell whether the temperament be sanguineous, might have been conjectured from this unfortunate melancholy, surly, phlegmatic, nervous, or choleric; prince, who so finely discriminated the manners of the but how these temperaments may be modified by cir- different painters, which are in fact their handwritings, cumstances, he will be unable to say. The delicate that he would not have been insensible to the elegances and more evanescent emotions of the soul, betrayed of the pen." In short, it may be laid down as a geneby a mantling blush or downcast eyelid, can never be ral rule, that handwriting is a symptom of character, scratched on paper by the point of the pen ; but the though numerous circumstances must ever contribute to more decided and more pervading character of the mind make it a very uncertain one. We fancy that we know will communicate itself to the shape of the letters. Let something of the art de juger du caractere des hommes us take an instance or two.
sur leurs Ecritures ; but we are still so far from baving How marked a difference there usually is between the reached perfection in this science, that we can assure handwriting of females and of men ! Both are taught our fair readers the album need not steal shuddering by the same masters, and according to the same rules; into the drawer at our approach, nor the billet-doux but the leading feature of the one is feminine delicacy, prefer a fiery death to the chance of being subjected to and of the other masculine vigour. This rule holds so our piercing glance. Let us now, however, come a little universally, that few are at a loss to discover the sex nearer home, and see how the principles we have laid of a correspondent by the mere address on the back of down will apply to the interesting autographs before a letter. There are, it is true, exceptions even here, but in this case exceptio firmat regulam. We know a Let us in the first place remark, that signatures will lady of a certain age, prodigiously blue, and a stern be found in general to differ a little from the common disputant on religious topics in particular, who, having writing of the individual, having often a more carefully occasion to consult one of our Edinburgh Divines con- assumed and premeditated character. But at the same cerning a dispute between the Presbytery and the Lady time they seldom deviate very widely from the general Directresses of a free school, of which she was one, un style of a person's ordinary penmanship. It is also fortunately used only the initial of her Christian name proper to observe at the outset, that the time of life at in the signature; and the consequence was, that the which the writing was made must always be taken into Rev. Gentleman, who was not personally acquainted consideration in judging of an autograph. Thus, if we with his correspondent, misled by the boldness of the compare the signatures of Mrs Grant, Joanna Baillie, handwriting, not to speak of the strength of the diction, and Henry Mackenzie, with those of Washington Irreturned an answer in due time, addressed to.
ving, Catherine Stephens, and Felicia Hemans, we shall Esquire ! But this, as we have already said, is a pe perceive at once, that besides the natural difference in. culiar case. It is worth while noticing here, that the herent in the character of the handwritings, the addistinction between different female hands is much less vance of years has in the three former instances promarked than between different male hands. This is duced a peculiar modification of style, which in the another fact which confirms our hypothesis. Pope has three latter does not yet exist. The handwriting of a said libellously,
young and of an old person may be always distinguish. “ Most women have no character at all!” ed. Of the forty-three autographs, engraved for the Had he said that there were fewer varieties in female LITERARY Journal, we cannot help thinking, that, character than in male, he would have been quite cor- with two exceptions, there is something in all of them
This arises from their peculiar education and ha- which more or less indicates the character of their rebits, which are much more monotonous than ours; and spective authors. We shall proceed to particularize those this monotony has communicated itself in a remarkable which may either appear to bear most strikingly on the degree to their handwriting. But to give still additional subject in question, or concerning which we may have force to our argument, look at the handwriting of the something curious to say. same man when in different states of mind. Is it not ARCHIBALD ConSTABLE. We have placed the evident that these have had an influence over the mo- late Mr Constable's signature at the head of our list, both tions of his fingers? If he write under the influence of as a just tribute to a man whose memory the literary strong indignation, for example, will his pen trace world of Scotland will long cherish, and as a compli. lightly what he feels so forcibly? If, on the contrary, ment due to the father and founder of the highly respecthe is in a gay and careless mood, will there not be a able house of Messrs Constable & Co., under whose flowery redundance in his style of writing, very unlike auspices, to say nothing of its former achievements, the
LITERARY JOURNAL has taken at once so complete a incumbent to present him with a piece of his very best hold of the public favour. Nor is Mr Constable to be calligraphy. There is, nevertheless, something honest, considered solely, as an eminent publisher--the most sturdy, and unaffected in the Shepherd's writing, which eminent which this country ever produced ; he is the we like, because it speaks the true and manly qualities author likewise, though the fact, we believe, is not gene- of his heart and head. Allan Cunningham has raised rally known, of an entertaining work, entitled “ Memoirs himself like Hogg ; but instead of the plough, he has of George Heriot,” which appeared shortly after the handled the chissel; and there is in his constitution an publication of the Fortunes of Nigel in 18 It may inherent love of the fine arts, which brings his thoughts be interesting to know, that the signature now engraved into more graceful channels. We are well aware that is copied from a letter which was written within a month there is a warmth and a breadth of character about of his death ; and though he was then much debilitated, Cunningham which mark the large-soul'd Scot;" but, -labouring under afflictions both mental and bodily, looking forward to his forthcoming Lives of the British “Enough to press a royal merchant down,”-it will be Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, we do not conceive seen that his handwriting retained much of that free, this to be in the least inconsistent with the easy flow of bold, hasty, and decided character, which marked all his his tasteful handwriting. Tennant has a more remark. transactions, and which contributed both to raise him to able hand than either of the other two. It is full of the summit of prosperity, and partly also to bring him originality, and in this resembles his own “ Anster down from that summit.
Fair.” The notion may be a fanciful one, but there ANNE GRANT, J. BAILLIE, F. HEMANS, Catu. seems to us to be, moreover, a sort of quiet humour in STEPHENS, ANGELICA CATALANI,JANE PORTER.- the writing, which makes its resemblance to “ Anster The hand writing of all these ladies strikes us as ex. Fair” still more complete. The principle upon which ceedingly characteristic. We have given Mrs Grant of the letters are formed, is that of making all the hair Laggan's present hand, in which may be discovered a strokes heavy, and all the heavy strokes light. little of the instability of advancing life; but there is a Thomas MOORE, Byron.-We put these two to. well-rounded breadth and distinctness in the formation gether, for the sake of contrast; and both are admiraof the letters, which seems to carry along with it evi. bly illustrative of character. There is one general redence of the clear and judicious mind of the talented mark we may here make, with regard to handwritings, authoress of “ Letters from the Mountains.”. We have which, from the attention we have given to the subject, also given Miss Baillie's present hand; and it will be we believe will be found a correct one. Close and acperceived that it has less of the delicate feebleness of a curate thinkers seldom write what are called sprawling lady's writing than any of the others. It would have hands; their letters are all fully formed, and have lit. been sadly against our theory had the most powerful tle or no slope. We know of few exceptions to this dramatic authoress which this country has produced rule, whilst, at the same time, we admit that the conwritten like a boarding school girl recently entered on verse of the proposition may not always hold good ; for her teens. This is decidedly not the case. There is a very careless thinker occasionally writes an upright something masculine and nervous in Miss Baillie's sig. hand. As corroborating, however, the truth of our nature ;-it is quite a hand in which “De Montfort" rule, look at the handwriting of Dugald Stewart, of might be written. How different is the writing of Mrs Thomas Chalmers, of Henry Mackenzie, of Thomas Hemans! The very hand-fair, small, and beautifully Campbell, of Sir Walter Scott, of Henry Brougham, of feminine-in which should be embodied her gentle Moore, and of Lord Byron,-certainly the most correct breathings of household love, leer songs of the domestic and powerful thinkers in our list; and it will be found, affections, and all her lays of silvery sweetness and soft- in the case of all of them, that the writing is such as we breathing tenderness. Miss Stephens has a more com- have described. As to the two last-Moore and Byron, mon-place, but a very lady-like band. There is not a though both accurate thinkers, they no doubt thought great deal of mind in it, but a good deal of flowing very differently. There is a completeness and a finish grace. We like Madame Catalani's better ;-we think about all Moore's poems, a something that pleases and it is evident, by her autograph alone, that she is a su. dazzles, rather than elevates or sublimes, and the neat perior singer to Miss Stephens. There is a full Italian gracefulness of his hand implies this. There is more massiness in her signature that speaks to us of “Rule volume and grandeur about Byron, and consequently Britannia". and “God save the King;” and we almost his hand is larger and stronger every way. The one hear the strains rolling in upon our ears in such a vo. writes as with a silver pen, the other as with an eagle's lume of sounds as no single human voice ever before pinion. It is proper to state, that Moore's autograph is produced. Miss Porter has a fully more masculine, copied from the signaturc attached to the original of one though less tasteful hand, than Washington Irvine, of the finest of his sacred Melodies --" The turf shall with whom she happens to be in juxta-position; and be my fragrant shrine.” the fair authoress of “Thaddeus of Warsaw F. LEVESON Gower,John GALT, WELLINGTON. “ The Scottish Chiefs,” certainly appears to have as mas. Our readers will think this rather an oddly assorted culine a mind as the elegant but perhaps somewhat ef. trio, but we have a reason for naming them together. Ex. feminate writer of the “Sketch Book."
perience teaches, that another of the rules applicable to JAMES HOGG, WILLIAM TENNANT, ALLAN | handwriting, in connexion with character, is, that let. CUNNINGHAM.-We class these three poets together, ters with disproportionately long heads and tails, indi. because we believe they are nearly contemporaries, and cate either self-confidence, vanity, or ambition. We do because each is indebted to his own talents for overco- not know enough of the private character either of Lord ming many obstacles which stood in the way of his suc- Francis Gower or Mr Galt, to say which of the threc cess. They possess genius, however, of a very different qualities their tremendous heads and tails indicate ; but kind ; and this is pretty strongly indicated by their re- look at the signature of Wellington, and see how nobly spective handwriting. As to Hogg, we must say that and truly the characteristic mark of ambition points him we have given a very favourable specimen of the Shep out as the hero of a hundred fights, the premier of Engherd's autograph, which our engraver has copied with land, the pacificator of Ireland, and the leader of the the most accurate precision, as he has done all the rest. two Houses of Parliament. His big W's, his L's, The Shepherd writes in general a more rugged and in- and his T's, look like church spires, losing themselves distinct hand; but as the present signature was taken in the clouds. It is impossible that their haughty heads from an epistle congratulatory to a friend who had re- could ever stoop to an ordinary level. cently entered into the blessed and holy state of matri. Thomas CHALMERS. We know of few more stri mony, it is probable that the bard of Yarrow thought it king examples of character infusing itself into hand
writing, than that presented by the autograph of Dr PERCY B. SHELLEY, B. R. HAYDON, D. WILKIE, Chalmers. No one who has ever heard him preach, can
ALARIC A. WATT8, W. JERDAN, H. MACNEILL, fail to observe, that the heavy and impressive manner WASHINGTON IRVING.. The autograph of all these in which he forms his letters is precisely similar to the eminent persons is in favour of the connexion between straining and energetic style in which he fires off his character and hand writing, though perhaps not so stri. words. There is something painfully earnest and labo- kingly so as in the instances we have already enumerated, rious in his delivery, and
a similar sensation of labo- and it is therefore needless to dwell upon them at much rious earnestness is produced by looking at his hard length. Sir Walter Scott has the hand of one who writes pressed, though manly and distinct, signature. It is, a great deal,-unaffected, rapid, and at the same time in a small space, an epitome of one of his sermons. substantial. Dugald Stewart's is a hand worthy of a
LEIGH HUNT.-Leigh Hunt's writing is a good Moral Philosopher,large, distinct, and dignified. deal like the man ;-it is constrainedly easy, with an Brougham's hand is a good deal like his own style of affectation of ornament, yet withal a good hand. The oratory,-impressive and energetic, but not very polish. signature is copied from a letter written to a friend in ed. General Stewart of Garth bas a free, bold, miilitary Edinburgh in 1820 ; and as one part of this letter is hand ; his signature is taken from a letter compliment
l curious and interesting, we have pleasure in presenting ing in high terms Mr Chambers's History of the Reit to our readers. We are inclined to believe that there are bellion of 1745. Charles Lamb's writing is that of a many good points about Leigh Hunt, notwithstanding gentleman, but it is somewhat cramped and anxious. his having done some shabby things. We like the Montgomery's hand is far more redundant in ornament spirit of the following extract from his letter :
than one would have expected from so gentle and ta“ And this reminds me to tell you, that I am not the lented a Quaker ; but the Quaker has been lost in the author of the book called the Scottish Fiddle, which I poet, as an old grey wall is concealed under a luxuriant bave barely seen. The name alone, if you had known manding of ivy. The autograph now engraved is copied me, would have convinced you that I could not have from the signature attached to the original of his beaubeen the author. I had made quite mistakes enough tiful poem on Night, beginning, “Night is the time for about Sir Walter, not to have to answer for this too. 1 rest.”. Wordsworth writes a good hand, more worthy took him for a mere courtier and political bigot. When of the author of the best parts of the “ Excursion, I read his novels,—which I did very lately, at one large than of the puerilities of many of the " Lyrical Ballads." glut, (with the exception of the Black Dwarf, which I The signature of Percy B. Shelley is as free as its read before,) I found that when he spoke so charitably author's wild and beautiful poetry ; but let it be obser. of the mistakes of kings and bigots, he spoke out of an ved that, according to the rule formerly stated, it is not abundance of knowledge, instead of narrowness, and the hand of a very clear or accurate thinker. The handthat he could look with a kind eye also at the mistakes writing of Haydon and Wilkie seems peculiarly characof the people. If I still think he has too great a lean. teristic of their different styles of painting ;- the first is ing to the former, and that his humanity is a little too the historical painter's, large and bold; the second is much embittered with spleen, I can still see and respect the painter's of national manners, smaller and more ac, the vast difference between the spirit which I formerly curately detined. Alaric Watts writes an elegant band, thought I saw in him, and the liule lurking contempts worthy of the editor of the most elegant of our Annuals. and misanthropies of a naturally wise and kind man, Hector Macneill's signature is from a letter dated 1806, whose blood perhaps has been somewhat saddened by in which, among other things, the poet says, “ I beg, the united force of thinking and sickliness. He wishes once for all, to assure you, that I shall never write a us all so well, that he is angry at not finding us better. line in any Review as long as I live,”His works occupy the best part of some book-shelves which makes us regret the less that he was lost to his always before me, where they continually fill me with friends and the public before the appearance of the admiration for the author's genius, and with regret for EDINBURGH LITERARY JOURNAL. We do not see my petty mistakes about it."
any thing particularly worthy of remark in the other FRANCIS JEFFREY, John Wilson. These are autographs already pamed. two names which stand at the head of the periodical But we have stated that, in looking over these speciliterature of Scotland. The periodical writer must have mens of liandwriting, two startling exceptions have prea ready command of his pen and a versatile genius. He sented themselves to the truth of the general proposition, must be able to pass quickly from one subject to another; that the character of the mind communicates itself to the and instead of devoting himself to one continuous train permanship of the individual. These exceptions will of thought, he must have a mind whose quick perception be found in the signatures of J. G. LOCKHART and of and comprehensive grasp enable him to grapple with a s. T. COLERIDGE. Lockhart writes a small, indistinci, thousand. See how this applies to the handwriting of hasty hand, not at all in unison with the vigour, preci. Jeffrey and of Wilson. The style of both signatures sion, and originality of his style of thinking. Even his implies a quick and careless motion of the hand, as if hand, however, is less to be wondered at than that of the writer was working against time, and was much more Coleridge.. Who would have expected so pigny and anxious to get his ideas sent to the printer, than to cover finical a signature from the gigantic intellect and gor. his paper with elegant penmanship. There is an evident geous imagination of the translator of " Wallenstein,' similarity in the fashion of the two hands ; only Mr Jef. and the author of the “ Ancient Mariner ?" It cer. frey, being much inferior to the Professor in point of tainly baffles all calculations; and though phrenologists physical size and strength, naturally enough delights in would doubtless attempt to get rid of ihe dilemma by a pen with a finer point, and writes, therefore, a lighter some ingenious quibble, all that we shall say upon the and more scratchy hand than the author of “Lights and subject is, that our science is one which, like all other Shadows.” It will add to the interest of Mr Jeffrey's human sciences, admits of exceptions. The speculations, autograph to know that, as his hand is not at all altered, however, into which it leads, if not very instructive or we have preferred, as a matter of curiosity, to engrave profound, are curious and interesting; and we think our a signature of his which is twenty-three years old, being readers will readily forgive us for having thus directed taken from a letter bearing date 1806.
their attention, at some length, to the conventional sigos WALTER SCOTT, ROBERT SOUTHEY, DUGALD by which “thoughts that breathe" are taught to embody STEWART, Robt. TANNAHILL, J. SINCLAIR, H. themselves in “ words that burn." MACKENZIE, T. CAMPBELL, H. BROUGHAM, D. STEWART, CHAS. LAMB, W. Roscoe, Basil Hall, J. MONTGOMERY, WM. WORDSWORTH, A. ALISON,