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The beauteous flower beneath the tree,
tories of Olin were gradually absorbed into that advanThe spell of the wildlest witchery,
cing faitli, whose destiny remains yet for fuller accom. The gowd an' the gear, an' a' to ine,
plislıment, the rejoicings of Yule-e'en most readily coaIs my black but bonoy Mary!
lesced with the festivities of Christmas, and the advent The poor wanderer then sung the following verses in viari mountains, was bailed in festivities originally con
of a brigliter sun than ever gladdened the Scandina. a strain truly moving and melancholy. I think I have secrated to the God of Day. Thus is our merry Christseen them, but cannot recollect where. He said they mas made up of the patch-work of Roman, Scandinawere Campbell's, but that I judge to be a mistake. I vian, and Christian observances; and, like a river which could only get off from singing, by a promise to give in its progress from the dark immensity of its mountain him a song in writing. He is still here.
distance, has gathered in and commingled stream after I'll bid my beart be still,
stream, it rushes upon our hearts and souls with a full And cbeck each struggling sigh,
and an overpowering tide of joyous associaíion. He who And there's none e'er shall know
enjoys health, and even the most pitiful competence, but My soul's cherish'd wo,
who will not relax a little of his usual bearing and duisWhen the first tears of sorrow are dry. terity at Christmas, is a forbidding, if not a dangerous,
character. He may be many things, and to some peoThey bid me cease to weep,
ple, and in some relations of life,“ For glory gilds his name;
cvery thing;" but one But the decper I mourn,
thing he is not, and cannot be, —“ a good fellow.". Since he cannot return
But, after all, we are not beholden to such considera. To enjoy the bright noon of his fame.
tions as the above for our Christmas feelings and recol.
lections. It is to the page of our own individual expe. While minstrels wake the lay,
rience, during the light and cheery period of boyhool; For peace and freedom won,
that we are to refer, when we trace the cause of our preLike my lost lover's knei
sent happiness. We knew not then-would to God that The tones seem to swell, And I hear but his death dirge alone.
we could still, in many cases, continue in ignorance of
the " whys and the wherefores” which lay at the foun. My cheek has lost its hue,
dation of a thousand delightful experiences ;-we knew not My eye grows faint and dim,
the great moral principle which set all the ends of the But 'tis sweeter to fade
earth a-rejoicing and maddening at Christmas and the In grief's gloomy shade,
New Year; but we willingly gave way to the common Than to bloom for another than him.
movement, and floated on the stream-way of use and (Exeunt Omnes.
wont, as straws and feathers frisk and whirl under the Mount Benger, Dec. 220, 1828.
impulse of a kindly breeze, on the lake or the pool's surface. Oh! we were so happy, that whilst the blood moves,
and the brain images, we shall never lose signs and feel. A MERRY CHRISTMAS, AND A HAPPY NEW- ing of our happiness. How sacred, how solemn, is true YEAR!”
and genuine happiness! It is not only twice blessed, but
blessed and blessing for ever. It sits as the pebbled dia. By Thomas Gillespie, LL.D., Professor of Humanity mond of the mountain, radiating downward on the valin the University of St Andrews.
ley of life, through all its breadth and distance. To these “Oh, to feel what I have felt,
higher points in our early experience of being, the heart
ever returns,—around them it revolves in all its future BYRON.
aberrations and excitements,- till the boy of eighty, and The Roman saturnalia was a grand affair. It was that age has nothing better to record or enjoy, than the
the child of ninety, has learned, and is heard to confess, one of those alleviations—and they were more numerous sayings and feelings of early life. than is generally supposed or admitted_by which the I am half persuaded, that moonlight, and snow, and most abject and dependent condition of hunianity is re. frost, and a powerfully-bracing atmosphere, with a sky deemed from absolute and unsupned darkness and mi- blue as indigo, were regularly bespoke, (about forty sery. The poor slave of eleven months, who had been years ago,) against the Christmas holidays. Oh, what constrained to submit in silence to whim, caprice, and evenings these were then, amidst the mountain land of even cruelty, stood now excusable in the vindication of my nativity! How the yellow moonlight slept on the his right, to think, and to reason, and to remonstrate. By hills' sumn.it, whilst cleugh, and linn, and gullet, were the courtesy of the most imperative of all laws,-“ in shaded away into obscurity,-whilst the hare hirpled veterate usage,”_he was entitled to re-enact the age of across the sparkling brilliancy of a snow-covered lea, and Gold, in all its endearing recollections of freedom and the dog's bay, heard from the distance, was sufficiently hilarity. From the 17th to the 20th or 221 of Decem- alarining ever and anon to arrest her progress ; – whilst ber, the whole “ familia” wore an aspect
of hilarity and the boy was abroad” on his own Christmas eve, in all good will,-presents were interchanged, -courteous mis- his glory, roaming in congregated glee, and with tongue sives dispatched, -boys went about in masquerade,-and and whistle of irrepressible delight, from house to bouse
, the servant, in the nobler breathings of a more 'sacred and from fun to trolic, now moving, like Milton's Satan, emancipation, “ was free from his master.” To all these saturnalian orgies have succeeded the festi- ness of the icy pool, and anon'calling into existence and
“smooth-sliding without step," over the moony bright, vities and observances of the Christmas holidays, which activity the distant' echoes, to witness his feats on the have on this occasion, as well as on various others, contri- bright and slippery steeps, or on the yet-bending and ved to ingraft Christian upon Pagan observances,—to fill cracking ice-way of the half-frozen current. those channels, which time and usage had wrought, with But the eventful evening previous to the New Year's other and purer streams of recollection. The heathen dawn has passed, with all its kind and affectionate ceretemple and ceremony gave way, upon the introduction of monial, as the clock measures out, in deliberate beat, a purer faith, to the Christian, but by a transition at the requiem of the departed twelvenonth, and lips have once so gradual and imperceptible, that for centuries the met and separated, which, ere another siınilar occasion, walls, as well as the observances, of the Christian church, shall be separated by many a nountain and many a betrayed manifest evidence of their heathen origin. When sea—by the deep earth, it may be, and the
wildly-wathe south came into contact with the north, and the vo- ving grass which covers it—and the delighted family
And be what I have been ?"
circle, “ man, wife, and wean," has scattered away into figure in the page of endeared recollections; and are a temporary repose, –and the “ falling stars have not there not many pens, at this very instant, employed on only advised," but secured, the stilly silence of unbreath the banks of the Ganges, or in the isles of the Atlavtic, ing sleep,—and the visions of to-morrow have come in in indiuing references to fathers and mothers, brothers scarcely perceptible tinge and movement over the chan- and sisters, friends and companions, with whom the in. ging features of reposing youth, and the morning star nocent festivities of the season are inseparably and en. bas arisen and taken his station on the eastörn summit, dcaringly associated ? It is, therefore, under the fullest --and day has dawned in streaks and glow, and wavy-conviction that I am actuated by the simple motive of fiush, where the eye of the aroused boy can scarcely be promoting my own and my readers' happiness, wlien I assured of the joyous truth, -and “ a happy new year” conclude these hasty observations, by wishing them, in has resounded from Dan to Beersheba,--and the shepherd the language of the season—" A happy New Year.” has travelled the muir and the moss, that his sweetheart may perceive his approacı, cre her ears have been aroused
St Andrews, 20th Dec. 1828. by any other less welcome sound, and the arborescent window has been nielted into clearness by the warm breath of the awakened inmate, and a winter blossoming
BURGER AND HIS WRITINGS. more splendid by far than the hawthorn of spring is scen By Willium Tennant, Esq., Author of over hedgeway.furzz, and forest-no breath of heaven will
“ Ansier Fair,” gic. stir, no melting ray will penetrate, till man has witnessei, felt, and adored, the scene of enchantment which the BURGER, son of the curate of Wolmerswende, near landscape presents-All this has taken place, and yet the Halberstadt, in Lower Saxony, was born on the first festivities and delights of the New Year are only begun. hour of the first day of January 1748. For a long time
I care not for the riot and the ramble of a city New he was, both in mind and body, a weakly child; and at Year,—nor the exulting swell which breaks upon the car of school was, like our Thomson, more frequently chidden night as the Tron clock numbers twelve,-nor for that re- for the dulness, than commended for the sharpness, of polting presence of tipsified hilarity which drags under his apprehension. His studies were commenced at the lamp-light so many naudlin eyes and care-worn counte- gymnasiuin of Aschersleben, and were afterwards pronances, where, under the sound and the expression of joy, secuted at the Pædagogium and University of Halle. His there lies, not so deep, nor so imperceptible as to escape the grandfather, whose affection for him he has celebrated Dorice of the most casual glance, the worm and the ser in song, bad at first destined him for the church; afterpent—the coiled-up and lurking loathsomeness of a con- wards for the bar ; but both purposes were frustrated by science, which the lapse of a few hours will awaken into the gaiety and restlessness of his disposition. Amid the fearful activity. My recollections are of the country, and debts and difficulties induced by his improvident behaof the people who inhabit it;-of the laborious class. viour at college, he was deserted by his grandfather, who es, in particular, in whom the respite and the variety had hitherto affectionately supported him. A few noble of a season of rejoicing awaken an exquisite perception young friends received him into their protection. lle of enjoyment, and who, being happy themselves, are anx- now entered vigorously upon his Greek and Latin stile ious to make common cause with every friend, relation, dies, and at times displayed the dawning of his poetical and neighbour, in the participation of happiness. talent in soine humorous productions, which were read
These pleasing, and, in my apprehension, venerable, with applause to his club of congenial young spirits. as well as salutary usages, are now fast dying out; like Among his friends were Boie, Martin Muller, Voss, the men of other years, they are dropping off, one by Cramer, and Count Stollberg, one, whilst the rising generation is scarcely aware, in In the year 1772, he obtained a situation of inferior many instances, of their existence. This, Í confess, is rank in the justice-court of Altengleichen, in the prin. to me subject of regret. These observances, coming cipality of Calenberg. As this office neither weli ac. down to us as they do, from a remote antiquity, and corded with his disposition, nor had emoluments quite from a state of society in many respects greatly differ suflicient to maintain him, he soon threw it up; and, afier ing from the present, serve the purpose, and exhibit the having engaged in an expensive farming speculation at features, of the “ wandering Jew." They are the em. Appenrode, retired, in 1784, to Gottingen, where he gave balined records of national manners, whichi, with greater prelections on composition and rhetoric. His appointfidelity than ever was exhibited in Catacombs of Egypt, ment as professor was sanctioned by the governinent; show ihe frame and expression of bygone ages. I would but he was not fortunate enough to receive any salary. ço many a mile to see a Scotch “ kirn" in the style I During his residence at the farm of App:nroile, he leave witnessed it in early life. That joyous night of had lost his first wite ; and soon afterwards married her relaxation, which, after the fatigues of harvest, came, sister, whoin he celebrates in some of his most beautiwith a redeeming glauness, over heart, and pulse, and ful poems under the name of Molly. Death soon sepaframework, which united into one, master and servant, rated him from this adored person, a terrible blow,
mistress and damsel-age and youth_austerity and the heaviest that could befall'him, —hat brought him to light heartedness, and at which the laird
himsell” has the grave's brink. From this time he never recovered bean frequently known to show that he was neither lame fully his former vigour of health and vivacity of fan. por sulky.„Into whiat now has our immortal“ Hallow. cy; and though he struggled on in the performance of een” shrunk and shrivelled ? Into the memory of a thing his various academical and other duties, neither his gone by, or a few vague and spiritless efforts to burn å mind nor his poetry seems to have regained its former brace of nuts, or relate an anecdote or two of fairies and spriglıtly gaieiy. T'ime, however, which consumes brass goblins. Periodical returns of seasons of innocent bi- and marble, gradually diminished the bilterness of his larity serre many good purposes. They are not only grief for his adored Molly. He wished to give a mother the * oases” of the desert, cheering the traveller with to liis three children, and once more, in connubial hapfreslmness and verdure—but they are the natural and ef- piness, to relieve himself from the fatigues of his profes. fective provocatives to mutual love and kindly feeling. sion. Just at this time he happened to receive from Stut.
When your family circle has been scattered, like the gart, in Suabia, a poem from a muse-smitten maiden, Covey of plovers before the sportsman, and the breath of proffering lim, in pretty-enough verses, heart, hand, and time, having withered, some has conveyed others into estate
. Burger at first laughed at this whimsical pro. distant lands; when the letter returns with its annual posal ; but the satisfactory information given in ansiver outpouring of recollected endearments and affectionate to his queries regarding the lady, the advice of his friends, remembrances
, do not “ Christmas and New-year's Day" and the very romance of this unexampled proffer, tó
Die holde die ich meine.
prevailed upon him, that he returned a response in gen- Die holde die ich meine a beautiful ditty-the most tle rhymes, which led, notwithstanding a warning voice elegant compliment that ever was paid, in the north or from Italy against it, to his union with this romantic in the south, to female beauty. A translation of it has Sappho of Suabia. The marriage took place in October been attempted by the writer of these remarks, and is 1790. A fabric of connubial bliss, built on such an here subjoined :unsure and fanciful foundation, soon gave way, and
THE FAIR ONE WHOM I MEAN. was supplanted, in its ideal zauberwerk, by the sad, killing realities of domestic discomfort and disagreement. The rest of Burger's life was embittered by this poeti. cal spouse ; and after a fretful cohabitation of two years
0, in what pomp of love serene,
Smiles she, the fair one whom I mean ! and a half, he was coinpelled to divorce her by due form
Tell it, my pious mouth, to earth; of law. Burger's health and good humour were now
Whose wonder-working hand shines forth? completely shattered by the unsuccessful issue of this Whereby in pomp of love serene, connexion ; he shut himself up henceforth in his cham- She smiles, the fair one whom I mean! ber ; fell dangerously sick in October 1793; and died in 1794 of pulmonary consumption. He seems to have
Who has illum'd and kindled bright, been a man of good heart, full of kindness, affection, and
Like Paradise, her eyes' blue light?
Ev'n he whose power o'er sea and land philanthropy. Although seldom even in moderate cir
Heaven's blue bright bending arch hath spann'd; cumstances, he was generous, so far as his means went,
He hath illuin'd and kindled bright, not only to his friends, but even to those that had in
Like Paradise, her eyes' blue light ! jured or offended him. Though deceived often by others, he ever retained his ennobling opinion, generally, of the Who with such master-skill hath spread human heart; and his demeanour, albeit in particular Sweet o'er her cheek Life's white and red ? instances extravagant or erring, was, on the whole, dis- He, who to th' almond's blossom lent creet and prudent. He was not covetous of external
Its beauteous tincture dew-besprent; rank or wealth ; he was ambitious only of fame, and the
He with such master-skill hath spread confession of his poetical supremacy. In company he
Sweet o'er her cheek Life's white and red ! obtruded no claims of notice ; he was still and reserved, Who form’d her purple mouth so fair, rather than noisy or usurping. He aped not the artifi. So rich with sweetness living there? cial manners of the courtier or man of fashion ; yet, not- He, who with lusciousness so mild, withstanding his deficiency in courtly polish, he insinu- Fills the red cherry, July's child ; ated himself easily into the favours of the fair sex, by
He made her purple mouth so fair, the genuine captivation of candid, open, and amiable
So rich with sweetness living there!
Who made her silken tresses flow, The poems of Burger descrve to be better known in
All waving, round her neck of snow? Scotland. In some points of his moral and mental cha- He, whose sweet west-wind o'er the plain racter he has been likened to our Robert Burns; but he Rocks the glad stalks of golden grain; is entitled, as a poet, to a higher rank than the Ayr. He bade her silken tresses flow, shire peasant. For Burger, to the strength of original All waving round her neck of snow! genius, superadded the cultivation of accomplished scho- Who touch'd, for heavenly speech or song, larship. His mind, equally alive as Burns's to the charms Her voice with rapture all day long? of Nature, and equally susceptible of the keenest and He, who did lend the lark his note, tenderest impressions, was subdued and refined by good And Philomel her tuneful throat; taste and discipline, and had at command every classi. He touch'd, for heavenly speech or song, cal grace and attraction. His tenderer productions re- Her voice with rapture all day long! mind one more of Waller than of Burns. His lan.
Who hath so arch'd her beauteous breast, guage, so far as a foreign ear may dare to be a judge of Where Pleasure has his golden rest? it, appears to be, of all the German poets, the most He, that the swan's white bosom fair sweet and mellifluous. The cadence of his High Dutch Curves out with plumage rich and rare; periods has, indeed, in our ears, a charm of euphony as
He hath so arch'd that beauteous breast, pleasing in its effect as the well-vowell'd trillings of
Where Pleasure has his golden rest ! Petrarch ; whose sentiments and poetical workings have What artist framed, in high design, assuredly less nerve and originality than the Bard of Her waist so delicate, so fine? Germany. In the Ballads, which are among his best He, from whose perfect mind beam'd forth, productions, he has shown a wildness, a sepulchral pomp, Beauty's each form in heaven and earth; and ghostly horror entirely his own ; and he has, in these That mighty artist did design as well as his other poems, invigorated his verse by the co
Her waist so delicate and fine! pious use of the figure Onomatopoiia, an ornament which Who breath'd into her form, a mind Quinctilian regrets that the Latin language, in compari. So pure, angelical, and kind? son of Greek, so little allowed, and which, of all modern He, that the angels made on high, languages, the German, from its bold sounds and clashing These holy children of the sky; combinations of consonants, so readily and eloquently
He breath'd into her form, a mind admits. He has also, like the other poets of his country, So pure, angelical, and kind! though perhaps more sparingly than Schiller, made
O! praise, Great Maker, to thine art! abundant use of compound substantives and compound And thanks, warm bursting from my heart! adjectives, an adaptation which the German language That Beauty's type enchants me so, possesses in common with Greek, Persic, and English, Crown'd with each grace thy world can show; thereby giving to its poets the capability of greater O! praise, Great Maker, to thine art! force, richness, and compression. His best productions And thanks, warm bursting from my heart ! are, besides his addresses to his Molly, which are all
But ah ! for whom on earth below beautiful, Leonora, Der Wilde Yager, Lenardo und
Smiles she, attired in beauty, so? Blondine, Die Elemente, Die Entfuhrung, Bruder O God! might I have ne'er been born, Grauroch, Frau Schnips, &c. Of these, Leonora is Ne'er seen thy blissful light of morn, known in several translations. But of all his effusions, If not for me, in beauty, so, we were most captivated by the short poem entitled, Smiles she, that fair one whom I know!
ON THE POWERS OF THE HUMAN MIND.
SPECIMEN OF COMPOSITION BY STEAM. manufacturers, and stupified by the united energies of
Persian satrapies, and universal annihilation. To the Editor of “ The Edinburgh Literary Journal."
The Patentee begs to solicit the attention of the pub.
lic to the terms on which he bires out the machine by Your" Proposals for an Entire Change in the Nature which the above specimen was composed. of Things,” suggested to me a variety in the adaptation Love songs, and poems in the style of Moore, 6d. per of sleam, which I consider of the very greatest import. stanza. ance, and by which the labour of mental exertion will
Waverley novels, 10s. per cwt. be superseded for ever. I have invented, sir, a self-com
Fashionable and sentimental novels, such as
66 Treposing steam-engine, which is capable of producing se- maine,” “ Almack's,” “ The Disowned,” &c., by the ren hundred sentences per hour, on any given subject ; hour or piece. and, as a specimen of its efficiency, I have now the plea- Tragedies, 71d. per act. sure of transmitting you a short essay, on a highly inte- Essays on phrenology, gratis. resting and difficult subject, composed by my steam-en- Puffs of all descriptions executed on the shortest nogine, in the unusually short space of two minutes and a tice. half. I have the honour to be, Sir,
Articles for the Reviews and Magazines on very reaYour obedient servant,
sonable terms. JAMES WATT, Secundus.
Speeches, upon any side of the question, from 20. to 4d. each.
Liberal discount allowed to Irish Orators, and Mem
bers of Parliament who make it a rule to vote in the SURROUNDED by the fawning puerilities of celestial minority. conglomerations, the human intellect betrays its detonating quality by the genial origin of obstetric hyænas. Do we dread the corroding tooth of immoral jointure.
LETTERS FROM OXFORD. houses, or the fanatical vehemence of Indian jugglers, how easy it is to repose ourselves on the crater of Mount
No. I. Hecla, or amalgamate with the cupidities of thunderstruck archbishops. Away, then, with the iniquities of
MR EDITOR,-The last term at this great seat of despotic washerwomen! Away with the devouring ten- learning has not been productive of much which is likely derness of Blackwood's menstrual Magazine! For this
to attract your Scottish readers. An English Univerdid George the Fourth lead on the Renfrewshire militia sity is so different in its whole form and system from into so many monastic nuisances ? For this did Sir any thing to which they have been accustomed, that Walter Scott rebel against the concatenated vicissitudes they would neither understand nor relish the academic of paper currency, and oppress, with nosological exac
details which excite interest here. Even of the place tions, the inhabitants of Annandale ? Let the timid Wel. and its external aspect they can form but a slight con. lington but plant his foot upon the summit of Port Hope- ception, till they have seen it. There is something toun, and the cemeteries of Parisian yolcanoes will prove which no other place can give an idea ; and, least of all,
overpoweringly imposing and venerable about it, of the ablest guarantees of our national expenditure. In sober truth, none but irrational antipodes, or Rosicrucian any of our Scoich Universities, with their one or two fishmongers, would ever prognosticate the ruin of Semi Colleges, and the character which they bear upon their ramis, or forebode the downfall of anatomy.
fronts, of being intended entirely for use. At Oxford, But to return to the subject. Granting that the Mo- wenty-four Colleges and Halis
, besides the numerous saical stenography exhibits
all the turbulence of fashion and splendid University buildings, with their groves and able entities ; granting that an ephemeral eternity can
gardens, and avenues of majestic trees, and branches isolate the fragrance of obstreperous parallelograms,
and windings numberless of classic streams, give the does it follow, from such parenthetical premises, that the place an indescribable aspect of lordliness and reposo, atural coincidences muse refrigerate the longitudinal vis- and make the town appear as of less intended for the ortas of Turkish Ambassadors ? On the contrary, I ap- with. The same idea which the aspect of the city ex
dinary uses of humanity, than any other you can meet prehend it to be demonstratively interpenetrated, that every peripatetic symposium must coagulate the far- cites is reflected from the appearance of the population, fetched hyperboles that spring from vernal desolation, of which, the most striking feature to a stranger is the of irradiate the centrifugal beauty of Circassian oligarmultitude of strange and obsolete dresses which meet the chies. Who can deny the justness of this conclusion, if eye in all their mystical variety of forms and ornaments, the symmetrical ordinances of clerical contiguity are once
more unintelligible than those contained in “ Aaron's brought into contrast with the Presbyterian stocking- wardrobe, or the old Haman's vestry.” holders , rioting in luxurious contumacy, or irritated by when you ask for the literary. I fear that you in Scot
But I'must not entertain you with the picturesque antenuptial fumigations ? It has been said by a learned land bave rather an exaggerated idea of the general litehad been syncopated by exasperating effluvia, and tri- rature and erudition of Oxford. To say the truth, the turated by epicurean paradoxes; but I contemn this com Oxonian system of education, viewed merely as a process mentary upon syntactical phenomena, and
abominate the and means of learned leisure, is, as the world is beginning
general instruction, abstractedly from its endowments granulating excoriations that converge from terselated renegadoes. As the magniloquent poet has carnivorously of the matter and the manner of education. In regard to
to find out, exceedingly deficient—and that both in respect
the former point, there are absolutely not the means in " Wherever life its varied essence throws, There is satiety when lobsters come;
Oxford of a complete and liberal education, even for those
who are inclined to make use of them—the only branch of Hydras are swallowed faster than the rose, Beauty expires, and artichokes are dumb !"
study for which there are at all adequate appliances
provided, being the classical department. And even in To conclude, then, I shall simply remark, that never this department the celebrity of Oxford does not seem to did the parietal gastronomy more illustriously salivate depend on any peculiar efficiency
in the mechanism of the apathies of ghastly aldermen than upon that brilliant instruction viewed in itself; but on the inducements occasion, when all eyes were mystified by convolving held out in the way of distinctions and rawards to pro
ficiency in the first instance, and then to the establish- following topics :-.in what respect this branch can be ments which it possesses for the support of a number of ranged in a subordinate class of art ;-and to what ex. individuals, whose sole profession is literature, among
tent the assertion so often repeaicu is just, that portrait whom it were strange if one or two should not be found disqualifies for the attaiument of eminence in the histowho turned out enthusiasts in their profession ; and ha. rical or grand style of painting. ving nothing else to attend to, at length became really
With regard to the first subject of investigation ; if profound and erudite scholars. This seems the true the merit, and consequent rank, of any work of art, is to secret of Oxonian erudition_not that, as a body, the men be estimatcd by the cfiect produced upon thc miid, it brought up at Oxford are more learncıl, far less better will admit of question whiciler portraiture be not supe. informed, than the men educated at Édinburgh --but rior to history. Nor is this morle of decision an apa that 0:ford does not, like Edinburghi, let her choice real fiom principle, as might be said, tu the voice of the scholars go just at the moment when they have got many. It is an appeal from the trammels of conven. over the preliminaries, when they have acquired the con- tional criticism,-ironi the mazes of metaphysical taste, mand of their tools-and might, if they were not called to natural feeling and unsophisticatcd judgment,—0 away to active service in lite, begin to explore tlıc ar- common sense, cana, and become initiated into the greater mysteries. Set up a hundred or two fat sinccures in Edinburgh for
Quem penes abitrium est, et jus, et norma. learned men as such, and out of the hundred you will But to obviate entirely, this supposed and only objec. certainly find one or two in a generation, who will turn tion; the feelings addressed in a well-painted portrait these sinecures to their intended use—the undisturbed are the best and the most refined of the human heart. The cultivation of erudite research, and acquisition of deep canvass, breathing with those lineaments on which we scholarship. Whether the gain be wortlıy of the price lave liung with respect and affection with veneration is another question ; but that is the way, if the Royal and love, presents an object grateful and affecting be. Commission will have it so, to turn Edinburgh into an yond every other that art can exhibit. Oxford_let theni endow a scora or two of rich fellowships—and make the passport to them a distinguislied
“ And while the wings of fancy still are free,
Wbile I can view this mimic show of thee, degree. The examinations for degrees this térın at Ox
Time has but half succeeded in his theft : ford have either been very scarce, or the examinees
Thyseli' removed—thy power tu sulace left." very ill-prepared. Out of more than a hundred wlio went up to the schools, only four have taken a first class, Nor are these partial feelings awakened merely by -a smaller proportiou thau is recollected tor many years individual circunıstances. When a portrait belongs back. The vacant chair of Oriental languages has been to posterity, the feelings too belong to immortality ; the filled up with a Mr Pusey, fellow of Oric),—a young pencil then employs an universal language, addressing man of wonderful acquirements as a linguist. He wrote the taste, the energy, the virtue of each succeeding age. an account lately of the German thcology, in which lie Supposing it now possible to recover some master. is profoundly versed, in answer to the work of Mr Rose piece of Grecian art, which single picture would enjoy of Cambridge, on the same subject. This book contains the general preference? We apprehend not a tablet, a vast quantity of valuable information ; but its auihor enriched even by the cxquisite finish of Zeusis, or the is rather too much Teutonicised to suit an English glowing colours of Parrhasius, or the deep pathos of
Timanties, or the beauty and grandeur of Apelles himThe only publications of any note wliich have issued soll. The earlier labours in the pæcile would raise the from the Oxford press during the last term are Cramer's general wish ; for here Polygnotus had depicted, from Geography of Greece,—a work, like his Italy, of great the living originals, the heroes who defende-the legis. research and minuteness ;-and Mills' Universiiy Ser- lators who enlightened united Greece, duiing the most mons, –a set of rather learned and ingenious disquisi. glorious period in her moral liistory. Or to put a case tions on the belief of a fuiure state. The Oriel inen, yet more home-felt: When centuries shall have harmoas you have no doubt heard, are getiing up a review, nised ile jarring elements of history into the brief nar. which they intend to pitch aguinst the Quarterly. What rative which will embalın whatever is truly great and their ground of dissatisfaction with the latter is, I do not precious in the events or characiers of these our timesknow, unless it be, that it is edited by a Scotcliman, and when, it may be, the splendour of art and the light of that it has of late been rather less opposed to innovations liberty have arisen on a new hemisphere, leaving in ig. than of old. Blanco White is to be the nominal editor norance and despotism those regions of Europe once in. of the new Review, though the principal management, structed and free-wliat collection of English art will it is supposed, will belong to Dr Whately, Principal of then be most regretted ? Would it not be such an ore Alban Hall,-one of the ablest men in Oztord, whose as is now forming by liis Majesty - design worthy of defence of Aristotle against the Scoich metaplıysicians, royal munificence and taste-where, as within sove conby the by, ouglit to be known in Scoiland, and either secrated shrine-a school of future virtue and enierprise answered, or acknowledged to be triumphant.
-are to be assembled the silent, yet eloqueut forms, Oxford, Dec. 17, 1828.
representatives of the valour, the learning and paniot. ism, the wisdom and genius, of our native land?
We need advocate no farther the moraldigniiy ofan art, FINE ARTS.
which multiplies the eterniiy of that which cannot die which addresses the tenderest and the noblest principles
of our nature. Nor are these enotions, as has been said, ON PORTRAIT PAINTING.
separate and apart from the object that calls them forth. By Dr Memes, Author of the “ Life of Canova,” &c.
An historical painting,—a group of sculpture,-every
effort of art capable of touching the feelings, derives “Blessed be the Art that can immortalize, The Art that baffles Time's tyrannic claim."
this power from association ; and that work is the most
perfect which most cordially sympathises with the asAmong the causes, real or imaginary, assumed as ad sociated sentiment—which Aings its instant brightness verse to the progress of British art, that most frequent- or gloom over the imagery of memory. ly brought forward is the prevalence of portait painting. Now, in the dignity and legitimacy of the means, the It may prove, then, not altogether uninteresting can- second subject of inquiry, by which its effects are wrought, didly to inquire how far this opinion is well founded. portrait painting is neither interior nor opposed to hisThis examination must necessarily embrace the two tory. Anch io son pittore, may with justice be the boast