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2. Critical observations about different readings, different punctuations, &c. must be avoded. Make all the use you can of critical knowledge yourself: but spare the people the account, for it must needs be very disagreeable to them. (1)

I add

the text; and the third a verb, edified, and diverted the the matter and business we friends of the deceased, full are now about, he died.

as much, methinks, had he For the coherence, this simply said, that Adam and little et, and, is a tack that this neighbour had kicked up holds together the whole life their heels. of Adam, summed up in the (1) The following critibeginning of the verse. All cism on Mat. xxviii. 19. is a che days Adam lived were nine burlesque on Persian and Syhundred and thirty years, and riac, English and Arabic, he died. For the subject he, Greek and Latin, more proand he died, this he is a pro- per to render critics contemptnoun I said, a relative, it has ible than venerable. Go ye relation to us, be, that is, therefore and teach, llogeve: les man; not a man, but man- μαθητευσαίε, which more kind, the universal of man; properly may be rendered, go he that was the fore-door, and ye therefore and disciple all naback-door to the world, that tions, or make the persons of all let all in, and let all out; he nations my disciples, that is, that stood, stood, nay, fell, chriftians. That this is the for us all, he that has killed true meaning of the words is thee, and me, and him, he plain, and clear, from the that has killed our brother right notion of the word here here— and he died. He died, used, pabrleuw, which coming that includes he lived once. from fabrins, a disciple, it alHe was once immortal.

ways lignifieth either to be, or Adam's first state of immor- to make disciples, wherefotality consisted on a basis and ever it occurs in all the scripfour props," &c. One would tures; as parlerbess, Mat. xiii. wish to reverence, for his hoary 52. which is instructed say we; head's-fake, a man, who says the Syriac better, ošanny, in the dedication of the above that is, made a disciple, apo, fermon, that he was annos that is, not only a scholar or jam ratus octoginta tres et learner, but a follower or procirciter dimidium; especially felfor of the gospel, here called as he adds, that the printer the kingdom of heaven. Anocould not read his hand: but ther place where this word ocreally the sermon would have curs is Mat. xxvii. 57. quaBr



I add 3dly. Avoid philosophical and historical observations, and all such as belong to rhetoric, or if you do use them, do not insist on them, and chopfe only those, which give either some light to the text, or heighten its pathos and beauty, all others must be rejected. (2)


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TEVIE TY INCO8, where we rightly tian faith. But it doth not
translate it was Jesus' dijciple. therefore follow that children
Another place is Acts xiv. 21. of such professors are not to
By Mcbrilevouvies txapes, which be baptized, for the apostles
we improperly render, having were commanded to baptize
taught many, the Syriac and all nations." - Pool's annot. on
Arabic, more properly, hav- the place. This is honestly
ing made many difciples. And rejecting a childish witticism,
these are all the places in the and placing the argument be-
new testament where this tween the baptifts and pædo-
word is used, except those I baptifts, on its right bale.
am now considering, where The baptists answer, that
all the eastern languages ren- σαντα τα εθνη being of the
der it according to its notation, neuter gender, aules, which
disciple. The Persian para- is of the masculine, cannot
phrastically expounds it, go agree with ebon, but with

Maye and reduce all nations to my beulas supposed and contained faith and religion. So that in the word MacUrleusale.

. Dr. whosoever pleads for any other Gill on the place. meaning of these words, do (2) Instead of giving light but betray their ignorance in to the subject, what a vail of the original languages, &c. ignorance in the following

Beveridge on the Trinity. passage is thrown over what I believe it would puzzle a David calis a curious work in whole conclave of jesuits to the lowest parts of the earth, make a difciple of Christ, or That is, curious though secret, a chriftian, without teaching, becoming the great author It is a wonder the good bishop and preserver of nature. did not render it, go and said io corruption, Thou art my make all nations mathemati- father. This, with a little cians; from ualmpalocos, from logick, we may make good in μαθημα- from

How a literal sense. Nutrition much more eligible is Mr. (that is, the act of nourishPool : “ The Greek is pabr- ment we speak of) is a kind Tevvala, make disciples, but that of generation. 'Tis so, for must be first by preaching and there is motus a termino a quo, initructing them in the chrif- ad terminum ad quem; and 'tis


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Lastly. I say the same of passages from Profane Authors, or Rabbies, or Fathers, with which

many think they enrich their sermons. This farrago is only a vain oftentation of learning, and very often they, who fill their sermons with such quotations, know them only by relation of others. (3) However, I would not blame a man who should use them discreetly. A quotation not common, and properly made, has a very good effect.

under no other species of mo- (3) Bishop Burnet says, tus, but generatio, and there- • The impertinent way of fore secundum partem, 'tis ge- needless setting out of the neration indeed. Well, nu- originals and the vulgar vertrition is a generation, and fion is worn out, the trilling consequently concoction is fews of learning in many corruption, and ’tis so; the quotations of passages, that meat we eat goes into the few could understand, do no stomach and liver, there it more fat the auditory,” &c. chylifies and fanguifies, loses The bishop said this in 1692: its form, and that is corrup- but had his lordship lived till tion, and out of this our bo- 1760 odd, he might have seen dies receive flesh, and grow a sermon published in English in bulk and stature ; so then with upwards of fixty such out of nutrition, as one pa- quotations. rent; and concoction, that is

A medley of literature was corruption, the other, we are formerly much in fashion, and born every day in lumps, and a French writer's remark is begotten by piece-meals, and we not inapplicable. It required may really say to corruption, a prodigious deal of learning Thou art my father,&c. then to preach ill; now-a-days

Humfrey, Jerm. vii.p.201. it requires very little learning What profound erudition ! to preach well." La Bruyere, rather, what absurdity and charac. de fiecle. impertinence !

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HE connection is the relation of


text to foregoing or following verses. To find this consider the scope of the discourse, and consult commentators, particularly exercise your own good sense ; for commentators frequently trifle, and give forced and far-fetched connections, all which ought to be avoided, for they are not natural, and sometimes good sense will discover the scope and design of a writer far better than this kind of writers. (1)


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(1) Every author proposes of the sixth chapter. There is some end in writing, this end therefire now no condemnation 10 must needs agree with his ge- them which are in Christ Jesus. neral character, peculiar cir- Why? Because S. Paul himcumstances, &c. To observe self with his mind served the this defign is no small help law of God, but with his towards understanding the filesh the law of fin ? no, but biblical writers. On the con- because though the demerit trary, to consider the whole of fin was death, yet the gift bible as we consider the book of God was eternal life. Thereof Proverbs, and to ground fore there is now no condemenormous doctrines on de- nation. The whole seventh tached sentences, are grofs chapter is then a parenthesis. absurdities, manifest abuses of So in the third of Ephesians, the word of God. The first from the beginning of the verse of the eighth of Romans second to the end of the thirseems to have no connection teenth verse is a parenthesis. with the last verse of the se- Such parentheles are very venth : but with the last verse common in fcripture. Now


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