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bread, veal, chicken, and wine on the tables, and every other article of food and drink, suited to their situation. Having seen every thing in that part of the hospital worthy of notice, I sought the young man, whom I found waiting patiently in the place where I left him. Upon joining him, his face was dressed with a most becoming blush; a mutual interchange of which was all that passed between us; and we walked through the balance of the hospital, which I need not describe, after what has been said. It may justly be supposed that the unbounded humanity, which could lead to the foregoing establishment, would stop at nothing to render the whole ample and complete. Here, as in Baltimore, strangers are prohibited from seeing the insane. After viewing the city from the top of the hospital, which presents a grand spectacle, I descended with my friend to the garden. On passing some of the rooms, he pointed out to me two objects of singular interest; one was the chair in which Penn used to sit when administering justice; the other was a clock made by Rittenhouse. The chair was sound and fresh, just as it was when Penn used it, except the seat, which has been replaced by a new one : the back is of plaited cane. I sat in it for some minutes, which was spent in pondering over that success which Crowned the enterprise of its former owner. The clock is an ingenious piece of mechanism; besides the hour of the day, &c. it revolves several of the planets with regularity and order; so it is said. The garden is laid out with much taste, and contains almost every rare and useful plant, though the frost having laid the whole under contribution, there was little to be seen except in the glass or green-house, where many tropical productions are cultivated with success. Here were a thousand thi_ngs which, though they are very pretty to look at, yet aescription of them would be tedious and dry. The house is very small, I should think by no means calculated to extend the design to a matter of much interest; it seems, however, to gratify the curious. I saw one or two orange trees; they were little higher than my head, though they had several small ripe oranges hanging upon



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I declined visiting West's painting, principally because I am no judge of paintings, and having heard it extolled so highly, I expected another disappointment, and besides, having no curiosity of my own to gratify, and not being qualified to gratify the public, and above all, the fear of doing injustice to the piece, I would not see it. The house in which it is kept, stands near the hospital. As we walked back, my friend pointed out the grave of Mrs. Girard, wife of the celebrated Girard of Philadelphia: she died in the hospital, being deran. ged some time previous. Although Girard is said to be worth $10,000,000, yet this grave is undistinguished by the least mark of respect.

As I before remarked, a full statue of William Penn, the founder of Philadelphia, is on the Hospital-square. He is standing on a pedestal, with his Quaker hat on, in full Quaker dress. In his hand he holds a roll, on which is written, "Toleration to all sects, equal rights and jus tice to all." The statue is of brass, and as black as the blackest negro. It was presented to Philadelphia, by the nephew of Penn. It was made in England. The hospital has a library of 5000 volumes, and an anatom. ical museum.






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Deaf and Dumb Institution.-I shall notice but one more of the institutions of Philadelphia, as, to describe them all, would be impossible in a work like this. Be sides, it would only be a repetition of the same thing; so nearly do they resemble, that a description of one may serve for the whole, I mean so far as benevolence and the most exalted charity is concerned. Having already ple mentioned the number of charitable institutions, which of is twenty-seven, the institution for the deaf and dumb, pro is amongst the number. It is a place where deaf and whi dumb children are taught to read, and write, in short al wh most every sort of literature in the English Language. tra Many of these are orphans, and taught, fed, and clothed de gratis, a few only being able to pay for tuition. Besides Th literary pursuits, the females are taught all sorts of domestic work, such as sewing, knitting, but mostly the manufacturing straw bonnets. When I knocked at the door, it was opened by a little girl of about twelve years






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old, who I perceived was one of the pupils ; she bowed her head gracefully, and beckoned to me to come in, and with a second motion of her hand, invited me to follow her, turning round often as she advanced through the gallery, to see if I kept the right way. When she opened the door of the sitting room, she pointed to a lady and then to me alternately, which was in effect an introduction to the matron of the mansion. Having done this, she betook herself to her task, which was that of plaiting straw for bonnets. This lady-matron possessed all the sweetness and meek-eyed charity of her sisters of the hospital, and answered my inquiries with the most obliging condescension. Her vocation she said only extended to the care of the female pupils when out of school. During school hours, they were under the care of their respective teachers, but the moment school was out, they came into her part of the building. Whilst with her, they were employed in making and mending their clothes, and plaiting straw for bonnets, or to whatever their fancy led them. None, however, were allowed to be idle. It happened to be vacation when I called, and of course I found about twenty of the pupils in the matron's department. There were two long tables in the room; at one of these were seated those engaged in bonnet-plaiting, and at the other, those who were engaged in sewing. I drew near to those who were plaiting straw, with a view of inspecting their work. It was truly interesting to perceive not only the skill and ingenuity, displayed in the accomplishment of their pursuit, but the pleasure they took in my approbation of it. Each one of the dear little creatures held up her work as I approached them, accompanied with a pleasant smile, whilst she kept her eye fixed on my countenance, in which she could easily discover approbation, or the contrary. I praised them all by signs, and highly commended their work, at which they were mightily pleased. This being the first manufacture of straw I had seen, I was curious to see how it was done, particularly that trimming which looks so exquisite, the ingenuity of which we so much admire. No lady, however accomplished in the art of pleasing, could have taken more pains than

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did the little girl, over whose shoulder I leaned to watch
the movement of her fingers whilst she folded the straw.
One of the pupils, a full grown young lady, (a number
of them are women grown,) was writing a letter. I took
the pen out of her hand, with an intention of conversing
with her in writing. When she discovered my design,
she jumped up and brought me a slate and pencil, upon
which I wrote the following sentence and handed it to
her. "Did you find it hard to learn to read and write."
She looked at it some time, and then handed it across the
table to a girl apparently thirteen years old, pointing to
the word hard, which it appeared she either did not
know the meaning, or could not make out the hand.
The little girl to whom she gave the slate, instantly un-
derstood it, and explained it to her friend, by throwing
her face into that contortion occasioned by lifting a heavy e
weight, which contracts the muscles of the face. The up
former then took the slate and wrote under it the follow-qu
ing: "Yes, it was very hard." She answered several
questions in the same manner. She wrote a beautiful
hand, without, however, so great a mind as her younger
companion. Being desirous of seeing the boys of the up
institution, the lady-matron sent for the principal teach
er to her room. He appeared well pleased with my vis. see
it, and an exhibition being to take place the next day, he brie
very politely presented me with a ticket, referring to the
exhibition, as a place better suited to my purpose and tiend
feelings. At my request, however, he repeated in a few toni-
words, the system of education, viz. 1st, they taught
the pupil the thing, 2d, the name, 3d, the quality, and
4th, its use, until they have learned them the names of
all things. Next day I attended at Mr. Wilson's church.
which, from its amazing size, afforded a fine opportunity it or
for the exhibition. The exhibition was to commence at the
a certain hour, previous to which, every thing was suita exar
bly arranged for the accommodation of the spectators mod
who, to the amount of two thousand, at least, took their tions
seats in the pews and galleries fronting the pupils, who a lo
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rostrum fronting it, where the pupils were to exhibit. number The rostrum was elevated even with the pulpit, the seats I took of the pupils were also raised even with the rostrum, so nversing that they had only to rise and advance forward. On the opposite side of the rostrum from the audience, in fult view, were placed large, long slates, four feet at least in length, and about eighteen inches wide. They were placed upright against the wall, upon these slates the pupils were to exhibit. In the first place, an eloquent and feeling oration was delivered, by whom I did not understand. Here was a sight indeed! More people than I ever saw within the walls of a house, every eye bent upon the objects of their care, .who from a state of wretchedness and ignorance, had become the delight of every eye. The orator; any man might have been eloquent upon an occasion like this; but he was more than eloe follow quent. He seized upon every efficient argument to awad several ken sympathy or warm the heart, he laid hold of every beautiful advantage which language affords to enforce his arguyounger ments in favour of the objects before them, who looked up to them not only for instruction, but for food and raiment. Whilst the audience, wrapped in deep attention, seemed to enter into all the pathos of his feelings, he ran briefly over the principal incidents of the institution from commencement, setting forth the difficulties, the patience and unwearied attention of the instructors, the astonishing success of the undertaking, and the benefit resulting from it. Having concluded his speech, the pupils, from four to six at a time, stood up to exhibit. The teacher gave out a sentence, first to the audience, and then by signs to the pupils, and in an instant, they wrote portunity it on the slates, conjugating the verbs, and declining the nouns. After the grammar class had got through, Tas suita examples in arithmetic were exhibited, then ancient and modern history, several gentlemen present putting questions in each, through the teachers. Two of them held pils, who a long conversation with each other about Gen. La Fayboys on ette, the teacher interpreting their signs and gesteachers, tures, as they proceeded, word for word. One of them emporary would ask the other who La Fayette was, how he came to this country, his services to the United States, and the

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