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your receipt?" "I am not in the habit of taking receipts." He coolly replied, "you must go ashore at Bristol, (a village in sight,) you have taken the wrong boat." "It is the wrong boat which has taken me,' replied; you, or some of your men told me this was the boat at this instant one of the passengers pointed to the steam-boat which I ought to have taken; it was but a few rods behind, and I gladly exchanged. I had taken the opposition, it appeared; the fare which used to be six, is now only two dollars in each! nearly 100 miles. Had my boat been ahead, the consequence might have been serious. To guard against similar mistakes, I advise all those who may come after, by water or by land, either not to pay in advance, or take a receipt with the name of the line, boat, &c. Mutual congratulations were interchanged between myself and the captain, who testified much pleasure that it turned out no worse; after which I went down to enjoy the comforts of the stove. room for the first time that day, although it was freezing! I found about fifty strange faces below, independent of those on deck-ladies and gentlemen all in one large room. I took a seat in silence amongst them, admiring the republican simplicity of their manners. The la dies, unembarrassed, modest, and discreet, conversing familiarly with the gentlemen, all mingled together, leav ing it difficult to tell who were, or who were not their husbands. In this respect they differ greatly from their more southern neighbours, who would have taken it as an insult, were they reduced to sit in the same room with gentlemen, particularly where men of all classes are pas sengers. Here was no silly affectation amongst the fe males, no impertinent frowardness amongst the men; they cracked their nuts and eat their apples very much at their ease; these I thought must be New-Yorkers, which proved to be the case. Here, society appeared in a new light, presenting a medium between those ex tremes under which I had been accustomed to view it, equally removed from impudent rusticity on the one hand, and repelling hauteur on the other. None seem ed greater than his fellow, presenting one of the most pleasing proofs of our salutary government I had hither.
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So soon as the tickets are distributed, the porters ask you for the number of your stage, and to show them your baggage; they then proceed to label your baggage with the number to which it belongs, setting the baggage of each stage by itself: every stage has its porter, and the moment the boat lands, every one to his business. The laI was astonished at the dispatch used in transferring the Conversing contents of the boat within the stages. Every one, even J er, leav the passengers seemed to testify the most eager desire to not their beat the other line, whose passengers had just left the om their shore in their stages as we arrived. They kept a small distance ahead of us in the Delaware, but our hope of Success was founded upon the mettle of our horses, and the advantage of our second boat, which was the best sailer.
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Being in favour with the captain, I got No. 1, the foremost stage, upon the fore seat of which is always seated one of the proprietors, for the purpose of regulating the speed of their horses, repairing accidents, &c. It was our good luck to have an Irish gentleman in our party, of great vivacity, who enlivened the conversation which took place in the stage, with effusions of wit and humor. We were nine in all, three ladies and six gentlemen. They dipped occasionally into polite literature, but the appearance of the country through which we were passing
engaged too much of my attention to profit by the conversation, particularly a stately edifice to the left of us, not far from the road; upon inquiry I was told it was Joseph Bonaparte's dwelling, the first time I heard that he resided in the U. States! Upon the whole, I repented that I had not taken the other line, as it passed through Princeton, where I might have been gratified by at least an exterior view of Princeton College; but the lines ta king separate roads upon leaving the Delaware, I missed that pleasure. New-Jersey is a broken, uneven country, and poor soil, at least that part of it through which we passed; the natural growth is white oak, hickory, chesnut, and pine; some meadows appear at intervals, and fine orchards of cherry, apple, and pear trees. But the diminutive stalks of maize in the adjoining fields, surprised me. It produces wheat, rye, barley, buckwheat, and flax, and has a number of iron manufactories from ore, within the state. It is likewise watered by a number of streams, which prove beneficial to the inhabitants, by enabling them to realize the advantage they possess over that of any other state in the union, both in the quantity and quality of its ore, which is said to be suffi cient to supply the United States.
New-Jersey was settled by the Dutch, at Bergen, in 1618. It was granted to the Duke of York in 1664, by Charles II. and erected into a distinct government. There are no large towns in New-Jersey: it trades with New-York, which lies on the one side of it, and Philadel phia, which lies on the other. Trenton is the seat of government; it is seated on the Delaware, thirty miles a bove Philadelphia, and contained 4,000 inhabitants in 1820. The falls of Delaware lie near this town, above which it is unnavigable. This river divides New-Jer sey from Pennsylvania on the west, and Hudson river divides it from New-York on the east. It is the only state in the union where females are allowed to vote, though the men exercise the privilege.
When we began to draw near the Raritan, we had a view of the other line, and it is probable they had a view of us, from the rate they were driving. Each line was running on elevated ground, in view of each other, du
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No sooner were we in the boats, (which was almost at the same instant,) than the steam was liberally plied to the wheels, and a race between the "Legislator" and the "Olive Branch," commenced for New-York. The former was our heroine, and a stately boat she was; but although she seized upon the middle of the channel, her rival drew up alongside somewhat boldly, and sometimes had the presumption to run ahead, which her ability to sail in shoal water enabled her to do; often, however, she lagged behind. It was quite an interesting sight to see such vast machines, in all their majesty, flying as it were, their decks covered with well-dressed people, face, to face, so near to each other as to be able to converse. It is well calculated to amuse the traveller, were it not for a lurking fear that we might burst the boilers. I confess for one, I would rather lose the race than win it, (which we did.) under such circumstances.*
The Raritan is what I should call a common, though a handsome river; it is about the width of New river, or Big Sandy, in Virginia. With a smooth, gentle current, it flows through the Jersey state, and enters Arthur Kill the only Sound, one of the finest harbours in the world, which lies open to Sandy Hook. The land, as you sail down the river, is thin, as most of the lands in those states are. The farms are small, and so are the houses. Orchards
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ring some miles; but all in vain, we got to the river first, and I was almost carried to the boat by the porters, in their eagerness to conquer the other line. The fore most stage of the opposition made two desperate attempts to pass us within a few yards of the Raritan ; they came so near effecting their purpose that the forewheel struck the hind wheel of ours, the one I was in, and nothing but the narrowness of the pass prevented their success. These opposition lines are certainly an advantage to travellers, and a great one too, but it is one of great hazard. We take water at New-Brunswick. New-Brunswick has a college, and contains 6,764 inbabitants.
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Shortly after this, the Legislator did burst her boiler, by which some lives were lost, and others were much injured. A boy saved himself by jumping into a chest.
and meadows continue, though the hand of winter sits heavy on them. Cold as the day was, nothing but a heavy fall of rain could have forced me below. The clouds, which had been lowering all day, burst into a torrent about 4 o'clock, and with great reluctance I had to give up my speculations.
Without noticing or being noticed, I took a seat by the stove, with true republican independence; ladies and gentlemen all mingled promiscuously together-some sitting, some walking about, some lying down on the settees, as their leisure served. Two gentlemen sat upon the same seat which I had taken, engaged in conversation upon the approaching presidential election. One (as I took it) was of New-Jersey, the other of NewYork. He of New-York expressed some surprise at the result of the New-Jersey election. "I was led to believe," said he, "that your state would have support. ed Mr. Adams."-the vote, it appeared, was in favour of Gen. Jackson. "Do you think," replied he of N. J. warmly," that we would vote for a man who does'nt be lieve in the Christian religion? No sir, we are not come to that yet, and I hope never will." "Not believe in the Christian religion!" answered N. Y. "why how is that? I don't understand you." "I mean," said N. J. "that Johu Q. Adams is a Unitarian." What can be mean? thought 1; surely a Jew, Turk, or Algerine—įt was the first time I ever heard the tenets of the sect "He may be a Unitarian, said the other, but that does'nt prove him not a Christian. But tell me, friend, if that be all your objection to Mr. Adams." "Yes, he would have got the vote of the state, had it not been proved to their satisfaction that he was no Christian-we had made up our minds once to vote him." "I should like to know, sir, how you make it appear that Unitarians are . not Christians; I am a Unitarian myself, and believe in Christ; I believe that he died to save sinners, in the re mission of sins, that we are justified through Christ. We believe that love to God and love to man constitutes a Christian." "Yes, but you deny that Christ is the Son of God, and you wont admit of total depravity." When they had proceeded thus far, several old ladie