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came forward to partake of the warmth of the stove, and the gentlemen arose to give them room. This was provoking, just as I was upon the point of being enlightened upon the two great subjects of religion and government. I think it was Sir Isaac Newton who said "he would have discovered longitude had it not been for an old woman."
The boat now began to rock and pitch from side to side, with such violence that I was unable to keep my feet, and was forced to remain not only sitting, but clung to the back of the seat to keep myself steady, and my head became dizzy, attended with slight faintness. I asked one of the passengers the cause of this rocking, and was told the boat was in the bay. Here I was again unfortunate, as by this time, and long before, it was a's dark as Egypt, by which I lost perhaps the most interesting view in my whole travels!
New-York City.We landed in the city of New-York about 9 o'clock, (Nov. 15th,) and I took up my lodgings in Front-street, at the house of Mr. Jacques, to which place I had been directed by the captain of the Legislator. If I was pleased with the independent manners of the passengers in the boat, I was much more so with the company I found at the house of Mr. Jacques. On entering a large room, I found an assembly of ladies and gentlemen sitting before a blazing fire, (no unwelcome sight.) The old men were smoking their pipes, and the younger ones were amusing the ladies with anecdotes, perfectly regardless of the copious draughts of tobacco smoke. To diversify the picture, one of the young ladies sat down to her piano forte! Never did I witness such independence of manners, even in the land of Jackson; our western heroes, when it comes to smoking, withdraw from the company of the ladies. It is not in the power of a mere reader to form an accurate idea of mankind. Without meaning any irreverence either to books or writers, I honestly confess, no description of New-York, which ever fell in my way, led me to expect such a picture as the one before me. "Free trade and sailor's rights," truly; I never found myself more af
home in my life. The company was composed of persons above the common order, most of them people of intelligence and business. The ladies were sensible and handsome, plain in their dress and manners. Mine host seemed to be a man who had seen better days; his countenance was calm and serene, and he welcomed me with a smile which at once bespoke kindness and hospitality. It was nothing more than a boarding-house, which seemed to be sufficiently filled, yet this good man showed no disposition to refuse me a night's lodging. After a comfortable supper I retired to my chamber, with no unfavourable impressions of New-York.
Next day, after breakfast, I bent my course toward the far famed Broadway; which exceeds any strect in Philadelphia, except Market street, in width, the first being 80 and the latter 100 feet wide; it is four miles long,* and the side walks paved with flag, (the middle of the street in all the towns and cities in this country are paved with common round stone.) Broadway in other respects exceeds any street in Philadelphia, both for beauty and business. It extends from the Battery through the heart of the city. Next to Broadway, in point of beauty, is Hudson, Washington, Greenwich, and the Bowery; this last runs in a diagonal line, and joins Broadway. Besides these, there are 250 streets and allies, without reckoning those recently laid off. Pearl street, with many others first laid out, are narrow and crooked; there are, however, many handsome streets which cross at right angles, viz: Market, Grand, and Canal streets. Of all these streets, Pearl street does the most business, being the principal mart of the inerchants. Wall street is also a place of much business; in it are the banking houses, exchange, brokers, insurance, auctioneers, and custom house offices; in short, all commercial business is transacted there. Nothing can exceed the throng of gentlemen in Wall street; particu larly when their merchant ships arrive; on such occasions it is dangerous to walk in Wall street; here the
*Since the above was written, Broadway has been extended to eight miles; the whole length is laid off into lots, streets and avenues, but not yet built on.
long, of the re pa
commercial papers are read, and ship news detailed. This street alone, may give a stranger an idea of the business and trade of New-York. Broadway, on the other hand, is distinguished for the fashionable, the gay, and the idle, as Pearl street and Wall street are for men of business. It is likewise the seat of much business; the lower stories of most of the houses being occupied by retail shops, and book stores, for upwards of two miles; the principal booksellers are in this street. The broad windows are filled with china and glass ware, plate, millinery, fruit, confectionary; in short, every thing, and much more abundant than in Philadelphia. But shops, furniture, superb buildings with their marble fronts, are t being completely eclipsed by the teeming fair ones, from morning till ten o'clock at night. It is impossible to give even an idea of the beauty and fashion displayed in Broadway on a fine day; the number of females, the richness and variety of dress, comprising all that can be or beau conceived of wealth or skill, mocks description; the through throng resembles a dense multitude issuing from the door oint of of a church. In Philadelphia business is confined to and the one or two streets principally; in New York, Broadway, d joins Chatham, Pearl and Division streets, Maiden-lane and the and al-Bowery are literally strewed with every article of ornaPearl ment and use, which, with the thrice told multitude, not Tow and only fills the western stranger with amazement, but is the streets wonder of foreigners. Here the feminine graces meet and Ca- you at every step; they thrust their lovely faces into he most yours, and shoulder you on all sides, without even stoprchants. ping to apologize. Here the earnest merchant steps, in it are there the gay cook and merry chamber-maid, with some ce, auc- scores of honest tars, hucksters, rude boys, and chimney all com-weeps, with the rolling coaches, and the rattling carts, can ex-may give some idea of this life-inspiring city. But all particu-this is only a drop in the bucket compared to that on the h occa-wharves or slips, (as they are called here,) the wareere the houses, docks, ship-yards, and auction stores, which occupy South, Front, and Water streets, pouring a flood of test human beings. Here the sound of axes, saws, and hammers, from a thousand hands; there the ringing of the lacksmith's anvil; hard by the jolly tar with his heavo ;
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the whole city surrounded with masts; the Hudson, East river, and the bay covered with vessels, some going out and some coming in, to say nothing of the steam-boats; in short, imagine upwards of an hundred thousand peo. ple, all engaged in business; add to these soine thous and strangers which swarm in the streets and public houses; such is New-York. This is, however, only a running glance; the result of my first rumble through the city. I shall compose myself, and give something more like a description.
New-York is on Manhattan Island; it is upwards of four miles in length, and from three quarters to one mile and a half in width, nearly in the form of a triangle. It has Hudson river on one side and East river on the other, which unite at the southern end, and form a beautiful bay of nine miles in length, and four broad, which, with the several islands it embosoms, and the fortifica. tions, affords a delightful prospect. Its public buildings are a city hall, a hospital, an alms-house, a state prison, 2 city prisons, a penitentiary, 2 colleges, 2 theatres, an orphans asylum, a magdalen asylum, an asylum for the deaf and dumb, a musonic_bull, the New York institute, 11 banks, between 80 and 90 churches,* 32 charitable and benevolent societies, 13 missionary societies, 10 bi ble societies, rue tract societies, 8 societies for promo ting education, 16 manufacturing companies, 8 insurance companies, 12 daily papers, 13 weekly and semi-weekly papers, besides a great number of journals and maga zines, & market houses, 2 circuses, vauxhall garden, the park, the battery, and bowling green. There are eight great hotels in New-York, besides boarding and eating houses which abound throughout the city, to which we might add some hundred oyster cellars. Besides the colleges already named, there are 6 free schools, the New-York high school, several academies, and private schools.
City Hall. The City Hall stands nearly in the centre of the city, fronting the harbor; it is said to be the most beautiful edifice in the United States. Although
* The number of churches cannot be ascertained, as there are new ones building every day
the front is of native marble, yet, I cannot agree that it is as handsome as the capitol of the United States, or the President's house; it certainly is not so showy, and as to the architecture I am no judge. I should think it too low for its size. It is, however, a beautiful building, 216 feet long, and 105 in width, and, including the attic story, 56 feet high; with a handsome colonnade and cupola. The ends are of marble as high as the basement. Thirteen different courts hold their sessions, (some of them every day,) in the Hall. It cost 500,000 dollars; it stands in the park, which contains four acres of ground, planted with trees, and enclosed with an iron railing.
Hospital. The New-York Hospital was founded in 1771 It is under the direction of twenty six governors, a president, vice president, treasurer, secretary, visiting committee, committee of repairs, committee of inspection, which, superintendant, and matron. Besides these there is a society of gentlemen, consisting of 151 members, togeth er with the mayor, aldermen, recorder, and twelve of the first clergymen in the city, which constitute the corporation, and have the control of all pecuniary matters. These are incorporated by the name of the "Society of the New-York Hospital." This society is subject to the 26 governors, who meet on the first Tuesday in every month, at the Hospital. The governors are elected once in every year by the society. The governors choose their officers by ballot, viz: president, vice pres weekly ident, treasurer, secretary,,&c. All the respectable physicians and surgeons in New-York, take it by turns to en, the visit the hospital daily; their number must not, however, e eight be less than twelve cach day. Every gentleman concating nected with the institution is of the first learning and ich we talents; and all, excepting the subordinate officers, deles the vote their services GRATIS! Physicians included. The building stands near Broadway and Duane street; private it is built of gray stone in the Doric style, 124 feet long, 50 feet deep in the centre, and 86 in the wings; four stories high, including the basement. The building is divided into 16 wards, besides a lying in ward (which though last is greatly inferior to that of Philadelphia,) and a surgical theatre. These wards are divided into sixty
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