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the set sat upon
inter sits came forward to partake of the warmth of the stove, and 18 the gentlemen arose to give them room. This was pro1. The
voking, just as I was upon the point of being enlightenato a tor.
ed upon the two great subjects of religion and governI had to
I think it was Sir Isaac Newton who said " he
would have discovered longitude had it not been for an i 31 by the old woman." dies and Thc boat now began to rock and pitch from side to
side, with such violence that I was unable to keep my feel, and was forced to remain not only sitting, but clung to the back of the seat to keep myself steady, and my head became dizzy, attended with slight faintness. I
asked one of the passengers the cause of this rocking, of New and was told the boat was in the bay. Here I was again irprise at unfortunatc, as hy this time, and long before, it was a's as led to
dark as Egypt, by which I lost perhaps the most interi support. esting vie* in my whole travels! O favour of N. J.
New-York City.-- We landed in the city of New York pes'nt be.
aboui 9 o'clock, (Nov. 15th,) and I took up my lodgings
in Front.street, at the house of Mr. Jacques, to which clieve in
place I had been directed by the captain of the LegisBi i how is
lator. If I was pleased with the independent manners vid N. J. of the passengers in the boat, I was much more so with i can be
the company I found at the house of Mr. Jacques. On : "rine--it entering a large room, I found an assembly of ladies and
. sect.-gentlemen sitting before a blazing fire, (no unwelcome it does'n sight.) The old men were smoking their pipes, and the
!, if that younger ones were amusing the ladies with anecdotes, : le would perfectly regardless of the copious draughts of tobacco proved to smoke.' To diversify the picture, one of the young la! ad made dies sat down to her piano forte! Never did I witness
I like to such independence of manners, even in the land of Jacksrians are son ; our western heroes, when it comes to smoking, selieve in withdraw from the company of the ladies. It is not in in the re.
the power of a mere reader to form an accurate idea of ist.. We
mankind. Without-meaning any irreverence either to stitutes a books or writers, I honestly confess, no description of
the Son New-York, which ever fell in my way, led me to expect vity."- such a picture as the one before me.”'“ Free trade and old ladies sailor's rights,” truly; I never found myself more af"
home in my life. The company was composed of persons above the common order, most of them people of intelligence and business. The ladies were sensible and handsome, plain in their dress and manners. Mine host seemed to be a man who had seca better days; his countenance was calm and serene, and he welcomed me with a smile which at once bespoke kindness and hospitality. It was nothing more than a boarding house, which seem
1 ed to be sufficiently filled, yet this good man showed no disposition to refuse me a night's lodging. After a comfortable supper / retired to my chamber, with no unfavourable impressions of New York.
F Next day, after breakfast, I bent my course toward the far famed Broadway ; which exceeds any street in Phil. adelphia, except Market street, in width, the first being 80 and the latter 100 feet wide ; it is four miles long, and the side walks paved with flag, (the middle of the street in all the towns and cities in this country are pa
E ved with common round stone.) Broadway in other rcspects exceeds any street in Philadelphia, both for beauty and business. It extends from the Battery through the heart of the city. Next to Broadway, in point of beauty, is Hudson, Washington, Greenwich, and the Bowery; this last runs in a diagonal line, and joins Broadway. Besides thesc, therc are 250 streets and al. B lies, without reckoning those recently laid off. Pearl street, with many others first laid out, arc narrow and crooked ; there are, however, many handsome streets which cross at right angles, viz: Market, Grand, and Ca..!! nal streets. Of all these streets, Pearl street does the most ! business, being the principal mart of the incrchants. Wall Street is also a place of much business ; in it are
he the banking houses, exchange, brokers, insurance, auctioncers, and custom house offices ; in short, all commercial business is transacted there. Nothing can exceed the throng of gentlemen in Wall strect ; particu. fth larly when their merchant ships arrive ; on such occa sions it is dangerous to walk in Wall strect ; here the ho
*Since the above was written, Broadway has been extended to eight hu miles ; the whole length is laid off into lots, strects and avenues, no not yet built on.
commercial papers are read, and ship news detailed. ble and This street alone, may give a stranger an idea of the bu.
siness and trade of New-York. Broadway, on the other
hand, is distinguished for the fashionable, the gay, and ne with the idle, as learl street and Wall street are for men of itality.
business. It is likewise the scat of much business; the
linery, fruit, confectionary ; in short, every ihing, and ard the much more abundant than in Philadelphia. But shops, in Phil. furniture, superb buildings with their marble fronts, are - being completely eclipsed by the tecming fair ones, from long, * morning till ten o'clock at night. It is impossible to of the give even an idea of the beauty and fashion displayed in dre pa. Broadway on a fine day; the number of females, the
richness and variety of dress, comprising all that can be ir beau. conceived of wealth or skill, mocks description ; the
ihrough throng resembles a dense multitude issuing from the door oint of ví a church. in Philadelphia business is confined in nd the one or two streets principally; in New York, Broadway,
joins Chatham, Pearl and Division streets, Maiden-lane and the and al. Bowery are literally strewed with every article of orna
Pearlment and use, which, with the thrice told 'multitude, not row and only fills the western stranger with amazement, but is the
streets wonder of foreigners. Here the feminine graces meet and Ca. you at every step ; they thrust their lovely faces into
he most ours, and shoulder you on all sides, without even stop* rchants. ping to apologize. Here the carnest merchant steps,
in it are here the gay cook and merry chamber-maid, with some ce, auc- cores of honest tars, hucksters, rude boys, and chimney
com weeps, with the rolling coaches, and thc rattling carts, can ex- may give some idea of this life-inspiring city. But alí particu- this is only a drop in the bucket compared to that on the h occa. wharves or slips, (as they are called here,) the warcere the houses, docks, ship-yards, and auction stores, which oc
cupy South, Front, and Water streets, pouring a flood of to eight human beings. Here the sound of axes, saws, and ham
mers, from a thousand hands ; there the ringing of the
is as !
the lo the whole city surrounded with masts ; the Hudson, East river, and the bay covered with vessels, some going out the ľ and some coming in, to say nothing of the steam-boats ; in short, imaginc upwards of an hundred thousand poo.
lool ple, all engaged in business; add to thcsc soin thous.
216 and strangers which swarm in the streets and public
story houscs ; such is New York. This is, however, only a
pola running glance ; the result of any first ruable through Thir the city. I shall compose myself, and give something
them more like a description.
it sta New-York is on Manhattan Island ; it is upwards of
plane. four milon in longth, and from three quarters to ono milo II and a half in widih, nearly in tbe form of a triangle. Il 1771 has lludson river on one side and East river on the other, which unite at the southern cud, and form a beauti. sul bay of nine miles in length, and four broad, which,
super with the severol islands il embosoms, and the fortifica.
socie . tions, utfords a delightful prospect. Its public buildings arc a city linll, o hospital, on alma.hounc, giate prison, the lui 2 city prisons, a penitentiary, 2 colleges, 2 theatres, an
poral orphans asylum, a magdalen asylum, an asylum for the Thes deaf and Jumb, a minimic bull, the New York institute, lor 11 banks, between 80 and 90 churches, * 32 charitable and benevoley, societies, 13 missionary, societies, 10 bi. ble nociction, roo tract nociction, 0 nocieties for promo. ling education, 16 manufacturing companies, 8 insurance choocompanies, 12 daily papers, 13 weekly and semi-weekly ident papers, besides a great number of journuls and mugi. siciar: zincs, 6 market houscs, 2 circuscs, vauxhall garden, ihe
visit: park, the battery, and bowling green. There arc cight be la great hotels in New York, besides boarding and cating housch which abound throughout the city, in which we might add some hundred oyster cellars. Besides the
vole collegen already numral, there are frog achoolm, the
'The 1 New York high school, several acudemies, and private it is! schools,
50 fe Cily Hull.- The City Ilull stands nearly in the cen.
storic tre of the city, fronting the harbor ; it is said to be the divid most beautiful cdifice in the United States. Although * The number of churches cannot be ascertained, as there are new
surgic ones wailding overy dwy
5, an - the
the front is of native marble, yet, I cannot agree that it is as handsome as the capitol of the United States, or the President's house ; it certainly is not so showy, and as to the arc hitecture I am no judge. I I should think it 100 low for its size. It is, however, a hcautiful building, 216 feet long, and 105 in width, and, including the attic story, 56 feet high ; with a handsome colonnade and cu
pola. T'he ends are of marble as high as the basement. h Thirteen different courts hold their sessions, (some of
them every day,) in the Hall. It cost 500,000 dollars ;
it stands in the park, which contains four acres of ground, of
planted with trees, and enclosed with an iron railing, ile
Hospital.—The New-York Hospital was founded in It
1771 It is under the direction of iwenly six governors, th
a president, vice president, treasurer, secretary, visiting oti
coinmittee, committee of repairs, committee of inspection, ch, superintendant, and matron. Besides these there is a ica.
society of gentlemen, consisting of 151 members, logeth. ings cr with the mayor, aldermen, recorder, and twelve of _son, the first clergymen in the city, which constitụte the cor
poration, and have the control of all pecuniary matters. These are incorporated by the name of the “ Society of
the New-York Hospital. This society is subject to table
the 26 governors, who meet on the first Tuesday in eveO bi.
ry inonth, at the Hospital. The governors are elected
once in every year by the socicty. The governors urance choose their officers by ballot, viz : president, vice pres-cekly ident, treasurer, secretary,,&c. All the respectable phynaga. sicians and surgeons in New York, take it by turns to n, the visit the hospital daily; their number must not, however, e eight be less than twelve cach day. Every gentleman con. cating nected with the institution is of the first learning and
talents; and all, excepting the subordinate officers, dees the vote their services GRATIS! Physicians included. is thc The building stands near Broadway and Duane street; private it is built of gray stone in the Doric style, 124 feet long,
50 feet deep in the centre, and 86 in the wings ; four
stories high, including the basement. The building is be the divided into 16 wards, besides a lying in ward (which hough last is greatly inferior to that of Philadelphia,) and a ate new surgical theatre. These wards arc divided into sixty