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being situated on a high hill, descendiog rapidly al all points. What a scene this for the fancy and pen of a poet! while I have neither leisure nor talents to cxhibit it in simple prose.

The Cumberland mountain leaves you on the bank of Clinch River, a beautiful smooth-flowing stream, about 250 yards wide, navigable its whole length, which is a little less than 200 miles. While crossing Clinch (which you do in a boat) you witness another display of thc rich and beautiful scenery which abounds in this country. Kingston lies before youthe majestic Tennessce shows itself below, having just joined Clinch river, while Campbell's Fort appears at the same time looking down upon the junce tion of these noble streams, from its lofty eminence to the right, decorated with fruit trees and shrubberics, like the guardian genius of the place.

Kingston, the seat of justice for Rowan county, E. Tennessee, is built on that point of land formed by the junction of Holston and clinch rivers. It is a handsome little lown, of about forty houscs; a postoffice and a fine spring are all the objects of notice within it. Having travelled forty-four hours without sleep, we arrived at an inn a few miles west of Knoxpille, at 10 o'clock at night, where, more dead than alive, I threw myself on a bed, without undressing, to await the hour of starting. We arrived at Knoxvillc to breakfast, and my friend of Abington and myself resolved to stop till the next stage, to refresh ourselves with sleep, for the want of which we were al.. most exhausted. I must not forget to mention that we passed Campbell's station a few miles below Knox. ville, and the pleasure I had in seeing and talking with Col. Campbell, who gives name to it and to the Fort mentioned before. I had a message to him from his daughter, Mrs. Col. Wright, of Alabama. The good old man came out to meet me with a smiling countenance. He appeared to be belween sixty and seventy, bale and active, tall and straight as an Indiana Happy should I bave been to have spent some time

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Knoxville.--Here our fellow travellers, of Nash. ville, parted from us, the ona who belonged to Knoxvillo laving arrived at the end of his journey-Mr. Major and his friend pursuing their's to the north. I never shall forget the former, particularly an ex. pression of his, on a dispute which took place between the passengers: "Let us bave peace.” He spoke with such persuasive sweetness that harmony was soon restored. I never was more struck by so few words, and from so young a man.

Knoxville in the largest town we have seen since we left Huntsville. It is situated on the Holston riv. er, below iis junction with French broad. It contains four churchen, for no many Jonoininations, a courte house, olican, a prison, iwo printing ollices, a bunk, a college, au academy, and several schools. It has twelve scores and 300 houses, several of which are of brick, besides barracks for 300 men. They have a watch, but the town is not lighted. The college is handsomely codowed by Congress, and is in a Nour. ishing condition. The manicrs of thc citizens are very pleasing, and much more refined than those of Huntsville, though with not half their eclat. The ladics are easy and artleas, very much 10,--and what is highly honorable to the citizens, and what I never mri with bofoorn, tho difforont socis of christians'unico in worship! These must be christians indeed! The land near the town is very poor pine land, though I am told that large bodies of good land lie on tho river.

We put up at Boyd'sma man who in cvery respect deserves the patronage of the public. lle kcops a table spread with plenty and varicty, and what was our bill ? 50 cents per day, including extra charges.

While we rearained in Knoxville (which was three days) I had an opportunity of indulging an inclination

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I had long entertained of contemplating human na-
ture in a new guise. At the house

where we put up,
was a lady eighty years of age. This was the first
opportunity in my life I had had of judging for myself
respecting a subject of which I had often heard and read,
viz.-that persons of her age were measurably dead
to those vivid affections and feelings of the heart,
which are commorrto the species of junior years ; that
the
powers

of the mind become relaxed and enfee.
bled by long exercise. She was a stout hale woman,
could see to sew with a needle, and read without glas-
ses, though she told me (reluctantly I thought) that
she had used spectacles for thirty-five years. One
afternoon as she and I were sitting together in a pleas-
ant portico, I drew her into conversation with a view
to ascertain what were her ideas on moral and divine
truths, her opinion with respect to a future state, and
what were her views of christian duties, faith, charity,
&c. She was much averse to this conversation, though
she was fond of talking on other subjects. After some
time she answered to the several questions, but with
much incoherence, and only replied by monosyllables.
Before I was done with her she appeared to have a
mental view of the duties of a christian, but it was
long before I could draw it from her, in doing which,
I had to advance scveral texts of scripture again and
again. But of the practice of a christian, she was ei.
ther entirely ignorant or averse! I had a fair oppor.
tunity of deciding on this point; though I had, as I
thought, aroused her attention to this particular the
evening before.

I stepped into the kitchen one morning, to send one of the servants for something I wanted, and this old lady happened to be present. She drew near to me, and looking earnestly in my face, exclaimed," he can't go, he's got bis work to do." This negative of her's proved to me nothing more than her selfish, uncharitable disposition, as there were half a dozen servants then idle in the kitchen. Upon our return to the parlour, I seized the opportunity this circumstance afforded, to prove

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lo her her want of christian charity. I found it easy so convince her, but the impression was momentary, Tha rosult provod what I had ofton hcurl, " that old peoplo are callous to the dutics of a christian."

During our stay at Knoxvillo, a beautiful femalo from the Northern States, accompanied by her hasband and two bemutiful children, passed through tho town. Her husband has an interest in the salt works, already mentioned, near Sparta, he is a man of some wealth, and although a Yankee, had purchased several slaves as he came through Maryland, with a view of making hin fortune at the salt worku. Poor simplo. con ! he will lose his children, and very probably his wise, the first year, and the next he will break; the place being generally fatal to forcigners. This day's stage (I mean the fourth) brings one passenger, and with him we pursuc our journey.

Our new fellow traveller was by far the best company we had had yet; he was all frolic, fun, life and spirits, that never fagged. He was different from our Irishman in this, he never drank a drop of spirits. He was not long in our company, beforc he imparted to us three of his maxims, one was that he never drank," the second, " that he never played cards," and the third, “ that lie never gave or took paper money." All this was well. He, I soon discovered, would keep me from the hypo, so long as we remain. cd together. He had been accustomed to travelling, and that too in a stage: he had never learned to ride on horseback. He was a Yankee, he said, but I do not believe him hardly yet; neither his conversation nor manners had any appearance of the Yankee. If be really was a Yankee, he was the most gentlemanly of the country I bad ever seen. I hinted this to bim.

I hope," said he, “ you would'nt judge us all by the den little Yankee pedlars, that go through the coun. try." He was about twenty-three years of age, well made, his complexion dark, his features handsome, and countenance all expression. He had what is called a " laughing" black eye. He was a merchant from

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Demopolis, going on to New York, to purchase
goods. Demopolis is a town in Alabama, in that
part of it that was ceded conditionally to the French.
I was glad to hear this ; I had heard much of those
emigrants, and now I had an opportunity (so far as I
chose to rely) of hearing the truth: well, here we
have the story of the Frenchmen.

When they first began to clear their vineyard,"
he said, "they sent five men three miles for a rope,
and having previously provided axes, about twenty-
five or thirty of them in a body proceed to business.
In the first place one ascends the tree which is to
be fallen, and ties the rope hard and fast to the top;
he then descends, and ten or a dozen of them také
the end of the rope, whilst the others commence cut-
ting, and perform a portion of the task in rotation.
They cut all round, up and down, crossways, and
lengihways, the tree; meantime the rope division
kept pulling. At length down came the tree, killed
two and crippled several. From that day to the pres-
ent, no entreaty, or persuasion, can prevail on them to
resume the business of clearing, or any attempt at
falling timber. They have gone so far as to culti-
vate some little patches," he said, "for vegeta-
bles, but cutting with an axe, with them, is out of the
question. When they are obliged to have a tree
felled for firewood or other purposes, they hire the
Americans to do it for them. They were, he con-
tinucd, the most indolent, contemptible, and intract.
able people, to be found in any country: That Le-
fever, after doing all that a man of his patience and
ability could do, left them in despair, with a broken
heart! They were not only ignorant but given to all
manner of vice; apply themselves to no manner of
business for a livelihood, except strolling about with
a few strings of beads or buttons, and such trifles, to
sell, covered with rags and dirt.".. I inquired where
they came from, and how Lefever could thick of
making ay tbing out of such abandoned people :
He replied that some were immediately from France,

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