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those learning their letters, have sand; the monitor takes hold of the fore finger of the pupil, and guides it in: forming the letter. After a few lessons in this manner, the pupil, by the aid of a machine which contains the letters of the alphabet in large print, procceds alone by keeping his eye on the letter before him. When they are perfect in the alphabet, they are removed to the next desk, where they have words of two letters; these are pasted on boards which hang before the pupil : when he is perfect in this, he is removed to the next desk, and
When they read or spell, they rise from their desks and stand within a circle inarked on the floor, each class under its respective monitor, whose business it is to correct them; the teacher and his assistants walking through the lines during the time. The female children of each school are under an assistant female teacher, in a separate room; besides reading, writing, geography, grammar, and arithmetic, the females are taught needlework.
These schools are by far the most interesting objects to a stranger in the city ; to see such a vast number of children, from four to eight hundred in one house, governed by a word, a nod, or even a glance of their teacher, is truly astonishing. The best disciplined army is not more regular or obedient; at a signal they are hushed as death ; at another they proceed in their lessons, with that instantaneous order and alacrity which wants a name. · Mechanics, and any who choose, have the lib. erty of sending to these schools gratis! They are open to all classes of citizens. The teachers are gentlemen of talents, temper, and ability, whose system and labors reflect the highest bonor upon those by whom they were appointed. I spent many hours daily in these schools, which were the most pleasing to me of any I spent in the city.
I only visited three of the academies, viz: Union Hall, and La Fayette academy, and one kept by Miss Orem. They were likewise crowded with children, youths and young ladies; and in which every branch of literature is. taught. The pupils in each are regularly classed under their respective tators, who, with the principals,
appear well qualified for the trust, as the progress and itin proficiency of the pupils in their various branches, preeminently prove and entitle them to the highest applause.
Wew-York High School. The New-York High School duite a recent institution, similar to the high school of Dhurgh; being designed for the education of gentle
s sons, who pay for their tuition. It is formed upon Coche
hese monitorial plan, under a president, vice president, shen
and twenty-four trustees ; these again, are under a socieesk, and and
ly of the first gentlemen in the city, who have the su. on their
preme control. In this school, the classics, as well as
the rudiments of education are taught. Lectures on le cach s it is
chemistry, history, and natural philosophy, are deliv"king king
ered. The pupil is fitted for college in this school, or dren dren
may complete his education here, at the option of the 10 I r, in
parent. The High School is divided into three classes phy,
in distinct departments, viz : Introductory, Junior, and tiedle
Senior classes. The first pay $3, the second $5, and the third $7 per session. The capital stock for supporting
the school is $30,000. Six hundred and fifty pupils m ctsio ichil.
were present when I visited the school; four hundred Arned
of these were very small, called the introductory class, all in one room ; the handsomest children, as to beauty
and stature, I ever beheld. Indeed, all the children of Minished
those schools are the very picture of health. To return, with
corporal punishment is strictly forbidden except in exduring its a
Another rule is, that "the exercise of each lib.
department commences with reading a chapter in the Bible ; but no catechism, or instruction in the tenets of
any religious denomination shall be introduced, or used ibors
in the school.” This rule is rigidly enforced.
The Fire Department. The Fire Company is at once, lo bols.
the most respectable and useful society in the city ; but I can only afford a brief remark on this establishment.
The Fire Department is " a Body Corporate and Polall . die Hall,
itic,” consisting of Fire Companies in every Ward, unrem.
der the coutrol of one chief Engineer. , and
Engineers and Fire Wardens.-The common council iture
carry a wand, with a gilded diame at the top. The enWassed
gineers wear a leathern cap, painted white, with a gilded frout, and a fire engine blazoned thereon, and carry a
speaking trumpet, painted black, with the words “engine, No. 1,” (or as the case may be,) in white, painted on their caps. The fire wardens wear a hat, the brim black, and the crown while, with the city arms blazoned on the front, and carry speaking kumpets, painted white, with the word " warden," in black: the firemen also have badges. When a building takes fire in the night, the watchmen cry.“ Fire," the bells are set to ringing; the companies attend as above described, with all possible dispatch, with their engines, which are pulled by the tiremen running at full speed; the constables and marshals of the city attend with their slaves of office, and obey the corporation under the penalty of a heavy fine. Every man, even the mayor of the city are under the control of the fire corporation, during a fire. They use no. buckels, or at least rarely, the rivers being so pear, and their hose* extending from one engine to another, and finally to the river, it is conveyed through them to the fire.' The engineers, chief engincers, and fire wardens only direct; they are constantly running to and fro, directing the firemen. The firemen when they are fixed each in his station, stand still and play tho engine ; their superiors speaking to them through the trumpets, calling to cach engine, to“ play away No. 2, No. 3," or whatever it may be ; for the noise and crackling of the fire, and that of the multitude which gather, would effectually drown their voice. None but the fire companies join in extinguishing fires; the citizens which gather in crowds, are kept at a distance by the city officers. The engines are the most superb piece of mechan. ism in the city, most of them being richly gilded, and the fire companics consist wholly of reputable men. The membership is deemned one of honour, but it is one clearly bought; tho ainoko from thu firos, an noar as they are obliged to approach, would stranglc any one else. Very little damage has accrued from fire, since the depariinent has been organized upon its present plan.
The Gus Company, Munhulian Company, and Now. York Dying and Printing Establishment, are not only
* A loathorn pipo, from four to avo hnches in circuinforenco, of kotak jonyth.
respectable, but important companies to the city. The
first each OGO.
, ice, heavy dry
Supplies it with light, and the sccond with water;
trip incorporated; the Gas Company with $100,and the Manhattan with a capital of $2,050,000. New-York Dying and Printing, with a capital of
This grand establishment is in Williamwhere all kinds of dying and printing is done in a
astonishing, particularly to back woods people; oled by * by the brilliancy of tint, and delicacy of shade, is noi ex-les and
and ceeded by any in Europe. Old faded silks and sating
are restored to their original beauty. But I must stop.
Markets.-The Markets, taking the whole together, ander Rai
der would, perhaps, exceed that of Philadelphia in abundo hey ance and variety, but it is greatly behind it in neatness
and order; there are no stalls for vegetables; these are found promiscuously scattered about near the market
houses. The Fulton Market is said to equal any in the dra and world for abundance, varicty, and quality ; no article
formed by art, or produced by nature, but may be pur
chased in Fulton Market; and yet it would hardly make the one square of Philadelphia market-house. Consequentthe
ly it is over-crowded. ' . 2, Manners and Appearance. It is difficult for a stran
ack ger to decide upon the manners and appearance of any in her, city or lown, for this reason, at least one half of the peo
fire ple he meets in the streets and public places, are strannich gers. These are from the country, from other towns,
offi. other states, or as it may happen; this is what makes a che han. city. To build a number of houses and 6ll them with and
people and merchandize goes but half way towards forming a city. The system of cities, the motives lo their
existence, is to furnish the surrounding countries with they such articles as they need, receiving their produce in
exchance. The advantage which New-York has over almost any other city, attracts a vast number of stran. gers presenting a multifarious mixture, in which no like
ness can be traced. The native citizens of New York only are about the middling size, more stout than those of
Philadelphia, differing little in complexion, a slight shade darker ; black hair and a full black eye are pes
be the not at the ca natural inuisp pose! applic city. penter contic I have cuce!
clothe cap, Hundi #tyle dollar cong
eullar characteristics ; they lay no claims to taste or re-
Owing no doubt, to the unparulleled increase of coinmerce, too little allention, indeed, too little time, has been left for improvement in literature. Yet this great peo: ple, fertile in resources, decisive in action, liberal and unanimous, can do much in a short time; doubtless a people so renowocd for devotion to the public good, will not neglect a matter of ro much importutscc. i perceive there is a great want of grammar schools amongst them. But although New-York is censured for her neg. Ject of education, yot she is not destitute of youius. Slic can boast of her Clintons, her Livingstons, her Murruya," her Irvings, her llamillons, her Pauldings, her Mitchills, her Hosacks, her Coopers, her Sedgwicks, and a long string of poets.
The ladies of New.York, like tho gentleinen, are alla. ble, modest, and domoalic; the better sort are cosy in their manners, plain in their equippage and dress, and are seldom seen in the streets. Upon inquiry whether those ladies who are daily on purade, in Broadway, were of thu first dintinction, I was told they were noi, and that the first ladies, from motives of delicacy, were never seen in the streets on foot, that they always took a carriage
* Lindley Murray was born ou Long Island ; so also was Dr. S. L. Mitchell.