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general science, and devotes much of his time, talents and fortune, for the advancement of knowledge. He is, besides, a member of many of the most respectable institutions of the state. Dr. H. is of the common height, and portly size; his complexion is dark, his hair and eyes of the deepest black; his face is oval, with a high retreating forehead, of the finest polish. His countenance is open, manly and dignified, with an eye of the deepest penetration. In his manners he is affable and engaging, and as a scholar, a physician, and a gentleman, he ranks amongst the first of great men.
I have little to say of Mr. Cooper, having formed no acquaintance with him. I never saw him but once, which happened in a bookstore, where he was sitting reading a newspaper, from which he never took his eyes, whilst I remained in the store. As he sat, he appeared to be a man of good size, about 30 years of age, fair complexion, and full oval face; his features are neither handsome nor the contrary, with a morose countenance. It is, however, impossible to delineate countenance without seeing the eye, which his authorship never deigned to lift on me. He notwithstanding had something genteel in his appearance. The author of the Pioneers, &c. would neither gain nor lose by any thing I could possi bly say of him-his fame having placed him far beyond the range of my strictures.
Miss Sedgwick, also a native of New-York, is an authoress of some reputation; she is the author of NewEngland Tales, and Redwood. I had the pleasure of seeing her once, but formed no acquaintance. She is about 30 years of age, of good stature and fine figure; she is of spare make, with an oval face and thin visage; her complexion wan, with a gray eye, her features well proportioned, her countenance rather austere.
Besides these, there are a number of literary gentle. men and ladies, and no small share of poets in NewYork. Mr. Carter, editor of the Statesman, is said to be a handsome writer. Mr. Woodworth, the poet, is well known; he is an amiable man, struggling hard with poverty and a large family.-It is abominable in us to neglect the genius of our country as we do. Mrs.
Weare likewise deserves to be noticed as a poetess, tho'
New-York seems to have burst the chains of igno-
Fortifications. The city of New-York is strongly fortified, being defended by twelve well mounted forts, including the one at Sandy-Hook, 27 miles below the city.
Amusements. I have already devoted so many pages to New-York, that it would be doing injustice to other places, to dwell longer upon it. The principal amusement of the citizens is the Theatre; in winter, that and sleighing constitute the sum. In summer, the gardens, the circus, the park, and the battery, draw vast crowds together. These gardens are neatly fitted up, with accommodations, booths and boxes, and tables are spread with every delicacy of refreshment. The gardens are brilliantly illuminated with fire works, to which we may add the finest music, while the citizens regale themselves with ice-creams, wine, fruit, and confectionaries. The park is quite too small to afford much amusement, and much too warm in summer. But the battery is the pride of New-York; it is a large green lawn, handsomely paled in, and planted with trees. It lies on the point of the island, and commands a view of the bay, the shipping, adjacent islands, the numerous fortifications, and the Jersey shore. It is refreshed by the breezes from the sea, and would be the most delightful spot on earth, on a sultry day, if it was provided with seats.
The first regular play I ever saw performed, was in New-York, at the Chatham Garden Theatre; the play was "the Saw-Mill, or Yankee Trick," a native produc
tion. Mr. Barraree, the proprietor, deserves much credit for his liberality in patronising the genius of his adopted country. He is a Frenchman by birth, and a gentleman of an amiable disposition, and great generosity o heart. Mr. Price, proprietor of the Park Theatre, is an Englishman; but since the Baltimore affair, I am shy of the English. I am told, however, he is a morose man in his manners, and rejects all American plays. In this he acts perfectly right; a people who have no more national pride, ought to be treated with this sort of contempt. Mr. Simpson, his manager, is a man of very genteel manners. A new theatre is in agitation, which is to excel any thing in London.
A word on the dialect of the New-Yorkers. A few words are peculiar to them, such as stoop, by which they mean a platform, or piazza, before a door; and how, a substitute for sir, or madam, when they do not hear distinctly-you hear nothing but "how, how," all over the city. They have a few more words, in common with the low yankees, for instance, the guess, and the be" be you going," &c.
The Water of New-York is very unpleasant to a stran ger, though it abounds in every part of the city. The corporation are adopting measures to supply the city with good water, which will be attended with an immense expense; but after what they have done, we may suppose they will not be discouraged at any thing.
The Houses are principally of brick, covered with tile and slate, three, and many of them four stories high.Those in Broadway are large and splendid, several of them having marble fronts. There are but few wooden houses in the city, and the fire is thinning them every day. A law of the corporation prohibits the erection of wooden houses in the city.
Trinity and St. Paul's churches are vast buildings of stone, and have lofty steeples, the latter 234 feet high— they are both situated in Broadway, and are seen several miles distant. In 1818, the remains of Gen. Montgom ery, who fell in the attack on Quebec, in 1775, was conveyed from thence and deposited in St. Paul's church. with great pomp and solemnity.
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In 1820, the city contained 123,706 inhabitants, and it has greatly increased since. The revenue of the customs will be found at the end of the volume.
Brooklyn.-Brooklyn lies S. E. of New-York, on Long-Island, and only separated from it by East river, which is three quarters of a mile wide, and deep enough for the largest ships. Brooklyn, though called a village, has 8,475 inhabitants, 6 churches, and a bank. The town is upwards of a mile square.
h they how, a The United States have a navy-yard at Brooklyn, at aar dis the head of which I found the hero of Lake Ontario, ver the Commodore Chauncey, one of the finest looking men I ith the have seen; and quite a young looking man to have com-"bemanded at the lake. He is a man of good size, and engaging manners. The navy-yard comprises 40 acres of ground, encompassed with a wall, and strictly guarded. The it is, moreover well stored with death-dealing weapons, ty with (to use one of Knickerbocker's expressions,) breathing gunpowder, and defiance to the world!" Here I saw the celebrated steam frigate, a huge machine, but is only used to muster and discipline the marines for the serith tile vice of the navy. The deck is remarkable for being the igh-largest in the known world!
New-York was once the asylum of a respectable body of French Huganots; they built a church in Cedar-street, and aided greatly in improving the society: some of the first families in the city are descended from them, of whom the Governeur family is one. About one third of the citizens are yankees, and their descendants.
Wooden 1 every tion of
The first settlers of Brooklyn, were a family by the name of Remsens, who came from Holland; the first house built in it is still standing. I find no date of its history; it is said to be older than the city of N. York. This place was originally inhabited by the Canarsee Inings of dians, who were subject to the Mohawks. Brooklyn is highincreasing rapidly; 148 dwelling houses were erected Several the last year! It is also inhabited by wealthy and fashtgom- ionable people. Gen. Swift, one of the most accomplished gentlemen I have met with in my travels, has his residence in Brooklyn; though he, as well as Com. Chaun
cey, are natives of Massachusetts. Through the politeness of Mr. J. Sands, I received much interesting infor mation on the subject of the revolution, for which 1 lament I have not room.
Journey to Albany.-After spending better than two months in New-York, I took the advantage of a tolera. ble snow, of sleighing to Albany. The Hudson river, which affords a speedy and delightful conveyance to that city, was at this time fast locked up with ice; we, therefore, took the stage body from the wheels, and placing it upon a sleigh, took our departure at three o'clock, one clear cold morning. This was the first time I ever rode in a sleigh; it is very pleasant where the road is smooth, but this in many instances was not the case. Although I was unable, from the darkness within the carriage, to obtain a glimpse of my fellow passengers, yet by the aid of the moon, I caught a flying view of the barracks, erected at Flatbush, for our soldiers in the late war. number of them are standing, though in a state of decay, and many have fallen quite down.
In a few hours, day-light disclosed the surrounding country, and the faces of my fellow travellers, in which I found nothing very interesting; seven gentlemen and two females-I made the tenth passenger. The females appeared to be rather under par, as did some of the oth er sex; but we were soon rid of the fair ones, the driver sitting them down about mid day, by the way. I dislike travelling with ladies in a carriage, they keep such a chattering, and forsooth must be shut up so close, that one cannot enjoy either the conversation or the appearance of the country. One gentleman belonged to the town of Hudson, two were of Albany, one, with a boy, belonged to Troy, an Irishman, and a Virginian. The Albany gentleman and the one of Hudson were quite entertaining, and very politely pointed out to me the villages, with their names, as well as the numerous country seats, and answered a variety of questions respecting the country, and the customs of the inhabitants. Peekskill, Cattskill, Fishkill, Hudson, and Poughkeepsie, all lie on the Hudson river; some of them are towns of considera