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thenæum without special leave from one of their number.
The privilege is certainly one of the greatest treats; the building being one of the largest in the city, pleasantly shaded with trees, the rooms spacious, and as silent as night; no one is allowed to speak above their breath lest they might interrupt the readers. Each room is accommodated with chairs, tables, pen and ink, for taking extracts if you wish so to do. Besides the library, the Athenæum contains a choice collection of statuary and painting. For this invaluable treasure, the citizens of Boston are indebted to the taste, zeal, and indefatigablc research of Shaw, Esq. a man of platonic virtue, and once secretary of the ex-president Adams, to whom he is related. He was the founder of the Atheneum ; and to whose politeness I am indebted for my introduction into it; here the first citizens of Boston repair in their leisure hours to read. Besides this libra there are scveral in the city. The law library has been mentioned ; the city library contains 6063 volumes. The books in all the libraries are well selected; want what author you will, it is to be found in Boston.
Markets.—The market of Boston yields to none, and in many things it excels, particularly in its fish ; the hut. ter is sweet and abundant, much more so than in NewYork; but there is no market that I have seen which equals Boston for its excellence in fish. The meat and vegetables also are fine and plentiful, with carly fruit of delicious flavor; but they have no market-house worth the name
The butchers assemble under Fanueil Hall, and another place adjoining ; but the venders of vegeta. bles line themselves in rows at random, or sell out of carts the best way they can; the fishmongers have a kind of a shed, with a long bench, ncar to which they have large tubs of water with the finest salmon, fresh from the ocean, and every kind of fish that can be mentioned, The fish market is exemplary for neatness. But how they have, with their population, lived so long without a market house is a mystery. They are now building one, which is nearly finished; it would, for length, make about one square of the Philadelphia market, and wide enough for two. It is laughable (I mean for those who are not con
tra disposed.) to see the pains and cont they are at to
Museum.-The milsсum of Boston is a good collection,
, when administering justicc, were the most interesting objects. The elephant that was killed while crossing the bridge, is handsomely preserved, and standing on its feel, in the museum, though not enclosed in glass, like the one I saw in New York ; it is, however, much larger: it also contains a great Greenland white bcar, which, for size, has no cqual; al: 80 a variety of wax figures, which always disgust mc. Among the pointings is Trumbull's representation of Gen. Washington crossing the Delaware, after the breaking up of the ice. lle is in the act of giving his horse, upon which he in mountud, a sudden check by the rein, whilst with his head turned over one shoulder toward the
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The famous treaty of Penn with the Indians is also represented, though in small design. Penn is standing, with his head uncovered, under the renowned elm, amidst an immense crowd of whites and Indians. The whites are on his left, and the Indians on his right hand, all of whom have their cycs fixed on him in deep attention ; Penn, with his hands spread in token of sincerity, secms to have concluded the treaty. A number of trunks are standing on the ground, and some of the white people arc on their knces unlocking them, taking out the goods they contain, and distributing them amongst the Indians. Thc Gill family (one of the most distinguished in Mas. sachusetts) by Copely, likewise deserves notice. Gill himself, his first and second wife, his mother-in-law, with her brother, Nicholas Boylston, arc all represented in full size, in rich attire ; the ladies in full dress of bluc salin; Boylston has a rich mantle of crimson satin thrown over him, while he is regarding you with the keenest eye in nature. This gentleman is celebrated for his wealth, as also in history for his liberality in bestowing to Cambridge University a library of 28,000 volumes. Hero too, is a full size representation of a French princess, in the reign of Louis XIV. by Nutter. The left side of her head is as plain as my hand, the right is curled into ringlets, and twisted high up on the temple, ornamented with a garland of flowers. Her neck is bare, her bosom full, and her waist screwed to nothing. Her arms, which are finely turned, are bare to the elbow, from which drops, in luxuriant folds, a double tier of the richest lace. Her cyebrows arc arched, her face masculine, but fair, with much expression and dignity in the countenance. Also Rittenhouse, with his hair parted in front, from the crown of his head, and never was any thing more plain and simple. Likewise a portrait of Chancellor Livingston, who is looking me in the face with a calm, steady countenance, surpassing the unruffled sea. But the giant Hercules frightens the beholder; he is 'represented dying,
eyes thrown up to heaven, bis masculine limbs, his
grim countenance, his face besmeared with blood; he is ierrible even in death!
Manners and Appearance. Whatever may be the cause, and however strange it may appear, yet it is nevertheless true, that in proportion as one part of society advance in science and civilization, the other part sink into vapid igporance ; like turbid water, the pure particles rise to the top, wbiie the dregs settle to the bottom. Whether the cause of this difference is to be sought for in the physical or moral structure of the buman mind, I leave to those whom it may more deeply concern to 'investigate. This truth is perhaps in no community more clearly manifest. ed than in Boston. The people differ as widely as tho' they lived on opposite sides of the globe. How happens
this? The means of education are the same to all; there are not less than an hundred schools in Boston and its vicinity, free to all, many of them without money and without price ; Cambridge is in sight! Never were the means so ample as in Boston ; the whole state is one seminary of education; no excuse for ignorance; the poor are taught gratis.
One part of the community have realized these advan. tages while the other has not. In no city, perhaps, in America, are to be found a greater body of what may be called gentlemen than in Boston : whatever can be conceived of wealth, whatever can be conceived of talent, or intellect embellished by education or improved by business, is eminently displayed in the gentlemen of Buston. Here the human mind appears to be perfectly unfolded; most of them, indeed all of them, are men of liberal education, whether professional or not, and by associating constantly together, and reciprocating those delicious waters which fow from the fountain of know.
ledge, their manners, of course, accords with the excel: lenre of those attainments. They are affable, mild, and
liberal, in cvery sense of the word. They are mostly Unitarians and Universalists in religion, the most humane and benevolent sects I have met with; the for. mer, however, predominate. The ladies, like the gentlemen, are not exceeded by any on the continent; in accomplished manners, they possess all the yielding soft
ness of the southern ladies, with warmer hearts, and minds
be called the lower class, for their opportu-