« PředchozíPokračovat »
States. Moral science includes moral philosophy, and the elements of national and political law. Chemistry and mineralogy extends, 1st, to chemical philosophy, including the theory and practice of analysis, &c.-2d, application of chemistry to arts, &c. Mineralogy and geology includes the classification and description of minerals, rocks, general structure, analysis and uses of minerals, &c. &c. The course of mathematics is complete, embracing every branch of that science. The course of mechanics embraces statics, viz.-the equilibrium of force and rest, centre of gravity, stress of materials, and theory of arches, dynamicks, hydrostaticks, hydrodynamics, pneumatics, &c. Experimental philosophy is extended to the illustrations of the physical properties of heat, principles of light and colours, refraction and reflection of light, theory and use of the senses, &c. &c.; also magnetism, common and galvanic electricity. The course of astronomy is complete.
The military course embraces the whole science of war. Engineering comprises field fortifications, such as fortifying lines, erecting batteries and redoubts, calculating labour, time and materials for construction, different field works, military bridges, field defilements and practical operations on the ground. Also permanent fortifi cations, viz.-attack and defence of fortified places; analysis of the system of Vauban, Cohorn, Cormontaigne, and later improvements; constructing mines, fougasses, &c., construction of works, art of defilement, and armament of forces.
The science of artillery comprises the knowledge and use of ordinance, military projectiles, gunnery, &c. &c.; also grand tactics, viz.-organization of armies, marches, order of battles, battles, &c. Also civil and military architecture, viz.-elementary parts of buildings and their combinations, orders of architecture, construction of buildings, arches, canals, bridges, and ather public works, machines for construction, the execution of a series of drawings, consisting of plans, elevations, and sections, to illustrate the principal parts of the course.
Practical Military Instruction.—This course embraces the system of infantry tactics, established for the army
of : dril.
ma, me: in a
ten at mil:
of the United States, commencing with the elementary drill of the soldier; including the school of the company, school of the battalion, evolutions of the line, exercise and manœuvres of light infantry and riflemen, duties in camp and garrison of privates, non-commissioned officers, commissioned officers, &c. This course likewise includes artillery instructions, sword exercise, the cut and thrust, or small sword, and many things beside.
No cadet is received at the military academy, who is deformed, or under four feet and nine inches in height. They must also know how to read well, and write a fair hand, and likewise be perfect in figures. When they are perfected and fit for the army, they receive a diplo ma, and are promoted by lineal rank. The establishment is under very strict rules, consisting of two hundred, in all, exclusive of the following, viz. revellie at dawn of day, next the roll is called; police of the rooms, cleaning of arms and accoutrements, and rooms inspected: all this must be done in thirty minutes after the roll is called. From sun-rise till 7 o'clock they study; breakfast at 7, parade at 8, from 8 to 11 recite, from 11 to 12 attend military lectures, from 12 to 1 literary lectures, dine at 1, recreate till 2; from 2 till 4 study, from 4 to sun-set, military exercises; dress, parade, and roll-call, at sun-set; from sun-set to half an hour past, supper; signal (a gun fired) to retire to quarters immediately after supper: from half past sun-set till half past 9, study; half past 9, tattoo; inspection of rooms, and signal to extinguish lights at 10 o'clock.
During all this time, they are under the eye of the most able masters. So minute is the discipline, that it extends to a tooth-brush, and their rooms, even to a towel, are inspected twice a day. Any disobedience of or ders, or disrespect, is subject to the rules of war; the of fender being tried by a court-martial. The sentence extends to dismission and confinement; no corporeal punishment being allowed.
The uniform is a coatee of gray cloth, single breasted, with three rows of eight gilt bullet buttons in front; button holes of black silk cord, herring-bone form, with a festoon at the back end; a standing collar; cuffs four
inches wide; the bottom of the breast and hip buttons
This is certainly the greatest establishment for young gentlemen in the Union; it is impossible for them to be vicious. If I had twenty sons, I would send nineteen of them to West Point academy; under the eye of the first gentlemen, whose example alone would fix their manners and form their taste. But the greatest care is taken by the provisions of the institution not only to inculcate every virtue, but even the shadow of vice is interdicted. They are not allowed to play at any game whatever, read novels, take newspapers, play on any instrument, throw stones, throw water, snow ball, bathe, or swim in the viver; but this is out of the question, for they are not permitted to go off of the public ground, not even to visit any family at the port, unless it be on Saturday evening. They are not allowed to receive money, even from their parents, without leave from the secretary of war! In this respect it has a decided advantage over most seminaries. But to see them on parade, is a most imposing sight; all arranged agreeably to height, their nodding plumes, uniform dress, while the best band in the United States fairly cheats one out of his senses, sometimes rolling towards you on the green, sometimes echoed from Fort Putnam, it would almost stir the dead. Meantime their glittering arms, the magic movement of
tons; bwise -; the
young to be
ir man s taken
ay eve y', even
etary of ge over
a most , their
senses, Retimes ne dead.
culcate dicted. er, read
in the are not
nto vise not
mes cad. nt of
their limbs, such touching grace in their evolutions, 'whilst not the least noise interrupts either the eye or the ear. It is surprising to see how the human form can be moulded to such perfection. They have an inspector at their meals, to which they march in sections: not a word is spoken, and every arm moves at the same instant at the table. They have carvers during meals-no unnecessary talking is allowed.
I would advise all parents to send their sons to West Point. If they would. have them acquire just ideas of the Deity, if they would have their passious brought under a proper subjection to reason, and the nicest sense of honor, if they would have them free from frivolous affectation, if they would have them perfect in every social, moral, and political duty, in short, if they would have them free from every vice, and accomplished in every virtue, send them to West Point. They need be under no apprehension whatever; the guardian angel of America stands sentry there. If such be the cadets, what must be their instructors! where our government found such men is really wonderful. Col. Thayer, the present superintendant, I am told, studied at the military academy in Paris. Let him be educated where he may, he is doubtless one of the most fascinating men in the world. But in saying this, perhaps I am doing injustice to the others, for I never saw a set of men resemble as they do. Col. Thayer, Maj. W. the Rev. chaplain, Capt. Douglas, Maj. A. and the Dr. are all that I became acquainted with: indeed my time there was limited to two days only. If I admired the generosity of New-York, if I was charmed with that of Boston and Salem, I was transported with the manners of the people of West Point. Such equiformity of demeanour, such minute attention to every point of politeness, such effulgence of countenance, no parade of authority, nothing volatile, but the most pleasing mildness; they have a winning sweetness peculiar to them, for which that line of Pope must have been made. "Like the sun, they shine on all alike, in graceful ease and sweetness void of pride."
Rape of the Lock.
One of the days I spent at West Point, happened to be Sunday, of course I went to church, and the moment I made my appearance, the officers of the staff rose from their seats, and remained standing until I was seated. Different from the reception I met with at Charleston navy-yard, and Fort Independence, but nothing more than was to be expected from men of their accomplished manners; in doing this they honoured me greatly, but they honoured themselves much more. I had not sat long when the cadets entered the chapel, with all the dig. nity of sages. It was truly an interesting sight, to see such a number of the finest young men, such vestal sweetness displayed in every countenance, their glossy locks and military dress, cach armed with a short sword, while modesty sat" foremost on each brow."
Some have gone so far as to say that we are doing wrong to encourage this institution, inferring that these cadets may in time turn their arms against their country. But I am far from entertaining this opinion. No, if ev. er the liberties of our country are endangered, it will be done by the ignorant. We find that when the liberty o Rome was overturned it was done by the ignorant and vulgar, while all the men of polite literature rallied on the side of liberty.
New-Haven, Conn.-Paying an occasional visit to New-Haven before this work went to press, I was led to expunge other matter in order to make room for a few remarks on that beautiful city. It stands at the head of a fine bay which sets up from Long-Island Sound; dis tant from New-York city 76 miles, from Boston 134, from Hartford 36, and is the semi-capital of the state of Connecticut. Its relative situation from New-York is north-east. In whatever point of view New-Haven is considered, whether for topographical beauty, the utili ty of its institutions, or the scenery of its environs, as a town, it is decidedly the Eden of the Union! It sits on an even plain of about three miles in circumference, which is surrounded by mountains, hills, and rugged rocks, excepting only where it faces the bay. These eminences assume an endless variety of whimsical fig