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4. Cold was the morn, and bleak the wintry blast

Howled o'er the meadow, when I viewed thee last;
My bosom bounded, as I wandered round
Each well-known field, each long-remembered ground.
And as I passed along the well-trod way,
Where whilome, two by two, we walked to play,
I saw the garden ground as usual railed-
A fence, to fetch my ball, I oft had scaled-
Oh! it recalled a thousand scenes to view,

A thousand joys, to which I long had bid adieu. 5. Silent and sad the scene! I heard no more

Mirth's honest cry, and childhood's cheerful roar;
No longer echoed round the shout of glee;
It seemed as though the world were changed, like me.
There, where my little hands were wont to rear,
With pride, the earliest salad of the year;
Where never idle weed to grow was seen;
There the rank nettle reared its head obscene.
I too have felt the hand of fate severe-
In those calm days I never knew to fear;
No future views alarmed my gloomy breast,
No anxious pangs my sickening soul possest!
No grief consumed me, for I did not know

Increase of reason was increase of woe. 6. Silent and sad awhile I paused, to gaze

On the fallen dwelling of my earlier days.
Long dwelt the eye on each remembered spot,
Each long-left scene-long left, but not forgot!
Past is the day of glory! past the day,
When here the man of learning held his sway;
No more, when howl the wintry storms around,
Within thy hall is heard the mirthful sound;
No more disport around the infant crew,

And high in health the mimic game pursue;
No more to strike the well-aimed ball delight,
Or rear aloft with joy the buoyant kite.

7. Seat of my earlier, happier days, farewell!

Thy memory still within this breast shall dwell;
Still as I journey life's rough road along,
Or sojourn sad the college gloom among,
Will fond remembrance paint those early days,
When all I wished was speedy holidays!


Palmyra, a celebrated city of

ancient Syria. Ilyssus, a river running near

Athens in Greece. minstrels, wandering musicians. convent, a house in which per

sons live who have retired from the world.

whilome, long ago.
pilgrim, a traveller to places of

religious celebrity.
Sion, a hill in Jerusalem.
scaled, climbed.
adieu, farewell.
disport, play.
sojourn, reside for a short time.


1. Many of the greatest musicians have been very celebrated in their childhood for their musical talents, but none of them have excelled Johann Wolfgang Mozart. He was born in Salzburg, in January, 1756. When only three years old he listened intently to the lessons which his father, Leopold Mozart, was giving to his sister, Maria Anna, aged seven years. Mozart could then play thirds and other intervals on the harpsichord, and would smile at the beautiful sounds he produced. When he was a year older, he was taught some minuets and airs, which he learned with much facility, that half an hour was sufficient for a minuet, and an hour for other pieces.

2. Mozart executed his pieces with the greatest precision and delicacy of touch, and his progress was so rapid, that when only five years old he composed some little pieces


in strict accordance with the rules of counterpoint, which he played before his father, who thought them worthy of being preserved. His passion for music was so great that all his amusements were connected with it. Though much petted and caressed on account of his wonderful abilities, he lost none of his child-like simplicity, but continued loving and gentle in his manners and obedient in his conduct.

3. When Mozart was six years old his father took him

and his sister to Munich, where they performed before the Elector, and soon after they went to Vienna, where the children were presented at the Imperial Court. Their travels were extended to many of the chief towns of Europe, and lastly, to Paris, where they remained a considerable time. The brother and sister performed before the royal family at Versailles, and the former played the organ in the chapel royal. They also gave two grand public concerts, which excited great astonishment and admiration. Everywhere the family was treated with the utmost respect. At Paris, Mozart composed his first two works at the


of seven years. 4. On leaving Paris, in 1764, the Mozart family came to England, and had the honour of performing before the royal family. Several concerts were given which excited great interest in the wonderful abilities of this juvenile musician. While in England, young Mozart was put to several severe tests, and the manner in which he acquitted himself was very surprising. He played very difficult pieces at first sight, in a masterly manner, and exactly as the composer intended they should be—he sang parts with the utmost correctness, which his father failed to do, —and he composed extempore music for songs on different subjects; becoming so excited with his themes that he seemed quite unable to restrain his feelings.

5. After three years of travel, Mozart returned to his home in Salzburg, where he remained a few years. At the age of twelve he went again to Vienna. He gave several exhibitions before some noblemen and gentlemen of his skill in extemporaneous composition. At the consecration of the orphan house, he arranged all the music and had the entire direction placed in his hands. After another return home, the father and son travelled into Italy, being everywhere received with respect and admiration. At Rome, they attended the Sistine Chapel and heard the celebrated Miserere, the music of which was not allowed to be copied. Young Mozart, on his return to his lodgings, wrote it all down from memory, and took the score with him on another occasion to correct it. When this feat became known, it made so much noise that he was requested to sing it with an accompaniment on the harpsichord, at a concert at which Christophori, who had sung it in church, was present, and who by his astonishment rendered young Mozart's triumph complete.

6. At his father's death, Mozart received the appointment of concert-master to the Prince-archbishop, but after he had held it two years, he went to Vienna and was appointed chapel-master to the Emperor Joseph. His progress and fame continued to keep pace with the expectations of the public to the end of his life. Premature genius, however, seldom enjoys a long career. The health of Mozart began rapidly to decline. In the few months preceding his decease, he was unusually diligent, producing three of his best works. Mozart was exceedingly rapid in composition. On one occasion an opera which he had written, was to be performed the next evening All the parts had been prepared and rehearsed, but the overture was not even begun. Mozart spent the preceding day in the country, and remained out late. He came home, slept for two hours, then began his work. The overture was completed before breakfast and the copyists had scarcely time to write out the score. A rehearsal was out of the question. The orchestra, however, acquitted themselves so well that it was received with thunders of applause.

7. Mozart's last work was composed when he was conscious the hand of death was upon him. A stranger

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